四六级汉译英复习方法:句型练习+参考答案!

英语四级英语六级2020-05-21 15:28:00

四六级汉译英考什么?

怎么复习?



Part I 基本方法:

 


 

第一步:调整结构。

 

抓住中文句子的主干部分(一般为主谓宾成分注:主系表也包括在内),分析修饰成分(一般为定状补)。

 

举例:

剪纸(是)【中国最为流行的传统民间】艺术形式之一

 

主干是:

剪纸是艺术形式之一;修饰成分:中国最为流行的传统民间。

 

第二步:对应翻译。

 

比如,前句主干:Paper cutting is one of the art forms/arts

 

加上修饰成分:Paper cutting is one of the most popular traditional folk arts in China.

 

或者:Paper cutting is one of the China’s most popular traditional folk arts in China.

 

注:翻译非常灵活,对于一个句子有很多种解读方法,但是都是合理的答案。


 

Part II 考前必练句型:

 

1. 人们常用剪纸美化居家环境。

 

方法 1

 

第一步:人们【常】(用)剪纸【美化居家环境】。

 

第二步:People often use paper cutting to beautify their living environment.

 

方法 2

 

第一步:人们【常用剪纸】(美化)居家环境

 

第二步:People often beautify their houses with papercutting.

 

方法 3

 

第一步:剪纸【常】被用【来美化居家环境】。

 

第二步:Paper cutting is often used to beautify our houses.

 

说明:第一道题,我们就用了三种方式来解读一句话,也告诉大家翻译非常灵活,希望大家学会一些变通手段。

 

2.  中国应该进一步发展核能,因为核电目前只占其总发电数的 2%

 

第一步:

中国(应该)【进一步】(发展)核能,因为核电【目前】【只】(占)【其总发电数的】2%

 

第二步:


主干:China should develop its nuclear energy, because its nuclear power accounts for 2% of ________.

 

总发电数:total generating capacity

 

完整:China should further develop its nuclear energy, because its nuclear power currently accounts for only 2% of its total generating capacity.

 

说明:这道题告诉大家,积累词汇非常重要!如果真的不知道总发电数,只能写成 total electricity,尽管不准确,但是评卷是不会因此扣去很多分数,评卷的分数只要依赖于译文的整体印象。

 

3. 为了促进教育公平,中国已经投入 360 亿元,用于改善农村地区教育设施和加强中西部地区农村义务教育。

 

第一步:


【为了促进教育公平】,中国(已经投入)360亿元,【用于①改善农村地区教育设施②加强中西部地区农村义务教育】。

 

第二步:


搭好结构:In order to ______, China has invested 36 billion yuan, to______ and __________.

 

促进公平: promote the equality

改善设施: improve the facilities

加强教育: enhance the education

 

综合起来:

 

In order to promote the equality ineducation, China has invested 36billion yuan to improve the educationfacilities in rural areas and enhance therural compulsory education in thecentral and western regions.

 

说明: 搭好结构,逐个突破非常关键!

 

4.  饮茶在 6 世纪传到日本,但直到 1718 世纪才传到欧美。

 

方法 1:准确

 

第一步:


饮茶【在 6 世纪】(传到)日本,但【直到 1718 世纪】(才传到)欧美

 

  第二步:


Tea drinking was introduced to Japan in the 6th century, but it had not been introduced to Europe and America until the 17th and 18th century. 

(过去完成式是指饮茶在 1718 世纪这个过去的时间点之前还没有传入欧美,即所谓过去的过去)

 

方法 2:变通(但失去了一些准确性)

 

第一步:

饮茶【在 6 世纪】(传到)日本,但【在 1718 世纪】(传到)欧美

 

  第二步:

Tea drinking was introduced to Japan in the 6th century, but to Europe and America in the 18th century.

 

说明:当写动词时,注意区分动词的时态和语态,例如这句话,饮茶是被传入,而非自己进入,所以用被动语态 be introduced。

 

5.  年轻游客数量的不断增加,可以归因于他们迅速提高的收入和探索外部世界的好奇心。

 

方法 1

 

第一步:

【年轻游客数量的】不断增加,(可以归因于)【他们迅速提高的】收入和【探索外部世界的】好奇心

 

第二步:

The increasing number of young travelers canbe attributed to the rapid growth of their income and curiosity for exploring the outside world.

 

方法 2


第一步:

年轻游客数量的【不断】增加,【可以(归因于)他们迅速提高的收入和探索外部世界的好奇心】。

 

第二步:

The number of young tourists/travelers is increasing/growing, which can be attributed to the rapid growth of their income and curiosity for exploring the outside world.


说明:处理方法 1 将句子当成整体,抓住主干即:不断增长归因于收入和好奇心。处理方法 2 将可以归因于处理成从句,那么句子就拆成两个部分。

 

6.  一些为接受更好教育而转往城市上学的学生如今又回到了本地农村学校就读。

 

第一步:

一些【为接受更好教育而转往城市上学的】学生【如今】又回到了【本地农村】就读。

 

第二步:

结构:Some students who__________ now return to______.

 

综合:Some students who once transferred to the cities for better education/to receive better education now return to their local rural schools.

 

说明:翻译当中并非每个词语都要对应,比如:回到学校就读。显然回到学校就是为了读书,这是上下文就可以提现的,比如上学学习可以简单说成 go to school,并不需要说 go to school to study。所以考生可以根据具体的语境适当地减少一些语义重复的内容。

 

7.  通过阅读,人们能更好的学会感恩、有责任心和与人合作,而教育的目的正是要培养这些基本素质。

 

第一步:

【通过阅读】,人们(能)【更好地】(学会)感恩、有责任心和与人合作,而教育的目的正是(要培养)这些基本素质

 

第二步:

Through reading, people can better learn to be grateful, responsible and cooperative, and education intends to foster/cultivate/develop these basic qualities.

 

说明:本句的核心叫翻译转性:感恩、有责任心和与人合作,尽管中文中学会感恩,实际仔细分析我们并不是在学习感恩这个东西,而是学习变得感恩,所以感恩就从中文的一种名词的说法转性到了英文一种形容词 to begrateful,对于有责任心与人合作同理可得。

 

8. 大熊猫是一种温顺的动物,长着独特的黑白皮毛。因其数量极少,大熊猫已被列为濒危物种。

 

第一步:

大熊猫(是)一种【温顺的】动物,【长着独特的黑白皮毛】。【因其数量极少】,大熊猫(已被列为)濒危物种

 

第二步:

The giant panda is a kind of gentle animal with a unique black-and-white coat/fur. Due to its very limited number, it has been listed as an endangered species/animal.

 

说明:本句中文中用了动词长着,但是如果翻译成grow/have显然表达上有问题。别忘记第 7 句这样的转性译法,这句话也可以把动词转成介词翻译,即用 with

 

9. 最出名的就是门神和三大神——福神、薪神和寿神(Three Gods of Blessing,SalaryandLongevity),寓意着庄稼丰收,家畜兴旺和庆祝春节。

 

第一步:

最出名的(就是)门神和三大神福神、薪神和寿神Three Gods of Blessing, Salaryand Longevity),【寓意着庄稼丰收,家畜兴旺和庆祝春节】。

 

第二步:

The most famous ones are Door Gods and Three Gods of Blessing, Salary and Longevity, symbolizing/which symbolize the good/abundant harvest of crops, the prosperity of domestic/home animals and the celebration of the Spring Festival.

 

说明:本句中庄稼丰收,家畜兴旺和庆祝春节要学会灵活翻译,由于symbolize动词后面跟上宾语,所以如果能把庄稼丰收,家畜兴旺和庆祝春节翻成三个名词形式那再好不过了。于是我们尝试调整:庄稼的丰收,家畜的兴旺,春节的庆祝。

 

10.  美国网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使,用互联网为工具发电子邮件、买卖商品、做研究、规划旅程或付款。

 

第一步:

美国网民【更多的】(是受)【实际需要的】(驱使),【用互联网为工具发电子邮件、买卖商品、做研究、规划旅程或付款】。

 

第二步:

 

结构:The American net-users are more often drivenby _____ and they use the Internet as a tool to ____, ____, ____, _____, or_____.

 

或者:The American net-users are more often driven by _____,using the Internet as a tool to send emails, buy and sell products,make researches, arrange trips or make payments.

 

综合版(选后者):

The American net-users are more often driven by practical needs, using the Internet as a tool to send emails, buy and sell products, make researches, arrange trips or make payments.

 

说明:使用 using 作为伴随状况状语,其逻辑主语就是美国网民。但实际上基础较差的考生完全不必使用一些较为高级的结构,第一种结构就给这些考生带来了简单的思维。显然用互联网的主语也是美国网民,所以不如调整为:美国网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使,并且他们用互联网为工具发电子邮件、买卖商品、做研究、规划旅程或付款

 

11.  漫步在花园中,人们可以看到一系列精心设计的景观犹如山水画卷一般展现在面前。

 

第一步:

【漫步在花园中】,人们(可以看到)一系列精心设计的景观【犹如山水画卷一般】展现在面前

 

第二步:

Wandering in the garden, people may feel/see that a series of well-designed scenery spread out/stand before us like a landscape painting/scroll.

 

说明:这句话中最难处理的是动词展现,考场上一旦没有思路的同学干脆就用show,当然 spread out 都算神来之笔,所以我们发现动词的翻译相对是最灵活的,也建议考生注意选择合适的动词,注意动词的搭配。

 

 

12.  另一个主题则是乡村生活的种种乐趣,画有渔夫在湖上打渔,农夫在山上砍柴采药,或是书生坐在松树下吟诗作画。

 

第一步:

另一个主题(则是)【乡村生活的】种种乐趣,画有渔夫【在湖上】(打渔),农夫【在山上】(砍)(采),或是书生【坐在松树下】(吟)(作)


第二步:

 

砍柴采药:cut firewood and gather herbs

 

吟诗作画:compose poetry and paint(稍微土一点的版本:write poems and paint pictures)综合:The other theme describes all kinds of joy in the rural life. In these paintings, fishermen are fishing on the lake; farmers are cutting firewood and gathering herbs in the mountains; or scholars are composing poetry and painting under the pine trees.


说明:这句话的翻译较为灵活,大家不能拘泥于中文的词性和形式。其中成语俗语的翻译最为有趣。我们发现翻译并不难,但是必须分析成语俗语的意思,把他们先写成白话,再写成英文容易翻译的模式。

举例:

浑水摸鱼 = 摸鱼在浑水里 to catch fish in troubled water;

空中楼阁 = 空中的一个楼阁 a castle in the air;

巧妇难为无米之炊 = 没有米,一个灵巧的主妇都无法做出一顿饭 even a good housewife cannot make meals without rice.

 

13.   它既包括为皇室成员享乐而建造的大型花园,也包括学者、商人和卸任的政府官员为摆脱嘈杂的外部世界而建造的私家花园。

 

第一步:

它既包括(为皇室成员享乐而建造的)大型花园,也包括(学者、商人和卸任的政府官员为摆脱嘈杂的外部世界而建造的)私家花园。

 

第二步:

It includes not only the large gardens_________, but also the private gardens __________.

 

为皇室成员享乐而建造的大型花园

 

the large gardens (which are) built for royalfamily to have fun (土人级)

 

the large gardens as an entertainment venue for royal family

 

学者、商人和卸任的政府官员为摆脱嘈杂的外部世界而建造的私人花园

 

the private gardens which are built for scholars, merchants and retired government workers to get rid of the noise in the outside world (土人级)

 

the private gardens built as secluded retreats for scholars, merchants and retired government workers.

 

综合:It includes not only the large gardens as an entertainment venue for royal family, but also the private gardens built as secluded retreats for scholars, merchants and retired government workers.

 

说明:本句话非常注重细节,请考生仔细分析。



Part III 汉译英练习(语法、句式)


01 比较结构

(一)比较对比的短语:

比较,与相比comparedwith…, in comparison with

形成鲜明对照incontrast with(或to

(1) _______________ (与我成长的地方相比), this town ismore prosperous and exciting. [2008.06/90]

(2) _______________ (和同龄的其他孩子相比), Robert isvery tall.

(二)平级比较as…asnot as… asnotso much …as …(与其说不如说);thesame …as

(3) They will contact us _______________(尽快).

(4) He is _______________(与其说他是位学者)as awriter. 

(三)more than…moreand morethe more…the more…

(5) In my sixties, one change I notice is that_______________(我比以前更容易累了).

(6) I would prefer shopping online to shoppingin a department store because ___________________(它更加方便和省时).

(7) Once we were off the main freeway_______________(这趟旅行更像是度假)

(8) As the disease worsened                       (他感到走路越来越困难).

(9) The more you explain,                         (我越糊涂).

(10) The more preparation you do now,                     (考试前你就越不会紧张).

(四)否定词+比较级nothingmore… thannoless than…不亚于

(11) Since my childhood I have found that                     (没有什么比读书对我更有吸引力).

(12)                     (她的勤奋不亚于)thanher sister. 

(五)倍数增减的表示法

(13) Force N1 _______________(比力N22.5).

(14) This substance _______________(反应速度是另外那种物质的三倍).

(15) The earth _______________(是月球大小的49).

(16) The landlord _______________(想将租金提高三分之一).

 

02 倒装句

(一)Only引导的状语从句位于句首,句子要倒装

(1) Only then                              (那个医生才意识到他的病人需要手术).

(2) Only when you adjustdown your price                              (我们才能做成这笔买卖)

(二)句首出现带有否定意义的词位,句子要倒装

(3) At no time                               (允许吸烟)in the meeting-room.

(4)                    (直到他完成使命)did he realize that hewas seriously ill.

(三)固定结构Hardly/Scarcely…when,No sooner…than

(5) Scarcely had shefallen asleep                            (一阵敲门声就把她吵醒).

(6) No sooner had Annearrived                               (就生病了).

 

03 强调句

(1)                           (正是Jefferson写下了)the Declaration of Independence.

(2)                              (正是因为水涨了)we could not cross the river. 

(3)                           (直到我告诉她) Mrs. Williams knew anything about it.


参考答案

Ⅰ、比较结构

(1)Compared with the place where I grew up

(2) Compared with other children of the same age

(3) as soon as possible

(4) not so much a scholar

(5) I am more likely to get tired than before

(6) it is more convenient and time-saving

(7) the trip felt more like a vacation

(8) he found walking more and more difficult

(9) the more confused I am/get/become

(10) the less nervous you’ll be before the exam

(11) nothing is more attractive to me thanreading/nothing attracts me more than reading

(12) She is no less diligent/hardworking thanher

(13) is 2.5 times greater than Force N2

(14) reacts 3 times as fast as the other one

(15) is 49 times the size of the moon

(16) wants to raise the rent by a third

Ⅱ、倒装句

(1) did the doctor realize that the patient needed an operation

(2) can we close the deal/conclude the business

(3) is smoking permitted

(4) Not until he had finished his mission

(5) when a knock at the door awakened her

(6)than she fell ill

Ⅲ、强调句

(1) It was Jefferson whowrote

(2) It was because thewater had risen that

(3) It was not until I told her that

是时候领一波资料好好学习了!

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04 虚拟语气

(一)非真实句的虚拟

基本形式(主要考与过去和现在将来相反的虚拟语气),特别注意时间状语(混合时间虚拟)

1The victim_______________________ (本来会有机会活下来) ifhe had been taken to hospital in time. 

2If I hadn’t_______________________ (警告你,你就可能丧命了). 

3If_______________________ (如果我是你), Ishouldn’t be worried.  

4If you________________ (在那里住上一段时间,你就会改变对那地方的看法了).

5If I_______________________ (昨天跟他说了,现在我就知道该怎么办了). 

6If I hadn’t stood under the ladder to catch you when youfell, you _____________

_______________(你就不可能像现在这么笑了).  

在非真实条件句中如果有were, had, should这三个词,可以省去if,采用主谓语倒装的形式来表示条件

7Were you in my place, _______________________ (你也会这样干的). 

8Had it not been for their opposition, _________________ (这项法案早就通过了). 

9Should there be another war, ____________________ (人类的生存就会有危险). 

otherwise(要不然,否则), but for(若不是,若非)经常作为非真实条件句中if的代用语

10But for hishelp, _________________ (我们就不会以这么低的价格租到房子了). 

11Mary couldn’t have received my letter, _____________(否则她上周就该回信了).

wish/if only(但愿,真希望,要是就太好了)

12If only I_______________________ (能通过大学英语四级考试)! 

13Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I ___________________(听你的).   

14Sometimes Iwish I _____________________ (生活在一个不同的时间和空间). 

15Jack wishesthat ______________________ (他在大学学的是商务而不是历史).  

(二)wouldrather, It’s (about/high) time(该是的时候了), as if / asthough后引导的从句虚拟

16I would rather_________________________ (你明天来).  

17Hugh usually talks_________________________ (仿佛他是老板似的). 

18It’s (high)time that something ______________ (采取措施解决交通堵塞的问题). 

(三)(should)+动词原形(一般式/被动式/否定式)

信号词:表示建议、命令、要求、想法的动词和名词;带有感情色彩的形容词;连词lest

19Theprofessor required that _______________________ (我们交研究报告).

20Weinsist that _______________________ (让杰克立刻进医院).

21Weare going to discuss his suggestion that ________________ (取消期中考试). 

22Itis ridiculous that __________________ (我们在一个总是下雨的国家还缺水). 

23Itis absolutely unfair that these children ____________________ (被剥夺了受教育的权利).  

24Itis essential that ______________________ (每个人都为紧急情况做好准备). 

25It is a shame that _____________________ (他竟然欺骗了那个可怜的小女孩)! 

26Hewalked lightly _______________________ (以免惊醒婴儿).  

27Takeyour raincoat _______________________ (以防下雨).

 

05 情态动词

1Somepsychologists claim that people ___________ (出门在外时可能会感到孤单). 

2Thephone is ringing, but there is no answer. ________________(她一定不在家). 

3You screamed in your sleep last night.__________(你一定梦见什么可怕的东西了). 

4_______________________ (我没必要穿上我最好的套装) to go to theparty; most of the guests were wearing jeans and sweaters.   

 

参考答案

、虚拟语气

(1)       wouldhave survived

(2)      warnedyou, you could have been killed

(3)      Iwere you

(4)      livedthere for a while, you would change your mind about that place

(5)       hadspoken to him yesterday, I should know what to do now

(6)      you couldn’t be smiling like this now

(7)       youwould do the same

(8)      thisact would have been passed much earlier 

(9)     theexistence of the human race would be in jeopardy

(10)   Icould not have rent a house at such a low price

(11)   otherwiseshe would have replied to me last week

(12)   Icould pass the CET-4

(13)   had followed your advice

(14)   wereliving in a different time and space

(15)    hehad studied business instead of history when he was in university

(16)   youcame tomorrow  

(17)    asif/though he were the boss

(18)   weredone to solve the problem of traffic jam

(19)   we(should) hand in our research report

(20)  Jack(should) be sent to hospital right now

(21)   Themid-term exam (should) de cancelled

(22)  we(should) be short of water in a country where it is always raining

(23)  thesechildren (should) be deprived of the right to receive education

(24)  everyone(should) be prepared for emergency

(25)   he should deceive that poor little girl

(26)  lesthe should awaken the baby

(27)  incase it should rain

情态动词

(1)       mightfeel lonely when they are away from home

(2)      Shecan’t be at home

(3)      Youmust have dreamed of something terrible

(4)      Ineedn’t have put on my best suit to go to the party

 

06 不定式

(1)Itwas a great achievement __________________ (10个月建成一栋24层的楼).

(2)Itis necessary _______________________ (我们在考试前好好地睡一晚上觉).

(3)Itis generous _______________________ (你把这么多钱捐给灾区人民).

(4)Theteacher decided _____________________ (不惩罚那些上课迟到的学生).

(5)Mr.Green was wondering ____________________ (是否去看望在法国的儿子).

(6)Thegardener _______________________ (刚才警告我不要在中午给花浇水).

(7)We_______________________ (请他给我们做有关现代艺术的讲座).

(8)Hefeels it challenging ________________ (在这么大一所大学做学生会主席).

(9)Wehope to have more opportunities _______________________ (把我们在课堂上学到的东西应用于实践).

(10)   Thebad weather ____________________ (破坏了我们在露天放电影的计划).

(11)    Theenvironmentalists are against _________________(在郊区建一座核电站的决定).

(12)   SallyRide was the first _____________________ (探索外部空间的美国妇女).

(13)   Theylifted a rock _______________________ (结果砸了自己的脚).

(14)   Hewas surprised _____________________ (在这个山村遇见一个中学同学).

(15)    I amsorry _______________________ (占用了您这么多时间).

(16)   Ihappened _______________________ (在他冲进来的时候站在门口).

(17)    Shedoesn’t like _______________________ (被当作客人).

(18)   Ifyou want to save money, you’d better ______________ (到校园书店买旧书).

(19)   Wedid nothing _______________________ (除了整天打桥牌).

(20)      Wewere made _______________________ (进屋之前在垫子上擦擦脚).

 

07 分词

1Thisis the first time that I heard ___________(用意大利语唱祝你生日快乐”).

2Thecars _______________________ (停在消防通道的)will be ticketed.

3Thewar went on for years, ____________________ (夺去了成千上万人的生命).

4Thefarmers used a new insecticide, thus _____________(将平均产量提高了15%).

5_______________(看到大家都在聚精会神地看书),we stopped talking and began to study. 

6________________(被这个男孩的事迹深深打动了),they decided to pay for his education.

7_______________________(从一个年轻朋友的眼光来看),Einstein was a simple, modest and ordinary man. 

8__________________(好久没有收到父母的来信了),he was worried about them.

 

08 动名词

1_______________________(每天洗冷水澡) does him alot of good.

2Theytried to avoid _______________________ (让女儿做她不喜欢的事情).

3Developingvarieties is the key to _____________________ (使我们的产品进入国际市场).

4Itis no use _______________________ (为洒了的牛奶而哭泣). 

5Hedenied _______________________ (偷看了同桌的试卷). 

6Wecongratulated her on _______________________ (被提升为经理).


参考答案

、不定式

(1)to complete a 24-story building in 10 months

(2)for us to havea good night’s sleep before the test

(3)of you todonate so much money to the people in the disaster area

(4)not to punishthose students who had been late for class

(5)whether to visit their son inFrance

(6)warned me justnow not to water flowers at noon

(7)invited him to give us a lecture on modern art

(8)to be thechairman of students’ union in so large a university

(9)to apply whatwe have learned in class to practice

(10)ruined our plan to show the film in the open air

(11) the decision to build a nuclear power station inthe suburbs

(12)American woman to explore the outer space

(13)only to drop it on their own feet

(14)to meet a high school classmate in the mountainvillage

(15) to have taken up so much of your time

(16)to be standing in the doorway when he rushed in

(17) to be treated as a guest

(18)go to the campus bookstore to buy used books

(19)but play bridge the whole day

(20)     to wipe our feet on the mat before going intothe room

分词

(1)          “Happy birthday to you” sung in Italian

(2)         parked in the fire lane

(3)         killing thousands upon thousands of people

(4)         raising the average yield by 15 percent

(5)          Seeing that everyone was bending over his/herbook

(6)         Deeply moved by the boy’s deeds

(7)          Seen from the eyes of a young friend

(8)         Not having heard from his parents for a longtime

动名词

(2)  Takinga cold bath every day

(3)  makingtheir daughter do what she didn’t like to do

(4)  gettingour goods into the international market

(5)   cryingover spilled milk

(6)  havingpeeked at his neighbor’s test paper

(7)   beingpromoted to manager

 

09 名词从句

主语从句

1___________________________(他们为什么离开家乡去云南) is still asecret.  

2________________________(最让我不解的) was that hespoke English so well. 

3_____________________________(这么做是故意的) becameobvious.  

较长的主语从句可以后置,用it作形式主语

4It is not clear yet_____________________________(谁应该为这件事负责).  

5It is none of your business_____________________________(玛丽与谁订婚). 

宾语从句

6Don’t put off till tomorrow ____________________________(今天能做的事). 

表语从句

7This novel is just_____________________________(我一直在寻找的).  

同位语从句

8Obviously,there was little certainty _________________ (主席会同意他的提议). 

whether/if引导的从句

9_____________________________(她是否喜欢那个礼物) isnot clear to me.  

10My main problem right now is _______________(我是否应该请求另一笔贷款).  

11Itall depends on _____________________________ (他们是否会支持我们).  

 

10 定语从句

先行词为地点,定语从句通常由where引导

1Everydaymany tourists come to visit _________________(鲁迅出生的那栋房子). 

2Theprevent and treatment of AIDS is _____________________________ (我们可以合作的领域).  

先行词为时间,定语从句通常由when引导

3Theold lady died ____________________________ (在她儿子到达的那天). 

先行词为reason,定语从句通常由why引导

4Thisis ____________________________ (我赞成这一提议的理由). 

whose引导的定语从句

5Mr.King, ___________________ (金先生腿受重伤), was taken tothe hospital.

非限制性定语从句

6Someof the roads were flooded, ________________ (这使我们的旅程更为艰难).

7Heintroduced me to his students, _____________________________ (他们大部分是英语专业的学生).  

as 引导的定语从句

8____________________________(众所周知), water is aliquid.  

 

11 状语从句

让步状语从句

(1)_____________________________(不管我们谈论什么),Jim brings polities into the discussion. 

(2)I amgoing to pursue this course, ______________________________ (无论我要作出什么牺牲).  

(3)_____________________________(不管哪一方获胜), Ishall be satisfied. 

(4)Leaving one’s job, _____________________________ (不管是什么工作), is a difficult change, even for those who look forward toretiring. 

目的状语从句

(5)Weclimbed high ______________________ (这样我们就可以看到更好的风景).  

(6)______________________________(为了挣钱供我上学),mother often takes on more work than is good for her.  

结果状语从句

(7)Theproblem so very complicated _________________ (花了我们两个周才解决).  

条件状语从句

(8)Youcan go out _________________________ (只要你答应晚上11点以前回来). 

方式状语从句

(9)I remember the whole thing ________________________(仿佛是昨天发生的).

 

参考答案

名词从句

(1)Why they left their hometown for Yunnan

(2)What confused me most

(3)That this was done on purpose

(4)who should be responsible for thismatter

(5)whom Mary is engaged to

(6)what can be done today

(7)what I have been looking for

(8)that the chairman would agree tothis proposal

(9)Whether she likes the present

(10)  whetherI should ask for another loan

(11)  whetherthey will support us

定语从句

(1)  thehouse where Lu Xun was born

(2)  thefield (where) we can cooperate/the field in which we can cooperate

(3)  onthe day when his son arrived

(4)  thereason why I am in favor of this proposal

(5)  whoselegs were badly hurt

(6)  whichmade our journey more difficult

(7)  mostof whom were English majors

(8)  Asis known to all

状语从句

(1)  Whateverwe talk about

(2)  whateversacrifice I have to make

(3)  Whicheverside wins

(4)  no matter what kind of job it is/nomatter what it is

(5)  sothat we might get a better view

(6)  Inorder to/To earn/make/get money for/finance my education

(7)  thatit took us nearly two weeks to solve it

(8)  aslong as you promise to be back before 11 at night

(9)  asif it happened yesterday



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