四六级作文万能模板、听力蒙题宝典及万能语句(背下来考场上直接用)

跨考考研2020-09-20 06:37:51

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       四六级没有那么神!!听力听不懂照样可以170、阅读看不懂依然选对题!作文?模板帮你全搞定!!!大家一起过过过!加油~~~



一、关于听力!!!
 
      第一招:相关保留原则 
 
  当选项中有两项表达意思相近时,那么正确答案必在这两项之中!这时只需稍微听一听对话,即可知答案,如果出现了双重相关,便可直接确认正确选项,只需听完对话加之认证一下即可!推荐添加微信:dxsczw,分享更多关于英语四六级的考试资料!
  典型例题: 
  4. A) Visiting the Browning.
  B) Writing a postcard.
  C) Looking for a postcard.
  D) Filling in a form.
  例题分析:B、C两项均含有 a poscard ,B、D两项均含有写...之意,即B、C和B、D构成双重相关,即可得出B为正确选项!
  本题听力原文: 
  4. M: What\'s the matter? You\'ve been sitting there for ages, just staring into space.
  W: I told the Browning I\'d send them a postcard. Now I don\'t know what to say.
  Q: What\'s the woman doing? 

  第二招:异项保留原则
 
  当选项中出现有意思明显相反的两项时,那么正确答案必在此二项中出现!如果出现双重异项,那么即可判断出正确答案,异项保留原则在六级考试听力短对话中应用广泛!
  典型例题:
  6. A) She can’t finish her assignment, either.
  B) She can’t afford a computer right now.
  C) The man can use her computer.
  D) The man should buy a computer right away.
  例题分析:A、B异项,A项的意思是她现在有电脑,B项的意思则是她现在没有电脑。B、D异项,B是说女方无电脑,而D是说男方无电脑,男女也是一种反意关系。所以根据双重异项原则可确定正确答案为B项! 
本题听力原文:
  6. M: I\'m frustrated. We\'re supposed to do our assignment on the computer, but I have difficulty getting access to the computers in the library.
  W: I understand the way you feel. I\'m looking forward to the day when I can afford to get my own.
  Q: What does the woman mean?

      第三招:女士保留原则 
 
      做题做多了,我们应该了解西方人的思维方式,当对话中出现女士的建议和要求时,我们一定要注意,这时女士说出来的话很可能就是正确选项的异意!因为女士经常以女神的形象出面,她们代表的是美好、正面、阳光的信息!
  典型例题: 
  9. A) The man should stick to what he’s doing.
  B) The man should take up a new hobby.
  C) The man should stop playing tennis.
  D) The man should find the cause for his failure.
  例题分析:通过选项我们可以分析出男人做一些事情遇到了困难,这时一位女人出来安慰男人,根据女神原则可知女人一定会让男人坚持把这件事情做下去,而不要放弃,这样的题型太多了,所以可呈现出一定的规律性!
  本题听力原文: 
  9. M: I think I\'m going to give up playing tennis. I lost again today.
  W: Just because you lost? It that the reason to quit?
  Q: What does the woman imply? 

       第四招:概括、抽象保留原则

  当选项中出现比较概括、抽象的句子时,这时我们就要把表述事实的、具体的句子划掉,而去选择表概、抽象、比较性的句子!此原则可衍生出一个包含取大的原则,在作题时应用也是十分的广泛,一般当两个选项的意思接近时,表述比较全面的一般为正确选项!
  典型例题: 
  7. A) The visiting economist has given several lectures.
  B) The guest lecturer’s opinion is different from Dr. Johnson’s.
  C) Dr. Johnson and the guest speaker were schoolmates.
  D) Dr. Johnson invited the economist to visit their college
  例题分析:A、C、D均为表述事实的句子,只有B项为对比、比较的句子,较之A、C、D项更为抽象的表述了一件事情,所以B项为正确选项!
  本题听力原文: 
  7. M: The visiting economist is speaking tonight, but Dr. Johnson doesn\'t seem to think much of him.
  W: That\'s because Dr. Johnson comes from an entirely different school of thought.
  Q: What do we learn from the woman\'s remark? 

      第五招:态度和虚拟保留原则 

  这两种方法一般无单独命题的规律性,只是作为上述四种宏观方法的辅助方法出现,当只剩下两个选项时,通常正态度的选项容易是正确答案,表虚拟的选项更容易是正确答案!


二、关于万能模版!!!


对比/正反观点分析型


  1、大多为三点提纲,提纲模式一般为:有一些人认为……;还有人认为……;我的看法或观点;


  2、少数时候也会出现两点提纲的情况,此时可以补充成三点提纲来写作。推荐添加微信号:idaxue8,分享更多关于四六级的资料!


  首段引出话题:

  When it comes to______, opinions differ(vary) from one to another or.differenf people hold different opinions

  第二段写支持观点:

  There are a number of individuals who hold the positive opinion. They believe that_____ is advantageous for_____. What makes them convinced is that ______ .In addition(what's more), they claim that _______.

  三段写反对观点:

  Others, however, hold the opposite view. They maintain that it is unnecessary/not indispensible to _______ . One reason they cite is that ______ . Another significant cause is that ______.

  末段1:Personally/From my point of view/as far as i'm concerned, nothing is more important than _____ On the one hand, it is a fact that ______ ,On the other hand, no one can deny the fact that ______ Therefore, Only by doing so can ______

  末段2:From my point of view, ______ itself is neither good nor bad. For our human being, nothingis more important than making best use of it. We need _____ in our daily life, but we should never be slaves of ____.


社会现象/解决问题型


  题型特点:

  1、应该为三点提纲,但是有时以两点提纲出现,所涉及主题为当时社会热点;

  2、通常模式为:现象概述--细节(原因、危害、方式等)--自我评论

  首段引出话题:

  Nobody could have failed to notice the fact that ________ has/ have become agrave problem with which modern citizens are confronted. As far as I know, there are some ______. Apparently enough, we can find numerous examples in our society/campus. However, what makes many people worried is that this issue has not aroused enough concern.

  第二段分析原因:

  As far as I am concerned, there are numerous factors accounting for the phenomenon mentioned above, but the following might be the critical ones. First and foremost, ________ Besides, ________. Last but not least, _______ .

  第三段提出解决办法::

  From my point of view, there are a number of ways in which ____ can tackle mentioned above, but the following might be the indispensible ones. Firstly, ________ Secondly, ________.Thirdly, _______ .

  第四段:

  Based on the above analysis, we can naturally come to a safe conclusion that ______ As modern college students, it is our responsibility to shoulder the burden of inheriting and developing cultural heritage/ constructing our nation’s future. Therefore, it is essential that we should _______. Besides, in order to ____, we should try to _____.Only by doing so can we become qualified talents to make great contributions to our homeland.


谚语名言警句型


  1、文章题目为一句格言或谚语

  2、通常模式为:解释谚语--举例论证--画龙点睛

  首段解释谚语:

  It is universally acknowledged that ______, which means that _____. Even simple operations can easily be spoiled if we ________ . Actually, ____ is the key to success. Therefore, no one can neglect the great importance of ______.

  举例论证:

  Taking a look around, we can find examples too numerous to list. The best illustration might be English study. It is ____ practice that enables a learner to get a good command of pronunciation. Similarly, only by ____ can we acquire a basic grasp of grammar. It is a fact that the process of other skills is no exception.

  尾段总结,画龙点睛:

  In short, laying a solid foundation is essential if we want to make achievements in our studies or work, or indeed in any other aspect of our lives. At every step, review what has been achieved and assess the problems ahead before moving to the next step. And what we should bear in mind is that _______。


图表类型


  首段:描述图表引出话题

  It can be seen from the chart that there have been sharp/slight increases/decreases in the number of_______ in the past decade. As the statistics shows/indicates, the year XXX witnessed ______ However, _______

  中段:解释现象分析原因

  There are a number of factors accounting for/responsible for the change, but the following are the most critical ones. First of all,________ In addition / What is more / Additionally,______Last but not least, ______

  末段:总结提出建议

  In a word / To conclude / In conclusion, this chart/pie-chart/form /table/graph/ the above statistics is a perfect indicator of______ what makes me convinced is that ______


书信类型


  Dear _____,

  首段:

  (熟人)The time flies, we haven't seen each other for a long time. I am writing to formally invite you to participate in Mr. Guo Jing and Huang Rong’s wedding ceremony, which will be held at Beijing Grand Hotel from 8 to 10 p.m. on December 1, 20_ _.

  (陌生人)I am Li Ming, one of Yang Guo’s best friends. I, on behalf of Yang Guo and Xiao Longnv, am writing this letter for the purpose of inviting you to participate in Mr Yang’s wedding ceremony with Xiao Longnv, which will be held at Shijiazhuang Railway Hotel

  from 8 to 10 p.m. on December 1, 2011.

  中间段:主题句+扩展句+结论句:

  As one of our best friends, it is my pleasure to introduce the process of the ceremony. Firstly, the occasion will start at … After that, at about …, …. At around ten, we will hold a smallmusical party, at which a band will perform some works by Xu Yuteng, one of the most popular singers.

  尾段:

  My thanks/hopes to you for your generous help/kind consideration on my requests are beyond words. I am looking forward to your favorable reply at your earliest convenience.


三、关于万能语句!!!


  一、引出开头


  1:It is well-known to us that……(我们都知道……)==As far as my knowledge is concerned, …( 就我所知…)

  2:Recently the problem of…… has been brought into focus. ==Nowadays there is a growing concern over ……(最近……问题引起了关注)

  3:Nowadays(overpopulation)has become a problem we have to face.(现今,人口过剩已成为我们不得不面对的问题)

  4:Internet has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.(互联网已在我们的生活扮演着越来越重要的角色,它给我们带来了许多好处但也产生了一些严重的问题)

  5:With the rapid development of science and technology,more and more people believe that……(随着科技的迅速发展,越来越多的人认为……)

  6:It is a common belief that……==It is commonly believed that……(人们一般认为……)

  7:A lot of people seem to think that……(很多人似乎认为……)

  8:It is universally acknowledged that + 句子(全世界都知道...)


  二、表达不同观点


  1:People's views on……vary from person to person. Some hold that……However, others believe that……(人们对……的观点因人而异,有些人认为……然而其他人却认为……)

  2:People may have different opinions on……(人们对……可能会持有不同见解)

  3:Attitudes towards (drugs)vary from person to person.==Different people hold different attitudes towards(failure)(人们对待吸毒的态度因人而异)

  4:There are different opinions among people as to……(对于……人们的观点大不相同)


  三、表示结尾


  1:In short, it can be said that……(总之,他的意思是……)

  2:From what has been mentioned above, we can come to the conclusion that……(从上面提到的,我们可以得出结论……)

  3:Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally/reasonably come to the conclusion that……(把所有的这些因素加以考虑,我们自然可以得出结论……)

  4:Hence/Therefore, we'd better come to the conclusion that……(因此,我们最好的出这样的结论……)

  5:There is no doubt that (job-hopping)has its drawbacks as well as merits.(毫无疑问,跳槽有优点也有缺点)

  6:All in all, we cannot live without……,but at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise.(总之,我们没有……无法生活,但同时我们必须寻求新的解决办法来面对可能出现的新问题)


  四、提出建议


  1:It is high time that we put an end to the (trend).(该是我们停止这一趋势的时候了)

  2:There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of……(毫无疑问,对……问题应予以足够重视)

  3:Obviously ,if we want to do something … it is essential that……(显然,如果我们想要做么事,很重要的是……)

  4:Only in this way can we ……(只有这样,我们才能……)

  5:Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)


  五、预示后果


  1:Obviously,if we don't control the problem, the chances are that……will lead us in danger.(很明显,如果我们不能控制这一问题,很有可能我们会陷入危险)

  2:No doubt, unless we take effective measures, it is very likely that ……(毫无疑问,除非我们采取有效措施,否则我们很可能会……)

  3:It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation(很紧迫的是应立即采取措施阻止这一事态的发展)


  六、表示论证


  1:From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the first opinion rather than the second.(在我看来,支持第一种观点比第二种更有道理)

  2:I cannot entirely agree with the idea that……(我无法完全同意这一观点)

  3:As far as I am concerned/In my opinion,……(就我来说……)

  4:I sincerely believe that……==I am greatly convinced (that)子句.(我真诚地相信……)

  5:Finally, to speak frankly, there is also a more practical reason why ……(最后,坦率地说,还有另外一个实际的原因……)


  七、给出原因


  1:The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...)

  2:This phenomenon exists for a number of reasons .First,…….Second,…….Third,……。这一现象存在有很多原因的,第一……第二……第三……

  3:For one thing,…… For another thing,…… ==On the one hand,……On the other hand……一方面……另一方面……

  4:I quite agree with the statement that……The reasons are chiefly as follows.我十分赞同这一论述,即……。其主要原因如下。


  八、列出解决办法和批判错误观点做法


  1:The best way to solve the troubles is……解决这些麻烦的最好办法是……

  2:As far as something is concerned,……就某事而言,……

  3;It is obvious that……很显然……

  4:It may be true that……but it doesn't mean that……可能……是对的,但这并不意味着……

  5;It is natural to believe that……but we shouldn't ignore that……认为……是自然的,但我们不应忽视……

  6:There is no evidence to suggest that……没有证据表明……


  九、表示好处和坏处


  1:It has the following advantages.它有如下优势

  2:It is beneficial/harmful to us.==It is of great benefit/harm to us.它对我们有益处

  3:It has more disadvantages than advantage.他有很多不足之处


  十、表示重要、方便、可能


  1:It is important(necessary/difficult/convenient/possible)for sb to do sth.对于某人做……是……

  2:It plays an important role in our life.


  十一、采取措施


  1:We should take some effective measures.我们应该采取有效措施

  2:We should try our best to overcome/conquer the difficulties.我们应该尽最大努力去克服困难

  3:We should do our utmost in doing sth.我们应该尽力去做……

  4:We should solve the problems that we are confronted/faced with.我们应该解决我们面临的困难


  十二、显示变化


  1:Some changes have taken place in the past five years.过去五年发生了很多变化

  2:Great changes will certainly be produced in the international communications.在国际交流中理所当然会发生很多大的变化

  3:It has increased/decreased from…to…他已经从…增加/减少到…

  4:The output of July in this factory increased by 15%.这个工厂7月份产量以增加了15%


  十三、表明事实现状


  1;We cannot ignore the fact that……我们不能忽略这个事实……

  2:No one can deny the fact that……没人能否认这个事实……

  3:This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

  4:be closely related to ~~ (与...息息相关)


Take easy 

祝所有滴考生四六级过过过



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