Politics is an emotional business. Still, many people found themselves unusually moved by the historic presidential inauguration. Watching the huge crowds, we saw laughter,cheers, hugs — but also many tears.
It made us wonder, why do people cry? It is believed that tears must be good for us — a way to calm the mind and cleanse the soul. Yet studies show that crying sometimes makes people feel worse.
Three researchers in Florida and the Netherlands recently looked more deeply into the subject. They examined detailed descriptions of crying experiences. Psychologist Jonathan Rottenberg at the University of South Florida says they wanted to study crying as it happens in everyday life, not in a laboratory. The team analyzed information from the International Study on Adult Crying. As part of that study, 3,000 people in different countries, mostly college students, wrote about recent crying experiences. They noted causes, surroundings and any people involved in the event. They also reported how they felt after they cried.
Professor Rottenberg says the research showed that all crying experiences are not created equally.Crying does not always make a person feel better, he says. About 10 percent of people reported feeling worse after they cried. But a third felt better after crying. And a majority reported the experience as helpful. The research showed that people who cry alone may not do as well as those with others around.People who reached out for emotional support at the time — and received it —reported better results from the crying experience. But those who felt shame or embarrassment while crying were less likely to report that crying had been helpful.
Research has shown that women cry more often and more intensely than men, but it may not be to better effect. The new findings did not show that a person's sex was a predictor of beneficial crying. In other words, just because women cry moredoes not mean they are more likely to have a “good” cry. The paper entitled “IsCrying Beneficial?” appeared in December in Current Directions in Psychological Science. Scientists say the science of crying is still in its infancy.
❶. Shedding tears is believed to do good to us because __________.
A) it enables us to recover an easy mind
B) it helps us solve the problem
C) it arouses others' sympathy
D) it can wash our body
❷.According to the passage, which of the following statements about crying is TRUE?
A) Crying is absolutely good for people's health.
B) Those crying with others around will feel better than those crying alone.
C) Crying will help a lot those who felt shame or embarrassment while crying.
D) The benefits of crying are related to a person's sex.
❸.Studies show that one will not feel better after crying when __________.
A) shedding tears with others around
B) receiving emotional support from others
C) feeling embarrassed or ashamed during crying
D) the person who cries is female
❹. That women cry more does not mean they are more likely to have a “good” cry implies that__________.
A) women like crying more than men
B) a person's sex is a predictor of beneficial crying
C) crying does not necessarily make women feel better
D) women look pitiful while crying
❺. What do scientists mean by saying that the science of crying is still in its infancy?
A) There is still more to learn about crying.
B) People have known a lot about crying.
C) The science of crying is a subject needed to be learned.
D) The study of crying meets difficulties.
【解析】A。细节题。第二段提到大哭一场对我们是有好处的，因为它能 calm the mind（安定情绪）。所选项A 认为哭泣能使我们 recover an easy mind（平复心情）最接近文中的原因。
【解析】A。语义题。此题最关键的是要知道单词 infancy 的意思，infancy 意为“婴儿期”，科学家说对流泪的研究还处在婴儿期，即起始阶段，也就是说对于流泪，还有很多方面有待研究。
| 3大考点 |
| 预测一 |
核心词详解 | 题型分析 | 判断词性
| 篇章选词预测 |
预测一 | 预测二
形容词一 | 形容词二 | 形容词三
形容词四 | 形容词五 | 形容词六
形容词七 | 形容词八
◆ ◆ ◆
- END -
振宇四六级 | 有货有料 为你而来