2016年12月大学英语四级真题听力(第3套)

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COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST -BAND FOUR- PART II Listening comprehension 


Section A 


Directions:

 In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. 


News Report One

 An elderly Japanese woman has died while diving at the Great Barrier Reef, in the fourth tourist death at the Australian attraction in a month. The 75-year-old was pulled from the water on Tuesday at Moore Reef, about 45km (30 miles) from Cairns. The woman, who had been diving with a tour group, was given CPR but could not be revived. Diving deaths raise safety questions in Australia. It quoted the Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators as saying that most of the victims were elderly and had pre-existing medical conditions. A spokesman said Wednesday they were considering regulation improvement following the latest incident involving the Japanese woman, such as making visitors over a certain age acknowledge the risks associated with diving. 


Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard. 


Question 1: What do we learn from the news report? 

Question 2: What measures might be taken to prevent diving death incidents? 


News Report Two

 A maternity unit has been ordered to improve security due to fears parents could "leave with the wrong baby". The Royal London Hospital has been told by the Care Quality Commission (CQC) that "lax" checking of name bands left babies and families at risk. A total of 4,645 babies were born at the Whitechapel hospital last year. Inspectors, who visited the hospital in July, also found there were not enough midwives on the delivery suite to provide safe cover for all women. Barts Health NHS Trust, which runs the hospital, has been told to "urgently" improve security in maternity after rating the service "inadequate". The CQC report said some babies born at the hospital had no name tags--- creating a "risk a baby might receive medication intended for another baby and mother might leave the unit with the wrong baby". 


Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard. 


Question 3: Why has a maternity unit been ordered to improve security? 

Question 4: What did the inspectors visiting the hospital in July find? 


News Report Three

 US national Joshua Samuel Aaron, 32, was held at New York's JFK airport and will appear in court on Thursday. He is one of three men accused of illegally accessing the personal information of 100 million people. Twelve major institutions were victims of the hacking, including JPMorgan. Until now Mr Aaron had been a fugitive living in Moscow. In a statement on Wednesday, US Attorney Preet Bharara said: "Joshua Samuel Aaron allegedly worked to hack into the networks of dozens of American companies, ultimately leading to the largest theft of personal information from US financial institutions ever." The other two suspects are Israeli men: Gery Shalon and Ziv Orenstein. They were arrested in Israel in July last year, and extradited to the US in June this year. All three men were charged in November last year. They allegedly manipulated stock prices by selling shares of companies to individuals whose contact information they had stolen. The men were also charged with running an illegal payment processing business that they used to collect 18 million dollars in fees. 


Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard. 


Question 5: What were the three men accused of? 

Question 6: Where were the other two suspects, Gery Shalon and Ziv Orenstein, arrested? 

Question 7: How did the three men control stock prices?



Section B 


Directions:

 In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. 


Conversation One 

W: What sort of hours do you work, Steve? 

M: Well,I have to work very long hours, about 11 hours a day. 

W: What time do you start? 

M: I work 9 to 3. Then I start again at 5:30 and work until 11. Six days a week. So I have to work very unsocial hours. 

W: And do you have to work at the weekend? 

M: Oh, yes, that's our busiest time. I get Wednesdays off. 

W: What are the things you have to do, and the things you don't have to do? 

M: Eh, I don't have to do the washing-up, so that's good. I have to wear white and I have to keep everything in the kitchen totally clean. 

W: What's hard about the job? 

M: You're standing up all the time. When we're busy, people get angry and sharp. But that's normal. 

W: How did you learn the profession? 

M: Well, I did a two-year course at college. In the first year, we had to learn the basics. And then we had to take exams. 

W: Was it easy to find a job? 

M: I wrote to about six hotels. And one of them gave me my first job. So I didn't have to wait too long. 

W: And what's the secret of being good at your job? 

M: Attention to detail. You have to love it. You have to show passion for it. 

W: And what are your plans for the future? 

M: I want to have my own place when the time is right. 


Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard. Question 

8: What does the man say about his job? 

Question 9: What does the man think is the hardest part of his job? 

Question 10: Where did the man get his first job after graduation? 

Question 11: What does the man say is important to being good at his job? 


Conversation Two 

W: Now you've seen this table of figures about the pocket money children in Britain get? 

M: Yes. I thought it was quite interesting, but I don't quite understand the column entitled "Change". Can you explain what it means? 

W: Well, I think it means the change from the year before. I am not a mathematician, but I assume the rise from 72p to 90p is a rise of 25 percent. 

M: Oh, yes. I see. And the inflation rate is there for comparison. 

W: Yes. Why do you think the rise in pocket money is often higher than inflation? 

M: I am sorry I've no idea. Perhaps parents in Britain are too generous. 

W: Perhaps they are. But it looks as if children were not better off in 2001 than they were in 2002. That's strange, isn't it? And they seem to have been better off in 2003 than they are now. I wonder why that is. 

M: Yes. I don't understand that at all. 

W: Anyway, if you had children, how much pocket money would you give them? 

M: I don't know. I think I'll probably give them 2 pounds a week. 

W: Would you? And what would you expect them to do with it? 

M: Well, out of that, they'd have to buy some small personal things, but I wouldn't expect them to save to buy their own socks, for example. 

W: Yes. By the way, do most children in your country get pocket money? 

M: Yeah, they do. 


Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 

Question 12: What is the table of figures about? 

Question 13: What do we learn from the conversation about British children's pocket money? 

Question 14: What does the man think of the British parents? 

Question 15: Supposing the man had children, what would he expect them to do with their pocket money?


Section C 



Directions:

 In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. 


Passage One

 As the new sales director for a national computer firm, Alex Gordon was looking forward to his first meeting with the company's district managers. Everyone arrived on time, and Alex's presentation went extremely well. He decided to end the meeting with the conversation about the importance of the district managers to the company's plans. "I believe we are going to continue to increase our share of the market," he began, "because of the quality of the people in this room. The district manager is the key to the success of the sales representatives in his district. He sets the term for everyone else. If he has ambitious goals and is willing to put in long hours, everyone in his unit will follow his example." When Alex was finished, he received polite applause, but hardly the warm response he had hoped for. Later he spoke with one of the senior managers. "Things were going so well until the end," Alex said disappointedly. "Obviously, I said the wrong thing." "Yes," the district manager replied. "Half of our managers are women. Most have worked their way up from sales representatives, and they are very proud of the role they've played in the company's growth. They don't care at all about political correctness. But they were definitely surprised and distressed to be referred to as 'he' in your speech." 


Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard. 


Question 16: Who did Alex Gordon speak to at the first meeting? 

Question 17: What did Alex want to emphasize at the end of his presentation? 

Question 18: What do we learn about the audience at the meeting? 

Question 19: Why did Alex fail to receive the warm response he had hoped for? 


Passage Two

 The way to complain is to act business-like and important. If your complaint is immediate, suppose you got the wrong order at a restaurant, make a polite but firm request to see the manager. When the manager comes, ask his or her name. And then state your problem and what you expect to have done about it. Be polite! Shouting or acting rude will get you nowhere. But also be firm in making your complaint. Besides, act important. This doesn't mean to put on airs and say "do you know who I am?" What it means is that people are often treated the way they expect to be treated. If you act like someone who expects a fair request to be granted, chances are it will be granted. The worst way to complain is over the telephone. You are speaking to a voice coming from someone you cannot see. So you can't tell how the person on the line is reacting. It is easy for that person to give you the run-around. Complaining in person or by letter is generally more effective. If your complaint doesn't require an immediate response, it often helps to complain by letter. If you have an appliance that doesn't work, send a letter to the store that sold it. Be business-like and stick to the point. Don't spend a paragraph on how your uncle Joe tried to fix the problem and couldn't. 


Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard. 

Question 20: What does the speaker suggest you do when you are not served properly at a restaurant? 

Question 21: Why does the speaker say the worst way to complain is over the telephone? 

Question 22: What should you do if you make a complaint by letter? 


Passage Three

 Barbara Sanders is a wife and the mother of two children, ages 2 and 4. Her husband, Tom, is an engineer and makes an excellent salary. Before Barbara had children, she worked as an architect for the government, designing government housing. She quit her job when she became pregnant, but is now interested in returning to work. She's been offered an excellent job with the government. Her husband feels it's unnecessary for her to work since the family does not need the added income. He also thinks that a woman should stay home with her children. If Barbara feels the need to do socially important work, he thinks that she should do volunteer work one or two days a week. Barbara, on the other hand, has missed the excitement of her profession and does not feel she would be satisfied doing volunteer work. She would also like to have her own income, so she does not have to ask her husband for money whenever she wants to buy something. She does not think it's necessary to stay home every day with the children and she knows a very reliable baby-sitter who's willing to come to her house. Tom does not think a baby-sitter can replace a mother and thinks it's a bad idea for the children to spend so much time with someone who's not part of the family. 


Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. 


Question 23: What was Barbara's profession before she had children? 

Question 24: What does Barbara's husband suggest she do  if she wants to work? 

Question 25: What does Tom think about hiring a baby-sitter? 


This is the end of listening comprehension.



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