Part A 选词填空解析
When Elon Musk says that his new priority is using artificial intelligence to build domestic robots, we should look forward to the day in admiration.
Mr. Musk is a guy who gets things done. The founder of two tech companies, Tesla Motors and SpaceX, is bringing electric vehicles to mass market and26humans to live on other planets. This sounds like so much hot air, but the near $13 billion fortune this entrepreneur has 27 comes from practical achievements rather than hypothetical ones.
A lot of clever people are 28 about artificial intelligence, fearing that robots will one day become so 29 that they’ll murder all of us. These fears are mostly 30 : as with hysteria about genetic modification, we humans are generally wise enough to manage these problems with speed and care.
And just think of how wonderful it would be if you had a live-in robot. It could, 31 , be like having a babysitter and a nurse rolled into one--or, if that required 32 intelligence beyond the power of Mr. Musk’s imagined machine, at least someone to chop the carrots, wash the car and mow the lawn. Once purchased and trained, this would allow the 33 user to save money and time, freeing up 34 space in our busy lives to read a good book.
That is why we welcome Mr. Musk’s latest 35 , and wish him well. As long as robots add to the sum of human happiness, reduce suffering, and create time to read world-class journalism, we should be their fans. Especially since journalism is one job robots will never do.
26. 【D】 enabling
27. 【A】 amassed
30. 【F】 exaggerated
32. 【C】 emotional
33. 【B】 casual
Did Sarah Josepha Hale write “Mary’s Little Lamb,” the eternal nursery rhyme (儿歌) about girl named Mary with a stubborn lamb?……
（本篇选词填空原文来自网站SMITHSONIAN.COM 2016年5月24日的文章Five Fascinating Details About the Media Mogul Who May Have Written “Mary Had a Little Lamb”）
Peer Pressure Has a Positive Side
36. It is thought probable that the human brain is particularly good at picking-up socially important information.
【H】Matthew D. Lieberman, a social cognitive neuroscientist at the…
37. It can be concluded from experiment that the presence of peers increases risk-taking by adolescents and youth.
【C】Older adolescents scored about 50 percent higher on an index of risky driving…
38. Students should be told that risk ？？classroom can be something positive.
【L】And although anxious parents may not welcome the notion….
39. The ？？？ a mate and getting married accounts for adolescents’ greater attention to social interactions.
【J】If humans are generally geared to recall details about one another….
40. According to Steinberg, the presence of peers increases the speed and effectiveness of teenagers’ leaning.
【G】The results: Teens who played the Iowa Gambling Task under….
41. Teenagers’ parents are often concerned ？？ negative peer influence.
【A】Parents of teenagers often view their children's friends with something…
42.advancing the ??? network involved in socially motivated learning and memory may allow ?? to a tap unused mental powers.
【I】The study also found that when subjects thought about….
43.The presence of peers intensifies the feeling of rewards in teen’s brain.
【F】The brains of teenagers, but not adults, showed greater activity in two regions associated….
44. When we absorb information for the purpose of imparting it to others, we do so with greater accuracy and depth.
【K】Yet our schools focus primarily on students as individual entities…
45.Some experts are suggesting that we turn peer influence to good use in education
【D】Yet in the years following the publication of this study…
36. There are a couple of plants tough and adaptable enough to survive on bare rocky hills and in deserts.
【C】Extreme conditions produce extremely tough plants. In the rusty red deserts of South Africa, …
37. Farrant is trying to isolate genes in resurrection plants and reproduce them in crops.
【H】After completing her Ph.D. on seeds, Farrant began investigating whether it might be possible to isolate her properties that make most seeds so…
38. Farmers in South Africa are more at the mercy of nature, especially inconsistent rainfall.
【A】Farmers in South Africa are more at the mercy of nature…
39. Resurrection crops are most likely to be the choice of subsistence farmers.
【K】Resurrection crops are most likely to be the choice of ….
40. Even though many plants have developed carious tactics to cope with dry weather, they can’t survive a prolonged drought.
【E】The big difference between “drought-tolerant”plants and these tough plants: metabolism. Many different kinds of plants have…
41. Despite consumer resistance, researchers are pushing ahead with genetic modification of crops.
【I】Once Farrant and her colleagues feel they have a better sense of which switches to throw,…
42. Most seeds can pull through dry spells and begin growing when conditions are ripe, but once this process starts, it cannot be held back.
【G】What else can do this dry-out-and-revive trick? Seeds-almost all of them. At the start of…
43. Farrant is working hard to cultivate food crops that can survive extreme dryness by studying the traits of rare wild plants.
【B】Farrant is working hard to cultivated food crops that can…
44. By adjusting their metabolism, resurrection plants can recover from an extended period of drought.
【F】Resurrection plants, defined as those capable of recovering from holding less than 0.1 grams of water per gram of dry mass, are different. They lack…
45. Resurrection plants can come back to life in a short time after a rainfall.
【D】Farrant calls them resurrection plants. During months without water under a harsh sun
In the real world, nobody cares that you went to an Ivy League school
36. Modest institutions can also have successful graduates and strong alumni networks.
37. The money the author made in high school helped pay for her living expenses and books at college.
38. The author came to see how costly college education could be when she was trying to choose a university to attend.
39. A recent study found that a graduate’s salary is determined by their potential, not the university they attended.
40. The author cannot recall for sure what made certain top universities appear a lot better.
41. None of the author’s job interviewers cared which college she went to.
42. The author thinks she did the right thing in choosing a less prestigious university.
43. In order to be admitted to a prestigious university, the author took part in various extracurricular activities and attended test preparation courses.
44. The author liked her university which was not prestigious but less expensive.
45. Colleges are reluctant to admit that graduates today are in heavier debt.
Passage One 计算机与人工智能
46 Compared with human memory, machines can ______.
【A】identify human faces more efficiently
47 Why did researchers create Mega Face?
【C】To understand computers’ problems with facial recognition
48 What dose the passage say about machine accuracy?
【D】It decreases as the database size increases.
49. What is said to be a shortcoming of facial-recognition machines?
【A】They cannot easily tell apart people with near-identical appearances .
50.What is the difficulty confronting researchers of the facial- recognition machines？
【B】There do not exist public databases with sufficient face samples.
51. What does the author think of college students funding their education through loans?
【B】They are acting in an irrational way.
52. In the author’ s opinion, free college education is ______.
53. What should students do if taxpayers are to bear their college costs?
【C】Choose majors that will serve society’s practical needs.
54. What does the author say about the value of a student’s college education?
【C】It is well reflected in their average starting salary.
55. What message does the author want to convey in the passage?
【D】College students should fund their own education.
Economically speaking, are we better off than we were ten years ago? Twenty years ago?...
46. What does the author think of the 2015 report by the Census Bureau?
【A】 It is based on questionable statistics.
47. What does the author say about the Jones-Klenow method?
【D】It is a more comprehensive measure of people’s economic well-being.
48. What do Jones and Klenow think of the comparison between France and the U.S. in terms of real consumption per person?
【C】It covered up the differences between individual citizens.
49. What is an advantage of the Jones-Klenow method?
【D】 It can compare a country’s economic conditions between different periods of time.
50. What can we infer from the passage about American people’s economic well-being?
【C】It has not improved as much as reported by the Census Bureau.
51.【A】They may become exhausted by making too many decisions for themselves
52.【C】Decision fatigue may prevent people making wise decisions.
53.【B】When they help others to make decisions.
54.【B】They refrain from trying anything new.
55.【A】 It is vital for one to reach the goal desired.