四六级考前最后冲刺!(倒计时4天)

湖工EI之家2018-06-30 17:09:56

距离四六级考试只有四天了,不知道各位报考的小伙伴准备好了没有,还可以抓紧最后的几天时间复习一下。下面的资料也许能给你点帮助。


(注:内容来源于公众号会计考证部落)

01

高频词组


1、make full use of / take advantage of

充分利用

2、suffer from heavier work pressure

承受更大的工作压力

3、unshakable duty

不可推卸的责任

4、It is undeniable that

不可否认

5、guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society

保障社会繁荣和稳定

6、valuable natural resources

宝贵的自然资源

7、focus one's time and energy on

把时间和精力放在……上

8、has its own merits and demerits / pros and cons

……有其自身的优缺点

9、the healthy development of

……的健康发展

10、an irresistible trend of

……必然趋势

11、both physically and mentally

身心两方面

12、a symbol of society progress

社会进步的体现

13、social status

社会地位

14、the increasingly keen social competition

日益激烈的社会竞争

15、it is commonly believed that

人们普遍认为

16、a heated discussion / debate

激烈的讨论/争论

17、underdevelopment area

欠发达地区

18、average revenue

平均收益

19、satisfy / meet the needs of

满足需求

20、the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages

利远大于弊

21、integrate theory with practice

理论与实际相结合

22、labor market

劳动力市场

23、expand one's scope of knowledge

扩大知识面


02

作文万能段首

听说你作文不会写开头,莫慌,十大黄金段首句在这里~

1)关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ······

Some people suggest that ······

2)俗话说……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使今天,它在许多场合仍然使用。

There is an old saying······.It is the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.

3)现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。

Today,······,which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life.First,······,Second,······.What makes things worse is that ······.

4)现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外……。

Nowadays,it is common to ······.Many people like ·······because······.Besides,······.

5)任何事物都是两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and ······is not an exception.It has both advantages and disadvantages.

6)关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为……,在他们看来,……

People's opinions about ······vary from person to person.Some people say that ······.To them,······.

7)人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变的越来越严重。

Man is now facing a big problem······which is becoming more and more serious.

8)……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年轻人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。

······has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.

9)……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

······has been playing an increasingly important role in our daily life.It has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

10)根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条图形/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages/ in the chart/bar graph/line/graph, it can  be seen that······.Obviously,······,but why?


03

作文高端替换词

如何让你的作文看起来更高端?

有一个小方法:把写作中的常用口语词汇替换成书面语言,尽可能多地使用英语四六级词汇来备战英语四六级写作。

下面分享一些替换词供大家参考~

1) 大多数人 most people→ the majority of the population

2) 经常 often→frequently

3) 我相信 I believe→ from my standpoint, from my perspective

4) 必须 must→ it is a must for us to…

5) 知道 know→ be aware of

6) 因为 because→in that

7) 最后 at last→eventually

8) 然而 but→however

9) 如果 if→provided that

10) 各行各业的人 all kinds of people→people from all walks of life

11) 引起,导致 lead to→contribute to

12) 人 people→individuals

13) 好的 good→desirable, beneficial

14) 怀的 bad→undesirable

15) 很多many→ numerous

16) 越来越 more and more→ a(n) increasing/mounting number of

17) 很 very→extremely

18) 方面 side→aspects

19) 表明 show→demonstrate, indicate

20) 利用 use→utilize

21) 因此/结果 so→therefore

22) 部分 part→proportion

23) 提高 improve→enhance

24) 改变 change→transform

25) 强调/重视 emphasize→ attach great importance to

26) 培养 develop→cultivate

27) 破坏 destroy→undermine

28) 解决 deal with →tackle /figure out

29) 普遍的 everywhere→universal

30) 明显的 obvious→apparent

31) 在当今社会 in the modern society→in the current society

32) 使 make→enable


04

快速阅读技巧

一、看大标题

所谓看大标题,就是要先了解这篇文章大概是讲哪一方面的内容,是科技类的?社会现象类的?还是教育类的?在四六级的快速阅读中,这几类的文章经常出现,大家在平时可以多积累一下这方面的常识哦,考试的时候能更容易理解文章大意。

二、选定位词

相信很多考生经常看到定位词,那么定位词有什么特点呢?怎么选呢?

选那些不易替换、文中原样重现的词语,如:

•数字、时间

•大写专有名词:人名、地名、机构名……

•特定概念:合成词、专业概念、独特说法、偏具体的名词。

三、读文解题

扫读,时刻注意定位词的出现!为什么是扫读呢?快速阅读的文章篇幅很长,如果要仔细地每段话都阅读的话,时间是不够的!

•段首、段末

•数字、专有名词丰富的区域

•段中转折、强调处

•识别同义改写

注意要核对文题是否一致!

四、查漏补缺

•先确定来源明显的句子

•第一遍无法确定来源的句子,注意结合每段主题、话题词、态度方向筛选(已对应两个句子的段落,可不用再阅读)

•一般有约7个句子来源明显

下面再为大家总结做题要点,来帮助大家对快速阅读有一个整体的概念。

•不求甚解:重点是看到,而非看懂,也就是快速扫读

•先题后文:先看10个备选的句子,确定句子定位词

•匀速扫读:无需慢速精读,也莫过快略读;保持适中速度,时刻关注对应的关键词。

•有取有舍:优先确定来源明显的句子


05

听力答题技巧

技巧一:相关保留原则

当选项中有两项表达意思相近时,那么正确答案必在这两项之中!这时只需稍微听一听对话,即可知答案,如果出现了双重相关,便可直接确认正确选项,只需听完对话加之认证一下即可。

技巧二:异项保留原则

当选项中出现有意思明显相反的两项时,那么正确答案必在此二项中出现!如果出现双重异项,那么即可判断出正确答案,异项保留原则在六级考试听力短对话中应用广泛! 

技巧三:女士保留原则

做题做多了,我们应该了解西方人的思维方式,当对话中出现女士的建议和要求时,我们一定要注意,这时女士说出来的话很可能就是正确选项的异意!因为女士经常以女神的形象出面,她们代表的是美好、正面、阳光的信息! 

技巧四:概括、抽象保留原则

当选项中出现比较概括、抽象的句子时,这时我们就要把表述事实的、具体的句子划掉,而去选择表概、抽象、比较性的句子!此原则可衍生出一个包含取大的原则,在作题时应用也是十分的广泛,一般当两个选项的意思接近时,表述比较全面的一般为正确选项!

技巧五:态度和虚拟保留原则

这两种方法一般无单独命题的规律性,只是作为上述四种宏观方法的辅助方法出现,当只剩下两个选项时,通常正态度的选项容易是正确答案,表虚拟的选项更容易是正确答案! 


“共享单车”

共享单车确实是今年最热的话题之一,这一份写作指南想必大家都很需要。考试之前,务必记住这些:

▶相关话题词汇◀

bicycle-sharing /sharing bike /shared bikes 共享单车

bicycle /bike /cycle 自行车

ride a bicycle /take a ride /cycling /cycle /bicycle /bike 骑自行车

park 停车

Bluegogo 小蓝单车

Ofo bicycle 小黄车

Mobike 摩拜单车

APP 应用程序(全称为application)

unlock the smart lock 解开智能锁

timer 计时器

user 用户

smartphone 智能手机

keep fit 健身

environmental protection/ environment friendly/ help the environment 环保的

In full swing 如火如荼

brightly coloured 色彩鲜艳

The combination of technology, creativity and market forces 科技、创意、市场力量的结合

has changed the image of the city 改变了城市形象

curb carbon dioxide emissions 减少二氧化碳排放

reduce road congestion 减少道路拥堵的情况

random parking 随机停车

illegal parking 乱停乱放

bicycle damage 车辆损坏

traffic violation 违章

social mind 公德心

quality 素质

▶作文范文模板◀


题目要求

假定你是红星中学初三学生李华。你的美国朋友Jim在给你的邮件中提到他对中国新近出现的一种共享单车“mobike”很感兴趣,并请你做个简要介绍。请你给Jim回信,内容包括:

1. 这种单车的使用方法(如:APP查看车辆、扫码开锁等);

2. 这种单车的优势;

3. 你对这种单车的看法。

注意:

1. 词数不少于80;

2. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

提示词:智能手机 smartphone, 二维码 the QR code

参考范文

Dear Jim,

I’m writing to tell you more about the new form ofsharing bike mobike mentioned in your latest letter.

It’s veryconvenientto use if you have a smartphone. What you do is find a nearest mobikethroughthe APP, scan the QR code on the bike, and enjoy your trip.

Compared toother forms of sharing bike, the greatest advantage of mobike is that you can easily find one and never worry about where to park it. It is becoming a new trendas a means of transportation, which relieves the traffic pressureand does good to the environment as well.

Hope to ride a mobike with you in China.

Yours,

Li Hua


题目要求

最近很多大城市都投放了共享单车(shared bikes),比如摩拜单车(Mobike)、Ofo共享单车等。由于它们方便停放,骑车也能起到锻炼身体的作用,作为代步工具很受大家欢迎。但是,各地也出现了很多毁车现象,比如刮掉车上的二维码(QR code)、上私锁等。

你对这种现象怎么看?你对共享单车公司有什么建议吗?写一篇符合逻辑的英语短文,80词左右。

参考词汇:

bike-sharing companies 共享单车公司

Mobike 和Ofo 是两家共享单车公司

convenience 方便

register登记


参考范文

The shared bikes like Mobike and Ofobring great convenience to people. You needn’t lock them by simply using your smart phone. They can take you where the subway and bus don’t go. And they can be left anywhere in public for the next user.

However, bad things happen. Some people damage the QR code on the bike, or use their own lock, which causes trouble toother users.

In my opinion, it’s difficult to turn these people’s ideas in a short time. Therefore, bike-sharing companies like Mobike and Ofo need to do something. For example, those who damage the bike should pay for their actions. Also, because people use their real name to registeras a user, it’s a good way to connect to one’s personal credit.

In the end, what I want to say is to take good care of public services.


题目要求

共享单车(bicycle sharing)已成为时下最热的话题之一,请你就这一话题写一篇短文。内容须包括三方面:

1. 共享单车蓬勃发展,成为社会热潮;

2. 共享单车带来便利,但也存在问题;

3. 我对解决问题的建议。

参考范文


Bicycle Sharing

With the development of technology, bicycle sharing comes into people's lives. It becomes more and more popular and much news reported it. At the same time, we should see that there are some problems caused bybicycle sharing.

On one side, bicycle sharing makes it very convenient of people traveling. You can find a bicycle anywhere at any time when you want to go out for a cycling, and the price of one trip is very low. It cansave time forpeople. On the other side, its management is not perfect. Even kids can open the lock and ride the bicycle, there is no doubt thatsuch behavior is very dangerous. What's more, many people deliberately break it, like throw it to the river or destroy the code above it.

In my opinion, we should take a developing view about bicycle sharing. It is obviouslyhelpful to human beings as a high-tech product. The government should introduce relevant provisionstoregulatethis market to avoid its disadvantages.


“一带一路”

▶相关句子翻译◀

中国国家主席习近平在2013年提出共建丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路的重要合作倡议。

翻译:In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping launched the important cooperation initiative of building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. 

3年多来,“一带一路”建设进展顺利,成果丰硕,受到国际社会的广泛欢迎和高度评价。

翻译:To date, steady progress and fruitful results have been achieved in the implementation of the Initiative. The international community has welcomed the Initiative and its positive impact. 

2017年5月14日至15日,中国在北京主办“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛。

翻译:China hosted the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF) in Beijing on May 14-15, 2017. 

这是各方共商、共建“一带一路”,共享互利合作成果的国际盛会,也是加强国际合作,对接彼此发展战略的重要合作平台。

翻译:The BRF is a major international event for countries and parties concerned to engage in consultation on building the Belt and Road and sharing the benefits. It is also an important platform for the participating parties to strengthen cooperation and synergize their development strategies. 

高峰论坛期间及前夕,各国政府、地方、企业等达成一系列合作共识、重要举措及务实成果,中方对其中具有代表性的一些成果进行了梳理和汇总,形成高峰论坛成果清单。

翻译:Before and during the BRF, national governments, local authorities and enterprises reached a number of cooperation agreements, policy measures and practical results. The Chinese side has put together a list .

清单主要涵盖政策沟通、设施联通、贸易畅通、资金融通、民心相通5大类,共76大项、270多项具体成果。

翻译:The list of major deliverables of the BRF, which includes 76 items comprising more than 270 concrete results in five key areas, namely policy, infrastructure, trade, financial and people-to-people connectivity.

▶翻译范文模板◀

中国国家主席习近平在2013年提出共建丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路的重要合作倡议。3年多来,“一带一路”建设进展顺利,成果丰硕,受到国际社会的广泛欢迎和高度评价。

2017年5月14日至15日,中国在北京主办“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛。这是各方共商、共建“一带一路”,共享互利合作成果的国际盛会,也是加强国际合作,对接彼此发展战略的重要合作平台。高峰论坛期间及前夕,各国政府、地方、企业等达成一系列合作共识、重要举措及务实成果,中方对其中具有代表性的一些成果进行了梳理和汇总,形成高峰论坛成果清单。清单主要涵盖政策沟通、设施联通、贸易畅通、资金融通、民心相通5大类,共76大项、270多项具体成果。

In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping launched the important cooperation initiative of building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. To date, steady progress and fruitful results have been achieved in the implementation of the Initiative. The international community has welcomed the Initiative and its positive impact.

China hosted the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF) in Beijing on May 14-15, 2017. The BRF is a major international event for countries and parties concerned to engage in consultation on building the Belt and Road and sharing the benefits. It is also an important platform for the participating parties to strengthen cooperation and synergize their development strategies. Before and during the BRF, national governments, local authorities and enterprises reached a number of cooperation agreements, policy measures and practical results. The Chinese side has put together a list of major deliverables of the BRF, which includes 76 items comprising more than 270 concrete results in five key areas, namely policy, infrastructure, trade, financial and people-to-people connectivity.

最后祝大家考试顺利!

内容来源:会计考证部落

排  版:李斯旋

责  编:龙云康

审  核:彭    凯

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