2015高考英语真题全国I卷(含答案)

高中英语2018-06-29 22:12:58


马上就要高考了。考前几天做做去年的真题可以提前进入考试状态,不至于进入考场后会陌生和紧张。所以,小简老师今天要和大家分享的是去年高考英语真题全国卷。通过分析这套试卷,你可以预测一下今年试卷的大致方向和难度,做到心中有数。


第Ⅰ卷


第一部分  听力(共两节, 满分30分)

(温馨提示:由于篇幅原因,听力部分在今天第二篇文章。)


第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

Monthly Talks at London Canal Museum


Our monthly talks start at 19:30 on the first Thursday of each month except August. Admission is at normal charges and you don’t need to book. They end around 21:00.

November 7th

The Canal Pioneers, by Chris Lewis. James Brindley is recognized as one of the leading early canal engineers. He was also a major player in training others in the art of canal planning and building. Chris Lewis will explain how Brindley made such a positive contribution to the education of that group of early “civil engineers”.

December 5th

Ice for the Metropolis, by Malcolm Tucker. Well before the arrival of freezers, there was a demand for ice for food preservation and catering, Malcolm will explain the history of importing natural ice and the technology of building ice wells, and how London’s ice trade grew.

February 6th

An Update on the Cotswold Canals, by Liz Payne. The Stroudwater Canal is moving towards reopening. The Thames and Severn Canal will take a little longer. We will have a report on the present state of play.

March 6th

Eyots and Aits-Thames Islands, by Miranda Vickers. The Thames had many islands. Miranda has undertaken a review of all of them. She will tell us about those of greatest interest.

             Online bookings: www.canalmuseum.org.uk/book

              More info: www.canalmuseum.org.uk/whatson

                       London Canal Museum

                12-13 New Wharf Road, London NI 9RT

           www.canalmuseum.org.uk   www. canalmuseum.mobi

                  Tel:020 7713 0836

21.When is the talk on James Brindley?

A. November 7th.     B. March 6th.         

C. February 6th.        D. December 5th.

22. What is the topic of the talk in February?

A. The Canal Pioneers.  

B. Ice for the Metropolis.

C. Eyots and Aits-Thames Islands.                   

D. An Update on the Cotswold Canals.

23. Who will give the talk on the islands in the Thames?

A. Miranda Vickers.  B. Malcolm Tucker.            

C. Chris Lewis.  D. Liz Payne.

B

The freezing Northeast hasn’t been a terribly fun place to spend time this winter, so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota, Florida, my bags were packed before you could say “sunshine”. I left for the land of warmth and vitamin C(维生素C), thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blue skies and warm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools, wine tasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon) filled the weekend, but the best part-particularly to my taste, dulled by months of cold- weather root vegetables-was a 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasota farmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call.


The market, which was founded in 1979, sets up its tents every Saturday from 7:00 am to 1 p.m., rain or shine, along North Lemon and State streets. Baskets of perfect red strawberries, the red-painted sides of the Java Dawg coffee truck; and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing, large, soft and round red tomatoes.


Disappointed by many a broken, vine-ripened (蔓上成熟的) promise, I’ve refused to buy winter tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store, once I get them home they’re unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homed in, with uncertainty, on one particular table at the Brown’s Grove Farm’s stand, full of fresh and soft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the real deal- and at that moment, I realized that the best part of Sarasota in winter was going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn’t be experiencing again for months.


Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight, my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown’s Grove Farm is one of the suppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota Ritz Carlton, where- luckily for me- I was planning to have dinner that very night. Without even seeing the menu, I knew I’d be ordering every tomato on it.

24. What did the author think of her winter life in New York?

A. Exciting.   B. Boring.                     

C. Relaxing.  D. Annoying.

25. What made the author's getting up early worthwhile?

A. Having a swim.   

B. Breathing in fresh air.

C. Walking in the morning sun.              

D. Visiting a local farmer’s market.

26. What can we learn about tomatoes sold in New York in winter?

AB. They look nice.                

C. They taste great.    D. They are juicy.

27. What was the author going to do that evening?

A. Go to a farm. B. Check into a hotel.            

C. Eat in a restaurant.  D. Buy fresh vegetables.

C

Salvador Dali (1904-1989) was one of the most popular of modern artists. The Pompidou Centre in Paris is showing its respect and admiration for the artist and his powerful personality with an exhibition bringing together over 200 paintings, sculptures, drawings and more. Among the works and masterworks on exhibition the visitor will find the best pieces, most importantly The Persistence of Memory. There is also L’Enigme sans Fin from 1938, works on paper, objects, and projects for stage and screen and selected parts from television programmes reflecting the artist’s showman qualities.


The visitor will enter the World of Dali through an egg and is met with the beginning, the world of birth. The exhibition follows a path of time and subject with the visitor exiting through the brain.


The exhibition shows how Dali draws the viewer between two infinities (无限). “From the infinity small to the infinity large, contraction and expansion coming in and out of focus: amazing Flemish accuracy and the showy Baroque of old painting that he used in his museum-theatre in Figueras,” explains the Pompidou Centre.


The fine selection of the major works was done in close collaboration (合作)with the Museo Nacional Reina Sofia in Madrid, Spain, and with contributions from other institutions like the Salvador Dali Museum in St. Petersburg.

28. Which of the following best describe Dali according to Paragraph 1?

A. Optimistic.    B. Productive           

C. Generous.     D. Traditional.

29. What is Dali's The Persistence of Memory considered to be?

A. On

B. A successful screen adaptation.

C. An artistic creation for the stage.           

D. One of the beat TV programmes.

30. How are the exhibits arranged at the World of Dali?

A. By popularity.        B. By importance.     

C. By size and shape. D. By time and subject.

31. What does the word “contributions” in the last paragraph refer to?

A. Artworks.       B. Projects.          

C. Donations.

D

Conflict is on the menu tonight at the café La Chope. This evening, as on every Thursday night, psychologist Maud Lehanne is leading two of France’s favorite pastimes, coffee drinking and the “talking cure”. Here they are learning to get in touch with their true feelings. It isn’t always easy. The customers-some thirty Parisians who pay just under $2 (plus drinks) per session-are quick to intellectualize (高谈阔论), slow to open up and connect. “You are forbidden to say ‘one feels,’ or ‘people think’,” Lehanne told them. “Say ‘I think,’ ‘Think me’.”


A café society where no intellectualizing is allowed? It couldn’t seem more un-French. But Lehanne’s psychology café is about more than knowing oneself: It’s trying to help the city’s troubled neighborhood cafes. Over the years, Parisian cafes have fallen victim to changes in the French lifestyle-longer working hours, a fast food boom and a younger generation’s desire to spend more time at home. Dozens of new theme cafes appear to change the situation. Cafes focused around psychology, history, and engineering are catching on, filling tables well into the evening.


The city’s psychology cafes, which offer great comfort, are among the most popular places. Middle-aged homemakers, retirees, and the unemployed come to such cafes to talk about lover, anger, and dreams with a psychologist. And they come to Lehance’s group just to learn to say what they feel. There’s a strong need in Paris for communication, says Maurice Frisch, a cafe La Chope regular who works as religious instructor in a nearby church. “People have few real friends. And they need to open up” Lehanne says she’d like to see psychology cafes all over France. “If people had normal lives, these cafes would’t exist”, she says,”If life weren’t a battle, people wouln’t need a special place just to speak.” But them, it wouldn’t be France.

32.What are people encouraged to do at the cafe La Chope?

A. Learn a new subject.                    

B. Keep in touch with friends.

C. Show off their knowledge.               

D. Express their true feelings.

33. How are cafes affected by French lifestyle changes?

A. They are less frequently visited.          

B. They stay open for longer hours.

C. They have bigger night crowds.          

D. They start to serve fast food.

34. What are theme cafes expected to do?

A. Create more jobs.  

B. Supply better drinks.   

C. Save the cafe business.   

D. Serve the neighborhood.

35. Why are psychology cafes becoming popular in Paris?

A. They bring people true friendship.            

B. They give people spiritual support.

C. They help people realize their dreams.         

D. They offer a platform for business links.


第二节 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Building Trust in a Relationship Again


Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences, 36         . Trust is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake.

Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal. Whether we’ve been stolen from, lied to , misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore, 37       . It’s understandable, but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there.

 38         having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being.

● 39          If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.

You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life.   40    Instead, it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness.

A. Learn to really trust yourself.

B. It is putting confidence in someone.

C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim.

D. Remember that you can expect the best in return.

E. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again.

F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships.

G. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened.





第II卷


第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节  (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的的正确形式。

Yangshuo,China

It was raining lightly when I  61     (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours  62    , I’d been at home in Hong  Kong, with  63    (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain.

I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River  64     are pictured by artists in so many Chinese  65    (painting). Instead, I‘d headed straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away   66     car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.

Yangshuo  67   (be) really beautiful. A study of travelers  

68       (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it  69    (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people  70    (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.


第四部分 写作 (共两节, 满分 35分)

第一节   短文改错 (共10小题; 每小题1分, 满分10 分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删减: 把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

修改: 在错词下面划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

        2. 只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are

green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted.Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out. We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so, we’ll live to regret it.


第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)

假定你是李华, 你校英文报“外国文化”栏目拟刊登美国节日风俗和中学生生活的短文。请给美国朋友彼得写信约稿,要点如下:

1. 栏目介绍;      

2. 稿件内容;  

3. 稿件长度: 约 400 词汇;    

4. 交稿日期: 6 月 28 日前。

注意:

1. 词数 100 左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头语已为你写好。

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

答案:

21~25 CDABD  26~30 BCBAD  31~35 ADACB  

36~40 BEACG  41~45 ACBAD  46~50 CDBAD 

51~55 ACBBA  56~60 DCDCB

61. arrived  62. before/earlier  63. its          

64. that/which  65. paintings  66. by

67. is  68. conducted  69. regularly 70. living

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

The “Foreign Cultures” section in our newspaper is very popular among us students. It carries articles written by foreign friends about the cultures of their home countries. Would you please write something about the culture in your part of the United States? And we would especially welcome articles about how Americans spend their holidays and festivals, and the life of American high school students. You can write anything relevant so long as it’s interesting and informative. 400 words would be fine. Could we have your article before June 28?

I’m looking forward to hearing from you!
                                                                                        Yours,
                                                                                        Li Hua

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