四六级考试来临!你准备好了吗?

教育零距离2020-08-04 14:47:36


有句话我不知当讲不当讲,

距离四六级考试还有12天

舍友都趴在被窝里背单词了,

而你在干森么?

自从备考四六级,每个人都得了病!

那些过不了四六级的人,

也早早地就漏出了马脚!


据说,有5种人过不了四六级!

如果你也出现了以下几种症状,

那你可要小心了!



重复性背单词 


作为长期以来为四六级考试通过率充当基数的老干部,请低头看看自己的单词书,前一半破旧不堪,后一半崭新崭新。


每次开始背单词,总爱背自己曾经背过的,背来背去,只记得一个abandon!




考前浪了这么久,临近考试觉得自己还可以,定睛一看,什么?真题还没拆封?下定决心学习,还背了两天高分范文!结果第二天就忘得干干净净!


明明昨天说好的今天复习,到了今天却装失忆,你说你还怎么过级?




舍友天天躲在被子里学习,而你却沉不住气!眼睁睁的看着舍友走向过级,自己却管不住自己,你说气不气!




考前还在听英文歌看美剧,安慰自己说自己是在辅助学习练习语感,考试基本靠蒙,过级基本靠天!


还没考试就给自己吃了定心丸:没关系,还有下次……




每次考四六级,他们都会止不住的幻想:盼望监考老师管得松,希望旁边能有大神相助!自己背的短句通通能在作文里用上!


最重要的是,盼望着自己可以像别人一样,裸考也能过了四六级呢~


总之,他们的最终幻想就是“考的全会,蒙的全对!”



直击灵魂的5大症状,

请你摸着舍友的脸告诉我,

你中枪了吗?


今天小编就来为备考的各位同胞们提供一些四六级翻译干货吧~

这次一定要和神翻译说再见!

A
必杀技No.1   历史文化类翻译

 四级翻译 


TOPIC 1:毛笔

毛笔(Chinese brush)是一种源于中国的传统书写工具,与墨、纸、(ink stone)并称为“文房四宝”。毛笔有着悠久的历史,相传为秦始皇的大将蒙恬所创。毛笔笔尖最初用兔毛,后来也用羊、狼、鸡、鼠等动物毛,笔管用竹或其他材料制成。在古代,毛笔不仅是一种基本的书写工具,还被广泛用于书法(calligraphy)和绘画创作。几千年来,它为创造中华民族光辉灿烂的文化做出了卓越的贡献。



Chinese brush is a traditional writing instrument originating from China. Ink stick, paper, ink stone and Chinese brush are known as “Four Treasures of the Study”.Chinese brush has a long history. Legend has it that the brush was invented by Meng Tian, a general under the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty. Originally, the head of the brush was made from rabbit hairs, and later also from the hairs of goats, wolves, chickens, mice and other animals. The shaft is made of bamboo or other materials. In ancient times, Chinese brush was not only an essential writing tool, it was also widely used in calligraphy and painting. For thousands of years, it has made outstanding contributions to the creation of the effulgent Chinese culture.


TOPIC 2:刺绣

刺绣(embroidery)是中国民间传统手工艺之一,有着悠久的历史。刺绣的历史可以追溯到商朝,而汉朝则见证了刺绣在风格和技术上的一大飞跃。日月星辰、花鸟鱼虫等很多事物都可以成为刺绣的内容。在古代,刺绣只由特权(privileged)阶层独享,象征其较高的社会地位。随着社会的发展,刺绣逐渐进入普通百姓的生活。如今,刺绣已走出国门,成为中国人民与世界各国人民友好往来的桥梁。


Embroidery, one of traditional Chinese folk handicrafts, has a long history. The history of embroidery can trace back to the Shang Dynasty. The Han Dynasty witnessed a leap in the styles and techniques of embroidery. A lot of things can become the content of embroidery, such as the sun, the moon, the stars, flowers, birds, fish and insects. In ancient times, embroidery could be enjoyed only by the privileged class and symbolized their high social status. With the development of society, it enters the life of ordinary people. Nowadays it has stepped out of China and become a bridge of friendly exchanges between the Chinese and foreigners.


TOPIC 3:中国菜

中国的烹饪历史悠久,有8 000多种有名的菜品,48种基本的烹饪方式,包括烤、煎、煮等。中国菜可以大致分为八大地方菜系(cuisine),流传最广的当属四川菜系。川菜以麻辣著称,宫保鸡丁、麻婆豆腐大受人们欢迎,四川火锅是世界上最有名的火锅。除此之外,还有其他很多著名的地方菜系,如北京菜和上海菜。北京菜腻且偏咸,最典型的是北京烤鸭,几乎每一个到北京的外国人都会到全聚德吃烤鸭。上海菜油腻且口味偏甜,对于喜欢甜食的人再好不过了。


Chinese cooking has a long history. There are over 8 000 well-known Chinese dishes and 48 basic ways of cooking including roasting, frying and boiling, etc. Chinese cooking can be roughly divided into eight regional schools of cuisine. The most popular one is Sichuan cuisine, which is spicy and hot. Kung-pao chicken and mapo tofu are very popular with people. Sichuan hotpot is the most famous hotpot in the world. Additionally, there are many other famous local schools of cuisine, such as Beijing cuisine and Shanghai cuisine. Beijing food is greasy and a little salty. The most typical one is Beijing roast duck. Nearly every foreigner who comes to Beijing will taste Beijing roast duck in Quanjude Restaurant. Shanghai food is oily and sweet. It's the best choice for people who have a sweet tooth.


TOPIC 4:宫廷建筑

在中国漫长的封建(feudal)历史进程中,拥有至高无上权力的帝王们为自己建造了普通大众可望而不可即的宫廷楼宇,这些建筑体现了当时建筑技术的精髓。据史料记载,秦代的阿房宫、汉代的未央宫以及唐代的大明宫都是宏大的建筑群,有宽阔的庭院以及宏伟的殿堂。目前仅存的帝王宫殿是建于明清两代的北京紫禁城和沈阳故宫,它们代表了古代宫廷建筑技术和艺术的顶峰。


In the long history of Chinese feudal society, the emperors, as the holders of supreme power, built palaces and other structures for themselves which the populace might aspire to but could never attain. The architecture represents the essence of the architectural techniques at that time. Ancient records describe the now vanished Epang Palace of the Qin Dynasty, Weiyang Palace of the Han Dynasty and Daming Palace of the Tang Dynasty as huge constructions with broad courtyards and magnificent halls. The only imperial palaces extant nowadays are the Forbidden City in Beijing and the Imperial Palace in Shenyang, which were built during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. They represent the best technical and artistic achievements of ancient palace architecture.


TOPIC 5:动物的象征意义

在中国,动物被赋予了独特的象征意义。例如:在中国传统文化中,金鱼象征着财富。中国人过春节时,最受欢迎的年画(New Year Picture)就是一个大胖小子怀抱一条大金鱼,取意“富裕和谐”。在中国的传说中,蝴蝶象征着恋人之间至死不渝的爱情。虎在中国文化中是尊贵、力量和勇气的象征。在某些少数民族(ethnic minority)文化中,人们认为燕子成对出现昭示着美满的婚姻与幸福的生活。


In China, animals are endowed with special symbolic meanings. For example, the goldfish means abundance of gold in traditional Chinese culture. In the Spring Festival, one of the most popular New Year Pictures depicts a plump baby holding a large goldfish which represents “wealth and harmony”. Chinese legend has it that the butterfly symbolizes an undying bond between lovers. The tiger is seen as an emblem of dignity, power and courage. In the culture of some ethnic minorities, the presence of swallows in pairs is considered a blessing, which signifies a perfect marriage and happy life.


 六级翻译  


TOPIC 1:京剧角色

“生、旦、净、丑”是京剧中的角色分类。“生”是男性正面角色,“旦”是女性正面角色,“净”是性格鲜明的男性配角(supporting role),“丑”是幽默滑稽的人物或反面角色。每种角色都有表明身份的脸谱(facial make-up)和扮相(costume),只要演员一上场,你一看便知。在人的脸上涂上某种颜色以象征这个人的性格和品质、角色和命运,是京剧的一大特点,也是理解剧情的关键。简单地讲,红脸含有褒义,代表忠勇(valor);黑脸为中性,代表(vigor)智;黄脸和白脸含贬义,代表凶诈。


Sheng, dan, jing, chou refer to different types of roles in Peking Opera. Sheng is the positive male role, and dan is the positive female role, while jing is a supporting male role with a distinctive character and chou is the clown or a negative character. Each type of role has its own facial make-up and costume that expose its identity as soon as he/she appears on the stage. One major characteristic of Peking Opera is the color painted on the face of a character that shows the personality, quality, role and fate, which is also the key to understanding the plot. To put it simply, red is positive, standing for loyalty and valor; black represents a neutral role, representing vigor and wisdom; yellow and white both suggest cunning and negative characters.


TOPIC 2:筷子

筷子由两根长短相同的木棍组成,是中国的传统餐具(eating utensil)。筷子出现在三千多年前,它的出现不仅是中国烹饪文化的变革,也是人类文明的标志。此外,筷子在烹饪技巧的发展过程中也起着推动作用。如今,筷子不仅是一种餐具,还成为一种独特的文化形式,对于我们来说,筷子可以作为艺术品来欣赏、研究和收藏。筷子虽小,但仍被世界上许多人所推崇。一项有趣的实验表明,当你在使用筷子的时候,许多关节和肌肉都会得到锻炼。


Chopsticks, the traditional eating utensils in China, are a pair of equal length sticks. Chopsticks appeared more than three thousand years ago. The appearance of chopsticks is not only a revolution of Chinese cuisine culture, but also a symbol of human civilization. Besides, chopsticks have promoted the development of cooking techniques. Today, chopsticks are not only a kind of tableware, but also have become a unique culture form, coming in front of us as a work of art for appreciation, research and collection. Chopsticks are small, but they are adored by many people in the world. An interesting experiment shows that many joints and muscles can be exercised when you use chopsticks.


TOPIC 3:胡同

胡同,是北京特有的一种古老的城市小巷,在世界上是独一无二的。北京胡同已有800多年的历史,纵横交错于皇城周围。胡同不仅是城市的交通脉络,更是百姓生活的场所。作为北京历史和文化发展的舞台,它见证了历史的变迁(vicissitudes)和风貌,留下了许多社会生活的印记,保留了原汁原味的(authentic)老北京民俗风情。要想真正了解胡同,体味胡同,最好的办法就是亲自去走走、看看。那些古老的胡同,犹如滋味醇厚的佳肴,应当细细咀嚼、慢慢品味。


A hutong is an ancient city alleyway or lane unique to Beijing. You can't find it elsewhere in the world. The history of the Beijing hutong can be traced back to more than 800 years ago, when interconnecting hutongs surrounded the Forbidden City. Hutongs are not only traffic lanes of the city but also places where people live in. Hutongs have been an arena for Beijing's historical and cultural development, witnessing vicissitudes and features of the history, leaving many traces of social life, and preserving authentic folk customs of ancient Beijing. The best way to truly understand and experience hutongs is to take a walk in them and have a look personally. The old hutongs are like delicious delicacies which should be chewed and tasted slowly and carefully.


TOPIC 4:孟母三迁

孟子是中国古代一位著名的哲学家,其影响仅次于孔子。他小时候家住在墓地附近,耳濡目染的都是些有关丧葬礼仪(funeral ceremony)的事情。孟母担心这里的环境对他的影响不好,于是就搬家了。新家靠近集市,孟子又学着商人做买卖,孟母不愿自己的孩子长大成为一个商人,于是又搬家了。第三次的新居在学校附近,孟子就跟着学生学习诗书礼仪(classic and etiquette)。孟母认为找到了理想的地方,于是决定在这里长住下去。由此可见,孟母意识到了环境对孩子成长的影响。


Mencius, whose influence was second only to Confucius, was an eminent philosopher in ancient China. When he was young, his family lived near a cemetery, so he was fully exposed to funeral ceremonies. Mencius' mother was worried that the surroundings would have a negative influence on him, so she decided to move. They moved to a place next to a fair, and Mencius began to learn the ways of business people. His mother didn't want her son to become a businessman so she moved again. This time they moved into a house near a school, and Mencius began to learn the classics and etiquette along with the students. His mother thought this was the right place for him and decided to stay there for good. This shows that Mencius' mother realized the importance of the environment for children's growing up.


TOPIC 5:红包文化

过年发红包(gift money)和收红包是中国传统习俗,寓意祝福和团圆。如今,红包文化在新技术的推动下推陈出新,虽然是源于商业目的,但在效果上契合了网络时代的社交需求。红包文化本身就是图个气氛。现在,这一古老习俗再生(revive)于网络,核心体验不在于红包现金的多寡,而在于每个人参与其中营造了过年的气氛,使人们体验了发红包和抢红包的快乐,回归了这份古老习俗的本义。


Sending and receiving gift money on Spring Festival is a traditional Chinese custom, symbolizing good wishes and reunion. Nowadays, motivated by new technologies, the old gift money culture is brought forth something new. Although out of commercial purposes, in effect, it meets the social needs in the network era. The gift money culture was designed for activating a festival atmosphere. Today, the traditional custom has revived on the network. The core experience does not lie in the exact amount of the gift money. Rather, it lies in the fact that everyone is immersed in creating a festival atmosphere, experiences the happiness of sending and competing for gift money and brings the traditional custom back to its nature.


B
必杀技No.2   社会发展类翻译

--四级翻译--

TOPIC 1 面子

对于中国人来说,“面子”十分重要,它指的是一个人根源于自尊的名誉观。大部分中国人都认为,有面子对一个人来说是非常重要的事情,丢面子则会给人带来巨大的痛苦。因此,在中国,人们必须了解并遵守面子规则,如果违反就会受到严厉的惩罚。然而,有时候人们丢面子不仅仅是因为他们的行为不符合社会的要求,还可能是由于别人的行为没有符合他自己的期待。


Face is immensely important for the Chinese. It can be defined as a notion of one's reputation rooted in self-esteem. Most of Chinese people believe that to have face is one of the most valued things, while to lose face is a cause of great anguish. Thus, in China, people are expected to know and abide by the rules of face and will be penalized harshly if they break them. However, sometimes a person could lose face not only because of his failure to match up to social requirements, but also because of the failure of others to act in accordance with his expectations.


TOPIC 2 农民医保

在中国,农村人口占相当大的比例。虽然他们的收入远比城镇居民要低,抗风险能力更差,但是长期以来,他们却不能像城镇居民一样享受基本的医疗保障。为此,我国正在推行一项前所未有的计划:用8年的时间,在全国农村基本建立起新型的合作医疗制度(cooperative medicare system),以解决所有农民的医疗保障问题,使他们不必再为看不起病而犯愁。经济发达的浙江省已率先实行这一制度。


In China, the rural population accounts for a large portion. They were not entitled, for a very long period of time, to the basic medical security like urban citizens, although they were more vulnerable to risks because of their far lower incomes. Therefore, an unprecedented project is launched in China to build a new cooperative medicare system within eight years in rural areas, which will deal with the medical security issue of all the farmers and free them from worries of being unable to afford a cure. The developed Zhejiang Province has taken a lead in employing the new system.


TOPIC 3 考研热

近年来,人们常会吃惊地看到高校图书馆尚未开门,门外就早已排起了长队。随着一年一度的全国研究生入学考试(the national post-graduate entrance exam)的临近,对于许多考生来说,每天在图书馆抢座就成了个苦差事。就业市场上巨大的求职压力以及雇主对人才的更高要求迫使更多人加入了考研大军。2014年,申请考研的人数达到了创纪录的172万。因此,人们将之戏称为“考研热”(post-graduate mania)。


In recent years, people may feel amazed to see the long waiting lines outside college libraries much earlier than their open time. With the approach of the annual national post-graduate entrance exam, securing a seat in the library becomes a daily chore for many examinees. Huge job-hunting pressure in job market and high demands on talents from employers have pushed more people into the competition of the post-graduate entrance exam. The number of applicants reached a record as high as 1.72 million in 2014. Thus people dub it “post-graduate mania”.


TOPIC 4 丁克一族

中国有一句俗语叫作“不孝有三,无后为大”。但如今,对许多年轻夫妇来说,不生孩子而成为丁克一族却相当流行。有些夫妻选择成为丁克一族实属无奈。有些夫妻担心无法给孩子提供优越的生活条件而选择成为丁克一族。如今,孩子的教育费用比过去高很多。在大城市,送孩子上好一点的幼儿园要花费巨资,重点中小学的学费则更高。但当丁克一族做好准备生育孩子时,却错过了最佳生育年龄。


A popular saying in China has it that “There are three forms of unfilial conduct, of which the worst is to have no descendants.” But now, it is quite fashionable for many young couples to choose a lifestyle without kids and organize the DINK family. Some couples who have chosen to be DINK are obliged to do so. Some couples are fearful that they cannot provide favorable living conditions for children. Nowadays, the cost of educating a child is much higher than before. In big cities, to send a child to a better kindergarten takes a large amount of money and the key primary or secondary schools are even more expensive. But when they make preparations for having a baby, it is a pity that they have missed the most fertile years.


TOPIC 5 慢性疾病

各种慢性疾病(chronic disease)已经成为影响中国人健康的主要隐患。随着钱包越来越鼓,中国人的生活方式也发生了巨大的变化,其中包括饮食上的变化和向城市迁移(migration),这也使得中国人的健康面临极大的风险。中国卫生部(Ministry of Health)的数据显示,目前超过2.6亿的中国人患有慢性疾病,高血压(hypertension)和肥胖症已经成为导致中国人死亡的重要原因。


Various chronic diseases have become the major health challenge for the Chinese. With fatter wallets, the lifestyles of Chinese people have changed dramatically, including changes in diet and the migration to cities, which has put Chinese people's health in peril. Now more than 260 million citizens in China suffer from chronic diseases, and hypertension and obesity have become the major causes of death, according to data from China's Ministry of Health.


--六级翻译--

TOPIC 1 社区公益

社区公益(community public benefit)以公益机构为主体,为达成公益目的而鼓励社区发动居民积极参与各种公益服务或活动。近年来,越来越多的机构和企业投身到社会公益事业之中,或进行大额捐款,或成立慈善基金,力图在履行社会责任的同时,凸显企业的品牌和产品。显然,这是社会公益不成熟的一种表现,因为那些有着巨大社会需求的社区公益服务,由于需要长期默默无闻的服务和关怀,还没有得到更多的关注。


The community public benefit whose main body is public organizations encourages community residents to take part in various kinds of public services or activities to reach the goal of public benefit. In recent years, more and more organizations and enterprises devote themselves to public benefit by donating large amounts of money or establishing charitable funds to advertise their brands and products while fulfilling their social responsibilities. Obviously, it is a reflection of immature public benefit, because the community public benefit service with large social demand hasn't been paid more attention to due to the need of long-term obscure services and care.


TOPIC 2 出行方式的转变

中国人的出行方式经过了一个从“体力”到“便捷”的漫长过程。20世纪50至70年代,自行车是中国人最“拉风”的交通工具,也是那个时期最具有符号意义的社会特征。20世纪80年代,摩托车(motorcycle)开始逐步成为交通工具中的“新宠”。从20世纪90年代初到现在,随着城市交通和汽车工业的发展,加之忙碌的生活节奏,越来越多的人选择以汽车代步,私家车的数量以惊人的速度与日俱增,老百姓的生活“安”上了车轮。


The ways Chinese people adopt to get around have experienced a long process from depending on physical strength to taking convenient tools. From 1950s to 1970s, bicycles were the most fashionable means of transportation and also the most important characteristic of society during that time. In the 1980s, motorcycles gradually became the new favorite. From the early 1990s to the present, with the development of urban traffic and automotive industry, as well as the increasingly busy life, more and more people prefer private cars, making the number of private cars grow at a surprising speed. The life of ordinary people seems to be installed by wheels, moving ahead fast.


TOPIC 3 网上银行

网上银行拥有许多优势。网上银行从不关门,每天24小时、每周7天全天候营业,而且只需轻点鼠标即可完成交易。当你的财务发生问题,而你附近又没有营业厅或自动取款机时,你可以马上登陆网上银行来处理你的财务。网上银行处理并确认交易的速度通常达到或者超过了自动取款机的运行速度。网上银行现在还提供账目总计、股票报价等先进的工具,以帮助你更有效地理财。


Online banking has a lot of advantages. It never closes, offering services 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and all you need to do is just a slight click of the mouse. If your nearby banks or ATMs are not available when financial problems arise, you can immediately log on to your online banking and cope with your business. In terms of the speed of the execution and confirmation of transactions, online banking is generally no slower than ATMs. Online banking now offers advanced tools, including account aggregation, stock quotes and so on to help you manage your assets more effectively.


TOPIC 4 老龄化

联合国标准规定,当一个地区65岁及以上的老人占总人口的7%时,该地区就被视为进入老龄化社会(aging society)。老龄化会对国家财政造成巨大的影响,但老龄化的影响并不止于此。在老龄化社会里,劳动力市场、储蓄方式以及人口流动都会发生变化。中国社会保障制度并不健全,大多数老年人都依靠子女赡养。小家庭的增多和传统价值观的缺失都会使老龄化问题更加严重,从而对中小家庭造成沉重负担。


According to the standard of the United Nations, a society is considered an aging one when the proportion of people aged 65 and above is more than 7%. The impacts of aging society on state finance are huge. However, the impacts are much wider. In an aging society, labor markets, saving patterns and migration movements will change. The social security system in China is weak, and most of the elderly are supported by their children. Declining family size and the erosion of traditional values magnify the challenge, which places a heavy burden on small and middle sized households.


TOPIC 5 自主创业

自主创业(self-employed)的好处之一是盈利归自己所有,利润是对自己努力、能力和创造力的回报。自主创业的第二个好处是个人才智和能力能直接反映在收入上。自主创业的第三个优势是自己做老板能够控制自己的工作时间。但是创业并不是一帆风顺(go smoothly)的事。首先,做自己的老板把责任直接放到了个人的肩上。其次,自己做老板时,一单成功的生意可能会带来很大的盈利,而一单失败的生意可能会造成破产。第三个弊端是没有稳定的工资,收入浮动很大。


One of the advantages of being self-employed is that the profits that the business makes belong to the owner. The profits earned are the reward for the owner's effort, competence and creativity. Another advantage is that a person's earnings directly reflect his intelligence and abilities. The third advantage of being self-employed is that a person as the boss can control his working hours. However, being self-employed does not always go smoothly. First, being one's own boss means placing the responsibility directly on that individual's shoulders. Second, though the self-employed can earn considerable profits with successful business, losses can force them out of business. The third disadvantage is that self-employed people have no stable wage and their earnings can vary greatly.


最后呢~要祝各位参加四六级考试的同学们都能顺利通过!!!

图文|吴雨桐

排版|吴雨桐

审核|郑娜

责任编辑|杨静 季瑜


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