In this section,
you will hear three passages.
At the end of each passage,
you will hear three or four questions.
Both the passage and the questions
will be spoken only once.
After you hear a question,
you must choose the best answer
from the four choices
marked A), B), C) and D).
Then mark the corresponding letter
on Answer Sheet 1
with a single line through the centre.
There's one sound
that gets a big reaction from kids
on a hot day,
the sound of an ice-cream truck.
has been in the mobile ice-cream business
"When I was a little girl,
I saw an ice-cream truck
and knew I wanted to have one someday,"
During the hot days of summer,
Maria and her daughter
drive an ice-cream truck
through neighborhoods and parks
It's not about making money
for this former elementary school teacher.
she wants to preserve the tradition
of the neighborhood ice-cream truck.
"Truly my favorite part
is to see the kids
jumping up and down
and they just get so excited.
to build a memory for them too.
a lot of these ice-cream trucks
The parents come out
barefoot and screaming,
ready to buy ice-cream;
they remember when they were kids
and they saw a truck,"
While the treats may be ice cold,
Maria has a warm heart for little faces.
Her truck features a donation bucket
for kids who don't have money
"When there are three kids
and only two of them have money,
I always make sure
the third one gets something
because I can't drive away
and have that third one
not have something,"
Questions 16 to 18
are based on the passage
you have just heard.
16. What does the speaker say
about Maria McCartney?
17. Why does Maria
go into the mobile ice-cream business?
18. Why does Maria
put a donation bucket
in her truck?
We know we have to pay
for what we get.
If we buy food,
we have to pay for it.
If a doctor treats us,
there will be a bill to pay.
These are private bills.
But there are also public bills
to be paid.
They are paid by the government.
we get the needed services.
We pay for these services
What would happen
if everyone stopped paying taxes?
The water supply would stop;
the streets might not be cleaned;
schools would be closed.
We would not want to live
in such a city.
The chief duty of every government
is to protect persons and property.
More than three-fourths
of government expenses
are used for this purpose.
The next largest amount of public money
goes to teach and train our citizens.
Billions of dollars each year
are spent on schools and libraries.
Also, a large amount of public funds
is spent on roads.
Most of the needed funds
is raised by taxes.
The law orders us to pay taxes.
We have no choice in the matter.
the government made money
by selling public lands.
But most of the best public lands
have now been sold.
There are still some public lands
that contain oil, coal
and other natural resources.
They could be sold,
but we want to save them
for future years.
So, we all must pay our share
for the services
that make our lives comfortable.
Questions 19 to 21
are based on the passage
you have just heard.
19. What does the speaker
mainly talk about?
20. What is most of the government money
21. How did the government raise money
to pay public bills in the past?
Did you know that,
besides larger places
like France and Germany,
Europe is home
to several extremely tiny countries?
One of these countries contains less
than a square mile of land.
Another is surrounded on all sides
Yet each is an independent land,
with its own government, trade, and customs.
One of the best known
of these small countries
It is situated on the Mediterranean Sea
and surrounded by France
on three sides.
Monaco became familiar to Americans
when its ruler, Prince Rainier,
married the American actress Grace Kelly.
has ruled Monaco
almost continuously since 1297.
The land has been independent
for over three hundred years.
with an area of some 200 square miles,
is considerably larger than Monaco.
This country is located
in the Pyrenees Mountains,
with France on one side
and Spain on the other.
Potatoes and tobacco are grown
in Andorra's steep mountain valleys.
One of the products it exports
Andorra is also known
for its excellent skiing locations.
Within the Alps in Central Europe
a tiny country of about 30,000 people
who speak mostly German.
Liechtenstein uses the same money
as its neighbor Switzerland,
but it has been an independent country
since the 1860s.
Taxes are low,
so many businesses
have their headquarters here.
The country makes and exports
a lot of machinery.
Other small, independent states in Europe
are San Marino and Luxembourg.
Each of these has unique qualities as well.
Questions 22 to 25
are based on the passage you have just heard.
22. What does the speaker say about Monaco?
23. Why did Monaco become familiar to Americans
according to the speaker?
24. What is one of the products
25. What does the speaker mainly talk about?
This is end of listening comprehension.