英语四级阅读每日一练——2017年真题Shoppers in the UK are spending

课后习题答案2020-11-29 12:27:52

Shoppers in the UK are spending less money on toilet paper to save money, research has shown.

Penny-pinching UK consumers choose cheaper products from discounters such as Aldi and Lidl rather than luxury alternatives.

This has wiped 6% off the value of the soft tissue paper market in the UK. It has shrunk from 1.19 billion pounds in 2011 to 1.12 billion pounds in 2015, according to a new report from market research company Mintel. Furthermore, the future of the market looks far from rosy, with sales expected to fall further to 1.11 billion pounds in 2016.

In the last year alone, despite an increase in the UK population and a subsequent rise in the number of households, sales of toilet paper fell by 2%, with the average household reducing their toilet roll spending from 43 pounds in 2014 to 41 pounds in 2015.

Overall, almost three in five people say they try to limit their usage of paper—including facial tissue and kitchen roll—to save money. "Strength, softness and thickness remain the leading indicators of toilet paper quality, with just a small proportion of consumers preferring more luxurious alternatives, such as those with flower patterns or perfume," said Mintel analyst Jack Duckett. "These extra features are deemed unnecessary by the majority of shoppers, which probably reflects how these types of products are typically more expensive than regular toilet paper, even when on special offer."

While consumers are spending less on toilet paper, they remain fussy—in theory at least—when it comes to paper quality. Top of Britons' toilet paper wish list is softness (57%) followed by strength (45%) and thickness (36%).

One in 10 buyers rank toilet rolls made from recycled paper among their top considerations, highlighting how overall the environment is much less of a consideration for shoppers than product quality. In a challenge for manufacturers, 81% of paper product users said they would consider buying recycled toilet tissue if it were comparable in quality to standard paper.

46. The market sales of toilet paper have decreased because ______.

A. Britons have cut their spending on it.

B. its prices have gone up over the years.

C. its quality has seen marked improvement.

D. Britons have developed the habit of saving.

47. What does the author think of the future of the tissue paper market in the UK?

A. It will expand in time.

B. It will remain gloomy.

C. It will experience ups and downs.

D. It will recover as population grows.

48. What does Jack Duckett say about toilet paper?

A. Special offers would promote its sales.

B. Consumers are loyal to certain brands.

C. Luxurious features add much to the price.

D. Consumers have a variety to choose from.

49. What do we learn about Britons concerning toilet paper?

A. They are particular about the quality of toilet paper.

B. They emphasize the strength of toilet paper the most.

C. They prefer cheap toilet paper to recycled toilet paper.

D. They reject using toilet paper with unnecessary features.

50. What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A. More and more Britons buy recycled toilet paper to protect the environment.

B. Toilet paper manufacturers are facing a great challenge in promoting its sales.

C. Toilet paper manufacturers compete with one another to improve product quality.

D. Environmental protection is not much of a concern when Britons buy toilet paper.

——摘自2017年6月英语四级真题第二套

【参考答案】ABCAD

【全文翻译】

Shoppers in the UK are spending less money on toilet paper to save money, research has shown.

研究显示,英国的购物者在卫生纸上花费更少的钱来节省开支。

Penny-pinching UK consumers choose cheaper products from discounters such as Aldi and Lidl rather than luxury alternatives.

吝啬的英国消费者从AlDI和LIDL等折扣店中选择便宜的产品,而不是奢侈的替代品。

This has wiped 6% off the value of the soft tissue paper market in the UK. It has shrunk from 1.19 billion pounds in 2011 to 1.12 billion pounds in 2015, according to a new report from market research company Mintel. Furthermore, the future of the market looks far from rosy, with sales expected to fall further to 1.11 billion pounds in 2016.

这已经使英国软纸市场的价值下降了6%。根据市场研究公司MNTEL的一份最新报告,该公司从2011英镑的11亿9000万英镑缩水到2015英镑的11亿2000万英镑。此外,市场前景远非乐观,2016的销售额预计将进一步下降至11亿1000万英镑。

In the last year alone, despite an increase in the UK population and a subsequent rise in the number of households, sales of toilet paper fell by 2%, with the average household reducing their toilet roll spending from 43 pounds in 2014 to 41 pounds in 2015.

仅去年一年,尽管英国人口的增加和家庭数量的不断增加,卫生纸的销售量下降了2%,平均家庭的卫生纸消费量从2015英镑的43英镑减少到2015英镑的41英镑。

Overall, almost three in five people say they try to limit their usage of paper—including facial tissue and kitchen roll—to save money. "Strength, softness and thickness remain the leading indicators of toilet paper quality, with just a small proportion of consumers preferring more luxurious alternatives, such as those with flower patterns or perfume," said Mintel analyst Jack Duckett."These extra features are deemed unnecessary by the majority of shoppers, which probably reflects how these types of products are typically more expensive than regular toilet paper, even when on special offer."

总体而言,五人中有近三人表示,他们试图限制用纸,包括脸部组织和厨房卷,以节省开支。强度、柔软度和厚度仍然是卫生纸质量的主要指标,只有一小部分消费者更喜欢奢侈的替代品,比如那些有花纹或香水的消费者。“MITTER分析师Jack Duckett说,”这些额外的特性被认为是不必要的。大多数购物者,这可能反映了这些类型的产品通常比普通卫生纸更昂贵,即使是在特殊优惠。

While consumers are spending less on toilet paper, they remain fussy—in theory at least—when it comes to paper quality. Top of Britons' toilet paper wish list is softness (57%) followed by strength (45%) and thickness (36%).

虽然消费者在卫生纸上的花费较少,但至少在纸张质量方面,他们在理论上仍然很挑剔。英国厕纸愿望清单的首位是柔软度(57%),其次是强度(45%)和厚度(36%)。

One in 10 buyers rank toilet rolls made from recycled paper among their top considerations, highlighting how overall the environment is much less of a consideration for shoppers than product quality. In a challenge for manufacturers, 81% of paper product users said they would consider buying recycled toilet tissue if it were comparable in quality to standard paper.

每10个买主中就有一个是用回收纸制成的厕纸,这是他们最重要的考虑因素,强调了环境总体上比购物者对产品质量的考虑要小得多。在制造商面临的挑战中,81%的纸制品使用者说,如果与标准纸相比,其质量可以与他们相比,他们将考虑购买再生厕纸。

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