Directions: For thispart, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essayonthe importance of speaking/writing/readng abilityand how to develop it. 120-180words.
With our societybecoming increasingly open and diversified, the speaking ability isof growing importance in our life and work. In the past, people whowere not eloquent could become successful when they were diligentenough. However, now, speaking ability can make a person stand outmuch quicker in their workplace and social life.
The reasons whyspeaking ability is so important are as follows. To begin with,people of excellent speaking ability are generally more charmingand approachable because they tend to be more friendly and frank.Besides, every walk of life has become more cooperative; therefore,more communicative peole have higher working efficiency. Forexample, my brother used to be a quiet person. Two years ago, I wastold that he was fired by his company because he could not getalong with his colleagues. After that, he attended a speakingtraining class and spent a year in improving his eloquence. Now, hehas become more confident and found a new job with generoussalary.
In order to developspeaking ability, listening to good speeches and famous talk showscan help us imitate great lecturers’ style of speaking and ways ofexpressing themselves. Meanwhile, it is about time that we spentmore time with our friends rather than with our phones, sharingwith them our real feelings and thoughts.
地铁：In recentyears, Chinese cities in increasing numbers have started buildingsubways. Expanding subway networks contributes to reducing trafficcongestion and air pollution. Subways are safe, rapid andcomfortable. An increasing amount of people choose subways as theirmain means of transportation while going to work or school everysingle day. At present, it is progressively convenient forpassengers to take underground trains in China. In some cities,passengers are able to pay for subway tickets merely by a card or acellphone. Many local senior citizens can even take a subway withno charge.
飞机：In thepast, it was difficult for most Chinese people to imagine a timewhen they could travel by plane. At present, however, with thedevelopment of economy and the enhancement of living standards,Chinese people in increasing numbers, including many peasants andmigrant workers, are able to travel by air. They can reach all bigcities by airplane and many cities are preparing to builtairfields. Air services have been continuously improved and thereare often low cost airlines. In recent years, the number of peoplewho would like to travel by plane during holidays has beengrowing.
公交：Buses usedto be a major traffic tool for Chinese people when they weregetting around. In recent years, traffic problems in cities havebeen increasingly severe. To encourage more people to take buseswhen they go out, many cities are making efforts to improve thequality of services on buses. Vehicle facilities have beencontinuously renewed and the vehicle speed has been dramaticallyenhanced. However, the bus fair has been kept quite low. Atpresent, many local senior citizens in most cities can take a buswith no charge.
Interesting Engineering— 《Skyscraper Covered in Solar Panels isEurope’s Largest”》
26. E) constructed
27. O) undertaken
28. F) consulted
30. N) scale
31. I) eventually
32 K) necessarily
33 L) production
34. A) cheaper
35 J) height
文章来源：BuzzFeed News— 《Some College Students Are Angry They HaveTo Pay To Do Their Homework》
题目来源《Time 》— 《Why Teaching someone elseis the best way to learn? 》
46.A. Seneca's thinking is stillapplicable today
问题：What are researchers rediscoveringthrough their studies?
问题题干中的“researchers”和“today”是解题的关键，对应到文中第一段的“Now scientists are bringing thisancient wisdom up-to-date”。选项中“Seneca’s thinking“ 对应到“this ancientwisdom” ，而“stillapplicable”对应到“bring…up-to-date”,故答案为A
47.B. It is a teaching tool underdevelopment
问题：What do we learn about “Betty’sBrain”
根据“Betty’s Brian”定位，定位到第三段，而该段的段首便强调“ But the mostcutting-edge tool under development is the “teaching agent” “,意味着整段文字要叙述的主要是和“ tool“有关的信息，且选项中的”under development”和原文信息重合，故答案为B
48C. It helps them learn theiracademic subjects better.
问题：How does teaching others benefitstudent tutors?
根据顺序原则，定位区间在第三段中后部分。第三段最后两句话中“ While prepare toteach” ，“explain the information toothers” 对应到“teaching others”,而“ organizetheir knowledge and improve their ownunderstanding” 以及“identify problems in their ownthinking ”则对应到选项中的“ learn their academicsubjects better” .故答案为C
49 D. They use various ways toexplain the materials.
问题：Whatdo students do to teach their teachableagents?
解析：根据顺序原则，定位到第四段。第四段中“ explain thematerials in different ways ”恰好与选项中“ use variousways to explain thematerials” 为信息的同义改写，故答案为D
50 B. Their emotionalinvolvement
问题：What is the key factor that easesstudent tutors’ learning?
解析：根据顺序原则，以及“key” 对应到最后一段的第一句话。“key”与“Aboveall” 为同义改写，故答案应在此句中出现。“ Facilitate learning” 对应到题干中“ eases student tutors’learning”, 而“the emotions oneexperiences”则对应到选项的“Their emotionalinvolvement”。故答案为B
题目来源：Pew ResearchCenter— 《On Pay Gap, MillennialWomen Near Parity—For Now》
51.A. They can get ahead only bystriving harder.
52.C. They think it needs furtherimproving.
53.B. Job stability andflexibility.
54.D. The balance between work andfamily.
55.A. They still this world as onedominated by males.
46 B Add to their workefficiency.
47A Earn more money
48C How long its positiveeffect lasts.
49 D Their memories weregreatly strengthened.
50A Find financialsupport.
51C They all experiencedterrible misfortunes.
52.B The utmost comfortpassengers could enjoy.
53A It was a mere piece ofdecoration.
54D The belief that they couldnever sink with a double-layer body.
55.Dshe was retired after hernaval service.
46.A.Not all of them are symptoms ofdementia.
47.C.Communication within our brainweakens.
48.B.Inability to recall details of one’s lifeexperience.
49.C.Turn to a professional forassistance.
50.D.Staying active both physically andmentally
51. B) It was stolen more than once
52. D) They pressed criminal charges invain
53. D) His acknowlegement of helpful from aprofessional
54. D) Make it availableonline
55. B) Radical changes in archivongpractices