【有人@你】六级答案双手奉上--六级卷一

河北建筑工程学院学生会2020-07-31 14:29:10

六级答案来袭,快快接收


六级卷一



作文

作文单项“the difficulty in acquiringuseful information in spite of advanced information technology”,结构上属于图画题,内容属于常考的网络话题。故,从六级作文三大评分侧重点语言,结构,内容来考虑,此次六级作文考题难度系数不大。


下面就此题进行详细讲解。


第一段:六级作文图画描述首段应包括两个部分描述图画+点题。其中对应模板分别为 “as isexplicitly manifested in the cartoon above,... undoubtedly...”而此题设定场景为办公室,图中有一个老板和四个员工,根据字幕提示,得知信息产业飞速发展,而有用信息并不多主题为获取有效信息是非常难的


  As is explicitly manifested in the cartoon above, inthe office there sit one boss and three employers confronting lots ofinformation technology and wondering how to acquire useful ones. Undoubtedly,it is increasingly difficult for common citizens to acquire useful informationalthough there does exist advanced information technology.


第二段:结构上,应该保证总分关系:首先模板指出有许多原因,而后分两到三层论证难度系数增加的原因,确保使用第一第二的连接词连接。内容上,思路延展分为宏观微观两个层面,从宏观上来说,信息科技飞速发展,给人们很多选择,而许多是毫无价值的;从微观上来说,每个人在自我判断时可能过于急躁,无法冷静选择。语言上,请尽量使用强调的定语从句,插入语,主被动转换之类。


  There exist numerous reasons accounting for thephenomenon mentioned above. First and foremost, with the remarkable advancementof science and technology, a myriad of information penetrates into every facetof our life by leaps and bounds, out of which only a tiny percentage ofknowledge is available or accessible to common people. Apart from that, fromthe perspective of individuals, facing a huge amount of information, those wholack relevant background information or self-consciousness can barely beprudent in choosing what they really need, thus worsening the situation.


第三段:结构上,应该保证总分总关系:首先模板指出应该采取有效措施,而后分两层论证具体解决问题的方法,最后全文总结收尾。内容上,思路可以延展第二段思路,一方面,媒体应该加强宣传筛选力度,另一方面,个人也应该加强自我认知,只有这样我们才能不断进步。语言上,请尽量避免过于绝对话语,注意句式多样性,词汇变换性。


  Judging from what has been discussed above, usefulinformation should be more available. On the one hand, the mass media shouldset an example in eliminating the false and retaining the true. on the otherhand, we each individual are also supposed to be more sensible in sorting-out.Only in this way can we be in possession of more useful information beneficialto us in the long run!


整合全文版本如下:


  As is explicitly manifested in the cartoon above, inthe office there sit one boss and three employers confronting lots ofinformation technology and wondering how to acquire useful ones. Undoubtedly,it is increasingly difficult for common citizens to acquire useful informationalthough there does exist advanced information technology.


  There exist numerous reasons accounting for thephenomenon mentioned above. First and foremost, with the remarkable advancementof science and technology, a myriad of information penetrates into every facetof our life by leaps and bounds, out of which only a tiny percentage ofknowledge is available or accessible to common people. Apart from that, fromthe perspective of individuals, facing a huge amount of information, those wholack relevant background information or self-consciousness can barely beprudent in choosing what they really need, thus worsening the situation.


  Judging from what has been discussed above, usefulinformation should be more available. On the one hand, the mass media shouldset an example in eliminating the false and retaining the true. On the otherhand, we each individual are also supposed to be more sensible in sorting-out.Only in this way can we be in possession of more useful information beneficialto us in the long run!


针对作文单项“theharm caused by misleading information online”,结构上属于“图画题”,内容属于常考的“网络话题”。故,从六级作文三大评分侧重点“语言,结构,内容”来考虑,此次六级作文考题难度系数不大。

下面就此题进行详细讲解。


第一段:六级作文图画描述首段应包括两个部分描述图画+点题。其中对应模板分别为 “as isexplicitly manifested in the cartoon above,... undoubtedly...”而此题设定场景为家庭,画中为一对夫妻,根据字幕提示,得知在如此多错误信息的当今社会,人感到不舒适主题为网上误导信息造成的伤害


  As is explicitly manifested in the cartoon above, athome there exists a couple, with the husband sitting in front of a computer andfacing a large amount of mis-information. Undoubtedly, the harm caused bymisleading information, consciously or unconsciously, has penetrated almostevery facet of life and severely affected people’s daily life.


第二段:结构上,应该保证总分关系:首先模板指出有许多弊端,而后分两到三层论证弊端的不同层面,确保使用第一第二的连接词连接。内容上,思路延展分为宏观微观两个层面,从宏观上来说,大量误导信息会对公司企业造成不利影响,甚至造成经济上的损失;从微观上来说,个人受到的伤害更大,造成误判,从而做出错误的决定。语言上,请尽量使用强调的定语从句,插入语,主被动转换之类。


  There exist numerous demerits for the phenomenonmentioned above. First and foremost, from the viewpoint of a company, theso-called confidential information prevailing online may, to some extent, leadthe managers on board to make unwise or unreasonable decision, thus causinguncountable financial loss. Apart from that, those widespread misleadinginformation is more detrimental to individuals, since they are likely to formtheir own judgment upon what they see online, on the condition that internet isthe only means for them to acquire information.


第三段:结构上,应该保证总分总关系:首先模板指出应该采取有效措施,而后分两层论证具体解决问题的方法,最后全文总结收尾。内容上,思路可以延展第二段思路,一方面,政府应该加强舆论管理,另一方面,个人也应该加强自我认知,只有这样我们才能充分利用网络。语言上,请尽量避免过于绝对话语,注意句式多样性,词汇变换性。


  Judging from what has been mentioned above, it ishigh time we should take some effective measures to reverse this adversesituation. On the one hand, governments should set up some regulations as toonline behaviors. on the other hand, we each individual are also supposed to bemore sensible in eliminating those false concepts online. Only in this way can wemake full use of this virtual world rather than be a slave of it!


整合全文版本如下:


As is explicitly manifested in the cartoon above, athome there exists a couple, with the husband sitting in front of a computer andfacing a large amount of mis-information. Undoubtedly, the harm caused bymisleading information, consciously or unconsciously, has penetrated almostevery facet of life and severely affected people’s daily life.


  There exist numerous demerits for the phenomenonmentioned above. First and foremost, from the viewpoint of a company, theso-called confidential information prevailing online may, to some extent, leadthe managers on board to make unwise or unreasonable decision, thus causinguncountable financial loss. Apart from that, those widespread misleadinginformation is more detrimental to individuals, since they are likely to formtheir own judgment upon what they see online, on the condition that internet isthe only means for them to acquire information.


  Judging from what has beenmentioned above, it is high time we should take some effective measures toreverse this adverse situation. On the one hand, governments should set up someregulations as to online behaviors. On the other hand, we each individual arealso supposed to be more sensible in eliminating those false concepts online.Only in this way can we make full use of this virtual world rather than be aslave of it!


那虐心的声音,你听懂了吗?

【听力答案】


1. B. The dressing makes themixed salad very inviting.
2. B. He is opening a new consulting firm.
3. B. The man may find the supplies in the cabinet.
4. D. He has to use a magnifying glass to see clearly.
5. C. Redecorating her office.
6. A. Shortage of container ships.
7. A. A colleague.

8. C. Hold the banquet at a different place


长对话和短篇的出题思路基本一致,采取听即所选的方式即可选出答案,主要注意出题顺序的对应和部分陷阱选项的设置。


Conversation 1


9-11题:答案依次为:9. D.He often goes back home late for dinner.
10. B. To discuss an urgent problem.

11. C. There is a sharp increase in India's balanceof payment deficit.


Conversation 2


12-15题:答案依次为:

12. D. They have unrealisticexpectations about the other half.
13. A. He is lucky to be able to do what he loves.
14. B. It is all glamour.

15. A. Amazed.


Passage 1


16-18题,答案依次为:16.选B ,Follow closely the fast development oftechnology.17.选B ,What type ofpersonnel the team should be composed of.

18.选D ,A team manager should develop a certain set skills


Passage 2


19-21题,答案依次为:19.选A ,It is a program allowing people to shareinformation on the Web.20.选B ,Hemet with an entrepreneur named Jim Clark.

21.选B ,B) They had confidence in his new ideas.


Passage 3


22-25题,答案依次是:22.选A ,Word-of-mouth advertising.23.选D ,To build up their reputation.24.选D ,By using the services of largeadvertising agencies.

25.选C ,Pre-test alternative ads or commercials in certainregions.


听写部分共10个空,依然是7个单词,3个短语。这几乎是失分的重灾区,原因很简单,因为考的是真正的实力,不能蒙不能猜。大家如果在考前扎实地准备过听写词汇的话,这个部分的拿分绝对不是难事。反之,这个部分将会是你落马之处。


10个空依次是:1.eternal2. diminishing3. absolute4. succeed5. on a vast scale6. As regards7.used up8. disposing9. modification10. magnitude



【阅读】



36 O( vulnerable)。本题考查了一个搭配,即be vulnerable to(易受…伤害)。本题所在句表明的是正处在发育期的大脑更容易受到物品中所含有害物质的伤害。


37 J(permanent)。本题考查了be+adj.的搭配,表明有害物质对于大脑的伤害可能是永久性的。


38 A(advocates)。本题前为environmental(形容词),形容词修饰名词,可见本空应填名词,而本空后用的助动词为have,可见本空需填复数名词。


39 N(tighten)。本题考查不定式搭配。To后面跟动词原形,强调环保提倡者们要求限制某些化学物质的使用。


40 K(restricted)。本题所在语境为2001年,故为过去时态。而本句中由是对上文内容的一种论证,依然强调限制使用含有特定化学物质的物品。


41 E(facilities)。本题所处语境在and后,与and前的homes是对称位置词,故本题选择复数名词,child-care连字符词在此处做形容词用。


42 G(investigating)。本题放在now的时间限定下,前面有is,故本题所在句为现在进行时,加之宾语为effects,所以本题考查的是调查效果。


43 M (statistical)。本空要修饰其后的名词evidence,加之前面有并列修饰词solid为形容词,故本题所选词汇为形容词词性。


44 F(interaction)。本题所在语境为 a direct___. 为形容词direct修饰的对象,形容词修饰名词,加入前面有不定冠词a的限定,本题需选择名词单数形式。


45 D(exercise)。本题中exercise做动词原形用。本题为句型it is adj. to dosomething的用法。


(2)长篇阅读


46. When people find they are powerless to changethe situation, they tend to live with it.


C This inconsistency largely stems from a feeling ofpowerlessness. “When we can’t remove the source of our fear, we tend to adaptpsychologically…”


47. To be effective, environmental messages shouldbe carefully framed.


L Cialdini recommends some careful framing of themessage.


48. It is the government’s responsibility topersuade people into making environment-friendly decisions.


G They argue that governments should persuade usinto making better decision-such as saving more in our pension plans- bychanging the default options. Professor Weber believes that environmentalpolicy can make use of similar tactics.


49. Politicians arebeginning to realize the importance of enlisting psychologists’ help infighting climate change.

P The power of such simple psychology in fightingclimate change is attracting attention across the political establishment.


50. To find effective solutions to climate change,it is necessary to understand what motivates people to make change.


H “We need to understand what motivates people, whatit is that allows them to make change.”


51. In their evolution, humans have learned to payattention to the most urgent issues instead of long-term concerns.


D Evolution has programmed humans to pay mostattention to issues that will have an immediate impact.


52. One study shows that our neighbors’ actions areinfluential in changing our behavior.


J Cialdini conducted a study in San Diego…But it isthe ones that mentioned the actions of neighbors that drove down power use.


53. Despite clear signs of global warming, it is noteasy for most people to believe climate change will affect their own lives.


B Despite mournful polar bears and charts showingcarbon emissions soaring, most people find it hard to believe that globalwarming will affect them personally.


54. We should take our future into consideration inmaking decisions concerning climate change before it is too late.


F By the time we wake up to the threat posed byclimate change, it could well be too late. And if we are not going to makerational decisions about future, others may have to help us to do so.


55. Existing social networks can be more effectivein creating change in people’s behavior.


H “It is actually about what their peers think ofthem, what their social norms are, what is seen as desirable in society.”


(3)仔细阅读

Passage one

56. What is traditional educators’ interpretation ofthe research outcome mentioned in the first paragraph?

根据题干关键信息:traditional educator和the firstparagraph定位到第一段的最后一句,from the standpoint of traditional educator,this outcome indicated thatschooling had failed to help students think about ecosystems and extinction,major scientificideas.

由此对应选项CEducation has not paid attention to major environmental issues.

57. In what way are college students different fromchildren?

题干问的是大学生与孩子的区别。对于大学生与孩子的区别本文的进一步深挖来自于第二段。该段的最后一句说the college students have cultivated the ability to ask questions,the cornerstone of critical thinking. They had learnt how to learn.

选项A They have learned to thinkcritically是对第二段最后一句的同义表述,故为正确答案。

58. What is the benefit of asking questions with noready answers?

题干中的question帮助定位到第三段we taughtparticipants…questions that nobody present would know the answer to and thatwould spark exploration,they engage in better inquiry…

对应选项B it cultivates students’ability to make scientific inquiries.

59. What is said to be the advantage of informallearning?

利用题干的informal learning 定位到最后一段,可以看到informal learningenvironments tolerate failure better than schools,由此可知选项A It allows for failures为本题答案。

60. What does the author seem to encourage educatorsto do at the end of the passage?

题干已表述在end ofpassage,所以本题定位到最后一段。最后一段表述了非正式学习与学校学习的区别,并表示非正式学习给人们带来的好处是至关重要的。所以本文的最后会说For that,we have a robust informal learningsystem that gives no grades,takes all comers,and is available even on holidays and weekends.

本句表述的意思正是选项C Make full useof learning resources。

Passage two

61. How does Obama view economic inequality?

用题干的Obama回文定位到首段首句,Economicinequality is the “defining challenge of our time”。下文紧接着指出inequality isdangerous,… not merely because it doesn’t look good…but because inequality itselfdestroys upward mobility.

对应A It is the biggest obstacleto social mobility.

62. What do we learn about inequality gap from ScottWinship’s data analysis?

用Scott Winship这一专有名词定位到第三段最后一句,Inequality itselfis not a particularly strong predictor of economic mobility,as sociologistScott Winship noted…本句话是对上文内容的反驳,说明不平等的差距不是经济变动性的预报器,正对应B选项 it is not areliable indicator of economic mobility.

63. Compared with Atlanta,metropolitan SaltLake City is said to______.

本题干中的两个地名均用来定位到第四、五段。这两段均在表示盐湖城的穷人最有可能拜托贫困,而亚特兰大地区的人则最不可能。整体盐湖城呈现的是正向的形态,由此可知选项C offer poorchildren more chances to climb the social ladder为本题答案

64. What is strongly correlated with social mobilityaccording to economist Raj Chetty?

本题定位词为RajChetty,从而定位到第五段第一句, Raj Chetty此人提出了若干个影响社会变动性的因素,与其提出的因素相匹配的只有选项D community density

65. What does the author seems to suggest?

最后一段中作者根据Chetty提出的一系列影响因素,提出自己认为的三个最重要的影响因素。三个因素有人均收入、有家庭形态、有政府支出,其共同特征在于都在放在群体中考量,因此,本题选项D It is better tostart from the community to help poor children move up the social ladder为正确答案。



【翻译】



  最近,中国政府决定将其工业升级,中国现在涉足建造高速列车、远洋船舶、机器人,甚至飞机。不久前,中国获得了再印度尼西亚(Indonesia)建造一条高铁的合同;中国还与马来西亚(Malaysia)签署了为其提供高速列车的合同。这证明人们信赖中国造产品。

  中国造产品越来越受欢迎。中国为此付出了代价,但这确实有助于消除贫困,同时还为世界各地的人们提供了就业机会。这是一件好事,值得称赞。下次你去商店时,可能想看一看你所购商品的出产国名。很有可能这件商品是中国造的。

  Recently, the Chinese government has decided toupgrade its indusry, and China now gets involved in building high-speed trains,ocean-going vessels, robots, and even airplanes. Not long ago, China gained thecontract of constructing a high-speed rail in Indonesia and signed a contractto provide high-speed trains to Malaysia, both of which demonstrate thatproducts made in China are trustworthy.

  Products made in China are becoming more and morepopular. Although its price has been paid in China , it did contribute to theelimination of poverty, and more job opportunities for people all around theworld, which is something good and deserves praises. So when you go to storesthe next time, you might be curious about the country of production of the itemyou purchase. It is likely that the item is made in China.

  在中国,父母总是竭力帮助孩子,甚至为孩子做重要决定,而不管孩子想要什么,因为他们相信这样做是为孩子好。结果,孩子的成长和教育往往屈从于父母的意愿。

  如果父母决定为孩子报名参加一个课外班,以增加其被重点大学录取的机会,他们会坚持自己的决定,即使孩子根本不感兴趣。

  然而在美国,父母很可能会尊重孩子的意见,并在决策时更注重他们的意见。

  中国父母十分重视教育或许值得称赞。然而,他们应向美国父母学习在涉及教育时如何平衡父母与子女间的关系。


  In China,parents always strive to help their kids,and even make important decisions on kids’ behalf, not caring what theirchildren really want, because they believe their behaviors do good to thechildren. As a result, the children’s development and education are subjectedto parents’ ideas.

  If parents make up their minds to sign up for anextracurricular activity for the children, so as to enhance the chance of theirchildren being admitted into a key university,they will persist in their owndecision, even when the children are not interested in the activity at all.

  However, parents in America are more likely torespect children’s thoughts, and put their children before them in makingdecisions.

  Although it is quite praisable that Chinese parentsattach much importance to education, they need to take a page from theirAmerican counterparts in balancing the relationship between parents andchildren when dealing with educational issues.


在帮助国际社会于2030年前消除极端贫困过程中,中国正扮演者越来越重要的角色。

自20世纪70年代末实施改革开放以来,中国已使多达四亿人摆脱了贫困。在未来五年中,中国将向其他发展中国家在减少贫困、发展教育、农业现代化、环境保护和医疗保健等方面提供援助。


中国在减少贫困方面取得了显著进步,并在促进经济增长方面做出了不懈努力,这将鼓励其他贫困国家应对自身发展中的挑战。在寻求具有自身特色的发展道路时,这些国家可以借鉴中国的经验。


  China is playing an increasingly important role inhelping the International community to eliminate poverty by 2030.

  Since the implementation ofreform and opening-up policy in late 1970s,China has gottenmore than 400 million people out of poverty. And in the following five years,China will offer its assistance in such aspects as the reduction of poverty,educational development, agricultural modernization, environmental protectionand medical care.

  China has already made prominent progress in combating poverty and hasalso made persistent efforts in promoting its economic growth, which willencourage other less developed countries to deal with challenges in their own growth.While seeking for a development path characterized with their own features,these countries can borrow ideas from China
















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