四六级考试答案之【四级】

研途研路资源共享2018-06-30 16:24:48

2018年6月英语四级参考答案汇总


一、翻译部分

1.公交车

【翻译原文】

公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了 显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

【参考译文】

Buses used to be one of the main vehicles for Chinese people. Recently, due to the increasing number of private cars, the traffic problems in cities become more serious. In order to encourage the public to take buses instead of private cars, many cities manage to improve their buses’ quality of service.The facilities of buses have been upgraded, and the speed increased significantly. Meanwhile, the prices of buses remain rather low. Now, in most cities, many local senior citizens can take buses for free.

2.乘飞机

【原文】

过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中 国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建 机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。

【译文】

In the past, it was unimaginable for a majority of Chinese to travel by air. Nowadays, with the development of the economy and the improvement of living standard, an increasing number of Chinese, including many peasants and migrant workers, can go by air. They can take a plane to all the big cities. In addition, plenty of cities are planning to build an airport. Air services are constantly progressing and special low-price tickets are often offered for sale. In recent years, people choosing to go out to travel by air during holidays are increasing.

3.地铁


【题目】

近年来,中国有越来越多的城市开始建造地铁。发展地铁有助于减少城市的交通拥堵和空气污染。地铁具有安全、快捷和舒适的优点,越来越多的人选择地铁作为每天上班或上学的主要交通工具。如今,在中国乘坐地铁正变得越来越方便。在有些城市里,乘客只需用卡或手机就可以乘坐地铁。许多当地老年市民还可以免费乘坐地铁。

【参考译文】

In recent years, a considerable number of cities in China have begun to build subways. Developing subways can help reduce traffic congestion and air pollution in cities. Owing to the fact that the subway has the advantages of safety, speed and comfort, a host of people choose subway as the main means of transportation to work or school every day. Nowadays, it is becoming increasingly convenient to take the subway in China. In some cities, passengers can take the subway simply by using a card or cell phone. Many older residents can also take the subway for free.

二、阅读理解


1.健忘


参考答案:

46. A. Not all of them are symptoms of dementia.

47. C. Communication within our brain weakens.

48. A. Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

49. C. Turn to a professional for assistance.

50. D. Staying active both physically and mentally

答案解析:

46.

解析:从原文第一段中的说法,如果你有健忘的情况,你可能不需要担心,痴呆的症状和年龄增长引起的健忘之间有明显的不同。可以得出A. Not all of them are symptoms of dementia. 不是所有的记忆力减退都是痴呆的症状,是正确答案。

47.

解析:从原文第三段中的说法,大脑就像身体的其他部位一样会变老,大脑的一些部位会萎缩,尤其是大脑中对于学习,记忆和规划重要的某些部位。大脑细胞的变化能够影响大脑不同区域的交流。可以得出C. Communication within our brain weakens. 大脑内部的交流会减弱,是正确选项。

48.

解析:从原文第五段中的说法,忘记如何操作家里的东西,比如微波炉,或者忘记如何开车去以前已经拜访过很多次的朋友的家,这都是身体出问题的迹象。可以得出A. Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。完全忘记如何做日常工作,是正确选项。

49.

解析:从原文第七段中的说法,Daffner 建议有严重健忘症状的人去找医生。可以得出C Turn to a professional for assistance. 向专业人士求助,是正确选项。

50.

解析:从原文最后一段的说法,换句话说,保持你的大脑忙碌工作。也要使身体活跃起来,可以得出D Staying active both physically and mentally,保持身体和精神活跃,是正确选项。

2.绿色生态

【篇章分析】

本篇文章整体阅读难度并不大,主要讲的是关于居住在绿色生态空间的人们要比居住在市区的人们拥有长期的积极的幸福影响。文章后的五道题目以事实细节考查为主,题干定位信息明确,做题难度在中等偏下水平。

【参考答案】

46 B Add to their sustained happiness.

47 A Earn more money.

48 C How long its positive effect lasts.

49 D Their communication with others improved.

50 A Find financial support.

【答案解析】

46. 根据题干中的定位名词study和green spaces回文快速定位到文章中的第一段,根据第一段的信息可得出UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect(英国研究者发现搬到绿色小区可以带来持久的积极影响)。以及“people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs of depression or anxiety(生活在绿色小区的人们较少表现出抑郁或焦虑的情绪)”这两处信息可以确定本题的正确选项是B (Add to their sustained happiness)。

47. 本题根据题干定位词Dr. White 及usually do定位到本篇文章中的第一段"There could be a number of reasons,” he said, “for example, people do many things to make themselves happier: they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married.处,根据本句信息,可推出人们通常让自己快乐的事是挣更多的钱,因此本题的正确选项为A(Earn more money.)。

48. 由第一段可知“升值、加薪、中彩票只会给人们带来短期的快乐,这种快乐在过了六个月到一年后就会消失”,第二段首句“Dr. White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas had a lasting positive effect on people\\\'s sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time.”进一步承接第一段说明Dr. White的研究目的是要知道居住在绿色环境中给人带来的积极影响可以持续多久。故本题正确选项为C选项(How long its positive effect lasts.)。

49. 根据题干信息可以将本题定位至第三段,在最后一句话中,“He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less stressed people made more sensible decisions and communicated better.”由最后的communicate better 可以得出本题的正确选项为D (Their communication with others improved.)。

50. 根据本题题干给出的信息,根据定位词Dr. White 和government,可定位至最后一段,提到我们需要资金来建立一个高质量的绿色社区,从最后一段的最后一句话“what we really need at a policy level is to decide where the money is going to come from to help support good quality local green spaces.”可得出本题的正确选项为A(Find financial support.)。

3.奥林匹克舰

参考答案:

51. C  They all experienced terrible misfortunes.

52. B  The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy.

53. A  It was a mere piece of decoration.

54. D  The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body.

55. D  She was retired after her naval service.

答案解析:

51.

解析:根据原文第一段的说法, 奥林匹克舰是海洋工程的奇迹,但是他们似乎都被诅咒要遭受灾难的命运。可以得出C选项They all experienced terrible misfortunes.  他们都经历了可怕的不幸,是正确答案。

52.

解析:根据原文第二段的说法,白星航运公司决定致力于把他们打造成海上最豪华舒适的船。可以得出B选项The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy. 乘客能够享受到最舒适的感觉,是正确选项。

53.

解析:根据原文第四段的说法,第四个烟囱事实上只是艺术,没有功能,可以得出A选项It was a mere piece of decoration. 它只是一个装饰,是正确选项。

54.

解析:根据原文第四段的说法,这三搜船都设计有双船体,双船体被认为可以使它们“不沉没的”,也许正是这个错误的想法导致了泰坦尼克号和不列颠尼克号悲惨的结局。可以得出D选项The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body. 因为有双层船体,所以它们绝不会沉没的想法,是正确选项。

55.

解析:根据原文第五段的说法,奥林匹克号和其他的船发生过两次碰撞,后来在第一次世界大战中,成为了医务船并运输军队。最终她在1935年退役。可以得出D选项She was retired after her naval service. 她在海军服役之后退役是正确选项。

4.达尔文的信

51.What happened to Darwin’s letter in the 1970s?

A. It was recovered by the FBI.

B. It was stolen more than once.

C. It was put in the archives for research purposes.

D. It was purchased by the Smithsonian Archives.

52. What did the FBI do after the recovery of the letter?

A. They proved its authenticity.

B. They kept it in a special safe.

C. They arrested the suspect immediately.

D. They pressed criminal charges in vain.

53.What is Darwin’s letter about?

A. The evolution of Yellowstone National Park.

B. His cooperation with an American geologist.

C. Some geological evidence supporting his theory.

D. His acknowledgement of help from a professional.

54. What will the Smithsonian Institution Archives do with the letter according to Kapsalis?

A. Reserve it for research purposes only.

B. Turn it into an object of high interest.

C. Keep it a permanent secret.

D. Make it available online.

55.What has the past half century witnessed according to Kapsalis?

A. Growing interest in rare art objects.

B. Radical changes in archiving practices.

C. Recovery of various missing documents.

D. Increases in the value of museum exhibits.

51. B. It was stolen more than once. 根据文章第一段 being stolen twice可以得知Darwin的信件被偷了一次以上。

52. D. They pressed criminal charges in vain. 根据第三段第二句“Their art crime team recovered the letter but were unable to press charges because the time of limitations had ended.”意思是由于超过了时间限制,因此不能够起诉犯罪团伙了,选项中的in vain意思是无效 选项意思是FBI起诉犯罪团伙无效符合题意。

53. D. His acknowledgement of help from a professional. 根据第四段可以得知Darwin写这封信为了感谢地理学家提供给他一些相关地理方面的材料,D选项acknowledgement意思是感谢,他感谢来自专业人士的帮助,符合文章意思

54. D. Make it available online. 根据文章倒数第二段倒数第二句”After it is repaired, we will take digital photos of it and that will be available online. ” 意思是资料修复之后,我们将会拍一些照片放在网上。选项意思与此句完全符合

55. B. Radical changes in archiving practices. 选项意思是在实行归档方面发生了根本变化,根据文章最后一段Archiving practices have changed greatly since the 1970s可以得知从1970年开始在实行归档方面发生了巨大变化。符合题意

三、选词填空

26. M pollutants . 解析:of前边是levels级别,等级的意思,of后应该是名词形式,翻译为_____的级别,根据文章首句说南加利福尼亚的雾霾是出了名的差可判断这篇文章关于坏境。26空这一句说在美国,洛杉矶____的级别方面是最差的城市,名词又跟环境污染有关的就是M 选项pollutants 污染物。

27. N restricted . 解析: 倒装句,正常语序应该是 the state’s bad air is not____to its south. 意思既相符,又符合这个搭配的只能是restricted, be restricted to 仅限于。

28. C consequence . 解析: 本空在a后边 一定是名词, as a consequence固定搭配,意为结果,因此。这句话意思是,结果,具名的心脏和肺都受到感染。

29. J innovation . 解析:空格前边是名词 of 形容词,因此可推断此结构是A of B的结构,因此空格应该是名词。跟在technological技术的 后边,并且后文又说designed设计监视器,可推断这里应该是技术创新闻名的地方, 因此才能设计出来一些机器。

30. F detail . 解析:本句是一个完整句说明不缺成分,那么空格的地方应该是状语部分,跟在in后边 detail可形成固定搭配,in detail详细的。

31. K intended . 解析: be___to 因此这个地方应该是动词ing或者动词过去分词,在仅有的几个符合条件的选项里intended符合意思,be intended to 打算做某事,意图做某事。

32. L outdoor . 解析: 空格前边of 后边名词此处缺一个形容词,前边说这个检测器目的是监测出____的环境污染,符合意思的是outdoor 户外的环境污染情况。

33. B collaborating . 解析:位于has been__with后边此处应该是动词ing或动词过去分词,只剩下了collaborating和creating, collaborating是可以和with搭配的,意为与...合作,符合题意。

34. I inhabitants . 解析: 跟在city’后边一定是名词,后边又是被迫使用汽车,前边应该是人类,表达人类的选项是consumers和inhabitants,但是这篇文章并没有强调消费者,所以根据整篇文章的北京应该是说城市的居民们。

35. E creating. 解析:在剩下的六个选项里A assisted 含义不符合D consequence词性不符合G domestic含义不符合H frequently词性不符合O sum词性不符合,符合形式以及含义的只有creating。

四、作文

1.写作能力重要性

For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write an essay on “The Importance of Writing Ability and How to Develop It “You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.



【参考范文】

No body could deny that writing is one of the basic abilities for men. Put it another way, it is unlikely to imagine human civilization without writing ability.

At the top of the list, if we overlook the significance of writing ability, we will suffer a great difficulty in our daily written communication. In addition to what has been mentioned above, it is advisable for us to attach importance to this ability because writing plays a key in our academic performance. To summarize,writing does carry a positive implication for our life and study.

In view of the great value of writing ability, we should take actions to develop this capability. For my part, initially, we are supposed to keep in mind that reading is the first step of writing, so we should read great books as many as possible, learning from the great works how to write concisely and effectively. Moreover, owing to the fact that practice makes perfect, we should frequently practice writing; for example, we may develop the habit of keeping a diary.

【参考译文】

没有人能够否认写作是人类基本技能之一。换言之,如果没有写作,我们无法想象人类社会的文明。

首先,如果我们不能忽视写作的重要性,我们就会在日常的书面交流中遭受到极大的困难。除了以上所提及到内容,因为写作在我们的学业表现中起着重要的作用,所以重视写作也是明智的。

鉴于写作能力的重要性,我们应该采取措施培养这种能力。在我看来,首先我们要谨记阅读是写作的第一步,因此我们应该尽可能多的阅读名著,从中学习如何进行简洁而高效的写作。此外,因为孰能生巧,所以我们应该经常练习写作,例如,我们可以养成写日记的习惯。

【解析】

本文考察了写作的重要性和如何培养写作能力。这是典型的短文写作套路:第一段提出问题:写作很重要。第二段分析问题——写作为什么重要,考生可以从生活和学习两方面入手。第三段解决问题——如何培养写作能力,因为读写不分家,考生可以从阅读角度入手谈写作能力的培养;另外结合我们日常的做法,可以建议大家培养写日记的习惯。关于重要性以及建议的表达是写作中经常会考到的内容,无论是准备四六级的考生还是考研考生都应该高度关注。

2.阅读能力重要性

The importance of reading ability and how to develop it.


As increasing significance is attached to well-rounded quality, the role played by reading has never been more highly regarded than nowadays due to its subtle yet profound influence toward the prosperity of personal growth, which serves as an indispensable part in the process of self education.

So why has the importance of reading attracted so much attention? The hidden reasons behind the phenomenon are as following: Primarily, it is worth noticing that the benefit derived from reading is obviously remarkable, enabling the reader to enrich his knowledge. What is more, we can not afford to overlook the fact that the role played by reading is essential, which ensures that the reader can keep up with the news.  To a larger extent, there is no exaggeration to say that the importance of reading can not be more emphasized, which undoubtedly exerts positive effect toward habit of lifelong study.

To sum up, it boils down to that in order to keep pace with the development of the society, it is sensible for every individuals to enhance the awareness of reading as well as take practical measures, such as taking advantage of taking note and planning the reading list on monthly basis, so as to maintain the welfare and prosperity of personal improvement.

3.表达能力重要性

【参考范文】

It is well known that speaking is one of the most practical abilities for us with the current trend of communication becoming necessary and indispensable in this ever-changing modern society. As a result, we, university students, should pay more attention to the significance of speaking.

In order to cultivate the ability of speaking, initially, we are supposed to take more activities related to speaking to improve our communicating skill. Additionally, It is imperative that education--related organizations and Mass Media should provide more opportunities to develop this ability for students. What’s more, another vital step we should not overlook is that the essence of speaking is expected to be promoted.

If we do not hold speaking in high esteem, or treat it mindlessly, we will encounter different difficulties in expressing in our roads to the success. Therefore, it is advisable for us to stress the importance of speaking ability.

【参考译文】

在日新月异的现代社会中,诚如我们所知,交流已经变得不可或缺,口语表达能力是最为重要的能力之一。因此,作为大学生,我们应该重视表达能力。

为了培养我们的表达能力,首先,我们应该参与更多与表达相关的活动来提高我们的沟通能力;此外,教育相关的组织及大众媒体应该给学生提供更多的锻炼机会;再来,我们不应该忽视的另外重要一步是对表达能力的推广。

如果我们不重视表达能力或者对其随意对待,我们可能在通往成功的路上遇到不同的困难。因此,我们应该重视表达能力。


五、更多真题实时发布

听力(第一套):

1.A)The return of a bottled message to its owner\\\'s daughter
2.B)She wanted to honor her father\\\'s…

3.B) Several cases of Zika disease had been identifed
4.C)It lost a huge stock of bees.
5.A)It stayed in the air for about two hours
6.C) Inadequate funding
7.D)It is more environmentally friendly
8.A)lt seems a depressing topic.
9.D)They can\\\'t make it to the theater
10.C) It is the most amusing show he has ever seen
11.B) Go and see the dance
12.D) She worries she wont ft in as a transfer student.
13.C) Participate in after-school activities
14.A) Give her help whenever she needs
15.D) She has just transferred to college
16.B) To fnd out which physical drive is the most powerful
17.A) When they are hungry
18.C) They prefer to be with other mice
19.D) It is one of the best in the world
20.B) To move troops quickly from place to place
21.A) in the 1970s
22.BMessaging while driving
23.D) A device to ensure people drive with both hands
24.C) They are alerted with a light and a sound
25.B) Using a connected app

听力(第二套):

Section A

1. B) Scared.

2. D) It was covered with large scales.

3. A) A Study of the fast-food service.

4. C) Increased variety of products.

5. C) US government’s approval of private space missions.

6. A) Deliver scientific equipment to the moon.

7. B) It is promising.


Section B

8. D) Lying in the sun on a Thai beach.

9. A) She visited a Thai orphanage

10. D)His phone is running out of power.

11. C ) He collects things from different countries.

12. D) Trying out a new gym in town.

13. C) A discount for a half-year membership.

14. D) The operation of fitness equipment.

15. C) She knows the basics of weight-lifting.


Section C

16. B) They often apply for a number of positions.

17. A) Get better organized.   

18. D) Apply for more promising positions.

19. B) If not forced to go to school, kids would be out in the streets.

20. D) Design activities they now enjoy doing on holidays.


21. D)Take kids out of school to learn at first hand

22. C) It is seen almost anywhere and on any occasion.

23 D) It offers people a chance to socialize.

24 A) Their state of mind improved.

25 B) It is life.


阅读理解:

第一套

选词填空

26. E) constructed

27. O)undertaken

28. F)consulted

29. M)range

30. N)scale

31. I)eventually

32. K)necessarily

33. L)production

34. A)cheaper

35. J)height


段落匹配

36—K

37—D

38—M

39—G

40—B

41—L

42—H

43—F

44—J

45—C

 

传统阅读

46.A.seneca\\\'s thinking is stil applicable today

47.B. It is a teaching tool under development

48 C.It helps them leam their academc subjects better

49 D.They use various ways to explain the materials

50 B.Their emotional involvement


51.A. They can get ahead only by striving harder.

52.C.They think it needs further improving.

53.B.Job stability and flexibility. 

54.D.The balance between work and family.

55.A.They still this world as one dominated by males.


第二套 


26.C-cast 

27.L-replaced 

28.F-efficient 

29.J-professionals 

30.E-decorative 

31.G-electrified 

32.I-photographed 

33.B-approach 

34.K-quality 

35.H-identify   


36-F

37-C

38-I

39-E

40-B

41-K

42-H

43-D

44-A

45-G


46.B   Add to their sustained happiness 

47.A   Earn more money

48.C   How long its positive effect lasts. 

49.D  Their communication with others improved

50.A   Find financial support. 


51.C   They all experienced terrible misfortunes. 

52.B   The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy.

53.A   It was a mere piece of decoration. 

54.D   The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body.

55.D   shewas retired after her naval service. 


第三套

26. M-pollutants

27. N-restricted 

28. C-consequence

29. J-innovation

30. F-detail

31. K-intended

32. L-outdoor

33. B-collaborating

34. I-inhabitants

35. E-creating


36. E(The passing cruise ships will undermine the foundations of.)

37. J(The Italian govemment has just reached an agreement with UNESCO.)

38. G(The heritage situation in Venice has been deteriorating..)

39. C(The decrease in the number of pemanent resdents in Venetians.

40. N(If tourism gets out of control.)

41. F(UNESCO urged the Italian gov ernment to undertake its responsibility

to..)

42. B(The participants in the Venetian march used shopping carts to show.

43. L(Ignoring unesco\\\'s warning, he mayor of Venice maintains his support

44. D(One woman says that for decades the Italian government and local authorities have.)

45. H(UNESCO has not yet decided to put Venice on the list of...


46.A  Not all of them are symptoms of dementia.

47.C  Communication within our brain weakens.

48.A  Totally forgetting how to do  ones daily routines. 

49.C  Turn to a professional for assistance.

50.D  Stayingactive both physically and mentally


51. B) It was stolen more than once

52. A) They proved its authenticity

53. D) His acknowlegement of helpful from aprofessional

54. D) Make it available online 

55. B) Radical changes in archivong practices


翻译:


地铁:In recent years, more and more Chinese cities have begun to build subways as part of the efforts to reduce traffic jams and air pollution. A growing number of people now choose subway as the major means of transportation to work or school every day for the safe, fast and comfortable travel experience it has to offer. Nowadays, as card or mobile payment gains popularity in some Chinese cities, it is becoming increasingly convenient to take the subway. Many local senior citizens are also entitled to also enjoy free subway rides.



飞机:In the past, it was difficult for most Chinese people to imagine a time when they could travel by plane. At present, however, with the development of economy and the enhancement of living standards, Chinese people in increasing numbers, including many peasants and migrant workers, are able to travel by air. They can reach all big cities by airplane and many cities are preparing to built airfields. Air services have been continuously improved and there are often low cost airlines. In recent years, the number of people who would like to travel by plane during holidays has been growing.


公交:Buses used to be a majortraffic tool for Chinese people when they were getting around. In recent years, traffic problems in cities have been increasingly severe. To encourage more people to take buses when they go out, many cities are making efforts to improve the quality of services on buses. Vehicle facilities have been continuously renewed and the vehicle speed has been dramatically enhanced. However, the bus fair has been kept quite low. At present, many local senior citizens in most cities can take a bus with no charge.


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