四六级听力改革,坏(hao)消息?!

2020-03-25 15:53:41


咋了?

昨天晚上,四六级官网http://www.cet.edu.cn又一次公布了一条炸裂性的消息。


一个具有浓浓时代感且经常默默更新的低调网站


四六级听力,从明年6月起,改革!

每次都是这样,出题委员会的十几个老专家淡定的决定了一件事,“宛如一切都没有发生过”,上千万考生,浑身鸡皮。



一、四级听力试题的调整

调整后四级听力部分的试题结构见下表:

测试内容

测试题型

题量

分值比例

短篇新闻3

选择题(单选)

7

7%(每题1分)

长对话2

选择题(单选)

8

8%(每题1分)

听力篇章3

选择题(单选)

10

20%(每题2分)

小编解析:

此次改革,变动的部分相对2013年的调整,可以说是很大,如取消了小对话和篇章类听写,但是在变中也在求稳,如保留了长对话及听力篇章,很多地方也没有进行过大调整。具体分析如下:

首先,整体来看,所有听力题型全部变成了客观题,即完全没有任何需要考生书写的部分。全部都是选择题,之前的考生恐慌来不及填词及不会填词的烦恼全部烟消云散了。对考生来说,这是个好消息。其次,选项的构成仍然保持原有听力选择题的选项书写方式,最后,听力所有部分只念一遍,再没有念三遍的部分了。

题号1-7 短篇新闻*3

新闻类题型如前文所述,由于其生词多,句式结构稍显复杂,句子长,在四级听力中十分罕见,近年真题中仅2013出过。不过我们来看看样题给出的题及听力稿,其特征其实可以窥见一斑:

四级新增题解析

Questions1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1. A) Christmas-time attacks made by Somali rebels.
B) An explosion at a bus station in central Nairobi.

C) The killing of more than 70 Ugandans in Kampala.
D) Blasts set off by a Somali group in Uganda’s capital.

2. A) On Christmas Eve. C)During a security check.
B) Just before midnight. D) In the small hours of the morning.


解析:1.B 所听即所选。ACD虽然也有部分单词被读到,但属于拼凑起来的选项,搭配不对,可直接排除。

2. C. 所听即所选

听力原文:

Kenyan police say oneperson was killed and 26 injured in (1) an explosion at a bus station incentral Nairobi. The blast hit a bus about to set off for the Ugandancapital Kampala. Last July, the Somali group al-Shabab said it was behind theblasts in the Ugandan capital which killed more than 70 people. Will Rossreports from the Kenyan capital.
The explosion happened beside a bus which was about to set off for an overnightjourney from Nairobi to the Ugandan capital Kampala. Some eyewitnesses reportthat a bag was about to be loaded on board, but it exploded (2)
during asecurity check. Windows of the red bus were left smashed, and blood couldbe seen on the ground beside the vehicle. Just hours earlier, Uganda’s policechief had warned of possible Christmas-time attacks by Somali rebels.

  1. What is the news reportmainly about?

2. When did the incidentoccur?

原文翻译:

肯尼亚警方表示,内罗毕中部一个巴士停车场发生的爆炸造成1人死亡,26人受伤。爆炸袭击了准备前往乌干达首都坎帕拉的一辆大巴车。去年7月份,索马里组织青年党宣称为乌干达首都造成70多人死亡的爆炸事件负责。Will Ross在肯尼亚首都报道。

爆炸发生在准备夜间从内罗毕开往乌干达首都坎帕拉的一辆大巴车旁边。一些目击者称,一个包裹即将被装上车,但是在安检的过程中爆炸。这辆红色巴士的车窗被炸碎,车辆旁边的地面上可以看到血迹。就在几个小时前,乌干达警察局长已经警告圣诞节期间索马里反叛分子可能制造袭击的危险。

生词解析:

rebel n.叛乱者 v.造反

explosion n.爆炸

blast n.爆炸;(爆炸引起的)气浪

overnight adj.夜间的;只供一夜的

security check 安检

smash v.打碎

Kenya n.肯尼亚

Kenyan adj.肯尼亚的; n.肯尼亚人

Nairobi n.内罗毕(肯尼亚首都)

Uganda n.乌干达

Kampala n.坎帕拉(乌干达首都)

al-Shabab 索马里激进伊斯兰组织青年党

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3. A) It is likelyto close many of its stores.
B) It is known for the quality of its goods.
C) It remains competitive in the recession.
D) It will expand its online retail business.

4. A) Expand itsbusiness beyond groceries.
B) Fire 25,000 of its current employees.
C) Cut its DVD publishing business.
D) Sell the business for one pound.

解析3:A. 所听即所选

4:D.所听即所选。ABC三个干扰选项并列被读到,都排除,不需要等待问题。

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

Woolworths is one of thebest known names on the British High Street. It’s been in business nearly acentury. (3)Manyof its 800 stores are likely to close following thecompany’s decision to call in administrators after an attempt to (4)sell the business for a token £1 failed.
The company has huge debts. The immediate cause for the collapse has beenBritain’s slide toward recession, which has cut into consumer spending.However, the business had been in trouble for years.
Known for low-priced general goods, Woolworths has struggled in the face ofcompetition from supermarkets expanding beyond groceries and a newgeneration of internet retailers.
Many of the store group’s 25,000 employees are likely to lose their jobs.Some profitable areas such as the DVD publishing business will survive.

3. What do we learn aboutWoolworths from the news report?
4. What did Woolworths attempt to do recently?


背景介绍:英国家喻户晓的老牌零售商 Woolworths 濒临倒闭。这家有着99年历史的企业很可能会关闭其下的几百家连锁超市,其上万名员工将会面临失业危机。
生词解析:
recession n.经济衰退

internet retailers 网络零售商

consumer spending 消费者消费

token adj.象征性的

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on thefollowing news item.

5. A) All taxis began to use meters.
B) All taxis got air conditioning.
C) Advertisements were allowed on taxis.
D) Old taxis were replaced with new cabs.

6. A) A low interest loan scheme. C) Taxipassengers’ complaints.
B) Environmentalists’ protests. D)Permission for car advertising.

7. A) There are no more irregular practices.
B) All new cabs provide air-conditioning.
C) New cabs are all equipped with meters.
D) New legislation protects consumer rights.

解析:5,D考察了同义替换。Old taxis were replaced with newcabs.(旧出租车替换成了新的)= the removal of many of the capital’sold-fashioned black and white taxis.(去除首都许多过时的黑白出租车)

6,A. 视听一致

7. C.

听力原文:

Cairo is known for itsovercrowded roads, irregular driving practices and shaky old vehicles, but alsofor its air pollution In recent months, though, environmental studies indicatethere have been signs of improvement. That’s due in part to (5)the removalof many of the capital’s old-fashioned black and white taxis. Most of thesedated back to the 1960s and 70s and were in a poor state of repair.
After new legislation demanded their removal from the roads,(6) a lowinterest loan scheme was set up with three Egyptian banks so drivers couldbuy new cars. The government pays about $900 for old ones to be discarded andadvertising on the new vehicles helps cover repayments.
The idea has proved popular with customers ― they can now travel inair-conditioned comfort and because (7)the new cabs are metered, theydon’t have to argue over fares. Banks and car manufacturers are glad for theextra business in tough economic times. As for the taxi drivers, most aredelighted to be behind the wheel of new cars, although there have been a fewcomplaints about switching from black and white to a plain white colour.

5. What change took placein Cairo recently?
6. What helped bring about the change?
7. Why do customers no longer argue with new cab drivers?

背景介绍:开罗开展老旧出租车报废计划,以此减少污染。银行向司机提供低利息贷款,帮助他们购买新车。顾客和司机从各自的角度都觉得很好。

legislation n.法律

loan scheme 贷款方案

discard v.抛弃

meter v.用仪表计量 n.计量表

fare n.车费

Cairo 开罗(埃及首都)

本部分一共三篇新闻,共7道题。因此可以猜测,题型布置采取223原则。新闻均出自于BBC。上述两篇新闻及其所对应的样题,通过对答案的分布观测,是可以窥探出一些端倪的。例如,上述两篇中,共有三道题出现在整篇新闻的开头部分,为何如此呢?不论是中文新闻,还是英文新闻,作为一种信息传播的手段,其文体类型实际有其固定的特征,抓住其特征,并采取相应的策略去攻克即可。此类题型甚至从某种程度上来说相对于现有的小对话题型,变得简单一些了。因此希望考生不要恐慌。

是的,就是BBC,没有VOA, ABC啥的。

这APP,推荐你下载N久了,终于有大作用了。


二、六级听力试题的调整


调整后六级听力部分的试题结构见下表:

测试内容

测试题型

题量

分值比例

长对话2

选择题(单选)

8

8%(每题1分)

听力篇章2

选择题(单选)

7

7%(每题1分)

讲座/讲话3

选择题(单选)

10

20%(每题2分)


六级听力新增样题分析


编者按:

六级听力占全卷比例35%,总比例不变。长对话两段,占比8%(旧题型)短文听力两篇,占比7%(旧题型);讲座/演讲三篇 占比20%(新增,每题2%)。

也就是说,四级新增了新闻,六级新增了演讲/讲话

以下部分就是新增环节的题目,原文和简单分析~

六级听力新增题解析

Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 16 to 19.

16. A) They investigate the retirement homes in America.
B) They are on issues facing senior citizens in America.
C) They describe the great pleasures of the golden years.
D) They are filled with fond memories of his grandparents.

17. A) The loss of the ability to take care of himself.
B) The feeling of not being important any more.
C) Being unable to find a good retirement home.
D) Leaving the home he had lived in for 60 years.

18. A) The loss of identity and self-worth.
B) Fear of being replaced or discarded.

C) Freedom from pressure and worldly cares.
D) The possession of wealth and high respect.

19. A) The urgency of pension reform.
B) Medical care for senior citizens.
C) Finding meaningful roles for the elderly in society.

D) The development of public facilities for senior citizens.

解析:16,B考察视听一致+同义替换seniorcitizens(老年人)= olderAmericans

17,D. 所听即所选

18,A. 所听即所选

19,C. 所听即所选ABD三个选项并列被读到,不需要等问题,听的时候可直接排除。

听力原文:

Moderator:
Hello Ladies and Gentleman, it gives me great pleasure to introduce our keynotespeaker for today’s session, Dr. Howard Miller. Dr. Miller, Professor ofSociology at Washington University, has written numerous articles and books(16)on the issues facing older Americans in our graying society for thepast 15 years. Dr. Miller:

Dr. Miller:
Thank you for that introduction. Today, I’d like to preface my remarks with astory from my own life which I feel highlights the common concerns that bringus here together. Several years ago when my grandparents were well into theireighties, they were faced with the reality of no longer being able toadequately care for themselves. My grandfather spoke of his greatestfear,(17) that of leaving the only home they had known for the past 60 years.Fighting back the tears, he spoke proudly of the fact that he had built theirhome from the ground up, and that he had pounded every nail and laid everybrick in the process. The prospect of having to sell their home and give uptheir independence, and move into a retirement home was an extremely painfulexperience for them. It was, in my grandfather’s own words, like having a
limb cut off. He exclaimed in a forceful manner that he felt he wasn’timportant anymore.
For them and some older Americans, their so-called “golden years” are at timesnot so pleasant, for this period can mean the decline of not only one’s health(18)but the loss of identity and self-worth. In many societies, thisself-identity is closely related with our social status, occupation, materialpossessions, or independence. Furthermore, we often live in societies thatvalue what is “new” or in fashion, and our own usage of
words in the English language is often a sign of bad news for olderAmericans. I mean how would your family react if you came home tonightexclaiming, “Hey, come to the living room and see the OLD black and white TV Ibrought!” Unfortunately, the word “old” calls to mind images of the need toreplace or discard.
Now, many of the lectures given at this conference have focused on the issuesof pension reform, medical care, and the development of public facilitiesfor senior citizens. And while these are vital issues that must be addressed,I’d like to focus my comments on an important issue that will affect theoverall success of the other programs mentioned. This has to do with changingour perspectives on what it means to be a part of this group, and (19)findingmeaningful roles the elderly can play and should play in our societies.
First of all, I’d like to talk about . . .

16. What does the introduction say about Dr. Howard Miller’sarticles and books?
17. What is the greatest fear of Dr. Miller’s grandfather?
18. What does Dr. Miller say the “golden years” can often mean?
19. What is the focus of Dr. Miller’s speech?

Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 20 to 22.

20. A) It seriously impacts their physical and mentaldevelopment.
B) It has become a problem affecting global economic growth.
C) It is a common problem found in underdeveloped countries.
D) It is an issue often overlooked by parents in many countries.

21. A) They will live longer. C) They get along well with people.
B) They get better pay. D) They develop much higher IQs.

22. A) Appropriated funds to promote research ofnutrient-rich foods.
B) Encouraged breastfeeding for the first six months of a child’s life.
C) Recruited volunteers to teach rural people about health and nutrition.

D) Targeted hunger-relief programs at pregnant women and young children.

解析:20,A. 视听一致

21,B. 考察同义替换。get better pay = have higher wages(更好的薪水=更高的工资)

22,C. 选项较难,翻译如下:

A)拨款来促进研究营养丰富的食物;B)鼓励母乳喂养小于六个月的孩子;C)招聘志愿者教农民关于健康和营养的的知识;D)目标对准消除孕妇和孩子饥饿的项目但使用技巧后变得非常容易,考察视听一致。ABD选项并列读到,可直接排除,不需要等问题。

听力原文

The 2010 Global Hunger Index report was released today by theInternational Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). It notes that, in recentyears, experts have come to the conclusion that undernourishment betweenconception and a child’s second birthday can have 20seriousand long-lasting impacts.
Undernourishment during this approximately 1,000-day window can seriously checkthe growth and development of children and render them more likely to get sickand die than well-fed children. Preventing hunger allows children to develop
20bothphysically and mentally.
Says IFPRI’s Marie Ruel, “They will be more likely to perform well in school.They will stay in school longer. And then at adulthood, IFPRI has actuallydemonstrated that children who were better nourished (
21havehigher wages, by a pretty large margin, by 46 percent.”
Ruel says that means the productivity of a nation’s future generations dependsin a large part on the first 1,000 days of life.
“This is why we’re all on board in focusing on those thousand days to improvenutrition. After that, the damage is done and is highly irreversible.”
The data on nutrition and childhood development has been slowly coming togetherfor decades. But Ruel says scientific consensus alone will not solve theproblem.
“It’s not enough that nutritionists know you have to intervene then, if we don’thave the politicians on board, and also the...people that implement [programs]in the field.”
Ruel says there are encouraging signs that politicians and implementers arebeginning to get on board. Many major donors and the United Nations aretargeting hunger-relief programs at pregnant women and young children.They focus on improving diets or providing micro-food supplements. They improveaccess to pre-birth care and encourage exclusive breastfeeding for the firstsix months of a child’s life.
Ruel says in the 1980s Thailand was able to reduce child undernourishmentby (
22recruitinga large number of volunteers to travel the countryside teaching about healthand nutrition.
“They really did very active promotion of diversity in the dietand good eating habits. So they were providing more food to people, but alsoeducating people on how to use them, and also educating people on how to feedtheir young children.”
Ruel says countries may take different approaches to reducing childundernutrition. But she says nations will not make progress fighting hunger andpoverty until they begin to focus on those critical first thousand days.

20. What is the experts’ conclusion regarding children’sundernourishment in their earliest days of life?
21. What does IFPRI’s Marie Ruel say about well-fed children in their adultlife?
22. What did Thailand do to reduce child undernourishment in the 1980s?

Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 23 to 25.

23. A) The guaranteed quality of its goods.
B) The huge volume of its annual sales.
C) The service it provides to its customers.
D) The high value-to-weight ratio of its goods.

24. A) Those having a taste or smell component.
B) Products potentially embarrassing to buy.
C) Those that require very careful handling.
D) Services involving a personal element.

25. A) Those who live in the virtual world.
B) Those who have to work long hours.

C) Those who are used to online transactions.
D) Those who don’t mind paying a little more.

解析:23,D, 视听一致

24,A. 视听一致,AB选项均被读到,需要通过问题(什么产品不适合网上购买),可知应该选A,有气味的产品。而不是B,购买时可能会觉得尴尬的产品。

25,B. 视听一致

听力原文

I’d like to look at a vital aspect of e-commerce, and that is thenature of the product or service. There are certain products and services thatare very suitable for selling online, and others that simply don’t work.
Suitable products generally have
23a high value-to-weight ratio. Itemssuch as CDs and DVDs are obvious examples. Books, although heavier and so moreexpensive to post, still have 24a high enough value-to-weight ratio, as the success ofAmazon, which started off selling only books, shows. Laptop computers areanother good product for selling online.
Digital products, such as software, films and music, can be sold in a purelyvirtual environment. The goods are paid for by online transactions, and thendownloaded onto the buyer’s computer. There are no postage or delivery costs,so prices can be kept low.
Many successful virtual companies provide digital services, such as financialtransactions, in the case of Paypal, or means of communication, as Skype does.The key to success here is providing an easy-to-use, reliable service. Do thisand you can easily become the market leader, as Skype has proved.
Products which are potentially embarrassing to buy also do well in thevirtual environment. Some of the most profitable e-commerce companies are thoseselling sex-related products or services. For a similar reason, online gamblingis highly popular.
Products which are usually considered unsuitable for selling online include (
24those thathave a taste or smell component. Food, especially fresh food, fallsinto this category, along with perfume. Clothes and other items that need to betried on such as diamond rings and gold necklaces are generally not suited tovirtual retailing, and, of course, items with a low value-to-weight ratio.
There are exceptions, though. Online grocery shopping has really taken off,with most major supermarkets offering the service. The inconvenience of notbeing able to see the food you are buying is outweighed by the time saved andconvenience of having the goods delivered. Typical users of online supermarketsinclude the elderly,
25people who work long hours and those without their own transport.

23 What is important to the success of an online store?
24. What products are unsuitable for selling online?
25. Who are more likely to buy groceries online?


听力考试样题详情请点击:http://www.cet.edu.cn/news_show17.html


总的来看,此次四六级改革在2015年最后一次四六级考试刚刚结束之后即发布,给备考新版考试的同学留足了时间。不断的改革一直朝着实际运用,灵活多样的方向不断前进,可以预见,这样的变化将会不断增多,因此各位考生应该在夯实词汇的基础上,注重听力口语的提升,毕竟,作为一种工具,英语应该在学习之后发挥其作为交流工具的核心作用。提前祝各位新年快乐!


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