2016年12月大学英语四级听力试题分析及新闻分类主题词之国家/地区间冲突

学派英语之英语四六级2020-08-10 11:02:43

2016年12月大学英语四级听力试题分析及新闻分类主题词之国家/地区间冲突

Section A   news reports


第一篇新闻听力题备选项中帮助推测新闻主题的细节词
tourist(游客)
stone bridgesutility servicesskeletonwrecked boats
石桥公共设施骨架失事的船
备选项中帮助识别干扰项的词语:
  1. B) To replace two stone bridges.

  2. C) Lots of wrecked boats and ships.

    B) A few skeletons.

    D) Millions of coins on the bottom. 


提示:陷阱词常为备选项中表示程度,大小,数量,范围,性质等的修饰词(尤其是形容词和副词)

推断:该新闻涉及旅游
问题1:Why does New York State want to turn off Niagara Falls?

答案:To replace two old stone bridges.


文章中相关句:

The New York State system wants to turn off the falls on the American side

sometime in the next two to three years to replace two 115-year-old stone

bridges that allow pedestrians, park vehicles and utilities access to Goat 

Island.

分析:该句设问原因:文章中的长难句,陈述目的的句子。 


答案选项特点:出现了同义替换词:115-year-old --- old

问题2:What did people find when Niagara Falls were shut off in 1969?

答案:Millions of coins on the bottom.


文章中相关句:

(文章最后一句)They found millions of coins on the bottom.



第二篇新闻听力题备选项中帮助推测新闻主题的细节词
dipomatic relation
外交关系
Libya利比亚
tourist游客
Tunisia突尼斯
fierce attack猛烈的攻击
shut down border crossings关闭边境道口
safety precautions安全保护措施
terrorist attack
恐怖分子的袭击
civilian贫民
备选项中帮助识别干扰项的词语:

3. A) It suspended diplomatic relations with Libya

   B) It urged tourists to leave Tunisia immediately

   C) It shut down two border crossings with Libya

  D) It launched a fierce attack against Ismaic State


4. A) Advise Tunisian civilians on how to take safety precautions.

    B) Track down the organization  responsible for the terrorist attack

   C) Train qualified security personnel for the terrorist attack

  D) Devise a monitoring system on the Tunisian border with Libya. 


提示:陷阱词常为备选项中表示具体细节信息的名词

推断:该新闻涉及国家/地区之间的冲突
问题3:What did the Tunisian government do after the gunmen's attack?

答案:It shut down two border crossings with Libya. 


文章中相关句:

...the Tunisian government has closed down its two border crossings with

 Libya because of the attack. 


分析:该句设问原因:文章中涉及特殊逻辑关系的句子(因果关系)


答案选项特点:出现了同义替换词:close down --- shut down


问题4: What were German and American security experts expected to do in Tunisia?

答案: Devise a monitoring system on the Tunisian border with Libya.


文章中的相关句:

...German and American security experts were expected to come to help 

Tunisia devise a new electronic video supervision system on its border with 

Libya


分析:该句设问原因:文章中陈述事件结果或解决方法的句子 


答案选项特点:出现了同义替换词:supervision--- monitoring

第三篇新闻听力题备选项中帮助推测新闻主题的细节词
environment-friendly 
环保电池
plant-powered 由植物提供动力的
energy-saving节约能量的
mobile phone手机
photosynthesisn. 光合作用
推断:该新闻可能涉及手机的环保电源
问题5:What did the three university students invent?

答案:A plant-powered mobile phone charger(充电器). 


文章中相关句:

(文章第一句): Three university students in Santiago, Chile, have 

deveoped a plant-powered device to charge their mobile phones. 


提示: 注意题干与文章相关句中近义词的替换: invent -- develop


问题6:When did they get the idea for the invention? 

答案:While sitting in their school's courtyard. 


文章中相关句:

The three engineering students got the idea for the device while sitting in their school's courtyard



问题7: What does the speaker say about the invention?

答案: It collects the energy released by plants. 


文章中相关句:

It captures the energy which plants produce during photosynthesis -- a 

process of converting sunlight into energy. 


答案选项特点:出现了同义替换词:capture--- collect


新闻听力词汇之关于国家或地区冲突的主题词
military option 军事解决途径
gunmann. 持枪歹徒
extremistn. 极端主义者 
violencen. 暴力( against../对...施加暴力)
woundv. 受伤, n. 伤口
casualty

n. 伤者,伤亡人数(cause heavy

 casualties/造成严重伤亡)

injurev.受伤
injuryn. 受伤
kidnapv. 绑架,诱拐 n. 绑架(kidnapper/绑架者)
be at large逍遥法外, 未被逮捕
reinforcementsn. 增援部队
crisisn. 危机
conflictn./v. 冲突(be in conflict with.../与...发生冲突)
suspendv. 暂停, 中止,使停职/停学
track down (= arrest)逮捕
sentencev. 宣判, 判刑(sentence sb. to sth in prison /宣判某人服刑...年(e.g. sentence him to three years in prison/宣判他服刑三年))
life sentence终身监禁, 无期徒刑
suicide bombing自杀性袭击
put behind bars/prison关押, 监禁
claim responsibility for对...宣称负责
escalating tension逐步升级的局势
rebel forces叛军
on high alert处于高级戒备状态
relief effort救援工作
peace-keeping forces维和部队
armed conflict武装冲突
chemical/biological warfare生物/化学战争
resign from office辞职
humanitarian aid人道主义援助
step down/aside 下台
on the brink of war处于战争的边缘
cease fire停火
border dispute边境争端
post-war reconstruction战后重建
spying activity间谍行为
electronic warfare电子战争



Relaxing music


席琳·迪翁出生于加拿大魁北克省,是最著名的法语和英语流行女歌手,有流行天后之称。她获得过5次格莱美奖、12次世界音乐奖、7次美国音乐奖、7次美国告示牌、21次朱诺奖和39次Félix Award音乐奖。



Beauty And The Beast《美女与野兽



Copyright © 北京英语四六级培训联盟@2017