【四六级答案及解析】新鲜出炉啦

中国地质大学武汉2020-07-31 16:10:24
虽然考完对于考完四六级的我们来说对答案并没有什么卵用,但是新东方四六级达人们悄悄告诉你:


作文
答案及解析
作文类似六级送孩子参加艺术班。以及四级的家长为孩子包办一切,第一段描述图画,引入+对话+意义;第二段既可以分析家长对于孩子成长扮演角色的给孩子造成的利弊(重点是弊)也可以谈论孩子过度依靠父母的原因。所有句子全是上课例句直接套用。
1
写作解析
【作文一】
1.
众所周知,家长在孩子的学习生活教育中扮演了重要角色。
然而,当今社会,由于社会的发展 过渡依靠家长的孩子的数量急剧增长。
原因引入句
第一,很对学生缺乏独立意识,不愿意自己思考、判断。
第二,很多学生尚未意识到独立对于未来生活的重要性。
举例引入句
姚明,如果姚明没有独立意识,无法获得今天的成就。

2.
作文类似六级送孩子参加艺术班(2009和2012)以及四级的家长为孩子包办一切 (2010和2012)
第一段描述图画 引入+对话+意义
第二段既可以分析家长对于孩子成长扮演角色的利弊也可以谈论孩子过度依靠父母的原因
所有句子全是上课例句,直接套用

3.
众所周知,家长在孩子的学习生活教育中扮演了重要角色。
然而,当今社会由于社会的发展,过渡依靠家长的孩子的数量急剧增长。
原因引入句
第一 很对学生缺乏独立意识 不愿意自己思考 判断
第二 很多学生尚未意识到独立对于未来生活的重要性
举例引入句
姚明如果姚明没有独立意识,无法获得今天的成就。

【作文二】
老生常谈
曾经课上跟同学们分析过四级考试重复性
本次话题类似2013年12 月的两次图画作文
2013 12 图画一是the impact of the Internet on the way people communicate

图画二是 the impact of the Internet on learning
本次作文可以把提纲翻译成 the impact of the computer
电脑对于现代生活的利和弊,电脑对生活的优点,即丰富生活,使得学习生活工作方便省事。
弊端是过度依靠电脑,使得学习能力和身体能力被削弱。
2
模板套句
We could see from the picture that two people, perhaps a mom and her daughter,were having a conversation about the daughter's enrollment into university. The daughter shared the good news with her mom that she was accepted to the college of her mom'choice while her mom seemed glad and delighted. It reminds us the importance of parents' role in children' s growth.

It is universally acknowledged that parents play a crucial role in their children's lives. However, in the contemporary society, owing to the speedy development of education, the number of parents who run everything for their children has considerably increased. Generally speaking,there are several reasons which can be considered as follows. To begin with, owing to the lack of independence, many children over depend on their parents so that their abilities have been greatly weakened. In addition, kids in mounting numbers have not come to realize the importance of independence in the future. Let us take Yao Ming as an example. How could YAo MIng, an once ordinary but unknown basketball player in Asian, achieve unprecedented success in NBA without the spirit of independence?

Accordingly, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures.most importantly , we should cultivate the awareness of the young generation that independence is essential to them . Only in this way can we solve the problem.
3
写作参考范文:
【作文一】
We could see from the picture that two people, perhaps a mom and her daughter,were having a conversation about the daughter's enrollment into university. The daughter shared the good news with her mom that she was accepted to the college of her mom'choice while her mom seemed glad and delighted. It reminds us the importance of parents' role in children' s growth

Ever since the dawn of the century, children's independence has been the talk of public concern, especially for those parents who have only one child. Most children, being doted and spoiled by their parents, grandparents and even relatives, have fewer chances to face challenged and address difficulties on their own. Consequently, the young generation get used to over relying on their parents almost in everything and lack of ability to solve problems independently.

Confronted with the problem , we should take a series of effective and efficient measures to reverse the trend. To begin with, parents should cultivate the awareness of their children, which should be begin from childhood. In addition, parents should offer mor chances for their children to experience the world. Thus their children are more likely to enhance the capability to overcome the difficulties and handle problems.only with parents' assistance and determination can the next generation accumulate confidence and become independence step by step .

【作文二】
As is vividly depicted in the picture, there is a a person who is working and playing in front of a computer whenver he is in work or at home. Even when he is lying in bed, he is still thinking about the computer. It reminds us the impact of the computer in modern society.

It is universally acknowledged that computers play a crucial role in people’s lives. Some people hold that, compared with lives several decades ago which are tedious and boring, studying, working and even playing surrounded by electronic products, such as computers and tablets, is more entertaining and colorful. People can share feelings, express concerns and talk about events with family members and intimate friends.However, other people insist that over-dependence on computers is a curse rather than a blessing. People, univesity students in particular, become over-dependent on such digital devices so that their literacy as well as phyical ability has been greatly weakened.

In summary, computers have both advantages and disadvantages. Whatever effects it has, one thing is certain, computers in itself are neither good nor bad. It is the use that determines its value to society.
听力
答案及解析
半年又半年,2015年6月紧张的四级考试又已经落下帷幕。从8点半开始,就守在收音机前和各位同步收听今年的考试听力部分。从目前搜集到的真题来看,听力部分仍然会出现多考试版本趋势会继续。以下就各部分内容做简要点评。
1
小对话部分
难度稳定,相对于2014年12月的考题来说,难度甚至可以说有点下降。
小对话部分近几年一直是考生的难点,其重要的考点在于转换——即需要根据对话中人物所作出的回复或评判以给出自己的理解并匹配选项。本次的考试题目中,前面的几道题基本都保持这种需要转换的特色,如下列小对话:

(201506)1.
Woman: I am going to give up playing chess, I lost again today.
Man: Just because you loss? Is that any reason to quit?
在这段对话中,首先通过女性的描述lost, 即可知道她有消极情绪,而在男人的表述中,采用了两个反问句来质问女性,即对女性的陈述不苟同,所以应该转换女性的态度,最终选择正面陈述即可。

此类题在第三题中继续出现:
(201506)3.
Woman: I missed class, could you lend me your notes?
Man: My notes? You have never seen my handwriting, have you?
此处仍然是男人对女人的两次质问,而不同意女人的看法,即女人其实是看不懂自己的笔迹的。

所有题型其实都遵循了我在课上所陈述的肯否原则问题,如第二题:
(201506)2.
Man: Do you know Sally’s new address? She’s got some mail here and I’d like to forward it to her.
Woman: Well, we have not been in touch for a while. Let’s see, Mary should know it.
女性在陈述中采用了一个词组,be in touch with sb. 但是此处能否理解这个倒是其次,终极是理解这里的not,是对男性做出了否定陈述,因此需要追寻女性后面的陈述:Mary should know it,即女性建议男性去找Mary问问。小对话中此次考试基本没有考查特别生僻的习语,所以难度比较低。

结尾问题方面,小对话中结束处问题大部分仍然为以下模式:
What does the man mean?
What do we learn about the woman?
What do we learn from the conversation?
各位强化班同学可以想起在课中对此种问题的处理策略。
2
长对话部分及篇章部分
此次考试中长对话从内容上讲,主要聊天模式遵循了我在课程中所讲过的问答模式,各位考生可以回忆课上对四级长对话与六级长对话结构的对比分析。对问题的回答,出题老师也并没有刻意的为难,只要盯住选项,做出匹配即可。关于“听到什么选什么”的原则,各位此时可以回忆其附加原则并加以处理。

第一篇长对话主要是电话场景,谈论商务合作,一家专门研究化学品泄漏的公司与一家化学品加工公司进行洽谈,但是本对话主要讲述的是前期接洽问题。其中的“梗”在于想接洽的人接洽不上,所以改时间,改人,男性和女性在陈述中语速不快,可以遵循问答模式,在选项中依次作答即可。
第二篇文章的一问一答模式非常明显,是对一位音乐家的访谈,所以一问一答,将重心放在女性身上即可。
篇章部分的内容继续朝着说明文和议论文的方向发展。

第一篇文章主要讲述莎士比亚,对其历史生平进行描述。

第二篇文章主要谈论旅行安全问题。这一点上各大媒体从小到大一直都在宣传,各种安全小提示对同学们来说会比较熟悉。由于此类话题对各位特别熟悉,因此难度不大。

第三篇文章主要讲述英国人的幽默感所带来的悲剧事故。放在最后一篇文章,主题对各位比较生僻,因此应该将重心放在选项上,注意念到的内容的先后顺序即可。

注意回顾课上所讲的关于篇章的行文模式特点及相应的答题顺序问题。
3
复合式听写部分
复合式听写部分话题对文科类同学可能难度稍大,对话题不熟悉是主要原因。本文主要研究经济问题,仍然考查四类词性,名动形副。而对于词型变化的考查仍是重头戏。值得指出的是,本次考试中,无论是男性还是女性,在念的过程中,每个词的发音都很准确,对于单复数、所有格、过去式等词的发音,基本都有展现。仔细小心即可。
在此次四级听力考试中,节奏问题仍然是个老话题,考场上有些甚至不知道什么时候要开始写作文,听力部分是什么时候开始,什么时候结束,导致10:10分监考老师收试卷的时候完全没有填涂答题卡。
希望下午的六级考生能够把握好节奏,听力考试中及时填涂答题卡,务必记住,在听到This is the end of listening comprehension的时候,就意味着本次考试的结束,需要交卷了。所以一定要及时填涂完答题卡。按照考试要求冷静完成今天的考试。
最后,Tim老师仍然在武汉,陪各位走完今天的考试。各位加油!
阅读
答案及解析
由于本次考试继续采用了多题多卷的形式,因此笔者将依据现有的这套试卷进行解析和点评。从内容上看,第一篇文章谈论的是教育与就业的关系,第二篇文章则就粮食产量下降这一现象进行了分析和讨论。从题型上来看,四级的仔细阅读继续以细节题为主,所以考察的都是文章里的具体事实。从难度上来看,此次仔细阅读定位不是难点,而更侧重考察了长难句的分析能力,但是最后的综合难度略微低于去年12月真题。具体参考答案如下
Passage One
56. B – Well-educated people tend to work longer.
57. B – A rapid technological advance
58. A – Economic growth will slow down
59. C – Even wealthy people must work longer to live comfortably in retirement.
60. D – Skills are highly valued regardless of age.
Passage Two
C – The decline of the grain yield growth.
62. A – Their self-sufficiency is vital to the stability of world food markets.
63. D – They force more on the increase of animal feed than food grains.
64. D – The world will be able to feed its population without increasing farmland.
65. B – It is based on a doubtful assumption.
【答案解析】
Passage One
细节题。题目问“当前在富国家的劳动力中发生了什么”,关键词the workforce 和in riches countries可以帮助我们定位在文章开篇第一句话”Across the rich world, well-educated people increasingly work longer than the less-skilled.”意思是在富国家当中,与那些没有什么技能的人们相比较,那些受过良好教育的人们工作的期限越来越长久。然后接下来文章还用到了具体数字来佐证其观点。因此同义替换后,这道题正确答案是【B】。
细节题。题目意思是“什么进一步加深了贫富差距?”关键词the well-off and the poor和the divide。根据关键词,可以找到第一段第三句“This gap is part of a deepening divide between ...”注意,这句话是题目所问道的现象,但是考生需要进一步找到其原因。于是,答案应该在紧随其后的一句话”Rapid technological advance has raised ...”所以,正确答案是【B】。
细节题。关键词“observers”, “predict”和”the experience of the 20th century”, 结合顺序原则,可以定位在第二自然段的最后一句话”The experience of the 20th century, when ..., has persuaded many observers that this shift will lead to slower economic growth, ...”。对于这类主谓分隔的长难句,笔者在四级基础阅读和强化阅读课程中都反复讲解和操练过,考生要学会抓住句子主干,丢掉插入语(两逗号若在主谓之间则为插入语)。因此,正确答案是【A】。
细节题。关键词“result of policy changes”和”European countries”定位在文章第四自然段,注意题目问到的是policy changes之后的result(结果),而不是问policy changes的内容。所以应该定位在“... means even the better-off must work longer to have a comfortable retirement. 于是正确答案是【C】。
细节题。关键词”21st century”和”characteristic of work”定位在文章最后一句话。这道题同样是在考察考生对于长难句的分析能力,其主干是”the skills do not necessarily decline with age. 所以,正确答案是【D】。
Passage Two
细节题。题目意思是作者意图让大家关注的问题是什么。在没有明显关键词的情况下,考生可以根据顺序原则阅读第一自然段。第一自然段开篇讲到了各种现象,可是在第四句话中用到了转折词”But”, 说明在此之后才是作者真正关心的内容。”This is the decline in the growth in yields of some of the world’s major crops.”才是答案。于是正确答案是【C】。
细节题。关键词”India and China” 定位在第三自然段第二句话,此句话谈到了印度和中国,随后第三句话是答案:Their ability to feed themselves ...and on world food markets.” 此句话的Their ability to feed themselves与选项A中的self-sufficient同义替换,因此正确答案【A】。
细节题。关键词”two universities”和”recent crop improvement efforts”定位在第四自然段最后一句话,因此【D】是对文章的同义改写,因此正确。
细节题。关键词”FAO”组织名和”world food production”以及时间限定”in the coming decades”定位在第五自然段,其中提到人们不需要随着人口的增加而进一步开垦农用地,于是正确答案是【D】。
态度题。态度对象是”the argument of the Food and Agriculture Organization”定位在文章最后一段,当作者谈到对其的看法时是在最后一句:The trouble is that the forecast assumes ..., which may not actually happen. 作者认为该组织所假设的内容也许不会发生。于是,正确答案是【B】。
翻译
答案及解析
2015年6月13日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试亦为多题多卷,新东方第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,由老师们给出参考答案及点评,供大家参考。我想告诉你一句话,无论你考得怎样,请记住,唯有放下,才能重生。考好了,短暂休息,迅速跑向下一站。没考好,爬起来,迎头再战,有这样一股劲,便无所畏惧,成功可待。以下是2015年6月英语四级翻译真题答案及点评,这三篇翻译真题其实没有太大难度,因为没有考到同学们惧怕的"核及科学"话题,却是大纲里主导的经济类、生活类、社会类主题,且与我们的生活息息相关,比如试卷一的中国经济,试卷二的国民膳食,试卷三的中国快递。‘
下面我们详细看一下:第一篇文章,说的是中国的经济发展现状;然后第二篇文章说的是国民饮食结构,即南方的大米北方的面,多么务实的主题啊。第三篇文章说的是中国如日中天的快递业。(也许中国人民的网购能力早晚能颠覆世界经济的格局)那么接下来我想利用一点时间,跟大家分析一下试卷一这篇文章的答题方式,大家可以根据这样一个评析,看一下自己大概能得多少分。

在此之前,我们再次复习一下翻译课上曾经提到的三步曲。第一是真正搞懂中文要表达什么,以便在译时能把握方向和重点。二是进行单句翻译,这也是最重要的一步,掌握每句话的主干,之后再添加修饰。最后是将译完的每个单句进行语言调整,之后整体组合,或采取并句或使用主从。大家一定要记住,千万不要认为翻译只要认识单词就能翻出来,翻译一定要重结构,即语法逻辑结构。如果大家的每个单词是按照中文逻辑的顺序一个单词一个单词往下写的话,最后写出来肯定得分不高,而比较高的得分方式一定是写出来的英语就具备英语思维,而不是中文式的英语。当然,如果基础实在不够扎实,这一步可酌情降低难度。也就是说在汉译英当中,如果基础有限,大家就尤其要注意第二步,把完全理解了以后,一定要把它简化成可操作的中文,先抓主干,然后再由主及次来翻。这样最起码你是能得到一定分数的。

先来看试卷一,第一句话很多人把主语写成China,其实稍微读一下中文就会明白其指的是中华文明Chinese civilization 。第二句的主干是元素起源于中国,之前的句子可作为元素的后置定语,起源于我们在课上反复讲过,originate from 或者stem from.第三句是个常见句型,拥有可译成enjoy,或者用be动词句式。工业革命叫industrial revolution。第四句太空探索space exploration 。第五句可与第四句形成并列句或主从句。第六句国外投资foreign investment. 最后一句核心词the 2nd economic entity。这篇文章通篇并不太难,需注意句式的组合与调整,补充逻辑词。

【试卷一】
中国是世界上最古老的文明之一。构成现代世界基础的许多元素都起源于中国。中国现在拥有世界上发展最快的经济,并经历着一次新的工业革命。中国还启动了雄心勃勃的太空探索计划,其中包括了到2020年建成一个太空站。目前中国是世界上最大的出口国之一,并吸引着大量外国投资。同时它也在海外投资了数十亿美元。2011年中国超越日本成为了世界第二大经济体
【参考译文】
Chinese civilization is one of the most ancient civilization in the world, many elements which were composed of the modern world originated from China. China is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and is now experiencing a new industrial revolution. Additionally, it has launched ambitious plan of space exploration which includes a space station that will be built in 2020. Currently, China is one of the biggest exporting country in the world and attracts a great many foreign investments. Meanwhile, China made huge overseas investment with billions dollars. In 2011, it has replaced Japan and ranked the 2nd economic entity in the world.
【试卷二】
据报道,今年中国快递服务(courier service)将递送大约120亿件包裹。这将使中国有可能赶超美国成为世界上最大的快递市场。大多数包裹里装着网上订购的物品。中国给数百万在线零售商以极具竞争力的价格销售商品的机会,仅在11月11日,中国消费者就在国内最大的购物平台买了价值90亿美元的商品。中国有不少这样的特殊购物日,因此,快递能在中国扩展就不足为奇了。
【参考译文】
It is reported that courier service in China will deliver 12 billion packages this year, which will probably make China surpass the US and become the world's largest express market. Items which are ordered online in most parcels.China provides chances to millions of online retailers to sell goods at very competitive prices.Only on the day of November 11th, Chinese consumers purchased $9 billion worth of goods from the largest online shop.There are many such special days for shopping in China and that's why we deserve the expansion of express industry.

想知道六级答案吗?20点回复【六级】,考后送上哟!

以上解析由新东方武汉学校提供,欢迎转载,转载请注明出处!


Copyright © 北京英语四六级培训联盟@2017