人在鲁大2018-04-15 13:08:45

Short conversations
W: Can you come to the concert with me this weekend or do you have to prepare for exams?
M: I still have a lot to do. But maybe a break will do me good.
Q: What will the man probably do?
W: What does the paper say about the horrible incident that happened this morning on Flight 870 to Hong Kong?
M: It ended with the arrest of the three hijackers. They have forced the plane to fly to Japan. But all the passengers and the crewmembers landed safely.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
M: Helen, this is the most fascinating article I’ve ever come across. I think you should spare some time to read it.
W: Oh, really? I thought that anything about the election would be tedious.
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
W: I’m not going to trust the restaurant critic from that magazine again. The food here doesn’t taste anything like what we had in Chinatown.
M: It definitely wasn’t worth the wait.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
W: Do you know what’s wrong with Mark? He’s been acting very strangely lately.
M: Come on. With his mother hospitalized right after he’s taking on a new job, he's just got a lot on his mind.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation about Mark?
W: There were only 20 students at last night’s meeting, so nothing could be voted on.
M: That’s too bad. They'll have to turn up in greater numbers if they want a voice on campus issues.
Q: What does the man mean?
M: I try to watch TV as little as possible. But it’s so hard.
W: I didn’t watch TV at all before I retired. But now I can hardly tear myself away from it.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
W: I’m having a problem registering for the classes I want.
M: That’s too bad. But I’m pretty sure you’ll be able to work everything out before the semester starts.
Q: What does the man mean?
短文1 答案
16. A) The ability to predict fashion trend.
17. D) Purchasing handicrafts from all over the world.
18. B) She is doing what she enjoys doing.
Passage Two
Mark felt that it was time for him to take part in his community, so he went to the neighborhood meeting after work. The area city council woman was leading a discussion about how the quality of life was on the decline. The neighborhood faced many problems. Mark looked at the charts taped to the walls. There were charts for parking problems, crime, and for problems in vacant buildings. Mark read from the charts, “Police patrols cut back, illegal parking up 20%”. People were supposed to suggest solutions to the council woman. It was too much for Mark. “The problems are too big”, he thought. He turned to the man next to him and said, “I think this is a waste of my time. Nothing I can do would make a difference here.”
As he neared the bus stop on his way home, Mark saw a woman carrying a grocery bag, and a baby. As Mark got closer, her other child, a little boy, suddenly darted into the street. The woman tried to reach for him, but as she moved, her bag shifted, and groceries started to fall out. Mark ran to take the boy’s arm and led him back to his mother. “You gotta stay with mom,” he said. Then he picked up the stray groceries while and the woman smiled in relief. “Thanks,” she said, “You’ve got great timing.” “Just being neighborly,” Mark said. As he rode home, he glanced at the poster near his seat in the bus. Small acts of kindness add up. Mark smiled and thought, “Maybe that’s a good place to start.”
19. What did Mark think he should start doing?
20. What was being discussed when Mark arrived at the neighborhood meeting?
21. What did Mark think of the community’s problems?
22. Why did Mark smile on his ride home?
第19题,答案出现在文章的开头部分,Mark felt that it was time for him to take part in his community, so he went to the neighborhood meeting after work. 句中出现选项中关键词community。选项B. Get involved in his community为原文内容的同义替换。
第20题,答案紧随其后,The area city council woman was leading a discussion about how the quality of life was on the decline. 这里的the quality of life生活质量是选项中的关键词,同时,on the decline在选项中被同义替换为deterioration。
第21题,关于Mark对于社区问题的看法,文中相对应的原文为It was too much for Mark. “The problems are too big”, he thought. 因此在Mark看来这些问题对于个人而言太大了,是理所不能及的,因此应该选择D. They are too big for individual efforts.
And if stress in childhood can lead to heart disease, what about current stresses? Longer work hours, threats of layoffs, collapse in pension funds. A study last year in the Lancered examined more than 11,000 heart attack sufferers from 52 countries. It found that in the year before their heart attacks, patients have been under significantly more stress than some 13,000 healthy control subjects. Those stresses came from work, family, financial trouble, depression and other causes.
Each of these factors individually was associated with increased risk, says Dr. Salim Yosef, professor of medicine at Canada’s McMaster University, and senior investigator on the study. Together they accounted for 30% of overall heart attack risk, but people respond differently to high pressure work situations. Whether it produces heart problems seems to depend on whether you have a sense of control over life, or live at the mercy of circumstances and superiors.
That was the experience of Jano Cano, a roughed Illinois laboratory manager, who suffered his first heart attack in 1996 at the age of 56. In the two years before, his mother and two of his children had suffered serious illnesses, and his job had been changed in a reorganization. “My life seemed completely out of control,” he says, “I had no idea where I would end up.” He ended up in hospital due to a block in his artery. Two months later, he had a triple bypass surgery. A second heart attack when he was 58 left his doctor shaking his head. “There’s nothing more we can do for you,” doctors told him.
23. What does the passage mainly discuss?
24. What do we learn about Jano Cano’s family?
25. What did Jano Cano’s doctors tell him when he had a second heart attack?
23. B) Pressure and disease.
24. A) It experienced a series of misfortunes.
25. C) They could do nothing to help him.
Spot Dictation
When most people think of the word “education”, they think of a pupil as a sort of animate sausage casing. Into this empty casting, the teachers are supposed to stuff “education.”
But genuine education, as Socrates knew more than two thousand years ago, is not inserting the stuffing of information into a person, but rather eliciting knowledge from him; it is the drawing-out of what is in the mind.
“The most important part of education,” once wrote William Ernest Hocking, the distinguished Harvard philosopher, “is this instruction of a man in what he has inside of him.”
And, as Edith Hamilton has reminded us, Socrates never said, “I know, learn from me.” He said, rather, “Look into your own selves and find the spark of the truth that God has put into every heart and that only you can kindle to a flame.”
In a dialogue, Socrates takes an ignorant slave boy, without a day of schooling, and proves to the amazed observers that the boy really “knows” geometry – because the principles of geometry are already in his mind, waiting to be called out.
So many of the discussions and controversies about the content of education are useless and inconclusive because they are concerned with what should “go into” the student rather than with what should be taken out, and how this can best be done.
The college student who once said to me, after a lecture, “I spend so much time studying that I don’t have a chance to learn anything,” was clearly expressing his dissatisfaction with the sausage casing view of education.
The traditional Chinese hospitality requires food diversity, so that guests will be full before eating up all the dishes. A typical Chinese banquet menu includes cold dishes served at the beginning, followed by hot dishes, such as meat, poultry, vegetables, etc. At most banquets, the whole fish is considered to be essential, unless various kinds of seafood have been served already. Today, Chinese people would like to combine Western specialties with traditional Chinese dishes. Therefore, it is not rare to see steak being served as well. Salad is gaining popularity, although traditionally the Chinese people generally do not eat any food without cooking. There is usually at least a bowl of soup, served at the beginning or in the end of the dinner party. Desserts and fruit usually mark the end of the feast.
2011 was a historic moment in the process of urbanization in China as its population exceeded the rural population for the first time. In the next 20 years, about 350 million rural population will move into the city. Such scale of urban development is both a challenge and an opportunity for urban transportation. The Chinese government has always advocated the idea that "people come first". It stresses that people should take buses instead of private cars. It also calls for the construction of "resource-saving and environment-friendly" society. With this clear goal, cities in China can better plan their development and turn a lot of investment to the safe, clean and economic transportation system.
Han Dynasty was one of the most important dynasties in Chinese history. There were many significant achievements during the Han Dynasty. It was the first to open its doors to other cultures. Foreign trade flourished during this period. The Silk Road initiated by Han Dynasty led all the way to the West Asia and even to Rome. Various forms of art prospered, with the emergence of a lot of literature, history and philosophy masterpieces. 100 A.D. witnessed the completion of the first Chinese dictionary which included 9000 words, providing interpretation and various styles of writing. Meanwhile, technology had also achieved great progress. Paper, water clocks, sundials and earthquake detectors were invented. The reign has lasted for 400 years. However, the corruption of the rulers eventually led to its downfall.
46. According to Duncan Watts, the superiority of the "Mona Lisa" to Leonardo's other works resulted from the cumulative advantage.
E) The process described by Cutting…
47. Some social scientists have raised doubts about the intrinsic value of certain works of art.
B) The intuitive answer is that some works of art…
48. It is often random events or preference that determine the fate of a piece of art.
H) Although many have tried…
49. In his experiment, Cutting found that his subjects liked lesser known works better than canonical works because of more exposure.
C) Cutting, a professor at Cornell University, …
50. The author thinks the greatness of an art work still lies in its intrinsic value.
K) The intrinsic quality of a work of art is starting to…
51. It is true of critics as well as ordinary people that the popularity of artistic works is closely associated with publicity.
D) Cutting believes his experiment offers…
52. We need to expose ourselves to more art and literature in order to tell the superior from the inferior.
L) A study in the British Journal of Aesthetics suggests…
53. A study of the history of the greatest paintings suggests even a great work of art could experience years of neglect.
F) When Watts looked into the history of…
54. Culture is still used as a mark to distinguish one social class from another.
J) Although the rigid high-low distinction…
55. Opinions about and preferences for cultural objects are often inheritable.
I) "Saying that cultural objects have value," …
36. N) swept
37. B) displaced
38. I) prosperity
39. H) productive
40. C) employed
41. F) jobless
42. M) shrunk
43. A) benefits
44. E) impact
45. D) eventually
36. J) philosophy
37. I) mirrors
38. B) constrained
39. D) explore
40. L) sneaking
41. K) potential
42. O) violent
43. F) interacting
44. A) assess
45. N) undermines
36. C) controlled
37. L) slash
38. M) specializing
39. K) professionals
40. E) forged
41. A) accountable
42. F) incentives
43. B) capacity
44. H) overstated
45. O) subsequently
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Knowledge is a treasure, but practice is the key to it.” You can cite one example or two to illustrate your point of view. You should write at least 150 but no more than 200 words.
There is a famous saying goes like that “Knowledge is a treasure, but practice is the key to it.” This saying shows the relationship between knowledge and practice vividly.
As far as we know, if we don’t have corresponding knowledge of some fields, we cannot do well in the fields. There are innumerable examples to illustrate this point. For instance, a singer can sing well only if he or she possesses musical knowledge; a dancer can dance well only if he or she knows how to dance; a worker can get the job well-done only if he or she is familiar with the basic principles of the job, and so on. But in turn, if we do not apply what we have known to practice, knowledge cannot play its role. For example, if we have learned different methods of cooking vegetables, but we do not cook, then the different methods of cooking vegetables do not produce value for us.
Therefore, if we do not have knowledge, we have nothing to practice, but if we have knowledge without putting it into practice, knowledge is of no avail. So we should acquire as much knowledge and put it into practice.
The Impact of Interest on People’s Success
As is known to all, the success of a person needs the right guidance and interest is undoubtedly the best teacher. Even Albert Einstein, the world-renowned physicist, said, “I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious.” So it is high time that people explore and cultivate their own interest.
Passionate curiosity can be developed in one’s childhood or in one’s sixties, but once it is ignited, it can change people’s way of study, work and living. On the one hand, interest makes one’s pursuit of knowledge successful and enjoyable. For instance, the pianist Langlang, who plays piano with great love, is awarded a lot of prizes at home and abroad. On the other hand, curiosity helps to resolve difficulties constantly. A worker with curiosity is more likely to dig into the essence of the problem and thus accomplish more creative tasks.
I would like to end up with the famous educator Herbert Spencer’s words which I can’t agree more, “If the interest and enthusiasm among us are cultivated smoothly in the first place, most people will become talents or geniuses.”
Being Great by Doing Small Things
There is no doubt that many people want to be great and successful, but only a few can climb to the top and be admired by the world. However, it doesn’t mean that most of us are losers. Actually everyone can achieve high by doing small things in a great way.
We have to admit that there are something that we cannot accomplish right now, but it isn’t the excuse for us to stop trying. Being great needs time and patience, so only when all small accomplishments add up can many impossibilities gradually turn to possibilities. At least, one won’t regret for not making effort to achieve the goal. For example, one may doesn’t have the resources or training on how to be a world-class musician, but by constant practice of every short piece of music, he can still bring happiness, comfort and inspiration to his family members and friends, then this person is great in the eyes of the audiences.
Therefore, never cease the pace on the road to our dreams. As long as we stick to our goal and be serious to whatever related to it, we can be considered as great.
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