Some performance evaluations require supervisors to take action. Employees who receive a very favorable evaluation may deserve some type of recognition or even a promotion. If supervisors do not acknowledge such outstanding performance, employees may either lose their 36 and reduce their effort or search for a new job ata firm that will 37 them for high performance. Supervisors should acknowledge high performance so that the employee will continue to perform wellin the future.
Employees who receive unfavorable evaluations must also be given attention. Supervisors must 38 the reasons for poor performance. Some reasons, such as a family illness, may have temporary adverse 39 on performance and can be corrected.……
A)additional F) closely K) penalty
B)affect G) consistent L) reward
C)aptly H) enthusiasm M) simplifying
D)assimilate I) identify N) suspending
E)circulation J) impact O) vulnerable
[A] Meg is a lawyer-mom in suburban Washington, D.C., where lawyer-moms are thick on the ground. Her son Doug is one of several hundred thousand high-school seniors who had a painful fall. The deadline for applying to his favorite college was Nov. 1, and by early October he had yet to fill out the application. More to the point, he had yet to settle on a subject for the personal essay accompanying the application. According to college folklore, a well-tuned essay has the power to seduce (诱惑) an admissions committee. "He wanted to do one thing at a time," Meg says, explaining her son's delay. "But really, my son is a huge procrastinator (拖延者). The essay is the hardest thing to do, so he's put it off the longest." Friends and other veterans of the process have warned Meg that the back and forth between editing parent and writing student can be traumatic (痛苦的).
[B] Back in the good old days - say, two years ago, when the last of my children suffered the ordeal （折磨）—a high-school student applying to college could procrastinate all the way to New Year's Day of their senior year, assuming they could withstand the parental pestering (烦扰). But things change fast in the nail-biting world of college admissions. The recent trend toward early decision and early action among selective colleges and universities has pushed the traditional deadline of January up to Nov. 1 or early December for many students.
[O] Still, at the most selective schools, where thousands of candidates may submit identically high grades and test scores, a marginal item like the essay may serve as a tie-breaker between two equally qualified candidates. The thought is certainly enough to keep the pot boiling under parents like Meg, the lawyer-mom, as she tries to help her son choose an essay topic. For a moment the other day, she thought she might have hit on a good one. "His father's from France," she says. "I said maybe you could write about that, as something that makes you different. You know: half French, half American. I said, ‘You could write about your identity issues.' He said, 'I don't have any identity issues!' And he's right. He's a well-adjusted, normal kid. But that doesn't make for a good essay, does it?"
46. Today many universities require their applicants to write an essay of up to five hundred words.
47. One recent change in college admissions is that selective colleges and universities have moved the traditional deadline to earlier dates.
48. Applicants and their parents are said to believe that the personal essay can sway the admissions committee.
49. Applicants are usually better off if they can write an essay that distinguishes them from the rest.
1. Banks and car manufacturers are glad for the extra business in tough economic times. As for the taxi drivers, most are delighted to be behind the wheel of new cars.
2. The government pays about $900 for old ones to be discarded and advertising on the new vehicles helps cover repayments.
D) Old taxis were replaced with new cabs
A) Christmas-time attacks made by Somali rebels.
B) An explosion at a bus station in central Nairobi.
C) The killing of more than 70 Ugandans in Kampala.
D) Blasts set off by a Somali group in Uganda’s capital.
A) On Christmas Eve. C) During a security check.
B) Just before midnight. D) In the small hours of the morning.
Kenyan police say one person was killed and 26 injured in an explosion at a bus station in central Nairobi. The blast hit a bus about to set off for the Ugandan capital Kampala. Last July, the Somali group al-Shabab said it was behind the blasts in the Ugandan capital which killed more than 70 people. Will Ross reports from the Kenyan capital.
The explosion happened beside a bus which was about to set off for an overnight journey from Nairobi to the Ugandan capital Kampala. Some eyewitnesses report that a bag was about to be loaded on board, but it exploded during a security check. Windows of the red bus were left smashed, and blood could be seen on the ground beside the vehicle. Just hours earlier, Uganda’s police chief had warned of possible Christmas-time attacks by Somali rebels.
16. A) Ignore small details while reading. B) Read at least several chapters at one sitting.
C) Develop a habit of reading critically. D) Get key information by reading just once or twice.
17. A) Choose one’s own system of marking. B) Underline the key words and phrases.
C) Make as few marks as possible. D) Highlight details in a red color.
18. A) By reading the textbooks carefully again. B) By reviewing only the marked parts.
C) By focusing on the notes in the margins. D) By comparing notes with their classmates.
Most American college students need to be efficient readers. This is necessary because full-time students probably have to read several hundred pages every week. They don’t have time to read a chapter three or four times. They need to extract as much information as possible from the first or second reading. An extraordinarily important study skill is knowing how to mark a book. Students mark the main ideas and important details with a pen or pencil, yellow or blue or orange. Some students mark new vocabulary in a different color. Most students write questions or short notes in the margins. Marking a book is a useful skill, but it’s important to do it right. First, read a chapter with one pen in your hand and others next to you on the desk. Second, read a whole paragraph before you mark anything. Don’t mark too much. Usually you will mark about 10% of a passage. Third, decide on your own system for marking. For example, maybe you will mark main ideas in yellow, important details in blue and new words in orange. Maybe you will put question marks in the margin when you don’t understand something. When your chapter is a rainbow of markings, you don’t have to read all of it again before an exam. Instead, you just need to review your marks and you can save a lot of time.