英语四级高分必备关键句

世纪高教英语2020-05-22 15:00:51


1. “As sleep-deprived people ourselves, we started thinking of what to do about it,” says Eric Shashoua, a recent college graduate and now chief executive officer of Axon Sleep Research Laboratories, a company created by the students to develop their idea.


英语四级译文:

“本身作为睡眠不足的人,我们开始考虑怎么处理这个问题,”埃里克·沙首额说道。他最近刚刚大学毕业,现在是阿克森睡眠研究实验室的首席执行官,该实验室是一家由学生为实践他们的想法而创建的公司。


四级词汇讲解:

①a recent college graduate and now chief executive officer of Axon Sleep Research Laboratories为Eric Shashoua的同位语,而a company created by the students to develop their idea为Axon Sleep Research Laboratories的同位语。


②sleep-deprived意为“缺乏睡眠的”,其中deprive意为“剥夺;阻止”。如:

The trees deprived the house of light. 这些树遮住了房子的光线。


③think of意为“考虑,想起”。如:

You can’t expect me to think of everything. 你不能指望我考虑到所有的事情。


④what to do about/with sth.表示“如何处理或解决某事”。如:

I really don’t know what to do with those boxes. 我真是不知道该如何处理那些箱子。


英语四级考点归纳:

do的常见短语有:


※ do sth. to sb./sth.意为“对某人/某事物产生影响”。如:

Your words really do something to me. 你的话确实对我有一些影响。

What have you done to the computer? 这电脑你是怎么弄的?


※ do with sth,意为“希望得到某事物;忍受某事物”,常与情态动词cap或could连用。如:

You look as if you could do with a good night’s sleep. 你看起来似乎需要好好睡上一夜.

I can’t do with his ignorance. 我无法忍受他的忽视。


※ do without意为“没有……也行”。如:

The manager can’t do without a secretary. 经理不能没有秘书。


2. As you sleep you pass through a sequence of sleep states-light sleep, deep sleep and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep—that repeats approximately every 90 minutes.


英语四级译文:

你睡觉时会经历一系列连续的睡眠阶段—轻度睡眠、深度睡眠以及REM(眼部快速运动)睡眠——这些睡眠阶段大约每90分钟重复一次。


四级词汇讲解:

①as此处引导的是时间状语从句,意为“正当……时,随着”。如:

I saw you as I was getting off the bus. 我要下公交车的时候看到了你。


②pass through意为“经过”。如:

I came to say hello as I was passing through. 我路过此地,顺便来跟你打个招呼。

He passed through a difficult period after the divorce. 他离婚后经历了一段困难时期。


③a sequence of意为“一系列,连续的”。如:

I was confused by a sequence of dance movements. 我被连续的舞蹈动作给弄迷糊了。


英语四级考点归纳:

pass的常见短语有:


※ pass away意为“死”,是委婉的表达,相当于中文的“去世”。如:

Her grandfather passed away last year. 她的祖父去年去世了。


※ pass sth. down意为“将某物代代相传”。如:

Such knowledge should be passed down over the centuries. 这样的知识应该世代相传。


※ pass over sth.意为“忽略某事物,回避某事”。如:

She chose to pass over his rude remarks. 她选择对他的粗话不予理会。


3. Language is a means of communication, but it is much more than that.


英语四级译文:

语言是交流的工具,但又远不仅于此。


四级词汇讲解:

①means意为“方式,方法,途径”,通常与介词of连用引导对象,mean为可数名词,但其单复数形式相同。如:

Have you any means of identification? 你有没有任何身份证件?


②much more than此处意为“远远不仅于此”。如:

Cell phone is much more than a took. 手机远远不仅是一种工具。


英语四级考点归纳:

means的常见短语有:


※ by all means意为“当然可以;尽一切办法”。如:

You can have a look. By all means. 你可以看一眼,当然可以。


※ by means of意为“以……方法”。如:

The blocks were raised by means of a crane. 那些大块物件是通过起重机吊起来的。


※ by no means意为“绝不,一点也不”。如:

She is by no means a bad girl. 她绝不是个坏女孩。


4. Aid workers estimate that it will take years to rebuild what the earthquake took away.


英语四级译文:

援助工人估计,要重建地震摧毁的地方,需要花费数年时间才能完成。


四级词汇讲解:

①that引导的是estimate“估计”的宾语从句。


②it will take/takes...to do sth.意为“花费……做某事”,是常见的表示时间花费的句型。如:

It takes about an hour to get to the airport. 到机场大概需要一个小时。


其中take本身就有“需要……时间,费时”的意思。如:

That cut is taking a long time to heal. 那个割伤的伤口要花很长时间才能愈合。


③take away此处引申为“摧毁的”,本意为“带走”。如:

Some people liked to take away food from restaurant after they dined there.

有些人喜欢在餐馆吃完饭之后打包带走食物。


英语四级考点归纳:

有关take的常见短语还有:


※ take aback意为“使震惊,使大吃一惊”。如:

The news took all of us aback. 这消息让我们所有人大吃一惊。


※ take away意为“解除,消除;减少,减弱,贬低”。如:

This medicine may take away your pain. 这种药可能会缓解你的疼痛。

I don’t want to take away from her achievements. 我不想贬低她的成就。



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