2016年6月四级听力真题+音频+原文+答案

时光罐头2020-03-25 13:43:30

 

真题:

Section A

Directions In this section you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C and D. Then mark thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

 

Questions1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

1. AThe International LaborOrganization’s key objective.

BThe basic social protection for the mostvulnerable.

CRising unemployment worldwide.

DGlobal economic recovery.

2. AMany countries have nottaken measures to create enough jobs.

BFew countries know how to address the currenteconomic crisis.

CFew countries have realized the seriousnessof the current crisis.

DMany countries need support to improve theirpeople’s livelihood.

 

Questions3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

3. AServe standardized foodnationwide.

BPut calorie information on the menu.

CIncrease protein content in the food.

DOffer convenient food to customers.

4. AThey will be fined.

BThey will be closed.

CThey will get a warning.

DThey will lose customers.

 

Questions5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

5. AInability to implementtheir business plans.

BInability to keep turning out novel products.

CLack of a successful business model of theirown.

DFailure to integrate innovation into theirbusiness.

6. AIt is the secret tobusiness success.

BIt is the creation of something new.

CIt is a magic tool to bring big rewards.

DIt is an essential part of business culture.

7. AIts hardworking employees.

BIts flexible promotion strategy.

CIts innovation culture.

DIts willingness to make investments.

 

Section B

Directions In this section you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversations you will hear four questions. Both the conversations and the question-s will be spoken only once. After you hear a question. You must choose the bestanswer from the four choices marked A),B),Cand D. Then mark thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

8. AHe’s got addicted totechnology.

BHe is not very good at socializing.

CHe is crazy about text-messaging.

DHe does not talk long on the phone.

9. ATalk big.

BTalk at length.

CGossip a lot.

DForget herself.

10. AHe thought it was cool.

BHe needed the practice.

CHe wanted to stay connected with them.

DHe had an urgent message to send.

11. AIt poses a challenge toseniors.

BIt saves both time and money.

CIt is childish and unprofessional.

DIt is cool and convenient.

Questions12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. AHe wants to change his job assignment.

BHe is unhappy with hisdepartment manager.

CHe thinks he deservesextra pay for overtime.

DHe is often singled outfor criticism by his boss.

13. AHis workload was much tooheavy.

BHis immediate boss did nottrust him.

CHis colleagues oftenrefused to cooperate.

DHis salary was too low forhis responsibility.

14. AHe never knows how torefuse.

BHe is always ready to helpothers.

CHis boss has a lot oftrust in him.

DHis boss has no sense offairness.

15. APut all his complaints inwriting.

BWait and see what happensnext.

CLearn to say no whennecessary.

DTalk to his boss in personfirst.

 

Section C

Directions In this section you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),Cand D.Then mark thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

 

Questions16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. AThe importance of sleep toa healthy life.

B Reasons for Americans’ decline in sleep.

CSome tips to improve the quality of sleep.

DDiseases associated with lack of sleep.

17. AThey are morehealth-conscious.

BThey are changing their living habits.

CThey get less and less sleep.

D They know the dangers of lack of sleep.

18. ATheir weight will go down.

BTheir mind function will deteriorate.

CTheir work efficiency will decrease.

DTheir blood pressure will rise.

 

Questions19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. AHow much you can afford topay.

BWhat course you are going to choose.

CWhich university you are going to apply to.

DWhen you are going to submit your application.

20. AThe list of coursesstudied.

BThe full record of scores.

CThe references from teachers.

DThe personal statement.

21. ASpecify what they wouldlike to do after graduation.

BDescribe in detail how much they would enjoystudying.

CIndicate they have reflected and thoughtabout the subject.

DEmphasize that they admire the professors inthe university.

 

Questions22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. AIt was equipped withrubber tyres.

BIt was built in the late 19th century.

CIt was purchased by the Royal family.

DIt was designed by an English engineer.

23. AThey consumed lots ofpetrol.

BThey took two passengers only.

CThey were difficult to drive.

DThey often broke down.

24. AThey were produced on theassembly line.

BThey were built with less costly materials.

CThey were modeled after British cars.

DThey were made for ordinary use.

25. AIt made news all over theworld.

BIt was built for the Royal family.

CIt marked a new era in motor travel.

DIt attracted large numbers of motorists.

 

原文:

News report 1

The international labor organizationsays the number of people without jobs is increasing. In its latest update onglobal employment trends, the agency says projections of the number onunemployed people this year range from 210 million to nearly 240 million people.The report warns that 200 million poor workers are at risk of joining the ranksof people leaving on less than 2 dollars per day in the past 3 years. Thedirector general of the international labor organization WS notes that somecountries have taken measures to address the effects of the global crisis.However, he points out that many countries have not done so. And based on pastexperiences, it takes 4-5 years after economic recovery for unemployment toreturn to pre-crisis levels. Mr. S says the international organization isproposing a global job agreement to deal with unemployment.

Mr. S: It's key objective is to placethe center of recovery efforts, measures will generate high levels ofemployment and provide basic social protection for the most vulnerable.

1What is thenews report main about?

2What does Mr.S say?

News Report 2

Big fast food chains in New York city have started to obey a first kind ofits rule requiring them to post calorie on its menu. CN is with New YorkDepartment of Health.

We wanted to give people an opportunity to actually see the calories beforethey purchase the food and make a decision and inform decision that if theywant to make a healthier choice. If they want to eat fewer calories, they can.And we expect this will have a huge impact on obesity. And of course, if thishas an impact on obesity, it will have an impact on diabetes, and heartdisease, and high blood pressure.

The new rules were introduced as part of anti-obesity campaign that alsoincludes a recent city wide ban on artificial transfat in restaurant food. Themenu rule only applies to restaurants that serves standard portion sizes and 15or more locations nationwide. Starting last Saturday, chains big enough to fallunder the rule will face penalties about 2000 dollars for not showing calorieinformation in a prominent sports on their menus, preferably next to the price.

3. what are big fast food chains in New York cityrequire to do according tothe new rule?

4.What will happen to big restaurant chains that violate the new rule?

News Report 3

Almost all companies recognize the importance of innovation today, but notmany are able to integrate innovation into their business. A commentary in a …daily points out that innovation doesn't mean piles of documents, it'ssomething more practical. The article says many people tend to assume thatinnovation just means create something new, but actually it's more than that.It's an attitude of doing thing. A company should find ways to innovate notjust in products but also in functions, business models and processes. Thearticle cites the global giant and gamble as an example, saying the realinnovative company should develop an innovation culture, and use it as aprimary tool for success. P and gamble has a proper innovation fun which offersbigger rewards for high risk ideas. It also has a special innovation facilityfor employees. sometimes their employees are released from their daily jobs forweeks, and spend their time interrupting in the innovation facility instead. Inconclusion, the article says innovative ideas alone do not ensure success, it'spointless unless their to turn inspiration into financial performance.

5. What is the problem of many companies according to news report?

6. What do many people turn to think of the innovation?

7. What does the company gamble?

 

Section B

Conversation 1

M: So, Linsy, do you like to text message on your cellphone?

W:Yeah, I text message a lot.

I don't do it so much, I prefer to make a call if I'm in a hurry.

Yeah, I go both ways. Sometimes I don't want to talk to the person, I justwant to ask him a question, so it's much easier for me, just text message, if Icall them, I have to have a long conversation.

Yeah, I …. But I get off the phone pretty quickly ….

Yeah, that's true, you don't talk a lot.

So are you a fast messager?

When I first get a cellphone, I was so …, I thought I'd never text message,but people can't text message me. So I feel obliged to learn how to textmessage, so now I'm pretty fast , what about you?

Actually, I have the opposite problem. When I first get my cellphone. Ithought it was so cool the to text message to all my friends who have one.Aren't pretty fast .., but it seems like now I don't use so much. I got sloweractually.

Yeah, I've been text messaging, actually sort of has to do with your age.For example, people in high school, they text message a lot, but I asked myfather, "do you text message?" and guess what he said?

What?

He said, he would never text message, he thinks it's very childish andunprofessional to text message.

Yeah, I could see what he means, it's considered pretty informal to textmessage

8. what does the man say about himself?

9. what does the woman tend to do while she is on the phone?

10. why did the men text his friends when he first got his cell phone?

11. what does the woman's father think of the text massage? childish

Conversation 2

W: Good morning, Mr. Johnson, how can I help you?

M: well, I'd like to talk to you about Team Barn, the department manager.

W: What seems to be the problem?

M: Well, ever since Saudra left the department, I felt like I've beentargeted to do all her work, as well as mine. I'm expected to attend manymeetings. And I seem to be spending a lot of time doing unnecessary paperwork.

W: I'm sorry to hear that.

M: And on top of that, I've specifically asked if I could leave early lastFriday, even though as I've finished my assignment, I was told to help.

W: But surely, that's a positive sign showing that Mr. Barn has a lot oftrust in you.

M: Yeah, but other colleague gets leave early and they don't have such a lotof work to do.

W: So you feel he's making unrealistic demands on you?

M: Yes, absolutely.

W: Have you approached Mr. Barn about this particular problem?

M: I tried, but it seems he just has no time for me.

W: Well, at this stage, it would be better to approach him directly. Ifnothing else show you can solve the problem yourself before you take itfurther, makes it clear you're not just a complainer. Why don't you send him anemail, requesting a meeting with him in private.

M: Hmm, I feel a bit worry about his reaction. But, anyway I'll send him anemail requesting a meeting, and see what happens though, thanks for youradvice.

W: Good luck, let us know the outcome.

12. what do we know about the man from the cover?

13. what is the man's chief complaint?

14. how was the women interpret the facts that?

15. what did the women advise the man to do?

 

Section C

Passage one

The massive decline in sleep happens so slowly and quietly that feel seemstrend. because the growing attraction of the video games and endless TVchannels. never disconnecting from work, no matter how it happened, millions ofAmericans are putting their health or …of their life even life endanger. newevidence shows why getting enough sleep is the top priority. Some 40% of theAmericans get less than 7 hours. Believe between sleep and health, and badsleep and disease is becoming clearer and clearer says L , Harvard University.For example, sleep duration has declined from some 8 hours 1950s to 7 in recentyears, at the same time high blood pressure is becoming an increasing problem.Blood pressure are typically at lowest levels high during sleep people whosleepless and have high blood pressure, heart attack, diabetes, and otherproblems. Sleeping better may help fight of illnesses, when people sleepdeprived their high levels of stress Hormons in their bodies which can decreaseimmune function says Doctor P of western university in Chicago, the universityof Chicago study shows people who sleep well live longer so say goodnightsooner and it may help you stay active and vital to a right old age.

16.What is the speaker mainly talking about?

17.What do we learn from the talked-about days of Americans?

18. What does the speaker say will happen to people who lack of sleep?

Passage 2

Parents and teachers will tell you not to worry when apply for a place inuniversity, but in the same breath, they will remind you that it is the mostimportant decision of your life. The first decision is your choice of course,it would depend on what you want to get out of university, what you are good atand what you enjoy. The next decision is where to apply. Aim high but withinreason. Do you have the right commendation of subjects? And are your expectedgradeslikely to meet into your requirements? The deadline is January 15th, but it'sbetter to submits your application early because universities began work assoon as forms rolling in. The most important part of the application is themuch feared personal statement. This is your chance to convey bondlessenthusiasm for the subject, so expression is for most. ? and ineffectivegeneralities, and make sure you give the concrete examples. Admission officerswill read every personal statements that arrives. It's not convincing if yousay you have chosen a subject because you enjoy it. You have to get across whatit is about a particular area that has inspired you. They will look forevidence that you have reflected and thought about the subject. Applicantsshould be honest. There is no point saying you run marathons if you are goingto be out of breath arriving at the interview on the second floor.

19. what is the first decision you should made when apply?

20. what is the most important part of the application?

21. what must applicants do in their personal statements?

Passage 3 (motor car)

Passage Three

It is usually agreed that JC Benz built the first motor car in 1885. It wasactually a tricycle with a petrol motor and XX. Soon, members of the royalfamily and other wealthy people to XX motory as a sport. Many of the early carshave two seats. There were no petrol XX and few garages. So every driver had tobe his own engineer for the frequent breakdowns. By 1905, cars began to looklike cars of today with head lamps with screen and number plates. Henry Ford'sModel T introduced in America in 1909, which cheaper because it was made on theassembly line. It brought cars close to both the rich and ordinary people. Withthe popularity of the car, registration became a must in 1903 with a motor carowner. Competency tests were introduced in 1955. Today the legal driving age ofcar in the UK is 17. You are not allowed to drive a car on XX until you passthe driving test. In 1958, Britain celebrated the opening of its first motorway, the Briston bypass. Until then, no one understood what a motor way was,not even a labor who were building it. The bypass held a new era in motortravel and was greeted with excitement and optimism. Service stations came withthe motor way. And the legend of transport cafe was born. Of course, theservice station has diversified greatly. But whether its English cookedbreakfast or coffee and sandwich, one thing has remained the same, the XX.

22/ what does the speaker say about the first motor car?

23/ what was the problem the cars in Britain?

24/ Why did HF's Model T cars cost less?

25/ what do we learn about the bypass?

 

答案: 

1. C) Rising unemployment worldwide.

2. C) Few countries have realized the seriousness of the current crisis.

3. B) Put calorie information on the menu.

4. A) They will be fined.

5. D) Failure to integrate innovation into their business.

6. B) It is the creation of something new.

7. C) Its innovation culture.

12. A) He wants to change his job assignment.

13. A) His workload was much too heavy.

14. C) His boss has a lot of trust in him.

15. D) Talk to his boss in person first.

16 A) The importance of sleep to a healthy life

17 C) They get less and less sleep

18 D) Their blood pressure will rise

19. B) What course you are going to choose

20. D) The personal statement

21. CIndicate they have reflected and thought about the subject

22 B) It was built in the late 19th century.

23 D) They often broke down.

24 A) They were produced on the assembly line.

25 C) It marked a new era in motor travel.


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