2014年12月四级考试答案

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12月四级考试答案↓。要坚强啊!



写作


答案及解析


大学英语四级考试在今早圆满落下帷幕,今年12月的四级作文考题继续沿袭六月份的出题形式,给了学生一个现实生活中的真实场景,要求学生在规定时间内写出一篇不少于120不多于180个单词的作文。三篇作文考题题目如下:

1 a course that has impressed you most in college
2 a campus activity that has benefited you most
3 a classmate of yours who has influenced you most in college

对 于这三套题,首先出题内容很常见,是之前在课堂中反复提到的“大学生活”“社会热点”话题,所以考生应该并不陌生。至于其写法,不论是哪套考题,都可以完 全套用上课的三段论思路。在第一段首先引出话题,直接套用首段首句万能模板,不论是从文章还是从自身心态,都是一个很好的开门红。第二段则分析原因,采用 总分结构,记得分论点时要用相关连接词连接,至于具体连接词和分析原因的思考层面,都在强化班中反复带着大家训练过,更在冲刺班中帮各位同学总结过。第三 段,归纳总结,因为这三篇文章内容比较贴近生活,所以不需要提出建议措施,而是直接提出自己思路即可。

下面,笔者将根据以前课堂内容,给各位考生展示作文三篇,仅供参考。

1 a course that has impressed you most in college

In retrospect of my whole college life, no other course can be more impressive to me than the English course presented by Mr. Brown, our respectable foreign teacher.

There exist numerous reasons accounting for my perspective, while the following might be the most critical ones. First and foremost, this course, though aiming at improving our English speaking, renders us a paradise far more than that, which is an introspect of foreign cultures. Apart from that, I am used to be a shy girl, and it is through this lesson that I find self-confidence in myself and of course, I make acquaintance with a lot of students in my grade, among whom some become my bosom friends.

Till now, even though graduation is approaching, I highly recommend this course since I do benefit a lot from it. It is such an unforgettable lesson that worth my memorizing for a whole life!


2 a campus activity that has benefited you most

In retrospect of my whole college life, I can think of no other more beneficial activity than the one organized by our student union, which aims at aiding those kids who are in impoverished areas.

There exist numerous reasons accounting for my perspective, while the following might be the most critical ones. First an2d foremost, we each individual are enlightened through this activity. During the whole process, we are conscious of how valuable our current life is and are encouraged to study more diligently. Apart from that, we make acquaintance with numerous kids living in poverty-stricken areas. On seeing their beaming smile on their faces, I find my life worthwhile for the first time, and later, some of us become bosom friends.

Till now, even though graduation is around the corner, I still keep the whole activity in my mind. Indeed, it is high time that we each individual should participate in activity like this. Only in this way can we benefit from it in the long run!



3 a classmate of yours who has influenced you most in college

In retrospect of my whole college life, what I treasure most is no other than friendship with one of my classmates, John, who lived with me for almost four years.

There exist numerous reasons accounting for my perspective, while the following might be the most critical ones. First and foremost, I still remember the first day when I entered this university. I was so scared that I barely talk with any other guy in our class. It is he, as our monitor, who gave me his hand and rendered his assistance to me, and since then, I found that I was gradually into this whole class family. Apart from that, during these four years, he excels in every aspect of our class, especially in extracurricular activities. He seems so enthusiastic and passionate that as a roommate of him, I am encouraged to broaden my horizon, rather than be a bookworm.

Till now, though we are nearly graduating, we are still bosom friends. In retrospect of the past four years, words fail me when I would like to extend my appreciation for him. I do wish we will keep friendship like this forever!



听力


答案及解析


2014年12月紧张的四级考试已经落下帷幕。从目前搜集到的真题来看,听力部分已经出现两种版本,由于四六级考试正在不断进行改革,相信这种多考试版本趋势会继续。以下就各部分内容做简要点评。

【小对话部分】
难度继续保持,并没有出现超过考生承受范围的考题。
小对话部分近几年一直是考生的难点,其重要的考点在于转换——即需要根据对话中人物所作出的回复或评判以给出自己的理解并匹配选项。在这次两个版本的考试题中,这类考试方向仍然保持,如下列小对话:

(201412)1.
Woman: When was the last time you dusted the apartment?
Man: When was the last time my mother came over?

男 人用一句反义疑问句回答了女人的问题,即其母亲什么时候来的,那就是什么时候打扫的公寓。需要作出相应的转换。这一部分考点在强化课程中做过梳理,并给出 了一些相应的对策原则,如前后移动问题,肯否的多种表达方式问题等,这些内容在本次考试中仍然覆盖了大部分小对话。如:

(201412)6.
Man: I’m not surprised that you didn’t like that movie. I find it really scary myself。
Woman: So did I. I don’t care much for horror movies as a rule。

小对话中间继续对常用短语进行考察,如
(201412) 5. slipped my mind
(201412) 7. honey is sweet but the bee stings
结尾问题方面,小对话中结束处问题大部分仍然为以下模式:
What does the man mean?
What do we learn about the woman?
What do we learn from the conversation?
各位强化班同学可以想起在课中对此种问题的处理策略。



【长对话部分及篇章部分】
此 次考试中长对话及篇章部分选项与前两次考试相比,在选项的长度上短了很多,因此从某种程度上可以说,此次四级考试这两个部分的难度并没有增加,相反,略微 简单一些。而从内容上讲,长对话的主要聊天模式遵循了我在课程中所讲过的问答模式,各位考生可以回忆课上对四级长对话与六级长对话结构的对比分析。对问题 的回答,出题老师也并没有刻意的为难,只要盯住选项,做出匹配即可。关于“听到什么选什么”的原则,各位此时可以回忆其附加原则并加以处理。其中一个版本 中,长对话中一篇谈女性的歧视问题,另外一篇谈论商务餐。这些内容,包括前面的小对话部分,均可参考场景原则中的各种基本词汇。

篇章部分的内容继续朝着说明文和议论文的方向发展,在说明和议论中夹杂了记叙,整体文章难度不大。话题诸如双胞胎,世界最小国家问题等。而课上所讲的关于篇章的行文模式特点及相应的答题顺序问题相信各位同学都还记得。

【听写部分】
听写部分难度不大,仍然考查四类词性,名动形副。而对于词型变化的考查仍是重头戏。在考场中发现大量考生在此处仍然很难动笔,究其原因还是基础词汇没有稳固掌握的问题。

【特别提醒】
在此次四级听力考试中,很多考生对考试的节奏完全不能适应,考场上有些甚至不知道什么时候要开始写作文,听力部分是什么时候开始,什么时候结束,导致10:10分监考老师收试卷的时候完全没有填涂答题卡。
希望下午的六级考生能够把握好节奏,听力考试中及时填涂答题卡。按照考试要求冷静完成今天的考试。

加油!!



阅读


答案及解析


四级考试落下帷幕,许多小伙伴们表示除了作文以外啥都没看懂,于是咱们就一起来看看其中大家关心的仔细阅读部分。由于本次考试依然采取的是“多题多卷”的形式,所以咱们先来其中的一套真题中具有代表性的几道题。

仔细阅读

Passage One
这篇是关于“纽约骑行者 (Citi Bikes in New York)”的说明文,难度较低。考察的题型仍然以细节题为主,这篇文章后对应的五道题中四道题是细节题,最后一题是态度题。首先,一起来看看态度题。

60. What is the general attitude of local bike shops towards Citi Bike?
A) Wait-and-see
B) Negative
C) Indifferent
D) Approving
正 确答案【D】。态度题,根据咱们在强化班中讲到态度题的必错选项”indifferent”直接排除掉,接着利用“顺序原则”定位在最后一个自然 段”While it’s possible bike-share will cause a drop in business, Crooks allowed that the idea is a positive step forward for New York City.” 咱们在强化班中就讲过“转折后必有考点”,这句话是让步结构,前面说了”While(尽管)”,后面就省略了”but”。所以后半句说到“这个观点对于纽 约是迈出了积极的一步”,既然用了褒义词”positive”,说明是正面评价,于是选择D选项approving(赞成的,许可的)。


接下来再看看剩下的细节题。细节题的解题关键在于“定位和对照”。例如:
56. What is the author’s chief concern about the increasing use of Citi Bikes in New York?
A) How non-cyclists will respond to it.
B) Whether local bike shops will suffer.
C) Whether local bike business will oppose it.
D) How the safety of bike riders can be ensured.
正 确选项【B】。细节题,根据题干中关键词”Citi Bikes in New York”和顺序原则,定位在第一自然段第一句。第一句告诉咱们越来越多的New Yorkers 开始骑行这一现象,紧接着第二句话一个转折”But what about local bike shops?”过渡到了”local bike shop”。题目问对于骑行的增加,作者首先关心的是什么,于是这道题是选项B.Whether local bike shops will suffer.


仔细阅读

Passage One
56. 【B】细节题,根据题干中关键词”Citi Bikes in New York”和顺序原则,定位在第一自然段第一句。第一句告诉咱们越来越多的New Yorkers 开始骑行这一现象,紧接着第二句话一个转折”But what about local bike shops?”过渡到了”local bike shop”。题目问对于骑行的增加,作者首先关心的是什么,于是这道题是选项B.Whether local bike shops will suffer.

57. 【C】细节题,关键词是大写字母Gotham,其中题干中的as a result of说明了因果关系,因此我们要找的是结果。定位在第一段第三行”the shop has seen an increase in its overall sales due to the bike-share program”其中”due to”(由于),记住咱们现在要找的是结果,于是看其前面,即”the shop has seen an increase in its overall sales”,所以选C。

58. 【B】细节题,又一次问到原因,意思是“为什么自行车共享计划对Frank’s Bike Shop来说是坏消息”。根据大写字母FBS定位到文章第二段第三行,此时是在讲事情本身,但是咱们要找的是原因,所以继续向下看,看到”since the Citi Bikes were rolled out last month, his rental business decreased by 90 percent”(由于自行车共享计划的推行,所以他的租赁生意下降了90%),所以同义替换后是答案B,顾客被Citi Bikes带走了,就没人来租自行车了。

59. 【A】细节题,根据题干的AC定位在文章第五段第三句”He said he worried about inexperienced riders’ lack of awareness of biking rules and backlash from non-cyclists.”也就是说他担心的有两点,如果能在答案中找到其一就算对,于是选项A: 经验不足的骑行者会破坏骑行规则,则对。

60. 【D】态度题,根据咱们在强化班中讲到态度题的必错选项”indifferent”直接排除掉,接着利用“顺序原则”定位在最后一个自然段”While it’s possible bike-share will cause a drop in business, Crooks allowed that the idea is a positive step forward for New York City.” 咱们在强化班中就讲过“转折后必有考点”,这句话是让步结构,前面说了”While(尽管)”,后面就省略了”but”。所以后半句说到“这个观点对于纽 约是迈出了积极的一步”,既然用了褒义词”positive”,说明是正面评价,于是选择D选项approving(赞成的,许可的)。


Passage Two
这篇文章讨论的是关于“教育的花费与学习的增长”之间的关系问题。提问形式依然以“细节题”为主,“推理题”为辅,难度适中。

61. What do we learn from various studies on America’s public education?
A) Achievement tests have failed to truly reflect the quality of teaching.
B) Public schools lack the resources to compete with private schools
C) Little improvement in education has resulted from increased spending.
D) The number of students has increased much faster than that of teachers.
正 确答案【C】。推理题,根据题干的推理对象”various studies on America’s public education”和“顺序原则”,可以找到文章开篇第一句”Various studies have shown that increased spending on education has not led to measurable improvements in learning.(各种各样的研究表明对于教育越来越多的花费并不能带来可观的学习成绩提高)”。接着从第二句话开始就通过研究中的具体数据和事实来论 证第一句话这一观点,于是第一句话就是我们要找的答案。再根据咱们在“四级强化班”中讲到的“同义替换原则:正话反说”可以找到C. Little improvement in education has resulted from increased spending.

62. How do some people explain the decline in public education?
A) Government investment does not meet schools’ needs.
B) Skilled students are moving to private schools.
C) Qualified teachers are far from adequately paid.
D) Training of student’ basic skills is neglected.
正 确答案【B】。细节题,这道题问原因,根据题干关键词”the decline in public education”可以定位在文章第四自然段”Some simplistically attribute the decline in our public education system to the drain of skilled students by private schools, but far more significant events were at work.”其中,在课堂上反复提到的固定搭配”attribute A to B (把A归因于B)”再一次成为考点,也就是说其原因就是”the drain of skilled students by private schools”,同义替换之后,则是答案B选项。



由此可见,四级阅读重点考查获取目标信息的能力。考生必须在有限的时间内,迅速过滤掉无关信息,定位于目标信息(即考题答案所在位置),结合上下文,作出正确判断。总的来说,考生须在平时多读英语原版文章,熟悉英语文章的构架、表达,才能在考场游刃有余。
以上是关于本次四级考试中仔细阅读的部分解析,更多内容随后会陆续登场。本次考试已经结束,祝大家考得都会,蒙得都对!


附:
【选词填空参考答案】
36.N 37.O 38.I 39.K 40.J 41.M 42.H 43.L 44.C 45.B



翻译


答案及解析


紧张的四级考试终于结束了!

第 一时间拿到今天的四级试题,几套试卷的的翻译部分,延续了去年的考查方向。试卷一的翻译考查的是年轻人热爱旅游的话题,试卷二翻译部分考查的是中国的互联 网。试卷三考查的是假日经济。题目难度并没有超出预期,翻译部分想拿分甚至想拿高分,主要依赖于三点,一,熟悉固定词汇和短语的表达。二,掌握常用句型的 表达。三,会进行较生僻词汇和句型的同义转换。这三点无一不考查我们的基本功,从这一点上说,翻译几乎是四类题型里最考查英语实际能力的一项。

【试卷一】
我 们先以试卷一为例,从词汇和短语来看,这些表达并不是很难,如“新趋势new trend ”“年轻游客young tourist”“探索explore”““好奇心curiosity”“著名景点famous tourist attractions”“偏远remote”“长途背包旅行long backpacking trip”“调查survey”“体验experience”“丰富知识enrich knowledge”“拓展视野expand vision”。从句型表达来看,“越来越多的an increasingly..”“产生兴趣interest in ”“…数量的不断增加increasing number of ”“…归因于attribute to”“迅速提高的rapid increase of”“调查显示according to a survey, ”等。此外,除了词汇和句型之外,还要注意句子的语法及时态问题。

翻 译原文如下:越来越多的中国年轻人正对旅游产生兴趣,这是近年来的新趋势。年轻游客数量的不断增加,可以归因于他们迅速提高的收入和探索外部世界的好奇 心,随着旅行多了,年轻人在大城市和著名景点花的时间少了。他们反而更为偏远的地方所吸引。有些人甚至选择长途背包旅行。最近调查显示,很多年轻人想要通 过旅行来体验不同的文化,丰富知识,拓展视野。

参 考译文如下:An increasing number of young people in China are interested in tourism which is a new trend in recent years. The booming number of young tourists can be attributed to the rapid increase of income and the curiosity of exploration to the outside world. As the travel experiences accumulate, less time they spend in large urban areas and famous attractions. They prefer to travel to remote areas. Some people even choose long backpacking journey. According to a survey recently, many young guys who want to experience different cultures, enrich knowledge, and expand horizon through travel.


【试卷二】
试 卷二谈到中国的互联网,其中不乏许多热词,如“网民Internet users”“论坛forum”“博客blog”“聊天室chat rooms”“电子邮件e-mail”,也有我们在课堂上已经反复讲过的固定的句型表达,比如:“迅速增长grow rapidly” “…日渐流行increasingly popularity of”等。个别词汇可能较难,比如“受…的驱使”,但只要稍一思考,就会体会这个词想表达的意思,在中文里找到你熟悉的相关短语,如“be motivated by”“be driven by”等等。

原 文如下:中国的互联网是全世界发展最快的,2010,中国大概有4.2亿网民,而且人数还在迅速的增长,互联网的日渐流行带来了重大的社会变化,中国的网 民往往不同与国外的网民,美国的网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使,用互联网为工具发电子邮件,买卖商品,科学研究,规划形成或者付款,中国网民更多都是出于 社交的原因使用互联网,因而更广泛的使用论坛、博客,聊天室等。

参 考译文:Chinese internet enjoy the fastest growth in the world. China has about 420 million Internet users In 2010 and the number is growing rapidly. The increasingly popularity of Internet brings about significant social changes, Chinese internet users are often different from overseas. The latter is often motivated by practical needs, they use net as a tool of sending e-mails, purchasing goods, doing research, planning tours or making payments. However, Chinese netizens use Internet for social reasons, Therefore, Internet forums, blogs and chat rooms are more widely used。


试卷三和四我们不做细致分析,考点与考法基本一致,大家对照翻译参考译文进行了解和学习。

【试卷三】
原 文:假日经济的现象表明:中国消费者的消费观正在发生巨大变化。根据统计数据,中国消费者的消费需求正在从基本生活必需品转向对休闲、舒适和个人发展的需 求。同时,中国人的消费观在蓬勃发展的假日经济中正变得成熟。因此产品结构应做相应调整,来适应社会的发展。另一方面,服务质量要改善,以满足人们提高生 活质量的要求。

参 考译文:The phenomenon of holiday economy shows that the concept of Chinese people’s consumption is undertaking great changes .According to statistics, the demands of Chinese consumers are shifting from the basic necessities of life to leisure, comfort and personal development .Therefore, the structure of products should be adjusted accordingly to adapt to social development. On the other hand, services should be improved to satisfy people’s demand for an improved quality of life。


【试卷四】
原 文:大熊猫是一种温顺的动物,长着独特的黑白皮毛。因其数量极少,大熊猫已被列为濒危物种。大熊猫对于世界自然基金会(WWF)有着特殊意义。自1961 年该基金会成立以来,大熊猫就一直是它的徽标。大熊猫是熊科中最稀有的成员,主要生活在中国西南部的森林里。目前大约有1000只大熊猫。这些以竹为食的 动物正面临许多威胁。因此,确保大熊猫的生存比以往更重要。

参 考译文:The giant panda is a kind of gentle animal with a black-and-white coat. It has been listed as an endangered animal due to its very limited number. The giant panda is of great significance to WWF (World Wide Fund For Nature). The panda has been its symbol since its establishment in 1961. The giant panda is the rarest animal of the bears, mainly living in the forests in south west of China. Now, there are approximately 1,000 giant pandas. The animal that mainly eats bamboo is facing many threats. Therefore, to ensure its safety is of greater importance than before。

从 以上的四段翻译材料上看,这次翻译部分的考查难度还比较平稳,大家如果按照我们在课堂上所强调的尤其对于五大题材(社会、经济、文化、教育、历史等)的相 关词汇和表达法进行有意识地积累和学习,这一部分的高分并不是难事。最关键的是,我们在课上所讲到的对于看起来较难的词汇、短语和表达,我们通常采取“降 格子”的方式,不用刻意追求华丽的语言,从另一角度来讲,只要达意、只要忠于原文,都会得分。

对 于发挥不太理想的同学,不要气馁,好好过个节,之后早早开始准备明年六月的考试,先从大纲要求的单词开始,背得差不多了,就开始着手做真题,以近7年的真 题为主,每做一套先不要急于做下一套,把所有的错题进行分析和收集、把常考的考点进行总结和积累,把不会的词汇和短语全查出来,进行背诵和记忆。之后再开 始做下一套。如果复习的话,四级岂是能不能考过的事,你该图高分了。

如 果是发挥得比较好的同学,也不要太得意,稍事休息调整之后就要开始准备六级了。你要知道,四级是一个比高考英语难不了多少的考试,之后的六级在词汇量上就 达到了6000以上,这是很大的一个障碍,所以你要迅速投入到学习的状态中,最晚在2015年3月份之前要把六级词汇拿下至少70%,之后开始投入到真题 的练习中或者选择一个六级强化班进行做题法的学习。只有这样,你的六级才不是大问题。也只有这样,你的未来择业也好,考研也罢,才有了资本。


明年再战!!!


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