这道六级仔细阅读题目市面上几乎没有正确答案!!

宋利辉老师2019-12-01 15:11:05

距离2018年6月四六级考试只有3天了,同学们在刷历年真题的过程中,特别要注意2017年12月仔细阅读“可口可乐”文章中的第一题,市面上几乎所有的答案都是D,其实,正确答案是B!!





题目:


46.  What do we learn about chemist John Pemberton?


A) He used a strangely potent ingredient in a food supplement.


B) He created a drink containing alcohol without breaking law.


C) He became notorious because of the coca drink he developed.


D) He risked breaking local law to make a drink with coca leaves.




原文:(第一段)


You may have heard that Coca-Cola once contained an ingredient capable of sparking particular devotion in consumers: cocaine. The “coca” in the name referred to the extracts of coca leaf that the drink’s originator, chemist John Pemberton, mixed with his sugary syrup (浆汁). At the time, coca leaf extract mixed with wine was a common tonic (滋补品), and Pemberton’s sweet brew was a way to get around local laws prohibiting the sale of alcohol. But the other half of the name represents another ingredient, less infamous (名声不好的), perhaps, but also strangely potent: the kola nut.



 答案详解:


题干中的chemist John Pemberton可以定位至第一段第二句、第三句。根据第三句“At the time, coca leaf extract mixed with wine was a common tonic (滋补品), and Pemberton’s sweet brew was a way to get around local laws prohibiting the sale of alcohol”,可知:sweet brew指的是coca leaf extract mixed with wine,B选项是本句and后面内容的同义替换,其中:a drink containing alcohol对应原文的sweet brew(即:coca leaf extract mixed with wine),without breaking law是原文get around local laws的同义表述,故B为答案。


干扰项排除:


A:整篇文章在讲饮料,A选项的food supplement在文中未提及,故排除。


C:原文中提到的less infamous (名声不好的)针对的是the kola nut,而C选项的notorious(臭名昭著)针对的主语是He,主体不一致,故排除C。


D:D选项(他冒着违反当地法律的风险调制出一种含有古柯叶的饮料)是干扰项,文中提到当地的法律是禁酒法令,禁的是“酒”,而不是“古柯叶”,故排除D。



 


译文:


你可能听说过可口可乐里曾经含有一种能让消费者超级迷恋的成分:可卡因。可口可乐名字里的“coca”指古柯叶提取物,可口可乐创始人——化学家John Pemberto——将该提取物与一种甜浆混合在一起。在当时,古柯叶提取物与葡萄酒混合而成的饮品是一种常见的滋补品;Pemberton酿造的这种甜味饮品是一种规避当地禁酒法令的途径。但是,可口可乐名字中的另一半代表了另一种成分:可乐果。它的名声可能没有古柯叶提取物(可卡因)那么不好,但是它也能够令人异常兴奋。



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