编辑 | 黑陶_R
审核 | 大腕
1 B The test driver made a wrong judgement
2 D They have generally done quite well.
3 A He works at a national park.
4 B They were making a lot of noise.
5 A The discovery of a new species of snake.
6 C A snake crawled onto his head in his sleep.
7 D From its colour.
8 A The security check takes time.
9 B By credit card.
10 A Give him a receipt.
11 D Posting a comment on the hotel’s webpage.
12 C He has stopped making terrible faces.
13 D Warn him of danger by making up a story.
14 A They could break pp’s legs.
15 B One would have to shave their head to remove a bat in their hair.
16 C Everything seemed to be changing.
17 A Meeting people.
18 D He was a young student in the 1960s.
19 B They avoid looking at them.
20 C It focuses its eyes on their mouths.
21 B By taking in their facial expressions as a whole.
22 They resort to different means to survive the bitter cold.
23 They consume the energy stored before the long sleep.
24 By storing enough food beforehand
25 To stay safe
33. J preventing
34. N sufficient
35. F increased
As if you needed another reason to hate the gym, it now turns out that exercise can exhaust not only your muscles, but also your eyes. Fear not, however, for coffee can perk them right up again. During vigorous exercise, our muscles tire as they run out of fuel and build up waste products. Muscle performance can also be affected byaphenomenon called “central fatigue,” in which an imbalance in the body’s chemical messengers prevents the central nervous system from directing muscle movements effectively. It was not known, however, whether central fatigue might also affect motor systems not directly involved in the exercise itself—such as those that move the eyes. To find out, researchers gave 11 volunteers a carbohydrate solutioneither with a moderate dose of caffeine—which is known to stimulate the central nervous system—or as a placebo without, during 3 hours of cycling. After exercising, the scientists tested the cyclists with eye-tracking cameras to see how well their brains could still control their visual system. The team found that exercise reduced the speed of rapid eye movements by about 8%, preventing their ability to capture new visual information. The caffeine—the equivalent of two strong cups of coffee—wassufficient to counteract this effect, with some cyclists even displaying increased eye movement speeds, the team reports today in Scientific Reports. So it might be a good idea to get someone else to drive you home after that marathon.
36 [H] 题干：Successful team leaders know exactly where the team should go and are able to take promptaction.
37 [D] 题干：Decentralisation of authority was also found to be more effective in military operations.
38 [B] 题干：In many companies,the conventional form of organisation is giving way to a network of teams.
39 [J] 题干：Members of poorly managed teams are easily distracted from their work.
40 [G] 题干：Teamwork is most effective when team members share the same culture.
41 [A] 题干：According to a report by Deloitte,teamwork is becoming increasingly popular among companies.
42 [F] 题干：Some team members find it hard to agree on questions like membership and the team's purpose.
43 [E] 题干：Some scholars think teamwork may not always be reliable,despite its potential to work wonders.
44 [I] 题干：To ensure employee's commitment,it is advisable to give them more flexibility as to where and how they work.
45 [C] 题干： Product transitions take much less time now than in the past.
46 D Britons have developed the habit of saving.
47 B It will remain gloomy.
48 C Luxurious features add much to the price.
49 A They are particular about the quality of toilet paper.
50 D Environmental protection is not much of a concern when Britons buy toilet paper.
51 B She succeeded in quitting smoking abruptly.
52 D They were offered nicotine replacements.
53 C It is encouraging.
54 B needs some practice first.
55 A They find it even more difficult.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Our English Study Club is calling for foreign students’ due attention for join us. And we are looking forward to your keen concern and active participation.
The English Study Club was founded by students of our university voluntarily in 2005, which aims to promote the cultural exchange among students from different countries by means of language study.
Being a member of our club, you can reap the benefit of several aspects. For one thing, you can communicate with Chinese students in person and this will allow you to know more about Chinese culture, customs, habits, etc. For another, vice versa you can introduce the culture of your country to other club members. Last but not the least, through activities held by the club, you may make more friends and this will enrich your oversea study to a great extent. As the old saying goes, time and tide wait for no man. Let’s join hand in and to contribute ourselves to cultural exchange among different countries. We sincerely hope foreign students, if interested and willing to participate in our club, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or by 12345678.
It is exciting to visit different places. As we travel, we will see beautiful sceneries typical of the region, meet and make friends with different people and get to know the custom of the local people. Today people are so fond of traveling that tourism has become one of the fastest growing industries in most countries.
The main reason why people travel is, perhaps, for pleasure. For example, having worked hard throughout the weekdays, people will find a weekend trip to the nearby mountains or beaches a real relaxation. For another example, spending an annual holiday traveling abroad is an especially satisfying experience for those who do not have much opportunity to go abroad. When people return from their travel, they will generally feel fresh and energetic, ready to work harder. Another reason is for learning. We may have read or heard about something but we can never get a deep understanding of it until we see it for ourselves.
In my opinion, the biggest advantage of traveling is we can learn much during our travel about the geography, biology, and history of the places we visit. Therefore, we’d better make use of every chance to travel so as to gain something meaningful.
With the development of the Internet and the popularization of computers, shopping on the Internet has become a commonplace in our life. Here consumers can buy almost everything they need.
Shopping on the Internet has a lot of advantages, of which the most important is perhaps its convenience. People don't have to waste a lot of their energy and precious time to go from one shop to another to choose the commodities they like. This is especially desirable to the old, the sick and the busy people who cannot go to the shops in person. All they need to do is to sit in front of their computers and click the mousses. The commodities they order will be delivered to them promptly.
Everything has two sides, shopping online is not the exception. Shopping on the Internet also has its disadvantages. The first disadvantage is that the consumers can't see the goods or try them on personally. The second disadvantage is that some shops on the Internet are not registered. They will never deliver anything to you after they get the money from you. Once cheated, you will find that you have nowhere to go to complain.
The Pearl River, an extensive river system in southern China, flows through Guangzhou City. It is China’s third-longest river, only behind the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. The Pearl River Delta is one of the most developed regions in China with an area of about 11,000 square kilometers. It is the largest urban area in the world in both size and population. The nine largest cities of Pearl River Delta have a combined population of over 57 million. Since the reform and opening up in the late 1970s, the Delta has become one of the major economic regions and manufacturing centers of both China and the world.
The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world. It flows through a wide array of ecosystems and is habitat to several endemic and endangered species. The Yangtze River drains one-fifth of the land area of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Its river basin is home to one-third of the country’s population. The Yangtze plays a large role in the history, culture and economy of China. The Yangtze River Delta generates as much as 20% of the PRC’s GDP. For thousands of years, the river has been used for water, irrigation and industrial production. The largest hydro-electric power station in the world is located in the River.
The Yellow River ranks the third longest in Asia and the sixth longest in the world. The word “yellow” describes the perennial color of the muddy water. The Yellow River, one of several rivers for China to live on, originates from Qinghai province，flows through nine provinces, and finally pours into the Bohai Sea. The river basin is not only the birth place of ancient Chinese civilization，but also the most prosperous region in the early history of China. However, due to the frequent devastating floods, it has caused many disasters. In the past few decades, the government has taken various measures to prevent disasters.
1 B Having friendly colleagues.
2 B 20%.
3 A Those of a samll size.
4 C They can better balance work and life.
5 D It is a collection of photos.
6 C When taking pictures for a concert catalogne.
7 A The entire European coastline will be submerged.
8 D Tourists use wooden paths to reach their hotels in the morning.
9 C They spend too much time anticipating their defeat.
10 D Thinking has the same effect on the nervious system as doing.
11 C Picture themselves succeeding.
12 B She won her first jury trial.
13 C It helps people to avoid developing bread cancer.
14 D It tacked their eating habits since their adolescence.
15 A Fiber may help to reduce hormones in the body.
16 B Conducting research on consumer be haviour.
17 D It is an act of socialising.
18 A They spent a week studying their own purchasing behaviour.
19 D It is likely to give up paper money in the near future.
20 C Whether the absence of physical currency causes a person to spend more.
21 C The restaurant car accepted cash only.
22 B By drawing money week by week.
23 Chrosic hunger.
24 B About half of them are unintended.
25 A It is essential to the well being of all species on earth.
26. F) focused
27. L) trigger
28. O) volunteers
29. H) instructed
30. J) sealed
31. M) uttering
32. A) apparently
33. C) brilliance
34. D) claiming
35. N) volume
36 [F] focused
37 [L] trigger
38 [O] volunteers
39 [H] instructed
40 [J] sealed
41 [M] uttering
42 [A] apparently
43 [C] brilliance
44 [D] claiming
45 [N] volume
46. [A] It’s backed by a campus spending analysis.
47. [B] Facilities management by colleges is more cost-effective.
48. [C] render a number of campus workers jobless
49. [A] The outsourcing plan is not yet finalized.
50. [D] He opposed the governor’s plan to reconstruct the college board system.
51. [B] It was unaffordable for ordinary people.
52. [C] They were versed in literature and interested in art.
53. [D] They gained some knowledge of classical art and architecture.
54. [B] Europe hardly had any museums before the 19th century.
55. [A] There appeared more and more Roman-style buildings.
Suppose you are asked to give advice on whether to attend college at home or abroad, write an essay to state your opinion. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
Living in a world which is full of changes and challenges,we are confronted with new problems every single day. Of all the issues, one might disturb the students the most, and it is if we have two options: to attend college at home or abroad. As for me, I prefer to choose the latter.
Why ,you may wonder , should I would like to study abroad ? The reasons responsible for it can be listed as follows.
Among the most important reasons cited by people is that to study abroad，directly or indirectly，can not only broaden our eyes and enrich our life experience，which is of great importance in one’s growth.
What’s more，to attend college abroad can give us an independent personality and more globalized vision towards the world, if it were not for those two attributes, how could we achieve great goals in this dog-eat-dog world .
Above all, in such a society where emphasis，more often than not ， is laid on quality of education and information, to study abroad , if we had the chance, must be a good choice.
To study abroad, so at least it seems to me, is preferable for those who have the ability to afford the fees, in the process of which we will develop an innovative thought mode .
As a proverb goes, there is no difficulty that an innovative thought mode can not solve, no door that an innovative thought mode can not open, no mountain that an innovative thought mode can not surmount.
The Song dynasty began from 960 and ended in 1279. During the period, China had witnessed huge growth in the economy, making it the most advanced economy in the world. Science and technology, philosophy and mathematics also flourished at that time. In the Song dynasty, China was the first country in the world to issue paper money, use gunpowder and invent movable-type printing. With rapidly increasing population, more and more people moved into the city, in which entertainment venues were very busy. People could enjoy various social life, getting together to appreciate and trade precious artworks. The Song dynasty also enjoyed an advanced government system in the world. All of the government officials were selected and appointed through the competitive examination.
The Tang dynasty, which began in 618 and ended in 907, is generally regarded as the most prosperous period in Chinese history. After three hundred years of development, the Tang Dynasty has become the most prosperous power around the world. Its capital Chang’an was the largest city in the world at that time. During this period, economy developed, commerce thrived, social order was stable, and even the border was open to the outside. Wealth increased due to urbanization, art and literature also flourished. Li Bai and Du Fu are poets who are renowned for their simple and natural writing style. Their poems touched the hearts of scholars and ordinary people; even today, many of their poems are still widely read and recited by children and adults.
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