听力试卷整体难度偏高。两篇长对话中难度基本维持和历年考试一致，尤其是第一篇长对话出现了常考的studio场景，课上也一直在强调studio场景的做法，长对话开头的常见套路是“tonight we have MR.XXX. XXX, welcome”。听力篇章的每篇第二道/第三道题也都严格遵循顺序出题以及视听一致的原则。讲座讲话类文章依然延续之前的标准，整体偏难，但是只要考前在课上认真吸收讲过的听力技巧，能够对应到正确的位置就能够及时并且精准得定位到答案。
Long conversation one详解:
“A:Tonight we have a special guest from a local establishment cafe, welcome.
B: Hi, thanks for having me on your show. ”;
第二题是细节题，定位在文章第二回合，原文“ . There are more than plenty in our city, and we felt they are all rather similar to each other..”;
第三题是细节题，定位在文章中后段，原文“our rabbits are cleaned and have all received a required shops. So there is no health risks.”;
第四题是细节题，紧跟在第三道题之后，原文“ As for our customers, they are all animal lovers so they would never try to hurt the rabbits. ”.
Long conversation one 原文:
A: Tonight we have a special guest from a local establishment cafe, welcome.
B: Hi, thanks for having me on your show.
A: Thank you for joining us. So please tell us, why did you decide to open a cafe?
B: Well, we saw an opportunity to offer something a little special and different from other establishment. Cafes are certainly a very competitive market sector. There are more than plenty in our city, and we felt they are all rather similar to each other. Wouldn’t you agree?
A: Certainly yes. So how is your establishment in the different?
B: Well, simply we have rabbit wandering freely around our customers’ coming and enjoying the food and drinks. There is no other place like it. .
A: That’s amazing. How did you come up with the idea?
B: We saw a mount of coffee with capes in them. So we thought, why not rabbit? People love rabbit, they are very cute animals.
A: But is it safe? Did the rabbit ever bite people? Or do any customers ever hurt the rabbit?
B: It’s perfectly safe for both rabbits and our customers. Rabbits are very peaceful and certainly do not bite. First of all, our rabbits are cleaned and have all received a required shops. So there is no health risks. As for our customers, they are all animal lovers so they would never try to hurt the rabbits. Sometimes the young child may get over excited, be a little too rough, but it’s never a serious matter. On the country, the cafe offers a great experience for children. A child would learn about rabbits and how to take care of them.
A: Well, it’s certainly the first time that I’ve heard of the cafe like that.
Q1: What do we learn about the woman?
Q2: What does the woman say about cafes in her city?
Q3:How does the in the cafe guarantee that the rabbit holds no health threat?
Q4: What does the woman say about their customers?
Long conversation two详解:
第五题是细节题，出现在长对话第二个回合，原文“Gazpacho is a cold soup from Spain. It’s mostly vegetables ”;
第六题是细节题，定位在文章第四回合，原文“It adds texture and thickness to the soup.”;
第七题是细节题，定位在文章中段，原文“ As I said earlier, it’s mostly vegetables.”;
第八题是细节题，定位在文章最后，原文“They cut it themselves into very thin slices with a long flat knife”.
Long conversation two 原文:
M: What’s all that? Are you going to make a salad?
W: No, I’m going to make a gazpacho.
M: What’s that?
W: Gazpacho is a cold soup from Spain. It’s mostly vegetables. I guess you can call it a liquid salad.
M: Cold soup? Sounds weird.
W: It’s delicious. Trust me! I tried it for the first time during my summer vacation in Spain. You see, in the south of Spain, it gets very hot and summer, up to 42 degrees Celsius, so a cold gazpacho is very refreshing. The main ingredients are tomato, cucumber, bell peppers, olive oil and stale bread.
M: Stale bread? Surely you mean bread for dipping into the soup.
W: No. bread is crushed and blended in, like everything else. It adds texture and thickness to the soup.
M: um…and is it healthy?
W: Sure. As I said earlier, it’s mostly vegetables. You can also add different things if you like such as half-boiled eggs or cured ham.
M: Cured ham? What’s that?
W: That’s another Spanish delicacy. Have you never heard of it? It’s quite famous.
M: No. Is it good too?
W: Oh, yeah, definitely. It’s amazing. It’s a little dry and salty. And it is very expensive because it comes from a special type of pig that only eats a special type of food. The ham is covered in salt to dry and preserve it, and left hung for up to two years. It has a very distinct favor.
M: um, sounds interesting. Where can I find some?
W: It used to be difficult to get Spanish produce here, but it's now a lot more common. Most large supermarket chains have cured ham in little packets. But in Spain, you can buy a whole leg.
M: A whole pig leg? Why would anybody want so much ham?
W: In Spain, many people buy a whole leg for special group events such as Christmas. They cut it themselves into very thin slices with a long flat knife.
Q5: What do we learn about gazpacho?
Q6: For what purpose is stale bread mixed into gazpacho?
Q7: Why does the woman think gazpacho is healthy?
Q8: what does the woman say about cured ham?
第九题是细节题，出现在文章中间，原文“ When the tombs of many of these ancient monarchs has stood for over 3,000 years. ”;
第十题是细节题，定位在文章中段，原文“Yet this 4,000 mile long south American river carries about 20% of the world fresh water. ”;
第十一题是细节题，定位在文章中段，原文“ the Amazon irrigates the largest tropical rain forest on earth. ”;
Passage one 原文:
At some 2,300 miles in lake, the Mississippi is longest river in the United States. At some 1,000 miles, the McKenzie is the longest river in Canada. But these water we’ve seen might mute. In comparison with the world’s two lengthy rivers, the Nile and the Amazon. The Nile, which begins in central Africa and flows over 4,100 north into the Mediterranean. Posted one of the world’s great ancient civilizations along its shores. Calm and peaceful for most of the year, the Niles to annually. There by creating, irrigating and carrying new top soil to the nearby farmland on which ancient Egypt depended for a lifely-hood. As a means of transportation, the river carried various vessels up and down its length. A journey through the waterway today would pass by the splendid valley of the kings. When the tombs of many of these ancient monarchs has stood for over 3,000 years. Great civilizations and intensive settlement are hardly associated with the Amazon. Yet this 4,000 mile long south American river carries about 20% of the world fresh water. More than the Mississippi, Nile and sea combined, are equally astonishing. The amazon is so wide at some points that from its centre, neither shore can be seen. Each second the Amazon pours some 55 million gallons of water into the Atlantic. There, at its mouth, stands one island larger than Switzerland. Most important of all, the Amazon irrigates the largest tropical rain forest on earth.
9. What can be found in the valley of the kings?
10. In what way is Amazon different from other big rivers?
11. What does the speaker say about the Amazon?
第十二题是细节题，出现在听力篇章的首三，第二句中原文“It’s inevitably true that all of us live a life in the far stain, even though we know that being busy is not always particular healthy. ”;
第十三题是总结题，定位在文章中段，原文“I got used to have a pilot to do list. And my calendar always looks like a mass with lots of things to do. Return across it, I found myself feeling my timer with endless work meetings in social events. ”;
第十四题是细节题，定位在文章中后段，原文“I came across a book, called in praise of slowness and realized that being busy is not only detrimental, but also has the danger of turning life into endless race. ”;
第十五题是细节题，定位在文章中后段，原文“but I become more aware of the importance of slowing down and making sure that I enjoy the daily activities as I care about.”.
Passage two 原文:
How often do you say to people “I’m busy” or “I haven’t got time for that.” It’s inevitably true that all of us live a life in the far stain, even though we know that being busy is not always particular healthy. Growing-up in New Zealand, everything was always calm and slow, people enjoy the tranquility of a slower pace of life. After I moved to the Tokyo and lived there in a number of years, I got used to have a pilot to do list. And my calendar always looks like a mass with lots of things to do. Return across it, I found myself feeling my timer with endless work meetings in social events. Russian along as busy as it be. Then, one day, I came across a book, called in praise of slowness and realized that being busy is not only detrimental, but also has the danger of turning life into endless race. So I started practicing various practical steps, mentioned by the author of the book, and began to revolt against every idea of being too busy. It doesn’t mean that to do list no longer exist, but I become more aware of the importance of slowing down and making sure that I enjoy the daily activities as I care about. From now on, when someone asked how your life is, try your responding with the words like “exciting and fun”, instead of the culture norm that says busy. Say if your experience that tranquility that follows.
Q12.what does the speaker think it’s an inevitable truth?
Q13.what does the speaker say about her life in Tokyo?
Q14.what might change the speaker’s lifestyle?
Q15.what happened after the speaker changed her lifestyle?
第十六题是细节题，出现在听力篇章的首三，第一句中原文“But a number of scientists question the assumption that the presence of alien species can never be acceptable in the national ecosystem.”;
第十七题是细节题，定位在文章中段，原文““Distinctions between exotic and native species are artificial.” says Dr. Michael Rosensberg. Because they depend on picking a date and calling the plants and animals that show up after that date exotic.”;
第十八题是细节题，定位在文章中后段，原文““Only a small percentage of alien species cause problems in their new habitats,” said John Smith. “Of the 7,000 alien species in the United States, out of a total of 150,000 species, only about 10% are invasive,””;
Lecture one 原文:
Government, private groups and individuals spend billions of dollars a year trying to rule out non-native organisms that are considered dangerous to ecosystems and to prevent the introduction of new intruders. But a number of scientists question the assumption that the presence of alien species can never be acceptable in the national ecosystem. They say that portraying introduced species as inherently bad is an unscientific approach. “Distinctions between exotic and native species are artificial.” says Dr. Michael Rosensberg. Because they depend on picking a date and calling the plants and animals that show up after that date exotic. “Ecosystem’s free of species to find as exotic are by default considered the most natural. You can’t roll back the clock and remove all exotics or fix habitats” Dr. Rosensberg says. Both native and exotic species can become invasive and so they all have to be monitored and controlled when they begin to get out of hand. At its core, the debate is about how to manage the world’s remaining natural ecosystems and about how and how much to restore other habitats. Species that invade a territory can harm ecosystems, agriculture and human health. They can threaten some native species or even destroy and replace others. “Next to habitat’s loss, these invasive species represent the greatest threat to bio-diversity worldwide,” many ecologists say. Ecologists generally define an alien species as one dead people accidentally or deliberately carried to its new location. Across the American continent, exotic species are those introduced after the first European contact. That date rounded up to 1500 AD represents what ecologists consider to have been in major shift in the spread of species including crops and livestock as they begin to migrate with humans from continent to continent. 18.“Only a small percentage of alien species cause problems in their new habitats,” said John Smith. “Of the 7,000 alien species in the United States, out of a total of 150,000 species, only about 10% are invasive,” he pointed out. The other 90% have fit into their environment and are considered naturalized. Yet appearances can deceive ecologists’ caution and many of these exotics may be considered acceptable only because no one has documented their harmful effects. What is more, non-native species can appear harmless for decades then turn invasive.
Question 16 to 18 are based on the recording you have just heard.
Q16. What assumption about introduced species is challenged by a number of scientists?
Q17. What does Dr. Michael … think of exotic species?
Q18. What does professor John Smith say about alien species?
第十九题是细节题，出现在听力篇章的首三，第二句中原文“Today, we are going to look at culture awareness that is the fact about everyone in British.”;
第二十题是细节题，定位在文章中段，原文“You must not drink alcohol on the first and seventh of the month in India.”;
第二十一题是细节题，定位在文章最后一句，原文“in Spain, some businesses maintain the pattern of working until about 2:00 and then returning to the office from 5:30 to 8:00 or 9:00 until 10:00 in the evening.”;
Lecture two 原文:
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to the third of our cities of business seminars and the program of doing business abroad. Today, we are going to look at culture awareness that is the fact about everyone in British. Not every speaks English and not everyone does business in a British way. And why should they. If overseas business people are selling to us, then they will make every effort to speak English and to respect our traditions and methods. It is only polite for us to do the same, when we visit them. It is not only polite, it is essential, if we want to sell British products overseas.
First, a short quiz. Let’s see how inter-culturally-aware you are.
Question 1: Where you must not drink alcohol on the first and seventh of every month？
Question 2: Where should you never admire your host’s possessions?
Question 3: How should you attract the waiter during a business lunch in Bannock? And Question 4: Where should you make all your appointments either before 2:00 or after 4:30 P.M.
OK, everyone had a chance to make some notes. Right, here are the answers. Although I am sure that the information could equally impolite in the countries other than those I have chosen. So,No. 1: You must not drink alcohol on the first and seventh of the month in India. In international hotels, you may find it served, but if you are having a meal with an Indian colleague, remember to avoid asking for a beer if your arrival coincide with one of those days.
2. In Arab countries, the politeness and generosity of the people is without parallel. If you admire your colleague’s beautiful golden golds, you may well-find yourself being presented with them as a present. This is not a cheap way to do your shopping, however, as your host will quite correctly expect you to respond by presenting him with a gift of equal worth and beauty. In Thailand, kicking the fingers, clapping your hands, or just shouting “waiter”, will embarrass your hosts, followed diners, the waiter himself, and most of all, you. Play your palm downward, and make an inconspicuous way of gesture, which produce instant and satisfying result. And finally, in Spain, some businesses maintain the pattern of working until about 2:00 and then returning to the office from 5:30 to 8:00 or 9:00 until 10:00 in the evening.
Q19: What should you do when doing business with foreigners?
Q20: What must you avoid doing with your Indian colleague？
Q21: What do we learn about some Spanish-Indian people?
第二十二题是细节题，出现在听力篇章的首三，第一句中原文“in 1984, George Grune unlocked the companies’ boardroom and announced that the room was now open to the employees”;
第二十三题是细节题，定位在文章中段，原文“had clearly defined formula for their little magazine as reader’s digest was originally sub-titled. ”;
第二十四题是细节题，定位在文章中后段，原文“The Wallaces also had a clear sense of the kind of workplace they wanted. It started as a mom and papa operation and the childless Wallaces always considered employees to be part of their family.”;
第二十五题是细节题，定位在文章中后段，原文“George Grune, a former ad salesman who joined the reader’s digest in 1960 has his eye focused on the bottom line. ”.
Lecture three 原文:
Shortly after he took over the readers’ digest association in 1984, George Grune unlocked the companies’ boardroom and announced that the room was now open to the employees. It was a symbolic act, indicating that under Grune’s leadership, readers’ digest was going to be different. True to his words, Grune has shaken up the culture here. To get an idea of the culture we are talking about, considered the boardroom Grune opened up. It has artworks that any museum in the world would want to collect. Paintings by many world-famous artists like Monet and Picasso. Its headquarters houses some 3,000 works of art. The main building is topped with a tower with four sculptures of the mythical winged horse, the magazine’s corporate logo. It sits on 127 acres of well-trained longs. The editors’ office used to be occupied by founder Dewitt Wallace, who along with his wife, Lela Wallace, launched reader’s digest in 1922 with condensed articles from other publications. It has become the world’s most widely read magazine, selling 28 million copies each month in 17 languages and 41 different editions. The Wallaces, both children are church ministers, had clearly defined formula for their little magazine as reader’s digest was originally sub-titled. Articles were to be short, readable and uplifting. Subjects were picked to inspire or to entertain. The Wallaces didn’t accept advertising in the US edition until 1955. And even then they didn’t allow any ads for cigarettes, liquor or drugs. The Wallaces also had a clear sense of the kind of workplace they wanted. It started as a mom and papa operation and the childless Wallaces always considered employees to be part of their family. Employees still tell stories of how Wallaces would take care of the employees who is met with misfortunes and they shower their employees with unusual benefits, like a turkey on Thanksgiving and Fridays off in May. This cozy workplace no longer exists here. The Wallaces both died in their 90s in the early 1980s. George Grune, a former ad salesman who joined the reader’s digest in 1960 has his eye focused on the bottom line. In a few short years. He turned the magazine on in his head. He laid off several thousand workers. Especially hard hit where the blue and pink color departments such as subscription fulfillment
Q22. What did George Grune do in 1984?
Q23. How did the Wallaces define formula for reader’s digest?
Q24. What do we learn about the founder of reader’s digest?
Q25. What change took place in reader’s digest after the Wallace’s death?