四九三 | 四六级作文第一炮 + 本篇阅读大主旨&大结局

老付考研2018-06-30 18:46:38


作文


注意:这是三篇作文哦

Views on online games / novels / video clips

  1. 当前,有很多大学生沉迷于网络游戏 /小说/ 短视频

  2. 沉迷于游戏 / 小说 / 短视频的利与弊

  3. 作为大学生,我们应该怎么做


宝宝们可能会用到以下句式:
1. 描述现象
Currently, nothing else may be more pervasive among the public than …. It is not surprising that …. Equally, it is not uncommon that ….
当前,在大众生活中,没有什么能比……更为普遍了。见到……是不足为奇的。……是司空见惯的。


2. 正反观点
Whether it is advisable to … or to … has triggered heated discussion among the public, or, at least among college students. Observers are split on this discussion. Some hold to the notion that …. Others, holding nose at such remark, contend that ….
应该……还是……,作何选择才算明智呢?这个问题在大众中——至少在大学生中——引起了热议。大家观点不一。有人坚持认为……。另一些人则对这种说法嗤之以鼻,他们反驳道……。


3. 个人立场
I used to ponder and wonder …. With the enlightenment from the debate, I am now convinced that …
我曾经也在……问题上充满疑惑。在这次辩论的启发下,我现在坚信……


阅读



26. From the first two paragraphs, we learn that ________.

[A] the townsfolk denythe RSC’s contribution to the town’s revenue

六八九 | 进化成高级物种,考研、四六级一通百通!


27. It can be inferred from Paragraph 3 that ________.
[B]
the playgoers spend more money than the sightseers

六九〇 | 宝宝别怕,不就是个考试嘛,有我在!


28. By saying “Stratford cries poor traditionally” (Line 2-3, Para. 4), the author implies that ________.
[C]
the town is not really short of money

六九一 | 考试在即,哪有时间着急?


29. According to the townsfolk, the RSC deserves no subsidy because ________.

[D] the theatre attendance is on the rise

六九二 | 两个选项都来自“文中信息”,该选哪个?


30. From the text we can conclude that the author ________.
[A] is supportive of both sides
[B] favors the townsfolk’s view
[C] takes a detached attitude

[D] is sympathetic to the RSC


本文最后一段,解题过程中可忽视,我们把它用来做翻译练习:
【S1】It would be a shame to raise prices too much because it would drive away the young people who are Stratford’s most attractive clientele. 【S2】They come entirely for the plays, not the sights. 【S3】They all seem to look alike (though they come from all over) — lean, pointed, dedicated faces, wearing jeans and sandals, eating their buns and bedding down for the night on the flagstones outside the theatre to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets held for the sleepers and sold to them when the box office opens at 10:30 a.m.


第一句
【1】主句:

It would be a shame to raise prices too much.

知识点:

  • It为形式主语,不定式短语to raise prices too much为真正主语


  • 名词shame除了“羞耻”、“羞愧”之外,还可以表示“憾事”、“遗憾”

字面:某件事 | 会是 | 一件遗憾的事 | 提价太多
意译:把价格提高太多可能会令人遗憾


【2】原因状语从句:
because it would drive away the young people
字面:因为 | 这样做 | 会赶走 | 年轻人


【3】修饰the young people的定语从句:
who are Stratford’s most attractive clientele.
字面:他们(你爱年轻人)| 是 | 对斯特福特镇最感兴趣的客户群


本句译文:
把价格提高太多可能会令人遗憾,因为这样做把年轻人赶走,他们才是对斯特福特镇最感兴趣的客户群。



第二句
They come [entirely for the plays, not the sights].
字面:他们 | 来(这里) | 完全的 | 为了(欣赏)戏剧,不是(观赏)风景


本句译文:
他们来这里就是为了欣赏戏剧,而不是观光。



第三句
【1】让步状语从句:

though they come [from all over]
译文:他们虽然来自世界各地


【2】主句
主干:They all seem to look alike …
他们看起来(却)都很像


补充说明“他们的共同特征”:
lean (瘦弱的)身材消瘦
pointed (直击要点的)语言直率
dedicated faces(专注的脸)神情执着
wearing jeans and sandals穿牛仔裤和凉鞋
eating their buns啃着面包圈
and bedding down [for the night] [on the flagstones (outside the theatre)] 躺在剧院外的石板上过夜


不定式短语做bedding的目的状语
to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets 去买20张座位票和80张站票


过去分词短语做tickets的后置定语

held for the sleepers and sold to them … 为这些睡在外面的人余留的,卖给他们的


【3】sold的时间状语从句
when the box office opens [at 10:30 a.m.]
上午10:30售票处开门时


本句译文:
他们虽然来自世界各地,看起来却都很相像——身材瘦削,言语直率,神情执著,穿着牛仔裤和凉鞋,啃着圆面包,躺在剧院外的石板上过夜,等着购买专为他们这群人余留的20张座位票和80张站票;上午10:30售票处开门时他们就可以买到。



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