四六级专栏丨四六级习题集之每日一练(02.26)

商志考研英语2020-08-23 12:29:46

2018-02

26

你不能改变过去,但你可以改变未来

一日一签

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各位19考研的宝宝们

四六级习题集之每日一练

今天(正月初十)起又开始恢复啦!


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2018

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2018.02.26


Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage Two

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

Why do some people live to be older than others? Youknow the standard explanations: keeping a moderate diet, engaging in regularexercise, etc. But what effect does your personality have on your longevity长寿)?Do some kinds of personalitieslead to longer lives? A new study in the Journalof the American Geriatrics Society looked at thisquestion by examining the personality characteristics of 246 children of peoplewho had lived to be at least 100.

The study shows that those living the longest are moreoutgoing, more active and less neurotic神经质的than other people. Long-living women are alsomore likely to be sympathetic and cooperative than women with a normal lifespan. These findings are in agreement with what you would expect from theevolutionary theory: those who like to make friends and help others can gatherenough resources to make it through tough times.

Interestingly, however, other characteristics that youmight consider advantageous had no impact on whether study participants werelikely to live longer. Those who were more self-disciplined, for instance, wereno more likely to live to be very old. Also, being open to new ideas had norelationship to long life, which might explain all those bad-tempered oldpeople who are fixed in their ways.

Whether you can successfully change your personalityas an adult is the subject of a longstanding psychological debate. But the newpaper suggests that if you want long life, you should strive to be as outgoingas possible.

Unfortunately, another recent study shows that yourmother’s personality may also helpdetermine your longevity. That study looked at nearly 28,000 Norwegian mothersand found that those moms who were more anxious, depressed and angry were morelikely to feed their kids unhealthy diets. Patterns of childhood eating can behard to break when we’readults, which may mean that kids of depressed moms end up dying younger.

Personality isn’t destiny命运, and everyone knows thatindividuals can learn to change. But both studies show that long life isn’tjust a matter of your physical health but of your mental health.

 

51. The aim of the study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society is____________________.

A) to see whether people’spersonality affects their life span

B) to find out if one’slifestyle has any effect on their health

C) to investigate the role of exercise in living a long life

D) to examine all the factors contributing to longevity


52. What does the author imply about outgoing and sympathetic people?

A) They have a good understanding of evolution.

B) They are better at negotiating an agreement.

C) They generally appear more resourceful.

D) They are more likely to get over hardship.


53. What finding of the study might prove somewhat out of ourexpectation?

A) Easy-going people can also live a relatively long life.

B) Personality characteristics that prove advantageous actually varywith times.

C) Such personality characteristics as self-discipline have no effect onlongevity.

D) Readiness to accept new ideas helps one enjoy longevity.


54. What does the recent study of Norwegian mothers show?

A) Children’spersonality characteristics are invariably determined by their mothers.

B) People with unhealthy eating habits are likely to die sooner.

C) Mothers’influence on children may last longer than fathers’.

D) Mothers’negative personality characteristics may affect their children’slife spans.


55. What can we learn from the findings of the two new studies?

A) Anxiety and depression more often than not cut short one’slife span.

B) Longevity results from a combination of mental and physical health.

C) Personality plays a decisive role in how healthy one is.

D) Health is in large part related to one’slifestyle.

解析


51. The aim of thestudy in theJournal of theAmerican Geriatrics Society is____.

[答案] Ato see whether people’s personality affectstheir life span.

[解析] 由题干中的theJournal of the American Geriatrics Society定位到第一段。你的性格对寿命有什么影响?某些特定性格会导致长寿吗?《美国老年病学会杂志》上的最新研究探究了这一问题。


52. What does theauthor imply about outgoing and sympathetic people

[答案] DThey are more likely to get over hardship.

[解析] 由题干中的outgoing and sympathetic定位到第二段。最长寿的人更加外向,长寿的女性更有同情心和合作精神,进化理论也认为,多交朋友及帮助他人的人能够获得足够的资源渡过难关。


53. What findingof the study might prove somewhat out of our expectation

[答案] CSuch personality characteristics asself-discipline have no effect on longevity.

[解析] 由题文同序原则和out of our expectation定位到第三段表示意外和转折的interestinglyhowever。那些更加自律的人活到很老的可能性并没有增加。


54. What does therecent study of Norwegian mothers show

[答案] DMothers’ negative personality characteristicsmay affect their children’s life spans.

[解析] 由题干中的the recent study of Norwegian mothers定位到第六段。母亲更加焦虑、抑郁、愤怒,则喂孩子们不健康饮食的可能性更大,而童年的饮食习惯成年之后也很难打破,这意味着这些孩子可能会寿命缩短。


55. What can welearn from the findings of the two new studies

[答案] BLongevity results from a combination ofmental and physical health.

[解析] 由题干中的two new studies定位到最后一段。两项研究均表明,长寿不仅与身体健康有关,也与精神健康有关。


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