2018年6月六级考试真题第二套答案!

英语四级六级考试2020-03-25 13:49:39


2018年6月英语六级考试真题第二套真题解析!!

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参考答案:

1-25   DAACD BCCCB ABCDB 

          CDAAC DDBDC

1-5 DAACD

1. D) She is the owner of a special cafe.

2. A) They bear a lot of similarities.

3. A) By giving them regular cleaning and injections.

4. C) They love the animal in her cafe.

5. D) It is mostly garbage.


6-10 BCCCB

6. B) TV commercials.

7. C) Trying to trick children into buying their products.

8. C) They seldom had junk food

9. C)Tombs of ancient rulers.

10. B) It’s hardly associated with great civilizations.


11-15 ABCDB 

11. A ) It carries about one fifth of the world’s fresh water.

12.B) We are always in a rush to do various things.

13. C) She was accustomed to tight schedules.

14. D) Reading a book about slowing down.

15. B) She came to enjoy everyday tasks.


16-20 CDAAC

16. C) They pose a threat to the local ecosystem.

17. D) Their distinctions are artificial.

18. A) Only a few of them cause problems to native species.

19. A)Respect their traditional culture.

20. C) Drinking alcohol on certain days of a month.


21-25 DDBDC

21.D) They have a break from 2:00 to 5:30.

22. D) He had the company’s bedroom extensively renovated.

23. B) Its articles should be short and inspiring.

24 D) He treated the employees like members of his family.

25 C) Several hundred of its employees got fired.

 

◆ ◆ ◆  ◆ 

二.阅读

Section A

26-30 KCMEH  31-35 ANIFL

开头:Did Sarah…

26. K) reputed

27. C) characters

28. M) supposed

29. E) fierce

30. H) obsessed

31. A) campaign

32. N) traditional

33. I) proclamation

34. F) inspired

35. L) rest


Section B

标题:Grow Plants without water

36-40 CHAKE 41-45 IGBFD

Section C

Passage One

开头: Human memory…

46-50 CCDAB

46. C)store an unlimited number of human faces

47. C) To understand computers’ problems with facial recognition.

48. D) It decreases as the database size increases.

49. A) They cannot easily tell apart people with near-identical appearances.

50. B) There do not exist public databases with sufficient face samples.


Passage Two

开头:There’re currently…

51-55 BADCD

51. B) They are acting in an irrational way.

52. A) impractical.

53. D) Allow taxpayers to participate in college administration.

54. C) It is well reflected in their average starting salary.

55. D) College students should fund their own education.

 

◆ ◆ ◆  ◆ 

自行车曾经是中国城乡最主要的交通工具,中国一度被称为“自行车王国”。如今,随着城市交通拥挤和空气污染日益严重,骑自行车又开始流行起来。近来,中国企业家将移动互联网技术与传统自行车结合在一起,发明了一种成为共享单车的商业模式。共享单车的出现使骑车出行更加方便,人们仅需用一部手机就可以随时使用共享单车。为了鼓励人们骑车出行,很多城市修建了自行车道。现在,越来越多的中国人也喜欢通过自行车健身。


基础版:

Bicycle used to be the leading means of transportation in China’s cities and villages, and China was once called “the Kingdom of Bicycles”. Nowadays, with traffic congestion and air pollution becoming more and more serious in cities, riding a bicycle is becoming popular again. Recently, China’s entrepreneurs have combined mobile Internet technologies with bicycles and invented the business model of bike-sharing. The appearance of shared bikes has made it more convenient for people to get around, and people can ride bikes at any time only with the help of a mobile phone. To encourage people to travel by bike, many cities have built bike lanes. Now, more and more Chinese people like exercising by riding bikes.


升级版:

China was once dubbed “the Kingdom of Bicycles” when bicycle was the predominant means of transportation in urban and rural China alike. Today, bicycles have started to catch on yet again as traffic congestion increases and air quality worsens in cities. In recent years, Chinese entrepreneurs have developed a business model called bike-sharing by equipping bicycles with mobile Internet technologies. With shared bikes, people find it more convenient to get around at any time they want with the mere help of a mobile phone. Many cities have built bicycle lanes to encourage people to go green. In addition, a growing number of people now work out through cycling.


解析:

(1) 自行车曾经是中国城乡最主要的交通工具,中国一度被称为“自行车王国”。

采分点:

时态:有时态提示词“曾经是”、“一度”,因此要用一般过去时;

逻辑关系:逗号前后可以译为并列结构,也可以把前后结构进行调整,后半句译为主句,前半部分事实背景,用when连接放在主句之后;

固定表达:

最主要的交通工具:the leading/ predominant means of transportation

中国城乡:China’s cities and villages;urban and rural China

自行车王国:the Kingdom of Bicycles

被称为:be called/dubbed

(2) 如今,随着城市交通拥挤和空气污染日益严重,骑自行车又开始流行起来。

采分点:

时态:“随着…”这句为陈述事实,用一般现在时,后半句“又开始…”说明是已经开始的动作,因此要用现在完成时;

逻辑关系:“随着…”表示一种伴随的状态,交代事实背景,可以用with或as连接,“又开始流行起来”属于表态,译为句子主干;

固定表达:

交通拥挤:traffic congestion

空气污染:air pollution

流行:become popular;catch on

(3)近来,中国企业家将移动互联网技术与传统自行车结合在一起,发明了一种成为共享单车的商业模式。

采分点:

时态:有时态提示词“近来”、“了”,用现在完成时;

逻辑关系:第二个逗号前后句子可以译为并列结构,也可以将第二个逗号后译为句子的主干成分,第二个逗号前面的句子交代做某事的方式方法,译为by doing something放主干成分之后;

固定表达:

中国企业家:China’s/ Chinese entrepreneurs

移动互联网技术:mobile Internet technologies

共享单车:shared bikes;bike-sharing

商业模式:business model

(4)共享单车的出现使骑车出行更加方便,人们仅需用一部手机就可以随时使用共享单车。

采分点:

时态:“更加方便”为表态,前半句可以用现在完成时,也可用一般现在时,后半句为事实陈述,用一般现在时;

逻辑关系:逗号前后可以译为并列关系,也可以把前半句译为主句,后半句看做是对前半句的补充说明,做成从属结构。

(5)为了鼓励人们骑车出行,很多城市修建了自行车道。

采分点:

时态:有时态提示词“修建了”,用现在完成时;

逻辑关系:前半句为目的,后半句为具体做的事情;

固定表达:

自行车道:bike/ bicycle lanes

(6)越来越多的中国人也喜欢通过自行车健身。

采分点:

时态:事实陈述,用一般现在时;

固定表达:

通过自行车健身:exercise by riding bikes;work out through cycling

 

◆ ◆ ◆  ◆ 

四、写作

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essayon the importance of building trust between teachers and students.You can cite examples to illustrate your views. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

The Importance of Building Trust Between Teachers and Students

A good relationship between a teacher and a student has important, positive and long-lasting implications for both the student’s academic and social development. However, nowadays, we have witnessed declining trust between them, therefore some tragedies ensued from the lack of trust between teachers and students.

The situation must be urgently improved, for trust in a teacher-student relationship is a must. First and foremost, trust between teachers and students promote students’ desire to learn. Those students who have positive and supportive relationships with their teachers will attain higher levels of achievement than those students with more conflict in their relationships. Second, a teacher who has the full trust of his students is more motivated to improve his teaching skills, which in turn benefit the students most. So both students and teachers should do their part to build trust between them. As to the teachers, trying to know the students, giving them meaningful feedback, and meeting their developmental, emotional and academic needs timely are of great help. And the students should always be respectful to their teachers.

Once the trust between teachers and students isbuilt, effective teaching and learning can be achieved.

 


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