30天六级逆袭计划Day-17

四六级考虫2020-06-29 14:56:58


昨天的任务是——写作

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-今天的任务是 -

长难句


【今日长难句】

1.However, Allen believed that the unconscious mind generates as much action as the conscious mind, and while we may be able to sustain the illusion of control through the conscious mind alone, in reality we are continually faced with a question: “Why cannot I make myself do this or achieve that? ”

 

2.In fact, circumstances seem to be designed to bring out the best in us and if we feel that we have been "wronged" then we are unlikely to begin a conscious effort to escape from our situation.

 

3.This seems a justification for neglect of those in need, and a rationalization of exploitation, of the superiority of those at the top and the inferiority of those at the bottom.

 

【结构解析】

1. 句子主干为“主+谓+宾从”结构,且believe 有两个宾语从句,由and连接在一起。that 引导的第一个宾语从句包含“as much as…”的比较结构;“and”之后为believe的第二个宾语从句,且该宾语从句为复合句,while引导让步状语从句,表对比关系,可译为“尽管”

 

2. 该句较长,主干为 “and” 连接的并列句。前半句主干为被动句,即:circumstances/ seem to be designed; “to bring out the best in us” 为目的状语。后半句为“if条件状语从句+主句(主谓宾结构)”。“if”所引导的条件状语从句中嵌套了that引导的宾语从句做feel的宾语。to escape from our situation 为动词不定式修饰a counscious effort。

 

3. 本句难点不在于主干,在于平行结构。主干为主系表结构,this seems a justification … and a rationalization …。for neglect of those in need 修饰a justification ;of exploitation, of the superiority of those at the top and the inferiority of those at the bottom为三个of构成的平行结构,修饰a rationalization。

 

【词的处理】

unconscious / ʌnˈkɔnʃəs/ adj. 无意识的;自然流露的

generate / ˈdʒenəreit / vt. 产生;引起

conscious / ˈkɔnʃəs/ adj.有知觉的;有意识的

sustain  / səˈstein / vt. 维持(生命、生存); 使保持

illusion / iˈlu:ʒn / n. 错误的观念;幻想

continually / kənˈtinjuəli / adv. 接连不断地;连续地

achieve / əˈtʃi:v / vt. 达到,完成,成功

circumstance / ˈsə:kəmstəns/ 条件,状况,环境

bring out 生产;使显示

wrong vt. 误会

be unlikely to …不太可能

conscious  / ˈkɔnʃəs/ 有意识的

justification / ˌdʒʌstifiˈkeiʃn / n. 正当理由

neglect  / niˈɡlekt / vt. 忽视

those in need 需要帮助的人

rationalization /,ræʃənəlaɪ'zeiʃən/ 合理化

exploitation  / ˌeksplɔiˈteiʃn / n. 剥削;开采

superiority  / su:ˌpiəriˈɔrəti/ n. 优越(性)

inferiority / inˌfiəriˈɔrəti/ 低等,劣等 


【参考译文】

1.However, Allen believed that the unconscious mind generates as much action as the conscious mind, and while we may be able to sustain the illusion of control through the conscious mind alone, in reality we are continually faced with a question: “Why cannot I make myself do this or achieve that? ”

 

然而,Allen认为潜意识的思想会产生跟显意识思想一样多的行为; 他还认为尽管我们或许能仅凭显意识来维持“控制”这种错觉,但事实上我们却一直面临一个问题:“为什么我们不能让自己完成这件事或实现那一目标哪?”

 

2. In fact, circumstances seem to be designed to bring out the best in us and if we feel that we have been "wronged" then we are unlikely to begin a conscious effort to escape from our situation.

 

事实上,环境仿佛就是为了激发我们的最大潜能而设的,如果我们觉得自己遭受了“不公”,就不太可能有意识地去努力摆脱自己的处境。

 

3. This seems a justification for neglect of those in need, and a rationalization of exploitation, of the superiority of those at the top and the inferiority of those at the bottom.

 

这似乎成了一个正当理由去忽视需要帮助的人,也证明了剥削、社会上层人群的优越及社会底层人群的卑微是合理的。


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