四六级历年翻译真题连载(二)附详解

文都网校四六级2020-05-11 07:47:16



四级翻译 

面对日益严重的环境问题,低碳经济越来越引起世界各国的关注。对于低碳经济的界定虽各有不同,但人们普遍承认,低碳经济是以低能耗、低污染、低排放为基础的经济模式,是人类社会继农业文明、工业文明之后的又一次重大进步。低碳经济实质上是能源高效利用、清洁能源开发、追求绿色GDP的问题,核心是能源技术和减排技术创新、产业结构和制度创新以及人类生存发展观念的根本性转变。在我国经济发展的关键时期,更加协调低碳经济与发展的关系,保护地球的生态环境,事关中国人民乃至全世界人民的福祉。


参考译文:

Facing the more and more serious environment issues, low carbon economy increasingly arose the world’s attention. The definitions of low carbon economy are different, while it is wildly acknowledged that low carbon economy is the economic model based on the low energy, low pollution and low emission, which has been a significant advance of human society since it undergoes the agricultural civilization and industrial civilization. The low carbon economy, in essence , is the efficient utilization of energy, the exploration of clean energy and the pursuit of green GDP. Its core is the innovation of energy technology and emission reduction and the industrial structure and fundamental change of human survival and development concepts. In the critical period of economic development in our country, to further coordinate the relationship between low-carbon economy and the development, protect the ecological environment of the earth, is about the well-being of the Chinese people and the people all over the world as well.


六级翻译

过度包装浪费资源、污染环境、危害社会利益,于国家、社会和个人都是有百害而无一利,应坚决予以杜绝。要建立朴素的包装理念,提倡适度包装。建设节约型社会(conservation-mindedsociety),社会、企业和个人都有责任。个人要建立绿色消费观,提倡朴素消费。如果人际交往中重情谊轻礼品,重实际轻面子,这样过度包装就没有生存的土壤。社会应加大宣传力度,引导朴素、理性的消费观念,培育健康的社会风貌。

  

参考译文:  

Over-packaging should be forbidden due to itswasting resources, polluting the enviromnent,endangering social interest, which will do nothingbut harm to the country, society and individuals. Weshould establish the idea of packaging simply andadvocate proper package. It's the common responsibility of society, enterprises and individualsto construct a conservation-minded society. Individuals should build up. a view of greenconsumption and advocate plain-consuming. If everyone emphasizes friendship rather thangifts, content rather than surface in social relationship, over-packaging can by no means exist.Our society should further advocate the concept of plain and reasonable consuming so as tofoster a healthy social atmosphere.


答案解析:  

1.有百害而无一利:可译为do nothing but harm to...。其中do nothing but意为“只,仅仅”,更有“除此之外并无其他”的意味。也可以用is of no good for来表达。  

2.节约型社会:可以有多种表达,如conservation-minded society, conservation-oriented society或resource-saving society等。  

3.绿色消费观:可译为a view of green consumption。“观点”可以用view, concept, idea等词表达。  

4.朴素消费:可译为plain-consuming。其中plain意为“朴素的,简朴的”,例如 “艰苦朴素”可译为hardworking and plain-living。  

5.重情谊轻礼品:可以理解为“重视情谊而不是礼品”,故此处译为emphasizes friendship rather thangifts。


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