英语四级考试2018-03-12 00:19:09

Part I  Writing  (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to express your thanks to one of your friends who helped you most when you were in difficulty. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

Part II  Listening Comprehension (25 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

1. A) The International Labour Organization’s key objective.

   B) The basic social protection for the most vulnerable.

   C) Rising unemployment worldwide.

   D) Global economic recovery.

2. A) Many countries have not taken measures to create enough jobs.

   B) Few countries know how to address the current economic crisis.

   C) Few countries have realised the seriousness of the current crisis.

   D) Many countries need support to improve their people’s livelihood.

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

3. A) Serve standardised food nationwide.

   B) Put calorie information on the menu.

   C) Increase protein content in the food.

   D) Offer convenient food to customers.

4. A) They will be fined.

   B) They will be closed.

   C) They will get a warning.

   D) They will lose customers.

Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

5. A) Inability to implement their business plans.

   B) Inability to keep turning out novel products.

   C) Lack of a successful business model of their own.

   D) Failure to integrate innovation into their business.

6. A) It is the secret to business success.

   B) It is the creation of something new.

   C) It is a magic tool to bring big rewards.

   D) It is an essential part of business culture.

7. A) Its hardworking employees.

   B) Its flexible promotion strategy.

   C) Its innovation culture.

   D) Its willingness to make investments.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

8. A) He's got addicted to technology.

   B) He is not very good at socializing.

   C) He is crazy about text-messaging.

   D) He does not talk long on the phone.

9. A) Talk big.

   B) Talk at length.

   C) Gossip a lot.

   D) Forget herself.

10. A) He thought it was cool.

   B) He needed the practice.

   C) He wanted to stay connected with them.

  D) He had an urgent message to send.

11. A) It poses a challenge to seniors.

   B) It saves both time and money.

   C) It is childish and unprofessional.

   D) It is cool and convenient.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. A) He wants to change his job assignment.

   B) He is unhappy with his department manager.

   C) He thinks he deserves extra pay for overtime.

   D) He is often singled out for criticism by his boss.

13. A) His workload was much too heavy.

   B) His immediate boss did not trust him.

   C) His colleagues often refused to cooperate.

   D) His salary was too low for his responsibility.

14. A) He never knows how to refuse.

   B) He is always ready to help others.

   C) His boss has a lot of trust in him.

   D) His boss has no sense of fairness.

15. A) Put all his complaints in writing.

   B) Wait and see what happens next.

   C) Learn to say no when necessary.

   D) Talk to his boss in person first.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. A) The importance of sleep to a healthy life.

   B) Reasons for Americans’ decline in sleep.

   C) Some tips to improve the quality of sleep.

   D) Diseases associated with lack of sleep.

17. A) They are more health-conscious.

   B) They are changing their living habits.

   C) They get less and less sleep.

   D) They know the dangers of lack of sleep.

18. A) Their weight will go down.

   B) Their mind function will deteriorate.

   C) Their work efficiency will decrease.

   D) Their blood pressure will rise.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. A) How much you can afford to pay.

   B) What course you are going to choose.

   C) Which university you are going to apply to.

   D) When you are going to submit your application.

20. A) The list of courses studied.

   B) The full record of scores.

   C) The references from teachers.

   D) The personal statement.

21. A) Specify what they would like to do after graduation.

   B) Describe in detail how much they would enjoy studying.

   C) Indicate they have reflected and thought about the subject.

   D) Emphasize that they admire the professors in the university.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. A) It was equipped with rubber tyres.

   B) It was built in the late 19th century.

   C) It was purchased by the Royal family.

   D) It was designed by an English engineer.

23. A) They consumed lots of petrol.

   B) They took two passengers only.

   C) They were difficult to drive.

   D) They often broke down.

24. A) They were produced on the assembly line.

   B) They were built with less costly materials.

   C) They were modeled after British cars.

   D) They were made for ordinary use.

25. A) It made news all over the world.

   B) It was built for the Royal family.

   C) It marked a new era in motor travel.

   D) It attracted large numbers of motorists.

Part III  Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Signs barring cell-phone use are a familiar sight to anyone who has ever sat in a hospital waiting room. But the   26   popularity of electronic medical records has forced hospital-based doctors to become   27   on computers throughout the day, and desktops--- which keep doctors from bedsides --- are   28   giving way to wireless devices.

 As clerical loads increased, "something had to   29   , and that was always face time with patients," says Dr. Bhakti Patel, a former chief resident in the University  of Chicago's internal-medicine program. In fall 2010, she helped   30   a pilot project in Chicago to see if the iPad could improve working conditions and patient care. The experiment was so   31     that all internal-medicine residents at the university now get iPads when they begin the program. Johns Hopkins' internal-medicine program adopted the same   32   in 2011. Medical schools at Yale and Stanford now have paperless, iPad-based curriculums. "You'll want an iPad just so you can wear this" is the slogan for one of the new lab coats   33   with large pockets to accommodate tablet computers.

A study of the University  of Chicago iPad project found that patients got tests and   34     faster if they were cared for by iPad-equipped residents. Many patients also   35   a better understanding of the illnesses that landed them in the hospital in the first place.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

Ancient Greek Wisdom Inspires Guidelines to Good Life

[A] Is it possible to enjoy a peaceful life in a world that is increasingly challenged by threats and uncertainties from wars, terrorism, economic crises and a widespread outbreak of infectious diseases? The answer is yes, according to a new book The 10 Golden Rules: Ancient Wisdom from the Greek Philosophers on Living a Good Life. The book is co-authored by Long Island University's philosophy professor Michael Soupios and economics professor Panos Mourdoukoutas.

[B] The wisdom of the ancient Greek philosophers is timeless, says Soupios. The philosophy professor says it is as relevant today as when it was first written centuries ago. "There is no expiration (失效) date on wisdom," he says. "There is no shelf life on intelligence. I think that things have become very gloomy these days, lots of misunderstanding, misleading cues, a lot of what the ancients would have called sophistry (诡辩). The nice thing about ancient philosophy as offered by the Greeks is that they tended to see life clear and whole, in a way that we tend not to see life today."

Examine your life

[C] Soupios, along with his co-author Panos Mourdoukoutas, developed their 10 golden rules by turning to the men behind that philosophy---Aristotle, Socrates, Epictetus and Pythagoras, among others. The first rule---examine your life---is the common thread that runs through the entire book. Soupios says that it is based on Plato's observation that the unexamined life is not worth living. "The Greeks are always concerned about boxing themselves in, in terms of convictions (信念)," he says. "So take a step back, switch off the automatic pilot and actually stop and reflect about things like our priorities, our values, and our relationships."

Stop worrying about what you can not control

[D] As we begin to examine our life, Soupios says, we come to Rule No. 2: Worry only about things that you can control. "The individual who promoted this idea was a Stoic philosopher. His name is Epictetus," he says. "And what the Stoics say in general is simply this: There is a larger plan in life. You are not really going to be able to understand all of the dimensions of this plan. You're not going to be able to control the dimensions of this plan."

[E] So, Soupios explains, it is not worth it to waste our physical, intellectual and spiritual energy worrying about things that are beyond our control. "I can not control whether or not I wind up getting the disease swine flu, for example," he says. "I mean, there are some cautious steps I can take, but ultimately I can not guarantee myself that. So what Epictetus would say is sitting at home worrying about that would be wrong and wasteful and irrational. You should live your life attempting to identify and control those things which you can genuinely control."

Seek true pleasure

[F] To have a meaningful, happy life we need friends. But according to Aristotle---a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great---most relationships don't qualify as true friendships. "Just because I have a business relationship with an individual and I can profit from that relationship, it does not necessarily mean that this person is my friend," Soupios says. "Real friendship is when two individuals share the same soul. It is a beautiful and uncharacteristically poetic image that Aristotle offers."

[G] In our pursuit of the good life, he says, it is important to seek out true pleasures---advice which was originally offered by Epicurus. But unlike the modern definition of Epicureanism as a life of indulgence (放纵) and luxury, for the ancient Greeks, it meant finding a state of calm, peace and mental ease.

[H] "This was the highest and most desirable form of pleasure and happiness for the ancient Epicureans," Soupios says. "This is something that is very much well-worth considering here in the modern era. I don not think that we spend nearly enough time trying to concentrate on achieving a sort of calmness, a sort of contentment in a mental and spiritual way, which was identified by these people as the highest form of happiness and pleasure."

Do good to others

[I] Other Golden Rules counsel us to master ourselves, avoid excess and not be a prosperous (发迹的) fool. There are also rules dealing with relationships: Be a responsible human being and do not do evil things to others.

[J] "This is Hesiod, of course, a younger contemporary poet, we believe, with Homer," Soupios says. "Hesiod offers an idea---which you very often find in some of the world's great religions, in the Judeo-Christian tradition and in Islam and others---that in some sense, when you hurt another human being, you hurt yourself. That damaging other people in your community and in your life, trashing relationships, results in a kind of self-inflected (自己招致的) spiritual wound."

[K] Instead, Soupios says, ancient wisdom urges us to do good. Golden Rule No. 10 for a good life is that kindness toward others tends to be rewarded.

[L] "This is Aesop, the fabulist (寓言家), the man of these charming little tales, often told in terms of animals and animal relationships," he says. "I think what Aesop was suggesting is that when you offer a good turn to another human being, one can hope that that good deed will come back and sort of pay a profit to you, the doer of the good deed. Even if there is no concrete benefit paid in response to your good deed, at the very least, the doer of the good deed has the opportunity to enjoy a kind of spiritually enlightened moment."

[M] Soupios says following the 10 Golden Rules based on ancient wisdom can guide us to the path of the good life where we stop living as onlookers and become engaged and happier human beings. And that, he notes, is a life worth living.

36. According to an ancient Greek philosopher, it is impossible for us to understand every aspect of our life.

37. Ancient philosophers saw life in a different light from people of today.

38. Not all your business partners are your soul mates.

39. We can live a peaceful life despite the various challenges of the modern world.

40. The doer of a good deed can feel spiritually rewarded even when they gain no concrete benefits.

41. How to achieve mental calmness and contentment is well worth our consideration today.

42.Michael Soupios suggests that we should stop and think carefully about our priorities in life.

43. Ancient philosophers strongly advise that we do good.

44. The wise teachings of ancient Greek thinkers are timeless, and are applicable to contemporary life.

45. Do harm to others and you do harm to yourself.









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