英语四级丨听力放送NO.8

2020-04-06 16:13:10

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频道FM86.7。


Section A


Directions: In this section, you will hearthree news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or threequestions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the fourchoices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on AnswerSheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the newsreport you have just heard.

1. 

A)The International Labor Organization'skey objective.

B)The basic social protection for the mostvulnerable.

C)Rising unemployment worldwide.

D)Global economic recovery.

2. 

A)Many countries have not taken measuresto create enough jobs.

B)Few countries know how to address thecurrent economic crisis.

C)Few countries have realized theseriousness of the current crisis.

D)Many countries need support to improvetheir people's livelihood.

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the newsreport you have just heard.

3. 

A)Serve standardized food nationwide.

B)Put calorie information on the menu.

C)Increase protein content in the food.

D)Offer convenient food to customers.

4. 

A)They will be fined.

B)They will be closed.

C)They will get a warning.

D)They will lose customers.

Questions 5 to 7 are based on the newsreport you have just heard.

5. 

A)Inability to implement their businessplans.

B)Inability to keep turning out novelproducts.

C)Lack of a successful business model oftheir own.

D)Failure to integrate innovation intotheir business.

6. 

A)It is the secret to business success.

B)It is the creation of something new.

C)It is a magic tool to bring big rewards.

D)It is an essential part of businessculture.

7.

A)Its hardworking employees.

B)Its flexible promotion strategy.

C)Its innovation culture.

D)Its willingness to make investments.


Section B


Directions: In this section, you will heartwo long conversations. At the end of each conversations you will hear fourquestions. Both the conversations and the question-s will be spoken only once.

After you hear a question. You must choosethe best answer from the four choices marked A),

B), C)and D). Then mark the correspondingletter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 8 to 11 are based on theconversation you have just heard.

8. 

A)He's got addicted to technology.

B)He is not very good at socializing.

C)He is crazy about text-messaging.

D)He does not talk long on the phone.

9. 

A)Talk big.

B)Talk at length.

C)Gossip a lot.

D)Forget herself.

10. 

A)He thought it was cool.

B)He needed the practice.

C)He wanted to stay connected with them.

D)He had an urgent message to send.

11. 

A)It poses a challenge to seniors.

B)It saves both time and money.

C)It is childish and unprofessional.

D)It is cool and convenient.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on theconversation you have just heard.

12. 

A)He wants to change his jobassignment.

B)He is unhappy with his departmentmanager.

C)He thinks he deserves extra pay forovertime.

D)He is often singled out for criticism byhis boss.

13. 

A)His workload was much too heavy.

B)His immediate boss did not trust him.

C)His colleagues often refused tocooperate.

D)His salary was too low for hisresponsibility.

14. 

A)He never knows how to refuse.

B)He is always ready to help others.

C)His boss has a lot of trust in him.

D)His boss has no sense of fairness.

15. 

A)Put all his complaints in writing.

B)Wait and see what happens next.

C)Learn to say no when necessary.

D)Talk to his boss in person first.


Section C


Directions: In this section, you will hearthree passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or fourquestions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. Afteryou hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choicesmarked A), B), C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1with a single line through the centre.

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passageyou have just heard.

16. 

A)The importance of sleep to a healthylife.

B)Reasons for Americans' decline in sleep.

C)Some tips to improve the quality ofsleep.

D)Diseases associated with lack of sleep.

17. 

A)They are more health-conscious.

B)They are changing their living habits.

C)They get less and less sleep.

D)They know the dangers of lack of sleep.

18. 

A)Their weight will go down.

B)Their mind function will deteriorate.

C)Their work efficiency will decrease.

D)Their blood pressure will rise.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passageyou have just heard.

19. 

A)How much you can afford to pay.

B)What course you are going to choose.

C)Which university you are going to applyto.

D)When you are going to submit yourapplication.

20. 

A)The list of courses studied.

B)The full record of scores.

C)The references from teachers.

D)The personal statement.

21. 

A)Specify what they would like to doafter graduation.

B)Describe in detail how much they wouldenjoy studying.

C)Indicate they have reflected and thoughtabout the subject.

D)Emphasize that they admire the professorsin the university. Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have justheard.

22. 

A)It was equipped with rubber tyres.

B)It was built in the late 19th century.

C)It was purchased by the Royal family.

D)It was designed by an English engineer.

23. 

A)They consumed lots of petrol.

B)They took two passengers only.

C)They were difficult to drive.

D)They often broke down.

24. 

A)They were produced on the assemblyline.

B)They were built with less costlymaterials.

C)They were modeled after British cars.

D)They were made for ordinary use.

25. 

A)It made news all over the world.

B)It was built for the Royal family.

C)It marked a new era in motor travel.

D)It attracted large numbers of motorists.

Section A


(1 ) The International Labor Organizationsays the number of people without jobs is increasing. In its latest update onglobal employment trends, the agency says projections of the number ofunemployed people this year range from 210 million to nearly 240 millionpeople. The report warns that 200 million poor workers are at risk of joiningthe ranks of people living on less than 2 dollars per day in the past threeyears. The director general of the International Labor Organization JuanSomavia notes that some countries have taken measures to address the effects ofthe global crisis.

(2) However, he points out that manycountries have not done so. And based on past experiences, it takes four tofive years after economic recovery for unemployment to return to pre-crisislevels. Mr. Somavia says the International Labor Organization is proposing aglobal jobs ' agreement to deal with unemployment. “Its key objective is toplace the center of recovery efforts— measures that would generate high levelsof employment and provide basic social protection for the most vulnerable."

(3) Big fast food chains in New York Cityhave started to obey a first-of-its-kind rule, requiring them to post caloriecounts right on the menu. Cathy Nonas is with the New York City Department ofHealth. uWe wanted to give people an opportunity to actually see the caloriesbefore they purchase the food and make a decision and inform decision. That ifthey want to make their healthier choice, if they want to eat fewer calories,they can. And we expect this will have a huge impact on obesity. And of course,if it has an impact on obesity, it will have an impact on diabetes, and heartdisease, and high blood pressure. M The new rules will be introduced as a part ofanti-obesity campaign that also includes a recent citywide ban on artificialtrans fats in restaurant food. The menu rule only applies to restaurants thatserve standardized potion sizes and have fifty or more locations nationwide.Starting last Saturday, (4) ctiains big enough to fall under the rnle will facepenalties about 2,000 dollars for not showing calorie information in aprominent spot on their menus, preferably next to the price.

(5)Almost all companies recognize the importance of innovation today, but not manyare able to integrate innovation into their business. A commentary in theShanghai Daily points out that innovation doesn ' t mean piles of documents.It' s something more practical.

(6) The article says many people tend toassume that innovation just means creating something new, but actually it ' smore than that. It's an attitude of doing things. A company should find ways toinnovate not just in products but also in functions, business models andprocesses. (7) The article cites the global ^iant Procter & Gamble as anexample, saying a real innovative company should develop an innovation cultureand use it as a primary tool for success. Procter & Gamble has a"Corporate Innovation Fund", which offers big rewards for high-riskideas that succeed. It also has a special innovation facility for itsemployees. Sometimes its employees are released from their daily jobs forweeks, and spend their time interacting in the innovation facility instead. Inconclusion, the article says innovative ideas alone do not ensure success. It'spointless unless there is a repeatable process in place to turn inspirationinto financial performance.


Section B


Conversation One


lM :So, Linzy, do you like to text messageon your cell phone?

W: Yeah, I text message a lot.

M :I don' t do it so much. I prefer to makea call if T m in a hurry.

W :Yeah, I go both ways. Sometimes I don 't really want to talk to the person. I just want to ask them one question, soit, s much easier for me just to text message. (9) If 1 call them, I'll have tohave a long conversation.

M :Yeah, I can see what you mean. (8) But Iget off the phone pretty quickly when I call. I ' m not a big talker. W:Yeah,that's true. You don't talk a lot.

M :So are you fast at writing the messageswith your thumb?

W :Well, when I first got a cell phone, Iwas so slow. I thought I would never text message. But then people kept text-messagingme, so I felt obliged to learn how to text message. So now I' m pretty fast.What about you?

M :Actually I have the opposite problem.(10) When I first got my cell phone, I thought it was so cool to text messageall my friends who have one, and I was pretty fast with my thumb then. But itseems like now I don11 use it so much. I' ve got slower actually.

W :Yeah, I think text messaging actuallysort of has to do with your age. For example, people in high school, they textmessage a lot. But I asked my father if he texted messages, and guess what hesaid?

M :What?

W: He said he'd never text message. ( 11)He thinks it ' s very childish and unprofessional to text message.

M :Yeah, I can see what he means. It' sconsidered pretty informal to text message to someone. 8. What does the man sayabout himself?


Conversation Two


W :Good moming, Mr. Johnson. How can I helpyou?

M :Well, I' d like to talk to you about TimBond, the department manager.

W :What seems to be the problem?

M: Well, ever since Sandra left thedepartment, (12) I feel like I've been targeted to do all her work as well asmine. I'm expected to attend too many meetings and I seem to be spending a lotof my time doing unnecessary paper work.

W :I'm sorry to hear that.

M : And, on top of that, (13 _ 1 ) I'dspecifically asked if I could leave early last Friday as J done a lot ofovertime during the week. But that afternoon, even though I'd finished myassigned work, I was told to help other colleagues finish their work, too.

W :( 14) But surely that' s a positive signshowing that Mr. Bond has a lot of trust in you. M :Yest (13 -2) but othercolleagues get to leave early, and they don ' t have such a lot of work to do.

W :So you feel he's really makingunrealistic demands on you?

M :Yes, absolutely.

W :Have you approached Mr. Bond about thisparticular problem?

M :I' ve tried, but it seems like he justhas no time for me.

W :Well, at this stage, it would be betterif you approached him directly. If nothing else showing that you' ve tried tosolve the problem yourself before you take it further, make it clear that you 're just not a complainer.

(15) Why don' t you send an emailrequesting a meeting with him in private?

M :Hmm, I' ve been a bit worried about hisreaction. But anyway, I'll send him an email to request a meeting, and I 'llsee what happens through that. Thanks for your advice.

W :Good luck. And let us know the outcome.

12. What do we learn about the man from theconversation?


Section C Passage One


The massive decline in sleep happened soslowly and quietly that few seemed to notice the trend. Was it becrause of thegrowing attraction of the Internet, video games and endless TV channels? Neverdisconnecting from work? No matter how it happened, millions of Americans areputting their health, quality of life and even length of life in danger. (16 -1) New evidence shows why getting enough sleep is a top priority. Some 40% ofAmericans get less than 7 hours of shut-eye on week nights. “ The link betweensleep and health, and bad sleep and disease is becoming clearer and clearer,”says LawTence Alberstaine, a sleep expert at Harvard University. For example,(17) sleep duration has declined from some 8 hours in the 1950s to 7 in recentyears. Al the same time, high blood pressure has become an increasing problem.Blood pressure and heart rate are typically at their lowest levels duringsleep. (18) People who sleep less tend to have higher blood pressure, heartattack, diabetes, weight gain and other problems. Sleeping better may helpfight off illness. When people are sleep-deprived, there are higher levels ofstress hormones in their Ixxlies which can decrease iminune function. saysDoctor Felice, of Northwestern University in Chicago. (16-2) A university ofChicago study shows people who sleep well live longer. So say "goodnight", sooner and it may help you stay active and vital to a ripe oldage. 16. What is the speaker mainly talking about?


Passage Two


Parents and teachers will tell you not toworr)1 wlien applying for a place at a university. But in the same breath wewill remind you that it is the most important decision of your life. (19) Thefirst decision is your choice of course. It will depend on what you want to getout of university, what you are good at and what you enjoy. The next decisionis where to apply. Aim high but within reason. Do you have the right combinalionof subjects and are your expected grades likely to meet entry requirements? Thedeadline is January 15th. But it is best to submit your application earlybecause universities begin work as soon as forms start rolling in. (20) Themost important part of the application is the much feared personal statement.This is your chance to convey boundless enthusiasm for the subject. So economyof expression is foremost. Omit dull and ineffective generalities and make sureyou give concrete examples. (21 - 1) Admissions officers read ever>rpersonal statement that arrives. It is not convincing if you say you havechosen the subject because you enjoy it. You have to get across what it isabout a particular area that has inspired you. (21 - 2) They will look for evidencethat you have reflected and thought about the subject. Appli- cants should behonest. There is no point saying you run marathons, if you are going to be outof breath arriving at the interview on the second floor. 


Passage Three


(22) It is usually agreed that a German,Carl Bens built the first motor car in 1885. It was actually a tricycle with apetrol motor at the rear. Soon, members of the royal family and other wealthypeople took up motoring as a sport. Many of the early cars had two seats. (23)There were no petrol pumps and few garages, so every driver had to be his ownengineer for the frequent breakdowns. By 1905, cars began to look like cars oftoday, with head lamps, wind screen, rubber tyres and number plates. (24) HenryFord's Model T introduced in America in 1909 was cheaper because it was made onthe assembly line. It brought cars closer towards the reach of ordinary people.With the popularity of the car, registration became a must in 1903 with theMotor Car Act. Competency tests were introduced in 1935. Today, the legal drivingage for a car in the UK is 17. You are not allowed to drive a car unsuperviseduntil you have passed a driving test. In 1958, Britain celebrated the openingof its first motor way — the Preston Bypass. Until then, no one reallyunderstood what a motor way was, not even the laborers who were building it.(25) The bypass held a new era in motor travel and was greeted with excitementand optimism. Service stations came with the motor way and tlie legend of thetransport cafe was bom. Of course, the service station has diversified greatly.But whether it ' s an English-cooked breakfast or a coffee and a sandwich, onething has iremained the same:the prices.


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