【珍藏】四六级最后十道题,每天一练能过级!day2

新东方在线2020-07-22 15:48:42

昨天六级作文被指单词错误,再次向各位表示歉意。今天经过了优化,并且发现指出错误可获得奖励。快点开始吧~


最后九天,每天一练助你过级,没准还能押中预测题。还没找到方向的、已经成竹在胸的,跟着老新的步伐再过一遍重点。(文末附福利)


四级部分:


一、高频词组:以下词组只需熟识,知道意思即可。十分钟快速过两遍


to…extent 在…程度上

inform. somebody of something 通知某人某事

lie in 在于…

major in 主修…

in the light of… 按照…,根据…

on account of… 因为…,由于…

in addition to… 除…之外

on (the/an) average 平均,一般来说

on the basis of… 根据…,在…的基础上

at (the) best 充其量,至多

on business 因公,因事

in any case 无论如何,总之

in case of… 假使…,万一…

in case 假如,以防(万一)免得

in no case 决不

by chance 偶然,碰巧

in charge of… 负责…,主管…

in common 共用,共有,共同

in conclusion 最后,总之

on condition that 在…条件下

in connection with/to… 关于…

in consequence 因此,结果

in consequence of… 由于…的缘故

on the contrary 反之,正相反

in contrast with/to… 与…成对照

under control 被控制住

at all costs 不惜任何代价

at the cost of… 以…为代价

in the course of… 在…过程中,在…期间

in difficulties 处境困难

on earth 究竟,到底

at all events 无论如何

in any event 无论如何

in effect 实际上

with the exception of… 除…之外

in the face of… 面对…,不顾…

in favor of… 有利于…,赞成…,支持…

in general 通常,大体上

at heart 在内心,实质上

in honor of… 为纪念…,向…表示敬意

at intervals 不时,时时

at length 终于,最后,详细地

at a loss 困惑,不知所措  

by all means 无论如何,必定

by means of… 借助于…,用…

by no means 决不

by mistake 错误地

in nature 本质上

on occasion 有时,不时

in particular 特别地,尤其,详细地

in the first place 起初,首先

in the last place 最后

in practice 实际上

at present 目前,现在

in proportion to… 与…成比例

for (the) purpose of… 为了…

on purpose 故意,有意

at random 随意地,任意地

at any rate 无论如何,至少

by reason of… 由于…

with/in regard to… 对于…,就…而论

with respect to… 关于…

as a result 结果,因此

as a result of… 由于…的缘故

in the long run 最终,从长远观点看

for the sake of… 为了…起见

at first sight 乍一看,初看起来

in spite of… 不管…,不顾…

in terms of… 依据…,按照…

on second thoughts 经重新考虑,一转念

from time to time 有时,不时

in truth 事实上,实际上,的确

on the whole 总的来说

have/gain access to… 可以获得…

take...into account 把…加以考虑

gain/have an advantage over… 胜过…,优于…

take advantage of… 利用…,趁…之机

make the best of… 充分利用…,妥善处理…

take charge of… 担任…,负责…

make a/the difference 有影响,很重要

carry/bring into effect 使生效,使起作用

put into effect 实行,生效

come/go into effect 生效,实施

keep an eye on… 留意…,照看…

bear/keep in mind 记住

make up one’s mind 下决心

keep/hold pace with… 跟上…,与…同步


二、翻译预测及范文:熊猫


有基础的同学自己翻译,然后大概对照下译文。其他同学用译文对着中文,一句一句翻译。如果作文没有翻译完全看不懂,就直接背诵默写翻译文章。


请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

中国因其国宝(national treasure)—熊猫—而闻名于世。熊猫的食物竹子—也深受中国人民的喜爱。中国是世界上拥有竹子最多的国家,被称为竹子的王国。竹文化长久以来深深根植于中国人的思想中。对中国人民来说,竹子是美德的象征。它反映了人的灵魂和情感。中国古代的学者对竹子非常敬重。这就解释了为什么历史上有那么多的著作和绘画都是以竹为主题的。


Tips:

1.中国因其国宝—熊猫—而闻名于世:“因……而闻名于世”可译为be worldwide famous for,也可用be worldwideknown for来表示。类似的表达方式还有beknown/famous as(作为……而出名),be famous/knownto(对……来说很出名)。

2.中国是世界上拥有竹子最多的国家,被称为竹子的王国:前半句可以理解为“中国有比世界上任何国家都多的竹子”。后半句的“被称为”可译为be known as.“竹子的王国”可译为the Kingdom of Bamboo.

3.对中国人民来说,竹子是美德的象征:“象征”可译为symbol,a symbol of意为“某物的象征”。

4.中国古代的学者对竹子非常敬重:“中国古代的学者”可译为ancient Chinese scholars.“对……非常敬重”可译为look up with great respect to.,look up to表示“尊敬”,with great respect表示“满怀敬意”。


参考译文:

China is worldwide famous for its national treasure, the pandas.The panda's food, bamboo, is also favored by Chinese people.It is known as the Kingdom of Bamboo possessing more bamboos than any other country in the world. Bamboo culture has been rooted in Chinese people's minds for a long time.To the Chinese people, bamboo is a symbol of virtue, which reflects people's souls and emotions. Ancient Chinese scholars looked up with great respect to bamboo.This explains why there are so many writings and paintings dedicated to the plant throughout history.


三、作文预测及范文:志愿者


直接背范文、背范文、背范文,重要的事说三遍。背下来然后默写,一天一篇,背不下来就根据你个人情况背。最后时刻,背作文永远比模板有用。文章翻译在翻译部分已经给大家了,作文里有看不懂的自己动手查,如果觉得困难,就返回第二题直接背翻译。


1、越来越多的人从事志愿者工作

2、志愿者工作的社会意义

3、作为大学生,应该怎么做


【范文】

In recent years, the volunteering spirit has spread among the Chinese people, especially among youngsters. According to a survey, in 2008, there were about 1,700,000 volunteers who offered service for Olympic Games. Actually, an increasing number of people become volunteer recent years in China.


Volunteering actions are of tremendous benefits to both those in need and the society. Olympic Games are a good example. As is known to all, volunteers played an active role in Beijing Olympic Games. Without them, it would be a tough task to hold this un-precedent Olympic Games. Therefore, we can say that it was those volunteers who ensured the success of these games.


As modern college students, we should get actively involved in volunteering activities. By participating, we can learn how to work well in a team, how to improve our interpersonal skills and organizational ability. Undoubtedly, all of these are critical for our person growth. So, we should take this chance to learn and to grow.


文末有四级模考讲评限时免费课程,在阅读原文领取。六级明天发。


六级部分:


一、场景高频词组:以下词组只需熟识,知道意思即可。十分钟快速过两遍


图书馆

  shelf 书架

  librarian 图书管理员

  the stacks 书库

  return 归还

  fine 罚款

  magazine 杂志

  copier 复印机

  overdue 过期未还的

  reading room 阅览室

  reference room 资料室

  periodical room 期刊阅览室

  study lounge 自习室

  catalogue 书目

  index 索引

  keyword 关键词

  volume 卷,宗

  library card 借书卡

  book reservation 图书预订

  periodical 期刊

  quarterly 季刊

  back issue 过刊

  current issue 现刊

  latest number 最新一期

  writing permission 书面许可

  check out 外借

  put on reserve 被限制在馆内阅读

  

学生

  freshman 大一学生

  sophomore 大二学生

  junior student 大三学生

  senior student 大四学生

  bachelor 学士

  master 硕士

  doctoral candidate 博士研究生

  alumni/alumnus 校友

  post doctorate 博士后

  

老师

  lecturer 讲师

  associate professor 副教授

  supervisor 导师

  professor 教授

  dean 系主任

  teaching assistant 助教

 

上课及选课

  take the course 选课

  credit 学分

  register 注册

  drop the course 退课

  introductory course 初级课程

  advanced course 高级课程

  rank 排名

  syllabus 教学大纲

  curriculum 课程

  seminar 讨论会

  elective/optional course 选修课

  compulsory course 必修课

  drop-out 退学

  makeup exam 补考

  psychology course 心理学

  physics 物理学

  computer course 计算机课

  computer science 计算机科学

  

读书

  book review 书评

  novel 小说

  press 出版社

  publisher 出版者

  publication 出版;出版物

  biography 自传

  editorial 社论

  extra copy 额外的副本

  subscribe to 订阅

  out of stock 脱销

  best seller 畅销书

  hardcover edition 精装本

  paperback edition 平装本

  out of print 已绝版的

  read selectively 选择性阅读

  get through a novel 看完一本小说

  be addicted to the book 对书入迷

  plough through 费力地坚持读(看)完

  read extensively 广泛地阅读


二、翻译预测及范文:继续教育


有基础的同学自己翻译,然后大概对照下译文。其他同学用译文对着中文,一句一句翻译。如果作文没有翻译完全看不懂,就直接背诵默写翻译文章。


话题原文:

继续教育(continuing education)是指给完成学校教育的人员—尤其是成人—提供知识和技能的教育。继续教育是正规教育的有效补充,是终身学习体系的重要组成部分。在中国,继续教育包括自学考试、函授教育(correspondent education)、夜间大学和电视大学(open university),有传统的课堂教学和远程学习等多种授课方式。近年来中国的继续教育体系发展显著,然而,严峻的危机也日益显露,如师资短缺、课程和教学方法落伍。只有解决这些问题,中国的继续教育才能继续发展,满足社会需要。


tips:

1.在第二句话中,前一个分句“是正规教育的有效补充”,可使用“as+名词短语”结构,译为as an effective supplement to regular education;把第二个分句“继续教育是终身学习体系的重要组成部分”作为英文的主句。

2.在“在中国,继续教育有自学考试…等多种授课方式”这一句中有两个动词:“包括”、“有”。可以像参考译文那样将第二个分句翻译成with various teaching methods, such as...,也可以将此句译成两个独立的分句。

3.“近年来中国的继续教育体系发展显著”这一句话译成recent years have witnessed the remarkable development of China’s continuing education system,使用了“时间/地点+witness”的结构,使句子更生动。

4.在“严竣的危机也日益显露,如师资短缺、课程和教学方法落伍”这句话中,可先译出“严竣的危机也日益显露”,即grim crises have emerged,再具体列举哪些方面的危机。


参考翻译:

Continuing education is a kind of education that provides those who have finished school education,adults in particular, with knowledge and skills. effectively supplement to regular education,continuing education is an important part of the life-long learning system. In China, it includes self-study examination, correspondent education,evening university and open university systems, with various teaching methods, such as traditional classroom lectures and distance learning. Recent years have witnessed there markable development of China’s continuing education system; however grim crises have emerged, like scarcity(n.不足) of teaching resources and out-of-date curricula(n.课程) and teaching methods.Only by tackling these problems can continuing education in China develop further and meet the need of the society.


三、作文预测及范文:限制购车


直接背范文、背范文、背范文,重要的事说三遍。背下来然后默写,一天一篇,背不下来就根据你个人情况背。最后时刻,背作文永远比模板有用。文章翻译在翻译部分已经给大家了,作文里有看不懂的自己动手查,如果觉得困难,就返回第二题直接背翻译。


1. 对于北京限制购车,有人赞成

2. 也有人表示反对

3. 你的看法


Limiting tbe Buying of Cars or Not?

Beijing has placed strict restriction on the number of newly purchased car in the city and the policy has sparked heated discussion. Some people support the policy, saying it's a powerful method to cope with the severe traffic congestion(n.拥挤) in the capital. With cars increasing drastically(adv.激烈地) in the past few years, severe traffic jams occur not only in rush hours but at any time of the day now.


Others, however, are strongly against the limitations. They argue that the great number of official cars,which are frequently used, is a big factor causing traffic congestion. But the policy mainly aims at private cars and has no dear restrictions on the use of official cars. Besides, car purchase limitation would hinder the development of China's automobile industry,and more people would lose their jobs as a result.


Personally, I think the restriction of buying and use of cars, official cars included, is inevitable and just a matter of time for Beijing. If the number of cars is not limited, there will be a huge disaster for the environment, road resources, the travel demands of normal people and the improvement of living standards.


欢迎有奖纠错;阅读原文,给大家准备了信心老师4级模考与讲评限时免费课程,明天送6级课程。各位同学,明天同一时间,相约做题。


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