陈曲押王版:四六级作文终极押题

建昆老师2020-11-20 14:18:52



陈曲押王版:四六级作文终极押题 


写作三大篇终于完稿

结合了:

四六级写作句式之天龙八部

四六级写作框架之万能模板

四六级写作素材之疯狂押题


明天将会给出最后一篇复习大结局!谢谢大家耐心等待。


本素材使用方略(必看!):

1. 总览一遍,了解整个素材的内容和思路。

2. 背诵一些重点的句子(很多我已经列出),能被自己所用。

3. 我即将发布最后一篇文章,里面很多练习,看看能不能用上。


大主题1:

精神品质

曲哥点评:“共享经济”(sharing economy)和“一带一路”(the belt and road initiative)这些热点并不一定会出现在作文中(在翻译中可能性很大),但是他们反应出的精神品质(包括合作、互帮互助、全球化这类话题不可避免)是考试的一个热点。建议大家学会背诵一些万能句子,以备考试。此外,对于人生哲理,成功要素此类话题也不得不防,如果要出,一般都是“引言类”。


素材1:合作

With the development of economy and society, competition is increasingly fierce. It is impossible for anyone to finish a work all by himself. Hence, people in mounting numbers put great emphasis on teamwork. In fact, it has generally been accepted that the ability of cooperation is the most essential qualification that anyone who wants to achieve success should possess. We should bear in mind that teamwork is of utmost importance to both our society and ourselves. Everyone should have the ability of teamwork. Only in this way can we achieve success and only in this way can our society become more harmonious to live in.

重要词汇(精神品质):

独立:independence(adj. independent);

坚持:persistence(adj. persistent);

勤奋:diligence(adj. diligent);

信心:confidence(adj. confident);

合作:cooperation (=teamwork =collaboration);

乐观:optimism (adj. optimistic)

把这些词替换文章的cooperation或者teamwork,再稍加改动就变成了另一种精神品质的文章。


素材2:诚信

Honesty seems to be lost in contemporary society. Several factors could contribute to this trend. First of all, young people are under considerable pressure for a living because the competition is increasingly fierce. Consequently, majority of the population tends to attach less importance to the moral code like honesty, but more to their own benefits. Secondly, schools nowadays pay more attention to academic scores rather than the students’ morality. As a result, honesty becomes a rare quality among youngsters.

经典句子:

1. Majority of the population tends to attach less importance to the moral code like honesty, but more to their own benefits.

大多数人不重视道德问题,而更重视自己的利益。

2. Honesty becomes a rare quality among youngsters.

诚信变成了年轻人中稀有的品质。



大主题2:

教育校园

素材3:图书馆的优点 The benefits of going to the library/reading

题目类型:What are the advantages and disadvantages of …(recreational activities/selecting lectures/taking a part-time job/liberal art or science)?

曲哥点评:四级考试是入门级别考试,更偏重于基础描述、说明,关于优缺点类话题非常值得准备。比如:介绍下去图书馆(library)的好处;住校(dorm/dormitory)的优缺点;考试的优缺点,兼职的优缺点;专业文(liberal art)理(science)艺的好处;娱乐活动(recreational activities)的优缺点;如果六级要考此类话题,题目会更有难度:the benefits and drawbacks of modernization/globalization/urbanization.


图书馆的好处:

Libraries are at the very heart of a university. The library contains numerous historical references and much useful information on various subjects. A student can spend many hours in doing research for their homework, reports and term papers. In the library, one can enrich his life, broaden his mind, and expand his range of knowledge. Also, a student can widen his circle of friends in the library. One can find friends with the common interest. Besides, nowadays, college life tends to be very stressful. Going to the library can relax our minds and release our pressure.

阅读的好处:

Reading is of utmost importance for one’s life. Firstly, a good book is our faithful friend. Reading can increase our contentment when we are cheerful and happy, and can lessen our pain when we are sad or lonely. Secondly, reading can help people to relax and unwind. Few of us can travel far from home, but all of us can savor a wide range of experiences through reading. Besides, reading can also increase our knowledge and skills, broaden our horizons and make us wise.

重要搭配:

enrich one’s life 丰富生活

broaden one’s mind 扩展思维

expand one’s range of knowledge 扩展知识面

release one’s pressure 释放压力

relax one’s mind 放松心情

widen one’s circle of friends 拓展朋友圈

increase one’s contentment 增加满足感

lessen one’s pain 减缓疼痛

help people to relax and unwind 帮助人放松

savor a wide range of experiences 品尝一系列经历

以上的one’s 可以改成his, our, my等。



素材4:推荐书籍/电影/歌曲recommend your favorite book/movie/song to your friend

曲哥点评:我们把四级的描述类题型分成人(people)物(object)地(place)事(event),除了我们的素材给你的朋友推荐一部电影、一本书或者一首歌,大家要防止描述人和事,比如让你写describe an important decision in your life/describe a memorable event in your life/describe an interesting experience in your life

Write a letter to a friend of yours to recommend one of your favorite books and give your reasons for your recommendation.


Dear Frank,

I haven’t seen you for a long time. How are you doing? I am writing this letter for the purpose of recommending one of my favorite book series to you, Harry Potter.

This book series consist of seven books. They tell a story of adventure about Harry potter and his friends fighting against the Dark Lord. The meaning of the book series, as far as I am concerned, is to tell us that love is powerful. Harry Potter is invincible because his mother Lily tried to save him by sacrificing her own life. In addition, the books are really exciting and cliff-hanging. The plots are well-designed, capturing my attention all along. I still remember how I read the last book of this series. I stayed in my house the whole day without eating anything. The story of Harry Potter is magical but logical.

I hope you can enjoy the books. I am looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Ken

经典句子:

1. The books are really exciting and cliff-hanging.

这本书非常激动人心、扣人心弦。

2. The plots are well-designed, capturing my attention all along.

情节精心设计,一直抓人眼球。

最后主要写信格式!

3. The meaning of the book series, as far as I am concerned, is to tell us that love is powerful.

这套书的意义在于,告诉我们爱是强大的。



素材5:如何处理同学/老师/父母的关系

曲哥点评:两代关系是四六级到考研的一个重点话题,甚至可以衍生到如何解决老龄化社会,大家一定要重视。


There exist some misunderstandings between parents and their children. The young are more educated and more influenced by western civilization. They believe in spending money rather than saving it. They are not so dependent on their parents. They are more self-centered and do not blindly follow their parents’ ideas. They tend to have their own philosophy of life. However, everyone still has the duty to take care of our parents, especially when they are old and sick. Also an increasing aging population will have enormous consequences for any society.

经典句子:

1. The young are more educated and more influenced by western civilization.

年轻人教育程度更高,更容易被西方文化影响。

2. They believe in spending money rather than saving it.

他们相信花钱,而并非省钱。

3. They are not so dependent on their parents. They are more self-centered and do not blindly follow their parents’ ideas.

他们不是那么依赖于父母,他们更以自我为中心,不盲从父母的观点。



素材6:找工作

曲哥点评:我去年四级押中的正是这个素材,四级今年重现可能性不大,但是六级可能涉及。因为这个大范围可以涉及方方面面的题目,大家要学会去灵活嵌套嫁接,理解思路,切不可死记硬背,该文章顺便让大家回顾下“现象解释型”的套路。


The past several years have witnessed a burgeoning economy in China. However, it is increasingly difficult for college undergraduates to find a decent job. (第一段讲述找工作难的现象)

There are several factors contributing to this social phenomenon. To begin with, as the job market is getting gloomy(劳动市场低迷) and competition is becoming fierce(竞争激烈), college students should be well equipped with(拥有)practical experience while still in college. Their summer and winter holidays should be used to gain valuable work experience. Moreover, the expectations of employment(工作预期)play an important part. A large number of graduates tend to give first priority to (优先考虑)earnings and aim for well-paid positions in foreign companies or big banks. Since they won’t accept any poorly-paid job, many opportunities have been lost. As a result, graduates should aim to accept any job offers they receive now. Last but not least, many employers do require job applicants to have a degree(学历)related to the job. College students could improve their career prospects by receiving further education, whether for a master or a doctoral degree(硕士或博士). One has to have additional education to get an edge(获得优势). Education is indeed a worthwhile investment in the future. (第二段现象解释:学生实践经验需要加强;工作预期高;学历仍需提高)

Following ways can be adopted to address the problem. Among many solutions, gaining work experience while still at university and having realistic expectations of salaries are extremely vital. Also, starting your own business will also be an option. Running a new business is a valuable learning experience and skill builder.(第三段问题解决:获取经验,合理预期,自主创业)


这篇文章的素材甚至可以用在很多曾经考过的题目中:大学排名;考证热等。



大主题3:

网络技术

曲哥点评:尽管新技术和互联网已经考过好多次了,但是仍然是热点,只是出题角度会不同,我认为这个元素仍可能出现,比如让四级的同学写一下手机的作用,让六级同学写下信息安全问题,都有可能。在线支付对于生活的影响,网络对于中国文化的影响将是两个好素材。


素材7:网络对于中国传统文化的影响

The Internet could exert a huge impact on our traditional cultures. Over the course(进程) of thousands of years, the Chinese people have created their own unique customs and traditions, and passed them on from one generation to the next. However, a growing number of people become increasingly concerned that China’s cultural heritage(文化遗产) could become marginalized(边缘化) or even disappear entirely. The Internet has brought more and more western cultures to China and children are more likely to be exposed in the western cultures. There is a danger that age-old customs and traditions may become lost in the shadows of modernization.

经典句子:

1. The Chinese people have created their own unique customs and traditions, and passed them on from one generation to the next.

中国人已经创造了他们独一无二的风俗和传统,并且代代传承。

2. China’s cultural heritage(文化遗产) could become marginalized(边缘化) or even disappear entirely.

中国文化遗产可能变得边缘化,甚至彻底消失。

3. The Internet has brought more and more western cultures to China and children are more likely to be exposed in the western cultures.

因特网可能将越来越多的西方文化带到中国,孩子会更多地接触西方文化。

4. There is a danger that age-old customs and traditions may become lost in the shadows of modernization.

危机是老风俗和传统可能会在现代化的阴影中失去。


素材8:在线支付的弊端

The Internet has penetrated every aspect of daily life. For example, Microblogs and Wechat are two forms of new media. Various people, regardless of their age, gender or background(不论他们的年龄、性别和背景), are involving in creating their own microblogs and using Wechat.

Opinions vary greatly when it comes to whether these new technology is a boon/blessing(福利) or a bane/curse(祸害). Some argue that technology innovation really brings us much convenience. With the Internet, the home becomes a library, a school, an office and an entertainment center. All transactions(交易) can be conducted online, and all information can be obtained with a click of the mouse. However, others people adopt a completely different view. They insist that there is more likely to be information leakage(信息泄露) with the development of computer technology, and personal privacy cannot be secured. For example, I registered an account(注册账号) in an online shopping website with my ID number and phone number. Shortly after that I received dozens of phone calls from some companies selling their insurance.

Owing to the accelerated pace of contemporary life, people’s work and life are increasingly confined to a narrow space. However, in face of new technology, we should be prudent(谨慎). On the macro level, the government and authority should make relevant policies and measures. On the micro level, we should learn to make rational use of the Internet and protect our own information.

重点句子背诵:

1. There is more likely to be information leakage with the development of computer technology, and personal privacy cannot be secured.

随着计算机技术的发展,容易出现信息泄露,个人隐私无法确保。

2. In face of new technology, we should be prudent.

面对新技术,我们应该谨慎。



大主题4:

环境健康

曲哥点评:环境问题我已经谈过,不太会直接出现在作文中,但是节约资源类的题目是非常容易考察的。另外健康问题(包括心理和身体)也会成为一个重点。


素材9:环境污染

We are suffering greatly from the environmental destruction. Recent years have witnessed a rapid increase in the number of urban motor vehicles(都市机动车辆). Their emissions contribute significantly to air pollution and are a major ingredient in creation of smog(烟雾) in some large cities. The fundamental way in which the government addresses the problem of environmental pollution is to raise the environmental awareness of the public. Environmental protection is caring about ourselves and ensuring environmental sustainability for future generation.

经典句子:

Environmental protection is caring about ourselves and ensuring environmental sustainability for future generation.

环境保护是关心自身,并为下一代确保环境可持续性发展。


素材10:锻炼作用

Regular physical activity can strengthen the heart and make us fit and healthy. A lack of physical activity can increase our risk of health problems. Exercises can also improve mental health by reducing our stress level. This is especially important for people leading fast-paced lives. Moreover, exercise can still help to boost our self-confidence(增加自信)and give us a greater sense of control(给予更强自控力).

经典句子:

1. Exercises can also improve mental health by reducing our stress level.

锻炼可以更好通过降低压力来提高心里健康。

2. Exercise can still help to boost our self-confidence(增加自信)and give us a greater sense of control.

锻炼身体可以帮助加强自信,并更有自控力。


附赠:如果出现图表类(其实就是把图的现象解释型换一下)

今年会不会考图表类作文,真说不好,建议有时间的同学看一下。图表类作文在大纲里。


第一段:描述图表

①The given table offers a glimpse of _____(图片内容). _________(具体描图). ②Simple as it is, this chart symbolically characterizes a status quo.

注:饼图(pie chart)、线图(line chart)、柱图(bar chart)和表格(table)

第二段:现象解释

③There are mainly two factors contributing to this social phenomenon. ④To begin with, _________ might be responsible for this social phenomenon. __________ (具体论述)⑤Moreover, this phenomenon could be attributed to ________._______ (具体论述)

第三段:总结阐述

    Given the factors I have just outlined, I believe that _______(总结).

(如果好的趋势) As regards to this social tendency, I believe it is inspiring and positive. As this trend is still in its infancy, we believe it will no doubt go further and lead to future prospect.

(如果坏的趋势) From my perspective, I realize this trend needs to be slowed down since it has already poses negative impact on our society.


描图怎么描?


表示“上升”和“下降”


经典句型1:The proportion of the people who were divorced went up from 2.5% in 1981 to 7.5% in 1991, rising further to 8% in 2001.


发散1:上升替换词go up, increase, soar, climb, ascend, surge(急速), rocket(急速).

发散2:下降替换词go down, decrease, decline, descend, plunge(急速), subside(急速).

发散3:加程度词increase/decrease

快速地:

dramatically/significantly/sharply/considerably/tremendously/immensely/noticeably/notably/ substantially

缓慢的:

slightly/steadily/subtly/gently/moderately/gradually/progressively


练习:尝试描述一下图中的国产车变化:


参考版本:

The market share of the Chinese brand rose sharply from 25% in 2008 to 33% in 2009.


经典句型2:In terms of the proportion of the people who were divorced, China enjoys a tremendous increase from 2.5% in 1981 to 7.5% in 1991.


发散:China witnessed/experienced/underwent/was under/suffered from (enjoy优先考虑好的,后四个优先考虑不好的) a tremendous increase from 2.5% in 1981 to 7.5% in 1991 in the proportion of the people who were divorced.

练习:尝试描述一下图中日系车变化:

参考版本:

On the contrary, the proportion of Japanese brand suffered from/witnessed a dramatic decline from 35% in 2008 to 25% in 2009.


表示“占据”

经典例句3:

Volunteers constitute/account for/make up nearly 11 percent of the work force of the health care sector.

经典例句4:

Landfill(填埋垃圾) is composed of 36% municipal waste(市政垃圾), 24% commercial and industrial waste(商业工业垃圾) and 40% construction waste(建筑垃圾).


表示“平稳”或者“波动”

经典例句5:

The population reaches a plateau in 1990.

发散:LCD TV price remained steady/unchanged/static/unvaried for three years in a row apart from a slump in 2003.

The annual population growth rate fluctuated between 1% and 2% during the ten-year period.

练习:连起来写一下图中美系车变化:

参考版本:

Meanwhile, the US brand remained unvaried, accounting for 13% of the automobile market share.


例文:旅游类


参考例文:

The pie chart provides some interesting data regarding the purposes of traveling among students in a certain university. Those students who travel for enjoying the scenery and for releasing the pressure account for 37% and 33% respectively, ranking the first and second among the five categories. Only 9% of the students travel for developing independence and 6% for making friends. The percentage of students travelling for other reasons is 15%.

Several reasons could explain this social phenomenon. The very contributory factors lie in the educational system. Nowadays in China, as the population has increased exponentially for the past decade, college students are encouraged to study extremely hard, competing for high grades and decent jobs. Consequently, they have been “locked up” in the university for a longtime, which leads to their curiosity to see the outside world and the urge to get rid of the stress. Moreover, this situation could be seen as the results of the social impact. With the availability of the internet and widespread of the interactive forum, students are more likely to obtain information about tourism. For example, Qiongyou is a website which provides adequate materials for tourists, such as the introduction of beautiful cities, the strategy of travelling to a new place, the means of taking attractive pictures. Students with the information are enticed to explore the unknown world on their own.

Given the factors I have just outlined, college students are more likely to travel for enjoyment and pleasure. I personally believe this trend is positive, since travelling promotes courage, eliminates boundary and iron out misunderstanding. The world is becoming smaller and smaller. Moreover, students are finding the right way to restore their energy, which should be greatly advocated. 


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