2016 年 6 月大学英语四级考试真题（第三套）
PartI Writing (30 minutes)
Forthis part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to express your thanksto your parents or any family members upon making memorable achievement. Youshould write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
注意：此部分试题请在答题卡 1 上作答。
PartⅢ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with tenblanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list ofchoices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage throughcarefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified bya letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2with a single line through the center. You may not use any of the words in thebank more than once.
Signsbarring cell-phone use are a familiar sight to anyone who has ever sat in ahospital waiting room. But the 26 popularity of electronic medicalrecords has forced hospital-based doctors to become 27 on computers throughoutthe day, and desktops—which keep doctors from bedsides—are 28 giving wayto wireless devices.
As clerical loads increased, “something hadto 29 , and that was always face time with patients,” says Dr.Bhakti Patel,a former chief resident in the University of Chicago’s internal-medicineprogram. In fall 2010, she helped 30 a pilot project in Chicago to seeif the iPad could improve working conditions and patient care. The experimentwas so 31 that all internal-medicine program adopted the same 32 in2011. Medical schools at Yale and Stanford now have paperless, iPad-basedcurriculums. “You’ll want an iPad just so you can wear this” is the slogan forone of the new lab coats 33 with large pockets to accommodate tabletcomputers.
A study of the University of Chicago iPadproject found that patients got tests and 34 faster if they were cared forby iPad-equipped residents. Many patients also 35 a better understandingof the illnesses that landed them in the hospital in the first place.
A) dependent B) designed C)fast D) flying E) gained
F) give G) growing H) launch I) policy J)prospect
K) rather L) reliable M) signal N) successful O) treatments
特别说明：2016 年 6月大学英语四级试卷的三套试题有重叠部分， 本试卷 （第三套） 只列出与第一、二套不重复的试题。
Directions: In thissection, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identifythe paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraphmore than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions bymarking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
Ancient Greek Wisdom Inspires Guidelines to Good Life
[A] Is it possible to enjoy a peaceful lifein a world that is increasingly challenged by threats and uncertainties from wars,terrorism, economic crises and a widespread outbreak of infectious diseases?The answer is yes, according to a new book The 10 Golden Rules: Ancient Wisdomfrom the Greek Philosophers on Living a Good Life. The book is co-authored byLong Island University’s philosophy professor Michael Soupios and economicsprofessor Panos Mourdoukoutas.
[B] The wisdom of the ancient Greekphilosophers is timeless, says Soupios. The philosophy professor says it is as relevanttoday as when it was first written many centuries ago. “There is no expiration( 失效) date onwisdom,” he says, “There is no shelf life on intelligence. I think that thingshave become very gloomy these day, lots of misunderstanding, misleading cues, alot of what the ancients would have called sophistry ( 诡辩 ). The nice thing about ancientphilosophy as offered by the Greeks is that they tended to see life clear andwhole, in a way that we tend not to see life today.” Examine your life
[C] Soupios, along with his co-author PanosMourdoukoutas, developed their 10 golden rules by turning to the men behindthat philosophy—Aristotle, Socrates, Epictetus and Pythagoras, among others.The first rule—examine your life—is the common thread that runs through theentire book. Soupios says that it is based on Plato’s observation that theunexamined life is not worth living. “The Greeks are always concerned aboutboxing themselves in, in terms of convictions ( 信念 ),” he says. “So take a step back, switch off the automatic pilotand actually stop and reflect about things like our priorities, our values, andour relationships.” Stop worrying about what you can not control
[D] As we begin to examine our life,Soupios says, we come to Rule No.2: Worry only about things that you cancontrol. “The individual who promoted this idea was a Stoic philosopher. Hisname is Epictetus,” he says. “And what the Stoics say in general is simplythis: There is a larger plan in life. You are not really going to be able tounderstand all of the dimensions of this plan. You are not going to be able tocontrol the dimensions of this plan.”
[E] So, Soupios explains, it is not worthit to waste our physical, intellectual and spiritual energy worrying aboutthings that are beyond our control. “I can not control whether or not I wind upgetting the disease swine flu, for example.” He says. “I mean, there are somecautious steps I can take, but ultimately I can not guarantee myself that. Sowhat Epictetus would say is sitting at home worrying about that would be wrongand wasteful and irrational. You should live your life attempting to identifyand control those things which you can genuinely control.” Seek true pleasure
[F] To have a meaningful, happy life weneed friends. But according to Aristotle—a student of Plato and teacher ofAlexander the Great—most relationships don’t qualify as true friendships. “Justbecause I have a business relationship with an individual and I can profit fromthat relationship, it does not necessarily mean that this person is my friend,”Soupios says. “Real friendship is when two individuals share the same soul. Itis a beautiful and uncharacteristically poetic image that Aristotle offers.”
[G] In our pursuit of the good life, hesays, it is important to seek out true pleasures—advice which was originallyoffered by Epicurus. But unlike the modern definition of Epicureanism as a lifeof indulgence ( 放纵 ) andluxury, for the ancient Greeks, it meant finding a state of calm, peace andmental ease.
[H] “This was the highest and mostdesirable form of pleasure and happiness for the ancient Epicureans,” Soupiossays. “This is something that is very much well worth considering here in themodern era. I do not think that we spend nearly enough time trying toconcentrate on achieving a sort of calmness, a sort of contentment in mentaland spiritual way, which was identified by these people as the highest form ofhappiness and pleasure.” Do good to others
[I] Other golden rules counsel us to masterourselves, to avoid excess and not to be a prosperous ( 发迹的 ) fool. There are also rulesdealing with interpersonal relationships: Be a responsible human being and donot do evil things to others.
[J] “This is Hesiod, of course, a youngercontemporary poet, we believe, with Homer,” Soupios says. “Hesiod offers anidea—which you very often find in some of the world’s great religions, in theJudeo-Christian tradition and in Islam and others—that in some sense, when youhurt another human being, you hurt yourself. That damaging other people in yourcommunity and in your life, trashing relationships, results in a kind ofself-inflicted ( 自己招致的 )spiritual wound.”
[K] Instead, Soupios says, ancient wisdomurges us to do good. Golden Rule No.10 for a good life is that kindness towardothers tends to be rewarded.
[L] “This is Aesop, the fabulist ( 寓言家 ), the man of these charminglittle tales, often told in terms of animals and animal relationships,” hesays. “I think what Aesop was suggesting is that when you offer a good turn toanother human being, one can hope that that good deed will come back and sortof pay a profit to you, the doer of the good deed. Even if there is no concretebenefit paid in response to your good deed, at the very least, the doer of thegood deed has the opportunity to enjoy a kind of spiritually enlightenedmoment.”
[M] Soupios says following the 10 GoldenRules based on ancient wisdom can guide us to the path of the good life wherewe stop living as onlookers and become engaged and happier human beings. Andthat, he notes, is a life worth living. 注意：此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
36. According to an ancient Greekphilosopher, it is impossible for us to understand every aspect of our life.
37. Ancient Philosophers saw life in adifferent light from people of today.
38. Not all your business partners are yoursoul mates.
39. We can live a peaceful life despite thevarious challenges of the modern world.
40. The doer of a good deed can feelspiritually rewarded even when they gain no concrete benefits.
41. How to achieve mental calmness andcontentment is well worth our consideration today.
42. Michael Soupios suggests that we shouldstop and think carefully about our priorities in life.
43. Ancient philosophers strongly advisethat we do good.
44. The wise teachings of ancient Greekthinkers are timeless, and are applicable to contemporary life.
45. Do harm to others and you do harm toyourself.
Direction: There are twopassages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions orunfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the correspondingletter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
Questions46 to 50 are based on the following passage.
Attitudes toward new technologies oftenfall along generational lines. That is, generally, younger people tend to outnumberolder people on the front end of a technological shift.
Itis not always the case, though. When you look at attitudes toward driverlesscars, there doesn’t seem to be a clear generational divide. The public overallis split on whether they’d like to use a driverless car. In a study last year,of all people surveyed, 48 percent said they wanted to ride in one, while 50percent did not.
The fact that attitudes toward self-drivingcars appear to be so steady across generations suggests how transformative theshift to driverless cars could be. Not everyone wants a driverless car now—andno one can get one yet—but among those who are open to them, every age group issimilarly engaged.
Actually, this isn’t surprising. Whereasolder generations are sometimes reluctant to adopt new technologies, driverlesscars promise real value to these age groups in particular. Older adults,especially those with limited mobility or difficulty driving on their own, areone of the classic use cases for driverless cars.
This is especially interesting when youconsider that younger people are generally more interested in travel-related technologiesthan older ones.
When it comes to driverless cars,differences in attitude are more pronounced based on factors not related toage. College graduates, for example, are particularly interested in driverlesscars compared with those who have less education: 59 percent of collegegraduates said they would like to use a driverless car compared with 38 percentof those with a high-school diploma or less.
Where a person lives matters, too. Morepeople who lives in cities and suburbs said they wanted to try driverless carsthan those who lived in rural areas.
While there’s reason to believe thatinterest in self-driving cars is going up across the board, a person’s age willhave little to do with how self-driving cars can become mainstream. Oncedriverless cares are actually available for sale, the early adopters will bethe people who can afford to buy them.
46. What happens when a new technologyemerges?
A) It further widens the gap between theold and the young.
B) It often leads to innovations in otherrelated fields.
C) It contributes greatly to the advance ofsociety as a whole.
D) It usually draws different reactions fromdifferent age groups.
47. What does the author say about thedriverless car?
A) It does not seem to create agenerational divide.
B) It will not necessarily reduce roadaccidents.
C) It may start a revolution in the carindustry.
D) It has given rise to unrealisticexpectations.
48. Why does the driverless car appeal tosome old people?
A) It saves their energy. B) It helps with their mobility.
C) It adds to the safety of their travel. D) It stirs up their interest in life.
49. What is likely to affect one’s attitudetoward the driverless car?
A) The location of their residence. B) The field of their specialinterest
C) The amount of training they received. D) The length of their drivingexperience.
50. Who are likely to be the first to buythe driverless car?
A) The senior. B) The educated.
C) The wealthy. D) The tech fans.
Question51 to 55 are based on the following passage.
In agrarian ( 农业的 ), pre-industrial Europe, “you’d want to wake up early, start working with the sunrise, have abreak to have the largest meal, and then you’d go back to work,” says KenAlbala, a professor of history at the University of the Pacific, “Later, at 5 or6, you’d have a smaller supper.”
This comfortable cycle, in which therhythms of the day helped shape the rhythms of the meals, gave rise to thecustom of the large midday meal, eaten with the extended family. “Meals are thefoundation of the family,” says Carole Counihan, a professor at MillersvilleUniversity in Pensylvania, “so there was a very important interconnectionbetween eating together” and strengthening family ties.
Sinceindustrialization, maintaining such a slow cultural metabolism has been muchharder, with the long midday meal shrinking to whatever could be stuffed into alunch bucket or bought at a food stand. Certainly, there were benefits. Moderntechniques for producing and shipping food led to greater variety and quantity,including a tremendous increase in the amount of animal protein and dairyproducts available, making us more vigorous than our ancestors.
Yet plenty has been lost too, even incultures that still live to eat. Take Italy. It’s no secret that theMediterranean diet is healthy, but it was also a joy to prepare and eat.Italians, says Counihan, traditionally began the day with a small meal. The bigmeal came at around 1 p.m. In between the midday meal and a late, smallerdinner came a small snack. Today, when time zones have less and less meaning,there is little tolerance for offices’ closing for lunch, and worsening trafficin cities means workers can’t make it home and back fast enough anyway. So theformerly small supper after sundown becomes the big meal of the day, the onlyone at which the family has a chance to get together. “The evening meal carriesthe full burden that used to be spread over two meals,” says Counihan.
51. What do we learn from the passage aboutpeople in pre-industrial Europe?
A) They had to work from early morning tilllate at night.
B) They were so busy working that they onlyate simple meals.
C) Their daily routine followed the rhythmof the natural cycle.
D) Their life was much more comfortablethan that of today.
52. What does Professor Carole Counihan sayabout pre-industrial European families eating meals together?
A) It was helpful to maintaining a nation’stradition. B) It brought family memberscloser to each other.
C) It was characteristic of the agrarianculture. D) It enabled families to savea lot of money.
53. What does “cultural metabolism” (Line1, Para. 3) refer to?
A) Evolutionary adaptation. B) Changes in lifestyle.
C) Social progress. D) Pace of life.
54. What does the author think of the foodpeople eat today?
A) Its quality is usually guaranteed. B) Itis varied, abundant and nutritious.
C) It is more costly than what ourancestors ate. D) Its production dependstoo much on technology.
55. What does the author say about Italiansof the old days?
A) They enjoyed cooking as well as eating.B) They ate a big dinner late in the evening.
C) They ate three meals regularly everyday. D) They were expert at cooking meals.
PartⅣ Translation (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage fromChinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
注意：此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。