2018年6月英语四级考试真题答案(卷一)

启航考研衡水分校2018-06-28 05:24:11

2018年6月英语四级考试真题(卷一)

写作

PartⅠWriting

1.【题干】Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of speaking ability and how to develop it. 120-180 words.

【答案】With our society becoming increasingly open and diversified, the speaking ability is of growing importance in our life and work. In the past, people who were not eloquent could become successful when they were diligent enough. However, now, speaking ability can make a person stand out much quicker in their workplace and social life.

The reasons why speaking ability is so important are as follows. To begin with, people of excellent speaking ability are generally more charming and approachable because they tend to be more friendly and frank. Besides, every walk of life has become more cooperative; therefore, more communicative people have higher working efficiency. For example, my brother used to be a quiet person. Two years ago, I was told that he was fired by his company because he could not get along with his colleagues. After that, he attended a speaking training class and spent a year in improving his eloquence. Now, he has become more confident and found a new job with generous salary.

In order to develop speaking ability, listening to good speeches and famous talk shows can help us imitate great lecturers’ style of speaking and ways of expressing themselves. Meanwhile, it is about time that we spent more time with our friends rather than with our phones, sharing with them our real feelings and thoughts.

【解析】第一段提出问题,第二段描述事实,第三段得出结论或给出建议。

听力

Section A

News Report One

A message in a bottle sent out to sea by a New Hampshire man more than five decades ago was found 1500 miles away and he’s been returned to his daughter. The long lost message was discovered by Clint Buffington of Utah while he was vacationing. Buffington says he found a soda bottle half-buried in the sand that looked like it had been there since the beginning of time.

The note inside the bottle said, "Return to 419 Ocean Street and receive a reward of $150 from Richard and Tina Pierce, owners of the beach Comber motel.

The motel was owned by the Paula Pierce in 1960. Her father had written the notes as a joke and had thrown it into the Atlantic Ocean. Buffington flew to New Hampshire to deliver that message to Pola Pierce. She held up to her father's promise giving Buffington that reward. But the biggest reward is the message in a bottle finding its way back home.

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

1. What is the news report mainly about?

2. Why did Paula Pierce give Clint Buffington the reward?

News Report Two

Millions of bees have died in South Carolina during aerial insect spraying operations that were carried out to combat the Zika virus. The insects spraying over the weekend left more than 2 million bees dead on the spot in Dorchester county South Carolina, where four travel-related cases of Zika disease have been confirmed in the area. Most of the deaths came from Flower Town Bee farm, a company in Somerville that sells bees and honey products. Juanita Stanley who owns the company said the farm looks like it's been destroyed. The farm lost about 2.5 million bees. Dorchester county officials apologized for the accidental mass killing of bees. Dorchester County is aware that some beekeepers in the area that was sprayed on Sunday lost their bee colonies. County manager Jason Ward said in a statement. “I'm not pleased that so many bees were killed.”

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

3. Why was spraying operations carried out in Dorchester County?

4. What does the news reports say about Flower Town Bee farm?

News Report Three

The world's largest aircraft has taken to the skies for the first time. The Airlander 10 spent nearly 2 hours in the air having taken off from Coddington airfield in Bedfordshire. During its flight it reached 3000 feet and performed a series of gentle turns all over a safe area. The aircraft is massive as long as a football field and as tall as 6 double decker buses and capable of flying for up to 5 days. It was first developed for the US government as a long range spy aircraft, but was abandoned following budget cutbacks. The aircraft cost 25 million pounds and can carry heavier loads than huge jet planes while also producing less noise and omitting less pollution. The makers believe it's the future of aircraft and one day we'll be using them to go places. But there's still a long way to go. The Airlander will need to have 200 hours flying time before being allowed to fly by the aviation administration if it passes though we can hope we'll all get some extra legroom.

Questions 5 and 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

5. What do we learn about the first flight of the Airlander 10?

6. What caused the US government to abandon the Airlander 10 as a spy aircraft?

7. What is the advantage of the Airlander 10 over huge jet planes?

Section B

Conversation One

M: Do you feel like going out tonight?

W:Yeah,why not,we haven’t been out for ages, what’s on?

M: Well, there’s a film about climate change. Does it sound good to you?

W: No, not really, it doesn’t really appeal to me. What’s it about? Just climate change?

M: I think it’s about how climate change affects everyday life. I wonder how they make it entertaining.

W: Well, it sounds really awful, it’s an important subject I agree. But I am not in the mood for anything depressing. What else is on?

M:There’s a Spanish dance festival.

W: Oh, I love dance. That sounds really interesting.

M: Apparently, it’s absolutely brilliant. Let’s see what it says in the paper. A leads an exciting production of the great Spanish love story Kamen.

W: Ok, then. What time is it on?

M: At 7:30.

W: Well, that’s no good. We haven’t got enough time to get there. Is there anything else?

M: There’s a comedy special on.

W: Where’s it on?

M: It’s at the city theater. It’s a charity comedy night with lots of different acts. It looks pretty good. The critic in the local the paper says it’s the funniest thing he’s ever seen. It says here Roger Whitehead is an amazing host to a night of fun performances.

W: Em.. I am not keen on him. He is not very funny.

M: Are you sure your fancy going out tonight? You are not very enthusiastic.

W: Perhaps you are right. Okay, let’s go to see the dance. But tomorrow, not tonight.

M: Great, I’ll book the tickets online.

Questions 8 and 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

8. What does the women think of the climate change?

9. Why do the speakers give up going to the Spanish dance festival tonight?

10. What does the critic say about the comedy performed at the city theater?

11. What does the woman decide to do tomorrow?

Conversation Two

W: Good morning Mr. Lee, May I have a minutes of your time?

M: Sure Katherine, what can I do for you?

W: I’m quiet anxious about transferring over to our college, I’m afraid I won’t fit in.

M: don't worry Katherine, it’s completely normal for you to be nervous about transferring schools, this happens to many transfer students.

W: Yes, I know, but I’m younger than most students in my year and that worries me a lot.

M: Well, you may be the only younger one in your year, but you know, we have a lot of after-school activities you can join in, and so, this way, you will be able to meet new friends of different age groups.

W: That’s nice, I love games and hobby groups.

M: I’m sure you do, so will be just fine, don’t worry so much and try to make the most of what we have on offer here, also, remember that you can come to me anytime of the day if you need help.

W: Thanks so much, I definitely feel better now, as a matter of fact, I’ve already contacted one of the girls who will be living in the same house with me, and she seemed really nice. I guess living on campus, I'll have a chance to have a close circle of friends, since we'll be living together.

M: All students are very friendly with new arrivals. Let me check who would be living with you in your flat. Okay. There are Hannah, Kelly, and Bree. Bree is also a new student here, like you, I’m sure you two ‘ll have more to share with each other.

Questions 12 and 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. Why does Katherine feel anxious?

13. What does Mr. Lee encourage Katherine to do?

14. What does Mr. Lee promised to do for Katherine?

15. What do we learn about Katherine’ schoolmate Bree?

Section C

Passage One

Have you ever felt like you would do just about anything to satisfy your hunger? A new study in mice may help to explain why hunger can feel like such a powerful motivating force. In the study, researchers found that hunger outweighed other physical drives, including fear, thirst and social needs.

To determine which feeling won out, the researchers did a series of experiments. In one experiment, the mice were both hungry and thirsty. When given the choice of either eating food or drinking water, the mice went for the food, the researchers found. However, when the mice were well-fed but thirsty, they opted to drink, according to the study. In the second experiment meant to pit the mice's hunger against their fear, hungry mice were placed in a cage that had certain "fox-scented" areas and other places that smelled safer (in other words, not like an animal that could eat them) but also had food. It turned out that, when the mice were hungry, they ventured into the unsafe areas for food. But when the mice were well-fed, they stayed in areas of the cage that were considered "safe." Hunger also outweighed the mice's social needs, the researchers found. Mice are usually social animals and prefer to be in the company of other mice, according to the study. When the mice were hungry, they opted to leave the company of other mice to go get food.

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. What is the researchers’ purpose in carrying out the serious experiment with mice?

17. In what circumstances, do mice venture into unsafe areas?

18. What is said about mice at the end of the passage?

Passage Two

The United States has one of the best highway systems in the world. Interstate highways connect just about every large and mid-sized city in the country. Did you ever wonder why such a complete system of excellent roads exists? For an answer,you would have to go back to the early 1920s. In those years, just after World War I, the military wanted to build an American highway system for national defense. Such a system could, if necessary, move troops quickly from one area to another. It could also get people out of cities in danger of being bombed. So-called roads of national importance were designated, but they were mostly small country roads. In 1944, Congress passed a bill to upgrade the system, but did not fund the plan right away. In the 1950s, the plan began to become a reality. Over $25 billion was appropriated by congress, and construction began on about 40,000 miles of new roads. The idea was to connect the new system to existing expressways and freeways. And though the system was built mostly to make car travel easier, defense was not forgotten. For instance, highway overpasses had to be high enough to allow trailers carrying military missiles to pass under them. By 1974, this system was mostly completed. A few additional roads would come later. Quick and easy travel between all parts of the country was now possible.

Questions 19 and 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. What does the speaker say about the American highway system?

20. What was the original purpose of building a highway system?

21. When was the interstate highway system mostly completed?

Passage Three

Texting while driving was listed as a major cause of road deaths among young Americans back in 2013. A recent study said that 40% of American teens claim to have been in a car when the driver used a cell phone in a way that put people in danger. This sounds like a widespread disease but it's one that technology may now helped cure. T.J. Evarts, a 20- year-old inventor, has come up with a novel solution that could easily put texting drivers on notice. It's called Smart Wheel, and it's designed to fit over the steering wheel of most standard vehicles to track whether or not the driver has two hands on the wheel at all times. Evarts’ invention warns the drivers with the light and the sound when they hold the wheel with one hand only, but as soon as they place the other hand back on the wheel the light turns back to green and the sound stops. It also watches for what's called “close by hands”, where both hands are close together near the top of the wheel so the driver can type with both thumbs and drive at the same time. All the data Smart Wheel collects is also sent to a connected app. So any parents who install Smart Wheel can keep track of the teens’ driving habits. If they try to remove or damage the cover, that's reported as well.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. What is a major cause of road deaths among young Americans?

23. What is Smart Wheel?

24. What happens if the driver has one hand on the wheel?

25. How do parents keep track of their teens’ driving habits?

参考答案:

ABBCA CDADC BDCAD BACDB ABACB

1.A)The return of a bottled message to its owner's daughter

2.B)She wanted to honor her father's…

3.B) Several cases of Zika disease had been identifed

4.C)It lost a huge stock of bees.

5.A)It stayed in the air for about two hours

6.C) Inadequate funding

7.D)It is more environmentally friendly

8.A)lt seems a depressing topic.

9.D)They can't make it to the theater

10.C) It is the most amusing show he has ever seen

11.B) Go and see the dance

12.D) She worries she wont ft in as a transfer student.

13.C) Participate in after-school activities

14.A) Give her help whenever she needs

15.D) She has just transferred to college

16.B) To fnd out which physical drive is the most powerful

17.A) When they are hungry

18.C) They prefer to be with other mice

19.D) It is one of the best in the world

20.B) To move troops quickly from place to place

21.A) in the 1970s

22.B) Messaging while driving

23.D) A device to ensure people drive with both hands

24.C) They are alerted with a light and a sound

25.B) Using a connected app

阅读

Section A

26-30 M N C J F 31-35 K L B I E

26. M pollutants . 解析:of前边是levels级别,等级的意思,of后应该是名词形式,翻译为_____的级别,根据文章首句说南加利福尼亚的雾霾是出了名的差可判断这篇文章关于坏境。26空这一句说在美国,洛杉矶____的级别方面是最差的城市,名词又跟环境污染有关的就是M 选项pollutants 污染物。

27. N restricted . 解析: 倒装句,正常语序应该是 the state’s bad air is not____to its south. 意思既相符,又符合这个搭配的只能是restricted, be restricted to 仅限于。

28. C consequence . 解析: 本空在a后边 一定是名词, as a consequence固定搭配,意为结果,因此。这句话意思是,结果,具名的心脏和肺都受到感染。

29. J innovation . 解析:空格前边是名词 of 形容词,因此可推断此结构是A of B的结构,因此空格应该是名词。跟在technological技术的 后边,并且后文又说designed设计监视器,可推断这里应该是技术创新闻名的地方, 因此才能设计出来一些机器。

30. F detail . 解析:本句是一个完整句说明不缺成分,那么空格的地方应该是状语部分,跟在in后边 detail可形成固定搭配,in detail详细的。

31. K intended . 解析: be___to 因此这个地方应该是动词ing或者动词过去分词,在仅有的几个符合条件的选项里intended符合意思,be intended to 打算做某事,意图做某事。

32. L outdoor . 解析: 空格前边of 后边名词此处缺一个形容词,前边说这个检测器目的是监测出____的环境污染,符合意思的是outdoor 户外的环境污染情况。

33. B collaborating . 解析:位于has been__with后边此处应该是动词ing或动词过去分词,只剩下了collaborating和creating, collaborating是可以和with搭配的,意为与...合作,符合题意。

34. I inhabitants . 解析: 跟在city’后边一定是名词,后边又是被迫使用汽车,前边应该是人类,表达人类的选项是consumers和inhabitants,但是这篇文章并没有强调消费者,所以根据整篇文章的北京应该是说城市的居民们。

35. E creating. 解析:在剩下的六个选项里A assisted 含义不符合D consequence词性不符合G domestic含义不符合H frequently词性不符合O sum词性不符合,符合形式以及含义的只有creating。

Section B

As Tourists Crowd Out Locals, Venice Faces “Endangered” List

36. E Just beyond St. Mark’s Square…

37. J Earlier this year …

38. G Venice’s deadline passed with …

39. C Venice is one of…

40. N Then it hits him…

41. F For a time, UNESCO, …

42. B “People are cheering and holding …”

43. L The city’s current mayor, Luigi Brugnaro …

44. D Laura Chigi, a grandmother at the march, …

45. H But UNESCO didn’t even hold a vote …

Section C

Passage one

46. C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life.

47. A) Earn more money.

48. C) How long its positive effect lasts.

49. D) Their communication with others improved.

50. A) Find financial support.

Passage Two

51. C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes.

52. B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy.

53. A) It was a mere piece of decoration.

54. D) The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body.

55. A) She was used to carry troops.

PartⅢ Reading Section A

Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog. Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of _____(26). Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾). Nor is the state's bad air_____(27). To its south. Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution. Resident's hearts and lungs are affected as a_____(28).

All of which, combined with California's reputation as the home of technological_____(29), makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in_____(30). And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months. It has been trying out monitoring that are_____(31) to yield minute-to-minute maps of_____(32) air pollution. Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices.

To this end, Aclima has been_____(33) with Google's Street View system. Davida Herzl, Aclima's boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco's transit workers went on strike and the city's_____(34) were forced to use their cars. Conversely, "cycle to word" days have done their job by_____(35) pollution lows.

26.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】M

【解析】pollutants的意思为:污染物。与前文的smog对应。

27.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】N

【解析】Nor is the state's bad air restricted 意思为:污染没有遭到限制(指污染严重)。与后文To its south. Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution.相呼应。

28.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】C

【解析】as a consequence 因此,结果。固定词组。

29.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】J

【解析】technological innovation 技术创新,科技创新。

30.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】F

【解析】in detail 详细地,具体地。

31.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】K

【解析】intended to 打算做……,想要做……。

32.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】L

【解析】outdoor air pollution 室外空气污染。

33.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】B

【解析】collaborate with 合作。

34.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】I

【解析】the city's inhabitants 城市居民。

35.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.assisted

B.collaborating

C.consequence

D.consumers

E.creating

F.detail

G.domestic

H.frequently

I.inhabitants

J.innovation

K.intended

L.outdoor

M.pollutants

N.restricted

O.sum

【答案】E

【解析】create pollution lows 创建污染低点。

PartⅣ Translation

56.【题干】公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断増多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

【答案】Buses used to be the main means of transportation for Chinese people. In recent years, due to the continuous increase in the number of private cars, the traffic problems in cities have become more serious. Many cities have been trying to improve the service quality of buses in order to encourage more people to travel by bus. The facilities of the vehicles are constantly updated and the speed significantly improved, but the bus fare still remains quite low. Now, in most cities, many local elderly citizens can take buses for free.

【解析】注意时态、语态的变化。


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