沪江网2020-08-08 06:14:55





Practice is the Key to Knowledge

Nowadays almost every person has a clear notion about the importance of knowledge, with which we can make great difference to our world. However, the contribution of practice should also be awarded.

Practice is considered significant because it can turn abstract ideas into tangible results. Only through practice can we truly develop our own understanding about the essence of the new knowledge, or else the treasure of knowledge would still be words printed on papers. Moreover, the vilification of new theories requires us to focus more on the practical side, which helps people to learn better compared with the mechanical way of reading and memorizing. In addition, practice makes people acquire information in an active way, thus more innovative thoughts are likely to be generated in the process and then applied to make our future life more exciting.

As far as I am concerned, practice is essential for people to understand, to review and to optimize the information we receive. It is practice that produces enjoyable life and makes knowledge truly valuable.

The Impact of Interest on People’s Success

As is known to all, the success of a person needs the right guidance and interest is undoubtedly the best teacher. Even Albert Einstein, the world-renowned physicist, said, “I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious.” So it is high time that people explore and cultivate their own interest.

Passionate curiosity can be developed in one’s childhood or in one’s sixties, but once it is ignited, it can change people’s way of study, work and living. On the one hand, interest makes one’s pursuit of knowledge successful and enjoyable. For instance, the pianist Langlang, who plays piano with great love, is awarded a lot of prizes at home and abroad. On the other hand, curiosity helps to resolve difficulties constantly. A worker with curiosity is more likely to dig into the essence of the problem and thus accomplish more creative tasks.

I would like to end up with the famous educator Herbert Spencer’s words which I can’t agree more, “If the interest and enthusiasm among us are cultivated smoothly in the first place, most people will become talents or geniuses.”

Being Great by Doing Small Things

There is no doubt that many people want to be great and successful, but only a few can climb to the top and be admired by the world. However, it doesn’t mean that most of us are losers. Actually everyone can achieve high by doing small things in a great way.

We have to admit that there are something that we cannot accomplish right now, but it isn’t the excuse for us to stop trying. Being great needs time and patience, so only when all small accomplishments add up can many impossibilities gradually turn to possibilities. At least, one won’t regret for not making effort to achieve the goal. For example, one may doesn’t have the resources or training on how to be a world-class musician, but by constant practice of every short piece of music, he can still bring happiness, comfort and inspiration to his family members and friends, then this person is great in the eyes of the audiences.

Therefore, never cease the pace on the road to our dreams. As long as we stick to our goal and be serious to whatever related to it, we can be considered as great.



1. C. Attend the concert.
2. D. None of the passengers were injured or killed.
3. A. An article about the election.
4. A. The restaurant was not up to the speaker’s expectations.
5. C. He has many things to deal with right now.
6. D. More students have to appear to make their voice heard.
7. B. The speakers like watching TV very much.
8. D. The woman will be able to attend the classes she wants.


9. C) Export bikes to foreign markets.
10. B) The government has control over bicycle imports.
11. A) Extra costs might eat up their profits abroad.
12. C) Conduct a feasibility study.

13. B) Anything that can be used to produce power.
14. D) Oil production will begin to decline worldwide by 2025.
15. B) Start developing alternative fuels.


16. What is said to make a good department store buyer?

答案:A) The ability to predict fashion trend.

【点评】答案出现在文章的开头部分,They not only have to know what is fashionable at the moment, but also have to guess what will become fashionable next season or next year. 告诉我们,买手们不但要熟知当下的流行,并且能够预测下一季或是明天的流行趋势。

句中反复出现选项中的fashion一次,根据所听即所得原则,本题应选择A. The ability to predict fashion trend.

17. What does Karen’s job involve?

答案:D) Purchasing handicrafts from all over the world.

【点评】同样考察同学们的对于细节的把握,根据文中的,Her job involves buying handicrafts from all over the world. 以及之后所例举的国家地名等,可以知道,Karen的工作内容与选项D Purchasing handicrafts from all over the world.相吻合。

18. Why does Karen think she has got the best job?

答案:B) She is doing what she enjoys doing.

【点评】问到为何Karen认为她拥有世上最棒的工作。根据文中所提到的,Karen喜欢所有她的旅行经历,我们可以知道这里应该选择B. She is doing what she enjoys doing.


19. What did Mark think he should start doing?

答案:B) Get involved in his community.

【点评】答案出现在文章的开头部分,Mark felt that it was time for him to take part in his community, so he went to the neighborhood meeting after work. 句中出现选项中关键词community。选项B. Get involved in his community为原文内容的同义替换。

20. What was being discussed when Mark arrived at the neighborhood meeting?

答案: A) Deterioration in the quality of life.

【点评】答案紧随其后,The area city council woman was leading a discussion about how the quality of life was on the decline. 这里的the quality of life生活质量是选项中的关键词,同时,on the decline在选项中被同义替换为deterioration。

21. What did Mark think of the community’s problems?

答案:D) They are too big for individual efforts.

【点评】关于Mark对于社区问题的看法,文中相对应的原文为It was too much for Mark. “The problems are too big”, he thought. 因此在Mark看来这些问题对于个人而言太大了,是理所不能及的,因此应该选择D. They are too big for individual efforts.

22. Why did Mark smile on his ride home?

答案:C) He had done a small deed of kindness.



23. What does the passage mainly discuss?

答案: B) Pressure and disease.

【点评】对全文的主旨进行提问。根据开头And if stress in childhood can lead to heart disease, what about current stresses? 我们可以知道文章讨论的就是压力与心脏病之间的关系。

24. What do we learn about Jano Cano’s family?

答案: A) It experienced a series ofmisfortunes.

【点评】是对于后文一家人的遭遇进行提问,我们可以看到这家人遭遇了一系列的不幸,他本人,与家人都先后得病,因此应该选择A. It experienced a series of misfortunes.

25. What did Jano Cano’s doctors tell him when he had a second heart attack?

答案: C) They could do nothing to help him.

【点评】对于在他第二次心脏病发后医生说的话进行提问。相对难度较低,只要听到医生说,“There’s nothing more we can do for you,” 我们就可以知道应该选择C. They could do nothing to help him.


26. are supposed to
27. inserting
28. drawing-out
29. distinguished
30. spark
31. flame
32. schooling
33. controversies
34. are concerned with
35. dissatisfaction



36. N) swept
37. B) displaced
38. I) prosperity
39. H) productive
40. C) employed
41. F) jobless
42. M) shrunk
43. A) benefits
44. E) impact
45. D) eventually


36. J) philosophy
37. I) mirrors
38. B) constrained
39. D) explore
40. L) sneaking
41. K) potential
42. O) violent
43. F) interacting
44. A) assess
45. N) undermines


36. C) controlled
37. L) slash
38. M) specializing
39. K) professionals
40. E) forged
41. A) accountable
42. F) incentives
43. B) capacity
44. H) overstated
45. O) subsequently


E) The process described by Cutting…

B) The intuitive answer is that some works of art…

H) Although many have tried…

C) Cutting, a professor at Cornell University, …

K) The intrinsic quality of a work of art is starting to…

D) Cutting believes his experiment offers…

L) A study in the British Journal of Aesthetics suggests…

F) When Watts looked into the history of…

J) Although the rigid high-low distinction…

I) "Saying that cultural objects have value," …


46. According to Duncan Watts, the superiority of the "Mona Lisa" to Leonardo's other works resulted from the cumulative advantage.

47. Some social scientists have raised doubts about the intrinsic value of certain works of art.

48. It is often random events or preference that determine the fate of a piece of art.

49. In his experiment, Cutting found that his subjects liked lesser known works better than canonical works because of more exposure.

50. The author thinks the greatness of an art work still lies in its intrinsic value.

51. It is true of critics as well as ordinary people that the popularity of artistic works is closely associated with publicity.

52. We need to expose ourselves to more art and literature in order to tell the superior from the inferior.

53. A study of the history of the greatest paintings suggests even a great work of art could experience years of neglect.

54. Culture is still used as a mark to distinguish one social class from another.

55. Opinions about and preferences for cultural objects are often inheritable.


C) Our current brand of capitalism is a fake capitalism…

A) A dangerous trend has developed over this past third of a century…

E) So why has America chosen these inequality-enhancing policies?...

I) Our division are deep…

B) Over the past year and a half, the Great Divide…

P) We need no just a new war on poverty but a war to protect the middle class…

M) Where justice is concerned, there is also…

F) Ideology and interests combined viciously…

N) Justice has become a commodity, affordable to only a few…

K) With almost a quarter of American children younger than 5 living…


46. In theory, free competition is supposed to reduce the margin of profits to the minimum.

47. The United States is now characterized by a great division between the rich and the poor.

48. America lacked the incentive to care for the majority of its citizens as it found no rival for its economic model.

49. The wealthy top have come to take privileges for granted.

50. Many examples show the basic laws of imperial capitalism no longer apply in present-day America.

51. The author suggests a return to the true spirit of the market.

52. A quarter of the world’s prisoner population is in America.

53. Government regulation in America went from one extreme to the other in the past two decades.

54. Justice has become so expensive that only a small number of people like corporate executives can afford it.

55. No country in the world so far has been able to provide completely equal opportunities for all.


H. Some big banks, like Wells Fargo……

B. Swipe is the operative word: …….

G. Chip-and Pin cards, by contrast, make fake cards……

C. The solution could cost as little as $2 extra for every piece of plastic issued……

A. A thin magnetic stripe (magstripe) is all that stands between……

I. Keep in mind, too, that credit cards typically ……

D. Why haven’t big banks adopted the more secure technology? ……

E. Multiply $3 by the more than 5 billion magstripe credit and prepaid cards…...

F. That leaves American retailers pretty much alone the world……

O. Credit and debit cards, though, are going to be……


46. It is best to use an EMV card for international travel.

47. Personal information on credit and debit cards is increasingly vulnerable to hacking.

48. The French card companies adopted EMV technology partly because of inefficient telephone service.

49. While many countries use the smarter EMV cards, the U.S. still clings to its old magstripe technology.

50. Attempts are being made to prevent hackers from carrying out identity theft.

51. Credit cards are much safer to use than debit cards.

52. Big banks have been reluctant to switch to more secure technology because of the higher costs involved.

53. The potential liability for retailers using magstripe is far more costly than upgrading their registers.

54. The use of magstripe cards by American retailers leaves consumers exposed to the risks of losing account information.

55. Consumers will be a driving force behind the conversion from magstripe to EMV technology.


56. C) Unemployment.

57. D) Pour money into the market throughasset buying

58. B) Deflation.

59. C) Tighten financial regulation.

60. A) She possesses strong persuasivepower.

61. A: To get their share of clean air.

62. C: Offering preferential treatment to wealthy countries.

63. B: Our relationship to the plant world.

64. D: By pooling their efforts together.

65. C: Share life with nature.


56 A) To get their share of clean air.
57 C) Offering preferential treatment to wealthy countries.
58 B) Our relationship to the plant world.
59 D) By pooling their efforts together.
60 C) Share life with nature.

61 B) Attend the school once they are admitted.
62 A) To make sure they get qualified students.
63 C) It allows them little time to make informed decisions.
64 D) It places students from lower-income families at a disadvantage.
65 B) Avoid choosing early decision unless they are fully prepared.


56. B) They are used by big businesses to monopolize agriculture.
57. D) More scientific research on GM crops.
58. A) Feeding the growing population makes it imperative to develop GM crops.
59. D) Whatever is useful to boost farming efficiency should be encouraged.
60. C) Efforts spent on it should be turned to more urgent issues of agriculture.

61. C) Unemployment.
62. D) Pour money into the market through asset buying.
63. B) Deflation.
64. C) Tighten financial regulation.
65. A) She possesses strong persuasive power.




The traditional Chinese hospitality requires food diversity, so that guests will be full before eating up all the dishes. A typical Chinese banquet menu includes cold dishes served at the beginning, followed by hot dishes, such as meat, poultry, vegetables, etc. At most banquets, the whole fish is considered to be essential, unless various kinds of seafood have been served already. Today, Chinese people would like to combine Western specialties with traditional Chinese dishes. Therefore, it is not rare to see steak being served as well. Salad is gaining popularity, although traditionally the Chinese people generally do not eat any food without cooking. There is usually at least a bowl of soup, served at the beginning or in the end of the dinner party. Desserts and fruit usually mark the end of the feast.



2011 witnesses the historic moment of the Chinese urbanization process. The urban population exceeded the rural population for the first time. In the next 20 years, it is estimated that about 350 million rural people would move to the cities. This scale of urbanization is both a challenge and an opportunity to urban transportation. The Chinese government has been promoting "people-oriented" development philosophy, which emphasizes that people should choose buses over private cars. It also calls for building "a resource-saving and environment-friendly" society. With this clear objective, Chinese cities will be able to better plan their development, and invest heavily on the evolution of a safe, clean and economical transportation system.



Han Dynasty was one of the most important dynasties in Chinese history. There were many significant achievements during the Han Dynasty. It was the first to open its doors to other cultures. Foreign trade flourished during this period. The Silk Road initiated by Han Dynasty led all the way to the West Asia and even to Rome. Various forms of art prospered, with the emergence of a lot of literature, history and philosophy masterpieces. 100 A.D. witnessed the completion of the first Chinese dictionary which included 9000 words, providing interpretation and various styles of writing. Meanwhile, technology had also achieved great progress. Paper, water clocks, sundials and earthquake detectors were invented. The reign has lasted for 400 years. However, the corruption of the rulers eventually led to its downfall.




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