1.【题干】Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of speaking ability and how to develop it. 120-180 words.
With our society becoming increasingly open and diversified, the speaking ability is of growing importance in our life and work. In the past, people who were not eloquent could become successful when they were diligent enough. However, now, speaking ability can make a person stand out much quicker in their workplace and social life.
The reasons why speaking ability is so important are as follows. To begin with, people of excellent speaking ability are generally more charming and approachable because they tend to be more friendly and frank. Besides, every walk of life has become more cooperative; therefore, more communicative people have higher working efficiency. For example, my brother used to be a quiet person. Two years ago, I was told that he was fired by his company because he could not get along with his colleagues. After that, he attended a speaking training class and spent a year in improving his eloquence. Now, he has become more confident and found a new job with generous salary.
In order to develop speaking ability, listening to good speeches and famous talk shows can help us imitate great lecturers’ style of speaking and ways of expressing themselves. Meanwhile, it is about time that we spent more time with our friends rather than with our phones, sharing with them our real feelings and thoughts.
1.【题干】Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of writing ability and how to develop it. 120-180 words.
Writing is a skill tested in all major standardized educational tests, including CET-4/6, TOEFL, IELTS, and so on. But there has been no shortage of reports from different sources that a large proportion of students, especially college students, have ill-performed writing skills, earning relatively low scores in tests as well as on school assignments.
In my opinion, writing is a crucial skill for students. It is a reliable way by which one impart knowledge, suggest plans, fight for one’s idea, refute a theory, and many other purposes. So if you are good at writing, then you are able to fulfill the tasks above mentioned more effectively. Besides, noted writes, be they novelists, poets or editors-in-chief enlighten every generation of readers with new experiences. That’s why readers today still discuss on and share their opinions on great books such as A Dream in Red Mansions.
In a nutshell, few skills are more important than writing in the current society. So my suggest would be that every one, college students particular, takes time to hone writing skills, get more practice in it, so that we can live up to the social expectation of becoming socialist successors.
1.【题干】Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of reading ability and how to develop it. 120-180 words.
I am keen lovers of books of note, be it a novel, an autobiography or a poetry. At this moment, I'd like to introduce. Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind by Yuval Harari, a long time bestseller in all online bookstores and a high-rated masterpiece among readers around the globe.
I think that reading is indispensable to our growth. As I read through the pages, I knew much about how our ancestors collected raw food, built residence, conducted water, made weapons, which all are to ensure survival and reproduction, and how they become God from an insignificant species in the animal kingdom at that times. Reading experiences such as: these equip me with knowledge, broaden my horizon, and always update my view of the world.
In all, reading is importance of all of us, especially college students. So it is high time that we read on are a regular basis, say, one book a week. And only in this way can we live up to the social expectations of becoming socialist successors.
ABBCA CDADC BDCAD BACDB ABACB
1.A)The return of a bottled message to its owner's daughter
2.B)She wanted to honor her father's…
3.B) Several cases of Zika disease had been identifed
4.C)It lost a huge stock of bees.
5.A)It stayed in the air for about two hours
6.C) Inadequate funding
7.D)It is more environmentally friendly
8.A)lt seems a depressing topic.
9.D)They can't make it to the theater
10.C) It is the most amusing show he has ever seen
11.B) Go and see the dance
12.D) She worries she wont ft in as a transfer student.
13.C) Participate in after-school activities
14.A) Give her help whenever she needs
15.D) She has just transferred to college
16.B) To fnd out which physical drive is the most powerful
17.A) When they are hungry
18.C) They prefer to be with other mice
19.D) It is one of the best in the world
20.B) To move troops quickly from place to place
21.A) in the 1970s
22.B) Messaging while driving
23.D) A device to ensure people drive with both hands
24.C) They are alerted with a light and a sound
25.B) Using a connected app
News Report One
A message in a bottle sent out to sea by a New Hampshire man more than five decades ago was found 1500 miles away and he’s been returned to his daughter. The long lost message was discovered by Clint Buffington of Utah while he was vacationing. Buffington says he found a soda bottle half-buried in the sand that looked like it had been there since the beginning of time.
The note inside the bottle said, "Return to 419 Ocean Street and receive a reward of $150 from Richard and Tina Pierce, owners of the beach Comber motel.
The motel was owned by the Paula Pierce in 1960. Her father had written the notes as a joke and had thrown it into the Atlantic Ocean. Buffington flew to New Hampshire to deliver that message to Pola Pierce. She held up to her father's promise giving Buffington that reward. But the biggest reward is the message in a bottle finding its way back home.
Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.
1. What is the news report mainly about?
2. Why did Paula Pierce give Clint Buffington the reward?
News Report Two
Millions of bees have died in South Carolina during aerial insect spraying operations that were carried out to combat the Zika virus. The insects spraying over the weekend left more than 2 million bees dead on the spot in Dorchester county South Carolina, where four travel-related cases of Zika disease have been confirmed in the area. Most of the deaths came from Flower Town Bee farm, a company in Somerville that sells bees and honey products. Juanita Stanley who owns the company said the farm looks like it's been destroyed. The farm lost about 2.5 million bees. Dorchester county officials apologized for the accidental mass killing of bees. Dorchester County is aware that some beekeepers in the area that was sprayed on Sunday lost their bee colonies. County manager Jason Ward said in a statement. “I'm not pleased that so many bees were killed.”
Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.
3. Why was spraying operations carried out in Dorchester County?
4. What does the news reports say about Flower Town Bee farm?
News Report Three
The world's largest aircraft has taken to the skies for the first time. The Airlander 10 spent nearly 2 hours in the air having taken off from Coddington airfield in Bedfordshire. During its flight it reached 3000 feet and performed a series of gentle turns all over a safe area. The aircraft is massive as long as a football field and as tall as 6 double decker buses and capable of flying for up to 5 days. It was first developed for the US government as a long range spy aircraft, but was abandoned following budget cutbacks. The aircraft cost 25 million pounds and can carry heavier loads than huge jet planes while also producing less noise and omitting less pollution. The makers believe it's the future of aircraft and one day we'll be using them to go places. But there's still a long way to go. The Airlander will need to have 200 hours flying time before being allowed to fly by the aviation administration if it passes though we can hope we'll all get some extra legroom.
Questions 5 and 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.
5. What do we learn about the first flight of the Airlander 10?
6. What caused the US government to abandon the Airlander 10 as a spy aircraft?
7. What is the advantage of the Airlander 10 over huge jet planes?
M: Do you feel like going out tonight？
W：Yeah，why not，we haven’t been out for ages, what’s on?
M: Well, there’s a film about climate change. Does it sound good to you?
W: No, not really, it doesn’t really appeal to me. What’s it about? Just climate change?
M: I think it’s about how climate change affects everyday life. I wonder how they make it entertaining.
W: Well, it sounds really awful, it’s an important subject I agree. But I am not in the mood for anything depressing. What else is on?
M：There’s a Spanish dance festival.
W: Oh, I love dance. That sounds really interesting.
M: Apparently, it’s absolutely brilliant. Let’s see what it says in the paper. A leads an exciting production of the great Spanish love story Kamen.
W: Ok, then. What time is it on?
M: At 7:30.
W: Well, that’s no good. We haven’t got enough time to get there. Is there anything else?
M: There’s a comedy special on.
W: Where’s it on?
M: It’s at the city theater. It’s a charity comedy night with lots of different acts. It looks pretty good. The critic in the local the paper says it’s the funniest thing he’s ever seen. It says here Roger Whitehead is an amazing host to a night of fun performances.
W: Em.. I am not keen on him. He is not very funny.
M: Are you sure your fancy going out tonight? You are not very enthusiastic.
W: Perhaps you are right. Okay, let’s go to see the dance. But tomorrow, not tonight.
M: Great, I’ll book the tickets online.
Questions 8 and 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
8. What does the women think of the climate change?
9. Why do the speakers give up going to the Spanish dance festival tonight?
10. What does the critic say about the comedy performed at the city theater?
11. What does the woman decide to do tomorrow?
W: Good morning Mr. Lee, May I have a minutes of your time?
M: Sure Katherine, what can I do for you?
W: I’m quiet anxious about transferring over to our college, I’m afraid I won’t fit in.
M: don't worry Katherine, it’s completely normal for you to be nervous about transferring schools, this happens to many transfer students.
W: Yes, I know, but I’m younger than most students in my year and that worries me a lot.
M: Well, you may be the only younger one in your year, but you know, we have a lot of after-school activities you can join in, and so, this way, you will be able to meet new friends of different age groups.
W: That’s nice, I love games and hobby groups.
M: I’m sure you do, so will be just fine, don’t worry so much and try to make the most of what we have on offer here, also, remember that you can come to me anytime of the day if you need help.
W: Thanks so much, I definitely feel better now, as a matter of fact, I’ve already contacted one of the girls who will be living in the same house with me, and she seemed really nice. I guess living on campus, I'll have a chance to have a close circle of friends, since we'll be living together.
M: All students are very friendly with new arrivals. Let me check who would be living with you in your flat. Okay. There are Hannah, Kelly, and Bree. Bree is also a new student here, like you, I’m sure you two ‘ll have more to share with each other.
Questions 12 and 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
12. Why does Katherine feel anxious?
13. What does Mr. Lee encourage Katherine to do?
14. What does Mr. Lee promised to do for Katherine?
15. What do we learn about Katherine’ schoolmate Bree?
Have you ever felt like you would do just about anything to satisfy your hunger? A new study in mice may help to explain why hunger can feel like such a powerful motivating force. In the study, researchers found that hunger outweighed other physical drives, including fear, thirst and social needs.
To determine which feeling won out, the researchers did a series of experiments. In one experiment, the mice were both hungry and thirsty. When given the choice of either eating food or drinking water, the mice went for the food, the researchers found. However, when the mice were well-fed but thirsty, they opted to drink, according to the study. In the second experiment meant to pit the mice's hunger against their fear, hungry mice were placed in a cage that had certain "fox-scented" areas and other places that smelled safer (in other words, not like an animal that could eat them) but also had food. It turned out that, when the mice were hungry, they ventured into the unsafe areas for food. But when the mice were well-fed, they stayed in areas of the cage that were considered "safe." Hunger also outweighed the mice's social needs, the researchers found. Mice are usually social animals and prefer to be in the company of other mice, according to the study. When the mice were hungry, they opted to leave the company of other mice to go get food.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16. What is the researchers’ purpose in carrying out the serious experiment with mice?
17. In what circumstances, do mice venture into unsafe areas?
18. What is said about mice at the end of the passage?
The United States has one of the best highway systems in the world. Interstate highways connect just about every large and mid-sized city in the country. Did you ever wonder why such a complete system of excellent roads exists? For an answer，you would have to go back to the early 1920s. In those years, just after World War I, the military wanted to build an American highway system for national defense. Such a system could, if necessary, move troops quickly from one area to another. It could also get people out of cities in danger of being bombed. So-called roads of national importance were designated, but they were mostly small country roads. In 1944, Congress passed a bill to upgrade the system, but did not fund the plan right away. In the 1950s, the plan began to become a reality. Over $25 billion was appropriated by congress, and construction began on about 40,000 miles of new roads. The idea was to connect the new system to existing expressways and freeways. And though the system was built mostly to make car travel easier, defense was not forgotten. For instance, highway overpasses had to be high enough to allow trailers carrying military missiles to pass under them. By 1974, this system was mostly completed. A few additional roads would come later. Quick and easy travel between all parts of the country was now possible.
Questions 19 and 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
19. What does the speaker say about the American highway system?
20. What was the original purpose of building a highway system?
21. When was the interstate highway system mostly completed?
Texting while driving was listed as a major cause of road deaths among young Americans back in 2013. A recent study said that 40% of American teens claim to have been in a car when the driver used a cell phone in a way that put people in danger. This sounds like a widespread disease but it's one that technology may now helped cure. T.J. Evarts, a 20- year-old inventor, has come up with a novel solution that could easily put texting drivers on notice. It's called Smart Wheel, and it's designed to fit over the steering wheel of most standard vehicles to track whether or not the driver has two hands on the wheel at all times. Evarts’ invention warns the drivers with the light and the sound when they hold the wheel with one hand only, but as soon as they place the other hand back on the wheel the light turns back to green and the sound stops. It also watches for what's called “close by hands”, where both hands are close together near the top of the wheel so the driver can type with both thumbs and drive at the same time. All the data Smart Wheel collects is also sent to a connected app. So any parents who install Smart Wheel can keep track of the teens’ driving habits. If they try to remove or damage the cover, that's reported as well.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
22. What is a major cause of road deaths among young Americans?
23. What is Smart Wheel?
24. What happens if the driver has one hand on the wheel?
25. How do parents keep track of their teens’ driving habits?
BDACC ABDAD CDCDC BADBD DCDAB
1. B) Scared.
2. D) It was covered with large scales.
3. A) A Study of the fast-food service.
4. C) Increased variety of products.
5. C) US government’s approval of private space missions.
6. A) Deliver scientific equipment to the moon.
7. B) It is promising.
8. D) Lying in the sun on a Thai beach.
9. A) She visited a Thai orphanage
10. D)His phone is running out of power.
11. C ) He collects things from different countries.
12. D) Trying out a new gym in town.
13. C) A discount for a half-year membership.
14. D) The operation of fitness equipment.
15. C) She knows the basics of weight-lifting.
16. B) They often apply for a number of positions.
17. A) Get better organized.
18. D) Apply for more promising positions.
19. B) If not forced to go to school, kids would be out in the streets.
20. D) Design activities they now enjoy doing on holidays.
21. D)Take kids out of school to learn at first hand
22. C) It is seen almost anywhere and on any occasion.
23 D) It offers people a chance to socialize.
24 A) Their state of mind improved.
25 B) It is life.
26. M pollutants . 解析：of前边是levels级别，等级的意思，of后应该是名词形式，翻译为_____的级别，根据文章首句说南加利福尼亚的雾霾是出了名的差可判断这篇文章关于坏境。26空这一句说在美国，洛杉矶____的级别方面是最差的城市，名词又跟环境污染有关的就是M 选项pollutants 污染物。
27. N restricted . 解析： 倒装句，正常语序应该是 the state’s bad air is not____to its south. 意思既相符，又符合这个搭配的只能是restricted， be restricted to 仅限于。
28. C consequence . 解析： 本空在a后边 一定是名词， as a consequence固定搭配，意为结果，因此。这句话意思是，结果，具名的心脏和肺都受到感染。
29. J innovation . 解析：空格前边是名词 of 形容词，因此可推断此结构是A of B的结构，因此空格应该是名词。跟在technological技术的 后边，并且后文又说designed设计监视器，可推断这里应该是技术创新闻名的地方， 因此才能设计出来一些机器。
30. F detail . 解析：本句是一个完整句说明不缺成分，那么空格的地方应该是状语部分，跟在in后边 detail可形成固定搭配，in detail详细的。
31. K intended . 解析： be___to 因此这个地方应该是动词ing或者动词过去分词，在仅有的几个符合条件的选项里intended符合意思，be intended to 打算做某事，意图做某事。
32. L outdoor . 解析： 空格前边of 后边名词此处缺一个形容词，前边说这个检测器目的是监测出____的环境污染，符合意思的是outdoor 户外的环境污染情况。
33. B collaborating . 解析：位于has been__with后边此处应该是动词ing或动词过去分词，只剩下了collaborating和creating, collaborating是可以和with搭配的，意为与...合作，符合题意。
34. I inhabitants . 解析： 跟在city’后边一定是名词，后边又是被迫使用汽车，前边应该是人类，表达人类的选项是consumers和inhabitants，但是这篇文章并没有强调消费者，所以根据整篇文章的北京应该是说城市的居民们。
35. E creating. 解析：在剩下的六个选项里A assisted 含义不符合D consequence词性不符合G domestic含义不符合H frequently词性不符合O sum词性不符合，符合形式以及含义的只有creating。
As Tourists Crowd Out Locals, Venice Faces “Endangered” List
36. E Just beyond St. Mark’s Square…
37. J Earlier this year …
38. G Venice’s deadline passed with …
39. C Venice is one of…
40. N Then it hits him…
41. F For a time, UNESCO, …
42. B “People are cheering and holding …”
43. L The city’s current mayor, Luigi Brugnaro …
44. D Laura Chigi, a grandmother at the march, …
45. H But UNESCO didn’t even hold a vote …
46.C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life.
47. A) Earn more money.
48. C) How long its positive effect lasts.
49. D) Their communication with others improved.
50. A) Find financial support.
46.【题干】According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?
A.Improve their work efficiency.
B.Add to their sustained happiness.
C.Help them build a positive attitude towards life.
D.Lessen their concerns about material well-being.
47.【题干】What does Dr. White say people usually do to make themselves happier?
A.Earn more money.
B.Gain fame and popularity.
C.Settle in an urban area.
D.Live in a green environment.
【解析】根据文章：for example, people do many things to make themselves happier: they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married.可以得出答案。
48.【题干】What does Dr. White try to find out about living in a greener urban area?
A.How it affects different people.
B.How strong its effect is.
C.How long its positive effect lasts.
D.How it benefits physically
【解析】根据文章：Dr. White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas had a lasting positive effect on people's sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time.可以得出答案。
49.【题干】What did Dr. White research reveal about people living in a green environment?
A.Their stress was more apparent than real.
B.Their decisions required less deliberation.
C.Their memories were greatly strengthened.
D.Their communication with others improved.
【解析】根据文章：He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less stressed people made more sensible decisions and communicated better.可以得出答案。
50.【题干】According to Dr. White, what should the government do to build more green spaces in cities?
A.Find financial support.
B.Improve urban planning.
C.Involve local residents in the effort.
D.Raise public awareness of the issue.
51. C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes.
52. B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy.
53. A) It was a mere piece of decoration.
54. D) The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body.
55. A) She was used to carry troops.
51.解析：根据原文第一段的说法, 奥林匹克舰是海洋工程的奇迹，但是他们似乎都被诅咒要遭受灾难的命运。可以得出C选项They all experienced terrible misfortunes. 他们都经历了可怕的不幸，是正确答案。
52.解析：根据原文第二段的说法，白星航运公司决定致力于把他们打造成海上最豪华舒适的船。可以得出B选项The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy. 乘客能够享受到最舒适的感觉，是正确选项。
53.解析：根据原文第四段的说法，第四个烟囱事实上只是艺术，没有功能，可以得出A选项It was a mere piece of decoration. 它只是一个装饰，是正确选项。
54.解析：根据原文第四段的说法，这三搜船都设计有双船体，双船体被认为可以使它们“不沉没的”，也许正是这个错误的想法导致了泰坦尼克号和不列颠尼克号悲惨的结局。可以得出D选项The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body. 因为有双层船体，所以它们绝不会沉没的想法，是正确选项。
55.解析：根据原文第五段的说法，奥林匹克号和其他的船发生过两次碰撞，后来在第一次世界大战中，成为了医务船并运输军队。最终她在1935年退役。可以得出D选项She was retired after her naval service. 她在海军服役之后退役是正确选项。
26. E) constructed
27. O) undertaken
28. F) consulted
30. N) scale
31. I) eventually
32 K) necessarily
33 L) production
34. A) cheaper
35 J) height
36. K）A student's yearly expenses on access...
37. D）The online access codes may be seen as a way...
38. M）If a student takes a course again, they may have to buy a new...
39. G）McGraw Hill accounts for over one-fifth of the market share...
40. B）Many traditional textbook publishers are now offering online...
41. L）One students complained that they now had to...
42. H）Digital materials can cost students less than half the prince...
43. F）One student decided not to buy her access code until...
44. J）Online systems may deprive teachers of opportunities...
45 .C）Digital access codes are criticized because they are...
46.A.Not all of them are symptoms ofdementia.
47.C.Communication within our brainweakens.
48.B.Inability to recall details of one’s lifeexperience.
49.C.Turn to a professional forassistance.
50.D.Staying active both physically andmentally
51. B) It was stolen more than once
52. D) They pressed criminal charges invain
53. D) His acknowlegement of helpful from aprofessional
54. D) Make it availableonline
55. B) Radical changes in archivongpractices
36.F.Asian-American students have been eager participants…
37.C.But instead of bringing families together…
38.I.The issue of the stresses felt by students in elites school…
39.E.The district has become increasingly popular with..
40.B.With his letter…
41.K.Not all public opinion…
43.D.About 10 minutes
45.G.Both Asian-American and white families…
46. A) Senesa’s thinking is still applicable today.
47. B) It is a teaching tool under development.
48. C) It helps them learn their academic subjects better.
49. D) They use various ways to explain the materials.
50. B) Their emotional involvement.
51 D) They are beter educated than their counterparts.
52 C ) They think it needs further improving.
53. B) Job stability and flexibility.
54. D) The balance between work and family.
55. A) They still view this world as one dominated by males.
In recent years, more and more cities in China have begun to build subways. The development of subways can help reduce traffic congestion and air pollution in cities. The subway has the advantages of safety, speed and comfort. More and more people choose the subway as the main means of transportation to work or school every day. Nowadays, it is becoming more and more convenient to take the subway in China. In some cities, passengers can use a card or mobile phone to take the subway. Many local elderly citizens can also take the subway for free.
In recent years, more and more Chinese cities have begun to build subways as part of the efforts to reduce traffic jams and air pollution. A growing number of people now choose subway as the major means of transportation to work or school every day for the safe, fast and comfortable travel experience it has to offer. Nowadays, as card or mobile payment gains popularity in some Chinese cities, it is becoming increasingly convenient to take the subway. Many local senior citizens are also entitled to/also enjoy free subway rides.
In the past, traveling by plane was unimaginable for most Chinese people. Today, with the development of China’s economy and the improvement of people’s living standards, more and more Chinese people, including many farmers and migrant workers, can travel by air. They can fly to all major cities, and many cities are also planning to build airports. Air services continue to improve, and there are often cheap flights. In recent years, the number of people choosing to travel by air during holidays has been increasing.
While air travel used to be unthinkable to most Chinese people, it is becoming more and more accessible to the Chinese people, including many farmers and migrant workers, as China’s economy grows and people’s living standards improve. All major Chinese cities can be reached by air, with many other cities also planning to build airports. In recent years, a growing number of Chinese people have chosen to travel by air during holidays as airlines become more affordable and passenger-friendly.
Buses used to be a major traffic tool for Chinese people when they weregetting around. In recent years, traffic problems in cities havebeen increasingly severe. To encourage more people to take buseswhen they go out, many cities are making efforts to improve thequality of services on buses. Vehicle facilities have beencontinuously renewed and the vehicle speed has been dramaticallyenhanced. However, the bus fair has been kept quite low. Atpresent, many local senior citizens in most cities can take a buswith no charge.
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