2015年12月19日大学英语四级考试真题答案(附六级答案)

西邮学塘2018-06-19 15:37:29

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写作

四级写作题目及范文

写作第一版:

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying "Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission." You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of lifelong learning“. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

写作第二版:

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying "Listening is more important than talking." You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of paying attention to others' opinions. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

写作第三版:

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make things happen.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of being participants rather than mere onlookers in life. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

听力

1. B. They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.

2. A. At a gift shop.

3. C. He declined a job offer from the art gallery.

4. D. He will be unable to attend the birthday party.

5. B. Set a deadline for the staff to meet.

6. A. They way to the visitor’s parking.

7. D. He has benefited from exercise.

8. D. The secretaries in the man’s company.

9. B. It is used by more people than English.

10. C. The influence of the British Empire.

11.It includes a lot of words from other languages.

12.To place an order

13.He is not familiar with the exact details of goods.

14.It depends on a number of factors.

15.Ring back when she comes to a decision.

16. No one knows for sure when they came into being.

17.Carry ropes across river.

18.To prove the lighting is electricity.

19.She can speak several languages.

20.They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

21.She was able to translate for a German sports judge.

22.Taste the beef and give her comment.

23.He grew up in a poor single parent household.

24.Stupid

25.Write two book reports a week.

27. fascinating

29. Now and then

32. characteristics

34. naked

35 .relatively

翻译

第一版

云南省的丽江古镇是中国著名的旅游目的地之一。那里的生活节奏比大多数中国的城市都要缓慢。丽江到处都是美丽的自然风光,众多的少数民族同胞提供了各式各样,丰富多彩的文化让游客体验。历史上,丽江还以“爱之城”而闻名。当地人中流传着许多关于人生,为爱而死的故事。如今,在中外游客眼中,这个古镇被视为爱情和浪漫的天堂。(paradise)

Lijiang, an ancient town of Yunnan Province, is one of the most famous tourist destinations. Its pace of life is slower than that of most cities of China. There are many natural beauties everywhere in Lijiang and many ethnical minorities provide tourists with a great variety of cultural experience. Lijiang is also well-known as the “city of love” in history. Many stories about life and dying for love have spreaded widely among the locals. Nowadays, for tourists home and abroad, the ancient town is regarded as a paradise of love and romance.

第二版

今年在长沙举行了一年一度的外国人汉语演讲比赛。这项比赛证明是促进中国和世界其他地区文化交流的好方法。它为世界各地的年轻人提供了更好地了解中国的机会。来自87个国家共计126位选手聚集在湖南省省会参加了从7月6日到8月5日进行的半决赛和决赛。比赛并不是唯一的活动。选手们还有机会参观了中国其他地区的著名景点和历史名胜。

The annual Chinese language speech competition was held in Changsha this year. This contest has been proved to be a good way to promote cultural communication between China and the rest of the world. It provided a better chance to understand China for young people around the world. A total of 126 contestants from 87

countries gathered in the capital of Hunan Province and participated in the semi-final and final from July 6th to August 5th. The competition was not the only activity. Contestants also had the opportunity to visit well-known scenic spots and historical sites in other parts of China.

第三版

中国父母往往过于关注孩子的学习,以至于不要他们帮忙做家务。他们对孩子的唯一要求就是努力学习,考得好,能上名牌大学。他们相信这是为孩子好,因为在中国这样竞争激烈的社会里,只有成绩好才能保证前途光明。中国父母还认为,如果孩子能在社会上取得大的成就,父母就会受到尊敬。因此,他们愿意牺牲自己的时间、爱好和兴趣,为孩子创造更好的条件。

Chinese parents have frequently tended to pay too much attention to their children's study, so that children don’t help them do the housework. Their only requirement for their children is to study hard, perform well in the exams, and go to a famous/prestigious university. They believe it is good for their children, because in such a highly competitive society, only good results could ensure a promising future. Chinese parents also believe that parents will be honored if their children can achieve great success in society. Therefore, they are willing to sacrifice their own time, hobbies and interests, to create much better conditions for children.

听力原文

2015年12月四级听力原文第一版

Part 1 短对话

Question 1

- M: Do you remember the wonderful film on space exploration we watched together last month?

- W: Sure. It’s actually the most impressive one I’ve seen on that topic.

Q:What do we learn about the speakers?

Question 2

- W: Are you looking for anything in particular?

- M: Yes. My son is graduating from high school, and I want to get him something special.

Q:Where does the conversation most probably take place?

Question 3

- M: Mike told me yesterday that he had been looking in vain for a job in the art gallery.

- W: Really? If I remember right, he had a chance to work there, but he turned it down.

Q:What does the woman say about Mike?

Question 4

- W: Would you like to come to Susan’s birthday party tomorrow evening?

- M: I’m going to give a lecture tomorrow. I wish I could be in two places at the same time.

Q:What does the man mean?

Question 5

- W: Aren’t you discouraged by the slow progress your staff is making?

- M: Yes. I think I will give them a deadline and hold them to it.

Q:What is the man probably going to do?

Question 6

- W: Excuse me. Could you tell me where the visitors’ parking is? I left my car there.

- M: Sure. It’s in Lot C. Over that way.

Q:What does the woman want to know?

Question 7

- W: You look great! Now that you’ve taken those fitness classes.

- M: Thanks. I’ve never felt better in my life.

Q:What does the man mean?

Question 8

- W: I really admire the efficiency of your secretaries.

- M: Our company selects only the best. They have a heave workload and we give them a lot of responsibilities.

Q:What are the speakers talking about?

Part 2 长对话

Conversion 1

W: Hi Leo, why do you say English would become the world language?

M: Well. For one thing, it’s so commonly used, the only language that is used by more people is Chinese.

W: Why is English spoken by so many people?

M: It’s spoken in many countries of the world because of the British empire. And now of course is the influence of America as well.

W: Many students find English a difficult language to learn.

M: Oh, all languages are difficult to learn. But English does have two greatest advantages.

W: What are they?

M: Well, first of all, it has a very international vocabulary. It has many German, Dutch, French, Spanish and Italian words in it. So speakers of those languages will find many familiar words in English. In fact, English has words for many other languages as well.

W: Why is that?

M: Well, partly because English speakers have travelled a lot, they bring back words with them. So English really does have an international vocabulary.

W: And what is the other advantage of English?

M: It that English grammar is really quite easy. For example, it doesn’t have dozens of different endings for its nouns, adjectives and verbs, not like Latin, Russian and German for example.

W: Why is that?

M: Well, it’s quite interesting actually, it’s because of the French. When the French ruled England, French was the official language, and only the common people spoke English. They tried to make their language as simple as possible. So they made the grammar easier.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you’ve just heard.

Q9: What does the man say about Chinese?

Q10: What made English a widely used language?

Q11: What is said to be special about English vocabulary?

Conversation 2

Man: Hello. Yes?

Woman: Hello. Is that the sales department?

M: Yes, it is.

W:Oh, well. My name is Jane Kingsbury of GPF limited. We need some supplies for our design office.

M: Oh, what sort?

W:Well, first of all, we need one complete new drawing board.

M: DO44 or DO45?

W:Ah, I don’t know. What’s the difference?

M: Well, the 45 costs 15 pounds more.

W:So what’s the total price then?

M:It’s 387 pounds.

W:Dose that include valued-added tax?

M: Oh, I’m not sure. Most of the prices do. Yes, I think it does.

W:What are the boards actually made of?

M: Oh, I don’t know. I think it's a sort of plastic stuff these days. It’s white anyway.

W:And how long does it take to deliver?

M: Oh, I couldn’t really say. It depends on how much work we’ve got and how many other orders there are to send out, you know.

W:Ok, now we also want some drawing pens, ink and rulers, and some drawing paper.

M: Oh dear. The girl who takes all those supplies isn’t here this morning. So I can’t take those orders for you. I only do the equipment you see.

W:Ok, well, perhaps I’ll ring back tomorrow.

M: So do you want the drawing board then?

W:Oh, I have to think about it. Thanks very much. I’ll let you know. Good-bye.

M: Thank you. Good-bye.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you just heard.

Question 12: What is the woman’s purpose in making the phone call?

Question 13: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

Question 14: What does the man say about delivery?

Question 15: What does the woman say she will possibly do tomorrow?

Part 3 短文

短文 1

No one knows for sure just how old kites are. In fact, they have been in use for centuries. 25 centuries ago, kites were well-known in China. These first kites were probably made of wood. They may even have been covered with silk, because silk were used a lot at that time. Early kites were built for certain uses. In ancient China, they will use to carry ropes to cross rivers. Once across, the ropes were tear down and wooden bridges would hang for them. Legend tells of one General who flew musical kites over the enemies’ camp. The enemy fled, believing the sounds to be the warming voices of angels. By the 15th century, many people flew kites in Europe. Marco Polo may have brought the kite back from his visit to China. The kite has been linked to great names and events. For instance, Benjamin Franklin used kite to prove the lightening electricity. He flew the kite in the storm. He did this in order to draw lightening from the clouds. He tied a metal key and a strip of silk to the kite line. The silk ribbon would stop the lightening from passing through his body. Benjamin’s idea was first laughed at. But later on, it enlightened the invention of the lightening rod. With such grand history, kite flying is short remain an entertaining and popular sport.

Question 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

Question 16: What does the speaker say about kite?

Question 17: What did ancient Chinese use cats to do?

Question 18: Why did BF flied a kite in the storm?

短文2

I have learnt many languages, but I’m not mastered them the way the professional interpreter or translator has. Still, they have open doors for me. They have allowed me the opportunity to seek jobs in international contexts and help me get those jobs. Like many people who have lived overseas for a while, I simply got crazy about it. I can’t image living my professional or social life without international interactions. Since 1977, I have spent much more time abroad than in the United States. I like going to new places, eating new foods and experiencing new cultures. If you can speak the language, it’s easier to get to know the country and its people. If I had the time and money. I would live for a year in as many countries as possible. Beyond my career, my facility with languages has given me a few rare opportunities. Once, just after I returned my year in Vienna. I was asked to translate for a German judge at Olympic level horse event and learned a lot about the sport.

In Japan, once when I was in the studio audience of a TV cooking show, I was asked to go up on the stage and taste the beef dish that was being prepared and tell what I thought. They asked” Was it as good as American beef?” It was very exciting for me to be on Japanese TV, speaking in Japanese about how delicious the beef was.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.

Question 19 What does the speaker say about herself?

Question 20 What does the speaker say about many people who have lived overseas for a while?

Question 21 How did the speaker experience of living in Vienna benefit her?

Question 22 What was the speaker asked to do in the Japanese studio?

短文3

Dr. Ben Carsen grew up in a poor single parent house-hold in Detroit. His mother, who had only a 3rd grade education helds two jobs cleaning bathrooms. To his classmates and even to his

teachers he was thought of as the dummest kid in his class. According to his own not so fond memories.

He had a terrible temper, and once threatened to kill another child. Dr. Carsen was headed down part of seld distraction until a critical moment in his youth. His mother convinced that he had to do something dramatic preventing leading a life of failure laid down some rules. He could not

watch television except for two programs a week, could not play with his friends after school

until he finished his homework. And had to read two books a week, and write book reports about them. His mother’s strategy worked. “Of course, I didn’t know she couldn’t read. So there I was

submitting these reports.” he said. She would put check marks on them like she had been reading them. As I began to read about scientists,economists and philosophers. I started imaging myself in their shoes. As he got into the hobbit of hard work, his grade began to soar. Ultimately he received a scholarship to attending Yale

University, and later he was admitted to the University of Michigan Medical School.

He is now a leading surgeon at Johns Hopkins Medical School and he is also the author of the three books.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you’ve just heard.

Q23 What do we learn about Ben Carsen ?

Q24 What did Ben Caren’s classmates and teachers think of him whenhe was first at school?

Q25 What did Ben Carsen’s mother tell him to do when he was a school boy?

Part 4 听写题

When you look up at the night sky, what do you see? There are other heavenly bodies out there besides the moon and stars. One of the most fascinating of this is a comet. Comets were formed around the same the earth was formed. They are made up of ice and other frozen liquids and gasses. Now and then these dirty snow balls begin to orbit the sun just as the planets do. As a comet gets closer to the sun. Some gasses in it begin to unfreeze. They combine with dust particles from the comet to form a huge cloud. As the comet gets even nearer to the sun and solar wind blows the cloud behind the comet thus forming its tail. The tail and generally fuzzy atmosphere around the comet are characteristics that can help identify this phenomenon in the night sky. In any given year, about dozen known comets come close to the sun in their orbits. The average person can’t see them all of course. Usually there is only one or two a year bright enough to be seen with the naked eye. Comet Hale-Bopp discovered in 1995 was an unusually bright comet. Its orbit bought relatively to the earth within 122 million miles of it. But Hale-Bopp came a long way on its earthly visit. It won’t be back for another 4 thousand years or so.

阅读部分

选词填空 第一版 答案

36. N) saw

37. F) decades

38. H) globally

39. D) chances

40. J) occurs

41. A) additional

42. B) associated

43. G) experiences

44. M) reduce

45. K) populations

How to Eat Well

46. Cooking benefits people in many ways and enables them to connect with one another.

答案:D Shouldn’t preparing—and consuming—food be a source of comfort, pride, health, well-being, relaxation, sociability?…

47. Abundant information about cooking is available either online or on TV.

答案:B It’s not because fresh ingredients are hard to come by…

48. Young people do less cooking at home than the elderly these days.

答案:F. Perhaps a return to real cooking needn’t be far off…

49. Cooking skills can be improved with practice.

答案:O. You don’t have to hit the grocery store daily, nor do you need an abundance of skill…

50. In the mid-20th century, most families ate dinner at home instead of eating out.

答案:G. Back in the 1950s most of us grew up in households where Mom cooked virtually every night…

51. Even those short of time or money should be encouraged to cook for themselves and their family

答案:E. When I talk about cooking, I’m not talking about creating elaborate dinner parties or three-day science projects.…

52. Eating food not cooked by ourselves can cause serious consequences.

答案:J. There have been half-hearted but well-publicized efforts by some food companies to reduce calories in their processed food, but….

53. To eat well and still save money, people should buy fresh food and cook it themselves.

答案:M. To those Americans for whom money is a concern…

54. We get a fairly large portion of calories from fast food and snacks.

答案:C. And yet we aren’t cooking…

55. The popularity of TV led to the popularity of frozen food.

答案:H. Although frozen dinners were invented in the ‘40s, their popularity didn’t boom until televisions became popular a decade or so later…

DBFOGEJMCH

56. A) It is disappearing.

57. B) electronically.

58. D) Spending money is so fast and easy.

59. A) It represents a change in the modern world.

60. C) He feels reluctant to part with the traditional wallet.

61. A) They are culture-related.

62. C) They get less sleep on public holidays.

63. C) The World Cup.

64. B) They want to get sufficient sleep.

65. B) Few people really know the importance of sleep.

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