国考 | 英语四级答案

临沂大学机械与车辆工程学院2019-12-01 14:32:05


英语四级听力答案


第一套题

Part I Writing参考范文

  Recent years, the relationship between doctors and patients has been a heated topic. However, with the increasingly serious physician-patient relationship, it is important to find out some ways to solve the problem. Therefore, some measures mentioned below are the most important aspects that we should take into consideration.

  On the one hand, it is indispensable that communication between doctor and patients should be strengthened due to the the fact that doctor-patient communication can be seen as a bridge of two-way communication between doctors and patients, which is beneficial for them to improve their relationship. As a matter of fact, although sometimes there are some defects in medical infrastructure, patients can make allowance for them friendly for their good relationship. On the other hand, the most important character doctor should have is professional ethics that is the foremost way to gain trust from patients.

  All in all, it is high time that both hospitals and patients should take some steps to deal with current poor relationship. Only in this way, can we create a harmonious society.

Part II Listening Comprehension:

1.B) Her little brother.

2.C) By selling lemonade and pictures.

3.C) Providing clean energy to five million people.

4.B) They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

5.A) Endless fighting in the region.

6.D) To find evidence of the existence of the “lost lions”.

7.B) Lions’ tracks.

8.A) Her ‘lucky birthday’.

9.D) Threw her a surprise party.

10.B) The trip her husband has planned.

11.C) He is eager to learn how the couple’s holiday turns out.

12.A) They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.

13.B) They know when to stop.

14.C) They learn quickly.

15.D) Get to know the other side.

16.D) How space research benefits people on Earth.

17.B) They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.

18.A) They are extremely accurate. 

19.C) It marked the beginning of something new.

20.A) They believed in working for goals.

21.D) Doing needlework by the fire.

22.C) Sit down and try to calm yourself.

23.B) You may expose yourself to unexpected dangers.

24.D) Walk uphill.

25.A) Inform somebody of your plan.

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension ( 40 minutes )

Section A

26. K superior

27. D nuisance

28. M tip

29. O visual

30. A associated

31. F preventing

32. H sensitive

33. I slight

34. C indicate

35. B examine

Section B

36. Elderly students find it hard to keep up with the rapid changes in education.

答案:I

37. Some believe take-home exams may affect students' performance in other courses.

答案:E

38. Certain professors believe in-class exams are ultimately more helpful to students.

答案:C

39. In-class exams are believed to discourage cheating in exams.

答案:D

40. The author was happy to learn she could do some exams at home.

答案:B

41. Students who put off their work until the last moment often find the exams more difficult than

they actually are.

答案:H

42. Different students may prefer different types of exams.

答案:G

43. Most professors agree whether to give an in-class or a take-home exam depends on type of course being taught.

答案:F

44. The author dropped out of college some forty years ago.

答案:A

45. Some students think take-home exams will eat up their free time.

答案:J

Section C

Passage One

46. What did researchers find puzzling about the first-night effect?

答案:D) In what way it can be beneficial.

47. What do we learn about Dr. Yuka Sasaki doing her research?

答案:C) She got some idea from previous studies on birds and dolphins

48. What did Dr. Sasaki do when she first did her experiment?

A) She monitored the brain activity of participants sleeping in a new environment.

49. What did Dr. Sasaki do when re-running her experiment?

答案:C) She exposed her participants to two different stimuli.

50. What did Dr. Sasaki find about the participants in her experiment?

答案:B) They tended to perceive irregular beeps as a threat.

Passage Two

51. What does the author say is the problem with women?

答案:D) They tend to push themselves beyond the limits of their ability.

52. Why do working women of child-bearing age tend to feel drained of energy?

答案: A) They struggle to satisfy the demands of both work and home.

53. What may hinder the future prospects of career women?

答案:A) Their unwillingness to say “no”.

54. Men and woman differ in their approach to resolving workplace conflicts in that______.

答案:C) men tend to put their personal interests first

55. What is important to a good leader?

答案:B) The ability to delegate.

Part Ⅳ Translation

  华山位于华阴市,据西安120公里。华山是秦岭的一部分,秦岭不仅分割陕南与陕北,也分隔华南与华北。与从前人们常去朝拜的泰山不同,华山过去很少有人光临,因为上山的道路极其危险。然而,希望长寿大人却经常上山,因为山上生长着许多草药,特别是一些稀有的草药。自上世纪90年代安装缆车以来,参观人数大大增加。

第二套题

Part I Writing 

  As we widely know that the relationship between parents and children plays a significant role in the domestic relationship, which not only serves as crucial bridge to build trust and connection between two generations but also exerts a profound and subtle influence toward to children’s personal growth.

  In order to strengthen the relationship, it is imperative to cultivate the respect between generations, which not only includes the respect to parents from children but also the other way around. Furthermore, it is sensible for the parents to spend more time on the company with their children, enhancing the affection between each other. Finally, it is wise for the parents to set an example rather than make demands, enabling the children to follow and achieve spiritual development.

  To sum up, the sound relationship between two generations requires the integration of numerous measures derived from the joint effort of parents, children and schools.

Part II Listening Comprehension

1.B) Her little brother.

2.C) By selling lemonade and pictures.

3.C) Providing clean energy to five million people.

4.B) They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

5.A) Endless fighting in the region.

6.D) To find evidence of the existence of the “lost lions”.

7.B) Lions’ tracks.

8.D) A special gift from the man.

9.D) Threw her a surprise party.

10.B) The trip her husband has planned.

11.C) He is eager to learn how the couple’s holiday turns out.

12.A) They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.

13.B) They know when to stop.

14.C) They learn quickly.

15.D) Get to know the other side.

16.D) How space research benefits people on Earth.

17.B) They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.

18.A) They are extremely accurate. 

19.C) It marked the beginning of something new.

20.A) They believed in working for goals.

21.D) Doing needlework by the fire.

22.C) Sit down and try to calm yourself.

23.B) You may expose yourself to unexpected dangers.

24.D) Walk uphill.

25.A) Inform somebody of your plan.

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension 

26. G)exposure

27. L)levels

28. F)enroll

29. O)participated

30. C)championships

31. E) developing

32. M)local

33. N)operates

34. I)feeding

35. B)career

36 H)to be curious, we need to realize first of all that there are many things we don' t know.

37. D). according to leslie, curiosity is essential to one s success.

38. O)we should feel happy when we pursue knowledge for knowledge s sake

39 M)political leaders' lack of curiosity will result in bad consequences.

40. B) there are often accusations about.politicians and the media s lack of curiosity to find out the truth

41. L)the less curious a child is , the less knowledge the child may turn out to have.

42. k) it is widely accepted that academic accomplishment lies in both intelligence and diligence.

43. J) a bookshop as curiosity eads us can be a good way to entertain ourselves.

44. G)both the rise of the internet and reduced appetite for literary fiction contribute to people' s declining curiosity.

45. F)mankind wouldn' t be so innovative without curiosity.

46. what do velieve about aging ?

b)they just cannot do anything about It

47. how do many scientists view aging now?

a) might be prevented and treated

48. what does alex zhavoronkov think of describing aging as a disease ?

d)it will motivate doctors and pharmacists to find ways to treat aging.

49. what do we learn about the medical community?

c)they can contribute to people's health only to a limited extend, 

50. what does professor leonard hayflick believe

a)the human lifespan cannot be pro-longed

51. what do we learn about applicants postdoctoral positions in geosciences?

c)more males than females are likely to get outstanding letters of recommen dafion

52. what do studies about men and women in scientific research show?

C)Men are believed to be better able to excel in stem disciplines

53. what do the studies find about the recommendation letters for women appli cants?

b). they contain nothing that distin guishes the application.

54. what did dutt and her colleagues do with the more than 1, 200 letters of recommendation

d) they deleted all information about gender.

55. what does dutt aim to do with her study?

d) start a public discussion on how to raise women's status in academic circles.

Part Ⅳ Translation

  Mountain Tai , 2,700 m above sea level and 400 square kilometers, which is located in the western part of China. It enjoys not only the magnificent sight, but the high reputation for its historical culture. Mountain Tai is a place of worship for pilgrims for 3,000 thousand years.

  According to the record, it was visited by 72 emperors in total. Many writers obtain inspiration and compose poems and compositions by visiting Mountain Tai. Besides, artists also draw paintings here. Consequently, there are a lot of cultural relics and historic sites. Nowadays, Mountain Tai has become one of the most well-known tourist attractions in China.

第三套题

 Part I Writing:

  A good teacher-student relationship will make learning and teaching enjoyable and interesting. Both teachers and students should make efforts to build a harmonious relationship.

  On the one hand, the teacher plays an essential role in setting up a good teacher-student relationship. The teacher should motivate the students and lead them to be interested in learning. A good teacher should be patient, kindly and strict. Too kindly or too strict can be both harmful. On the other hand, the students should respect their teachers, and pay more attention in class to learn how to solve problems. It’s important to learn to raise questions and work out problems in new ways.

  A good teacher-student relationship benefits both the teachers and the students, so it’s vital for them to word harder.

Part II Listening Comprehension

1.B) Her little brother.

2.C) By selling lemonade and pictures.

3.C) Providing clean energy to five million people.

4.B) They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

5.A) Endless fighting in the region.

6.D) To find evidence of the existence of the “lost lions”.

7.B) Lions’ tracks.

8.D) A special gift from the man.

9.D) Threw her a surprise party.

10.B) The trip her husband has planned.

11.C) He is eager to learn how the couple’s holiday turns out.

12.A) They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.

13.B) They know when to stop.

14.C) They learn quickly.

15.D) Get to know the other side.

16.D) How space research benefits people on Earth.

17.B) They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.

18.A) They are extremely accurate. 

19.C) It marked the beginning of something new.

20.A) They believed in working for goals.

21.D) Doing needlework by the fire.

22.C) Sit down and try to calm yourself.

23.B) You may expose yourself to unexpected dangers.

24.D) Walk uphill.

25.A) Inform somebody of your plan.

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension ( 40 minutes )暂缺

Part Ⅳ Translation

  Mount Huang is located in the south of Anhui province. Its landscape is unique, and it is especially famous for its sunrise and sea of clouds. In order to appreciate the magnificence of this great mountain, one has to look up, but to enjoy the beautiful scenery of Mount Huang, one has to look down. Mount Huang’s humid climate is fit for the growth of tea tree, and it is one of the major tea tree growing areas of China. There are also many warm springs in Mount Huang, whose water is helpful for the prevention and treatment of skin diseases. Mount Huang is one of the major tourist destinations in china, and is also the most popular subject of photography and traditional Chinese paintings.


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