四六级备考听力练习(十四):A happy place to work 工作学习中幽默的“功效”

3L英语课堂2020-02-13 13:00:38
走到世界任何一个国家,不论是在办公室还是在教室里,幽默总能使大家轻松愉快的工作、学习,开心地度过每一天。研究人员调查了快乐的工作环境给人带来的益处有哪些。


amusing 引人发笑的,好笑的
hilarious 非常滑稽的
parody 滑稽地模仿
tickle someone’s funny bone 令某人发笑
humourless 缺乏幽默感的
dose 一剂
hilarity 欢乐,欢闹
the funny side (事物)有趣的一面
lift somebody’s spirits 提高某人的兴致
inspiration 灵感
sense of humour 幽默感
bond 亲近,团结
break the ice 打破沉默、冷场
hysterics 狂笑
sarcastic 讽刺的,挖苦的
offensive 令人不愉快的,讨厌的
competent 有能力的
inappropriate 不恰当的,不合适的
no laughing matter 严肃的事情,不是开玩笑的事
supportive 鼓励的,支持的
constructive 积极的,有用的



选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. Everyone was laughing at the comedian, but I didn't find his type of humour very ______.

amusement       amused       amusing       hilarity


2. The famous actor was arrested at midnight in his underpants – but has since said he sees ______ of the case of mistaken identity.

sense of humour       the funny side       no laughing matter       break the ice


3. I think my boyfriend was being ______ when he said I've put on weight; he knows I'm pregnant so that's not funny!

sarcastic       supportive       hilarious       competent


4. When you want to make new friends, it's a good idea to invite them for coffee to ______.

break the ice       breaking the ice       break ice       break the ice


5. The radio presenter was reduced to ______ by an unfortunate rude slip of the tongue while trying to read the news!

amusing       hysterics       humour       parody


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A happy place to work 

工作学习中幽默的“功效”

BBC

Everybody likes to laugh sometimes, whether at a funny joke, an amusing incident or a hilariousphotograph or sound. Comedians who parody well known people always tickle my funny bone! The great thing is that once we've had a good laugh, we feel happier. It would seem therefore, that bringing a bit of humour into more serious situations might be good for us.

Places like a humourless office or a tense classroom could sometimes do with a good dose of laughter. I know that in my workplace, a bit of hilarity can go a long way towards making it a more enjoyable place to spend eight or so hours a day. Seeing the funny side of things can certainly lift our spiritsand that in turn can make us feel better about what we're doing.

Maybe we should get inspiration from Steve Carlisle, president of General Motors of Canada. When he walks around the firm's Ontario headquarters he shares his sense of humour to bond with his staff. He says "It can help people feel more relaxed, more comfortable and thus be more effective at what they do." Humour can be used by teachers in the classroom too. It's a good way to break the ice with students and create a more relaxed atmosphere which is good for learning, as long as everyone doesn't spend all their time in hysterics!

But we have to be careful; not everyone laughs at the same things. While some of us may admire a work colleague or fellow student for their clever and well-told joke, others may consider themsarcasticoffensive or just an idiot! According to Professor Schweitzer, from the University of Philadelphia's Wharton School, a worker or boss who successfully uses humour is seen as both confident and competent, which in turn increases his or her status. He says "Being funny is taking a risk, and being risky shows confidence." His study 'Risky Business: When Humour Increases and Decreases Status' also found that someone who tells inappropriate jokes is also seen as confident but they're also regarded as incompetent.

So telling the right jokes in the office or classroom can spread some happiness but if you still think working and studying is no laughing matter, take note of a study published in The Journal of Behavioural and Applied Management in 2006, that found for healthcare workers, emotional exhaustion was significantly lower among those who experienced greater levels of fun at work. And other research has discovered that teams who share more jokes gave more supportive andconstructive statements to each other – and that's no joke!

四六级备考听力练习(十三):Who needs a manbag? 哪类男士会选择“manbag”?

四六级备考听力练习(十二):Getting a 'first' 如何拿到英国大学的“一等学士学位”

四六级备考听力练习(十一)The language of smartphone addiction 从“手机瘾”衍生出的新词

四六级备考听力练习(十):The future of advertising 广告产业的未来

四六级备考听力练习(九)The dangers of cyberloafing “上网闲逛”带来的隐患

四六级备考听力练习(八):Dealing with exam stress 应对并克服考试压力的方法

四六级备考听力练习(七):App to reward non-use of phone 放下手机就可积分换奖励

四六级备考听力练习(六):Degrees to make you rich 英国:学历和收入之间的关系

四六级备考听力练习(五)Is too muchscreen timeaffecting children's eyesight?

四六级备考听力练习(四):A lack of women in science 科学领域缺少女性工作者

四六级备考听力练习(三):The dogs who safeguard our hearts 养狗能保护我们的心脏健康

四六级备考听力练习(二)How late is too late? 多晚算太晚?

四六级备考听力练习(一)Should schoolchildren have jobs? 中小学生应做兼职工作吗?

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