2017年12月英语四级真题和答案(卷3)

讯托2020-07-31 15:25:06


注:2017年12月全国大学英语四级考试共有两套听力,卷一单独一套,卷二和卷三同一套。


Part I Writing (25 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on how to best handle the relationship between parents and children. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.


【参考范文】亲子关系

       As we widely know that the relationship between parents and children plays a significant role in the domestic relationship, which not only serves as crucial bridge to build trust and connection between two generations but also exerts a profound and subtle influence toward to children’s personal growth.

  In order to strengthen the relationship, it is imperative to cultivate the respect between generations, which not only includes the respect to parents from children but also the other way around. Furthermore, it is sensible for the parents to spend more time on the company with their children, enhancing the affection between each other. Finally, it is wise for the parents to set an example rather than make demands, enabling the children to follow and achieve spiritual development.

  To sum up, the sound relationship between two generations requires the integration of numerous measures derived from the joint effort of parents, children and schools.


Part II Listening Comprehension (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.


News Report 1

A 9-year-old girl in New Mexico has raised more than $500 for her little brother who needs heart surgery in Houston, Texas this July. Addison Witulski's grandmother Kim Allred, said Addison probably overheard a conversation between family members talking about the funds needed to get her little brother to treatment. "I guess she overheard her grandfather and me talking about how we're worried about how we're going to get to Houston, for my grandson's heart surgery," said Allred. She decided to go outside and have a lemonade stand and make some drawings and pictures and sell them.” That's when Addison and her friends Erika and Emily Borden decided to sell lemonade for 50 cents a cup and sell pictures for 25 cents each.


Before Allred knew it, New Mexico State Police Officers were among the many stopping by helping them reach a total of $568. The family turned to social media expressing their gratitude saying, "From the bottom of our hearts, we would like to deeply thank each and every person that stopped by!"


1: Who did Addison raise the money for?

D) It has got one of its injured.


2: How did Addison raise the money?

 C) Its videos were posted on social media.


News Report 2


Last week, France announced that the country will pave 621 miles of road with solar panels over the next five years with the goal of providing cheap, renewable energy to five million people. Called the Ward Way, the roads will be built through joint efforts with the French road building company Colas and the National Institute of Solar Energy. The company spent the last five years developing solar panels that are only about a quarter of inch thick and are strong enough to stand up to heavy highway traffic without breaking or making the roads more slippery. The panels are also designed so that they can be installed directly on top of the existing roadways, making them relatively cheap and easy to install. France is the first country to kick around the idea of paving its roads with solar panels. In November 2015, the Netherlands completed a 229-foot long bike path paved with solar panels as a test for future projects. However, this is the first time a panel has been designed to be laid directly on top existing roads and the first project to install the panels on public highways.     


3: What was France’s purpose of constructing the Ward Way?

A) The distance travelled.


4: What is special about the solar panels used in the Ward Way?

B) Gas consumption is soaring.


News Report 3


Lions have disappeared from much of Africa, but for the past few years scientists have wondered if the big cats were hanging on in remote parts of Sudan and Ethiopia. Continuous fighting in the region has made surveys difficult. But scientists released a report Monday documenting with hard evidence the discovery of "lost lions." A team with Oxford University’s Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, supported by a charity organization, spent two nights in November camping in a national park in northwest Ethiopia on the Ethiopia-Sudan border. The researchers set out six camera traps, capturing images of lions, and the identified lion tracks. The scientists concluded that lions are also likely to live in a neighboring national park across the border in Sudan. The International Union for Conservation of Nature had previously considered the area a "possible range" for the species, and local people had reported seeing lions in the area, but no one presented convincing evidence.


5: What has made it difficult to survey lions in remote parts of Sudan and Ethiopia?

B) He helps a stranger to carry groceries to his car.


6: What was the main purpose of the research?

C) He raised a large sum of money for him.


7: What did the researchers find in the national park?

 A) He works hard to support his family.


Conversation One


M: I beg you’re looking forward to the end of this month. Aren’t you?

W: Yes, I am. How did you know?

M: David told me you had a special birthday coming up.

W: Oh, yes. That’s right. This year would be my golden birthday.

M: What does that mean? I’ve never heard of a golden birthday.

W: I’ve actually just learned of this concept myself. Fortunately, just in time to celebrate. A golden or lucky birthday is when one turns the age of their birth date. So, for example, my sister’s birthday is December 9th and her golden birthday would have been the year she turns 9 years old. Come to think of it , my parents did throw her a surprise party that year.

M: Interesting. Too bad I missed mine. My golden birthday would’ve been four years ago. I assumedly got a big plan then.

W: Actually yes. My husband is planning a surprise holiday for the two of us next week. I have no idea what he’s gotten in mind, but I’m excited to find out. Has he mentioned anything to you?

M: He might have.

W: Anything you’d like to share? I’m dying to know what kind of trip he has planned where we’re going.

M: Yeah, nothing at all.

W: Not a clue. Hard to imagine, isn’t it! Though I must say, I think it has been even more fun keeping the secret for me the past few weeks.

M: I’m sure both of you will have a fantastic time. Happy golden birthday! I can’t wait to hear all about it when you get back.


8. What does the woman looking forward to?

 A) Attend an economics lecture


9. What did the woman’s parents do on her sister’s lucky birthday?

C) Attend his brother’s birthday party


10. What is the woman eager to find out about?

D) Join him in his brother’s birthday celebration


11. What does the man say at the end of the conversation?

 B) By train



Conversation Two


W: Mr. Green, What do you think makes a successful negotiator?

M: Well, It does hard to define, but I think successful negotiators have several things in common. They are always polite and rational people, they are firm, but flexible. They can recognize power and know how to use it. They are sensitive to the dynamics in the negotiation, the way it raises and falls, and how may change the direction. They project the image of confidence, and perhaps most importantly, they know when to stop.

W: And what about an unsuccessful negotiator?

M: Well, this probably all of us when we start out. We are probably immature and over-trusting, too emotional or aggressive. We are unsure of ourselves and want to be liked by everyone. Good negotiators learn fast, pool negotiators remain like that and go on losing negotiations,

W: In your opinion, can the skills of negotiation be taught?

M: Well, you can teach someone how to prepare for negotiation. There perhaps six stages in every negotiation, get to know the other side, stay your goals, start the process, clarify there is a disagreement or conflict, reassess your position, making acceptable compromise, and finally reach some agreements and principals. These stages can be studied, and strategies to be used in each can be planned before-hand. But I think the really successful negotiator is probably born with the sixth sense that may respond properly to the situation at hand.

W: The artistic sense you just described?

M: Yes, that’s right


12. What’s the man say about good negotiators?

A) Taking a vacation abroad.


13. What does the man say, maybe the most important thing to a successful negotiator?

C) Working part time as a waiter.


14. How is a good negotiator different from a poor one?

B) Save enough money.


15. What’s the first stage of a negation according to the man?

A) He has rich sailing experience.



Passage One


Some people wonder why countries spend millions of dollars on space projects. They want to know how space research helps people on earth. Actually, space technology helps people on earth every day. This is called spin-off technology. Spin-off technology is space technology that is now used on earth. In early space programs, such as the Apollo missions of the 1960s and 1970s and in the space shuttle missions today, scientists developed objects for the astronauts to use on the moon and in space. We now use some of these objects every day. For example, we have quartz crystal clocks and watches accurate to within one minute a year. We purify the water we drink with the water filter designed for the astronauts to use in space. The cordless hand held tools we use in our homes, such as vacuum cleaners, flashlights, drills came from the technology of these early space programs. On cold winter days, we can stay warm with battery-operated gloves and socks, especially made coats and jackets. All the clothes are similar to the space suits designs that kept astronauts comfortable in the temperatures of the moon, in our spin offs from space technology. These products are only a few examples of the many ways space technology helps us in our everyday lives. No one knows how new spin off technology from the international space station will help us in the future.


16. What do some people want to know about space exploration?

D) She was also a Nobel Prize winner.


17. What did scientist do for the space shuttle missions?

B) She developed X-ray facilities for military hospitals.


18. What does the speaker say about the quartz crystal clocks and watches?

A) Both died of blood cancer.


Passage Two


Well, if I could get back in history and live, I'd like to get back to the 18th century and perhaps in colonial America in Yankee new England where one of my ancestors lived, because it was the beginning of something. By the 18th century, there was a feeling of community that had grown. My ancestor was the preacher traveling around countryside. People lived in small communities. It was fisherman and farmers who provided fresh food that tasted and looked like food. Unlike today’s supermarkets, and there were small towns and New York wasn't that far away. I'm deeply attached to the puritan tradition not in a religious sense. But they believed in working for something, working for goals. And I like that. They worked hard at whatever they did, but they had a sense of achievement. They believed in goodness, in community, and helping one another. I love the colonial fabrics or the silver works, the furnishings, the combination of elegance simplicity. I'd love it. The printing, the books, I’m very attached to all that kind of thing. That may not all be very entertaining in the modern sense of the world, but I would have enjoyed spending my evenings in that environment, discussing new ideas, building a new world, and I can see myself sitting on a small chair by the fire doing needle work.


19. Why does the speaker say she would like to go back and live in the 18th century America?

C) They discovered Iceland in the ninth century.


20. What does the speaker say about the Puritans?

D) It was a rocky mass of land covered with ice.


21. What would the speaker like doing if she could go back to the past?

A) Thee Viking’s ocean explorations.


Passage three


If you are lost in the woods, a little knowledge concerned with some people called a hardship into an enjoyable stay away from the troubles of modern society. When you think you're lost,

sit down on the log or rock, or lean against the tree, and recite something you are memorized to bring your mind to the point where is under control. Don’t run blindly if you must move, don't follow stream unless you know it, and in that case you're not lost. Streams normally flow through wide land before they reach a lake or river though there are more eatable plants, there may also be wild animals, poisonous snakes, and other hazards. Many experts feel it is the wisest to walk up hill. At the top of most hills and mountains are trails living back to civilizations. If there are no trails, you're much easier to be seen on top of the hill. And you may even spot the highway or railroad from this point. Nowadays, the first way some of you search for you is by air. In the wide lands or in dense grass, we're very hard to spot. Anytime you are going to the woods, somebody should know where you're going, and when you are expected to return, also when someone comes to looking, you should be able to signal to them.


22. What does the speaker advise you to do first if you are lost in the woods?

C) Dream about the future.


23. What will happen if you follow an unknown stream in the woods?

B) Change what he has for his past imaginary world.


24. What do many experts think is the wisest thing to do if you're lost in the woods?

D) International business.


25. What should you do before you go into the woods?

B) Be content with what you have.


Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension ( 40 minutes )

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.


    We all know there exists great void(空白)in the public educational system when it comes to  (26. G  exposure)  to STEM(Science,Technology,Engineering Mathematics),One educator named Dori Roberts decided to do something to change this system. Dori taught high school engineering for 11 years.She noticed there was a real void in quality stem education at all   ( 27. L  levels) of the public educational system. she said,“I started Engineering for kids (EFK)after noticing a real lack of math, science and engineering programs to (28. F  enroll)  my own kids in”


She decided to start an after school program where children  (29. O  participated)  in STEM-based competitions.The club grew quickly and when it reached 180 members and the kids in the program won several state   (30. C  championships) she decided to devote all her time to cultivating and   (31. E  developing)  it The global business EFK was born.

Dori began operating EFK out of her Virginia home, which she then expanded to  (32. M  local)   recreation centers. Today, the EFK program    (33. N  operates)   over 144 branches in 32 states within the United States and in 21 countries. Sales have doubled from $5 million in 2014 to $10 million in 2015,with 25 new branches planned for 2016. the EFK website states, “Our nation is not  (34. J  graduating)   enough engineers. Our philosophy is to inspire kids at a young age to understand that engineering is a great  (35. B  career)  .”


Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.


Why aren't you curious about what happened?

A)"you suspended ray rice after our video, a reporter from tmz challenged national football League commissioner roger goodell the other day. "why didn't you have the curosity to go to the casino ( 5 ) yourself? "the implication of the question is that a more curious.

B) the accusation of incuriosity is one that we hear often carying the suggestion that there is something wrong with not wanting to search out the truth. " have been bothered for a long time about the curious lack of curiosity, "said a democratic member of the new jersey legislature back in july, referring to an insufficiently inquiring attitude on the part of an the george washington bridge traffic scandal " the mainstream media the least curious about what happened? "wrote conservative writer jennifer rubin earlier this year terring to the attack on americans in benghazi, Libya.


C) the implication, in each case is that curiosity is a good thing, and a lack of curiosity is a problem are such accusations simply efforts to score political points for one's party? or is here something of particular value about curiosity in and of itself.


D) the journalist lan leslie. in his new and enjoyable book curious: the desire to know and whyYour fatter depends on it, insists that the answer to that last question is yes. Leslie argues that curiosity is a much-overlooked human virtue, crucial to our success, and that we are losing it.


E)we are suffering. he writes from a" deficit" the word""was coined by horace walpole in an 1854 letter from a tale of three princes whowere always making

discoveries by accident, of things they were not in search of, " worries that the rise of the intemet, among other social and technological changes, has reduced our appetite for aimless adventures no longer have we the inclination to let ourselves wander through tields of knowledges, ready to be surprised. instead, we seek only the information we want.


F) why is this a problem because without curiosity we will lose the spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship. we will see unimaginative govemments and dying corporations make disas-trous decisions.We will lose a vital part of what has made humanity as a whole so successful as a species.


G) leslie presents considerable evidence for the proposition that the society as a whole is growing less curious. In the U.S and Europe, for example, the rise of the internet has led to a declining consumption of news from outside the reader's borders .But not everything is to be blamed on techeology.The decline in interest in literary fiction is also one of the causes identified by Leslie.Reading literary fiction,he says ,make us more curious.


H)Moreover,in order to  be curious, "you have to be aware of a gap in your knowledge in the first place. "although leslie perhaps paints a bit broadly in contending that most of us are unaware of how much we don't know he's surely right to point out that the problem is growing: "Google can give us the powerful illusion that all questions have definite answers


I)Indeed, Google, for which leslie expresses admiration, is also his frequent whipping body(替罪羊). he quotes Google co-founder larry page to the effect that theperfect search engine willunderstand exactly what i mean and give me back exactly what i want "elsewhere in the book, leslie writes:"google aims to save you from the thirst of curiosity altogether.


J) Somewhat nostalgically(怀旧地). he quotes john maynard keynes's justly famous words of praise to the bookstore: "one should enter it vaguely, almost in a dream, and allow what is there freely to attract and influence the eye to walk the rounds of the bookshops, dipping curiosity dictates, should be an afternoons entertainment. "if only!


K) Citing the work of psychologists and cognitive( 认知的)scientists, leslie criticizes the re-ceived wisdom that academic success is the result of a combination of intellectual talent and hard work. curiosity, he argues, is the third key factor--and a difficult one to preserve, if not cultivated, it will not survive "childhood curiosity is a collaboration between child The surest way to kill it is to leave it alone.


L) School education, he wams, is often conducted in a way that makes children incurious chil-dren of educated and upper-middle-class parents turn out to be far more curious, even at early ages than children of working class and lower class families that lack of curiosity produces arelative lack of knowledge, and the lack of knowledge is difficult if not impossible to compen. sate for later on


M)although leslie's book isn't about politics, he doesn't entirely toast cucial moments. there are serious consequence, be ba i 2 Political leaders, like leaders of other organizations, should betheTheyare serious conesquences.he warns, in not wanting to know


N) he presents as an example the failure of the george w bush administration to prepare prop-erly for the after-effects of the invasion of iraq. according to leslie, those who ridiculed former.Defense secretary donald rumsfeld for his 2002 remark that we have to be wary of the un-known unknownswere mistaken. rumsfeld's idea leslie writes, " absurd- it was smart. "he adds, "the tragedy is that he didn't follow his own advice."


O) All of which brings us back to goodell and the christie case and benghazi. each critic in those curious. i leave it to the reader's political preference to decide which, if any charges should remaining determinedly incurious about our own. we should be delighted to pursue knowledge for its own sake--even when what we find out is something we didn't particularly want to


36. to be curious, we need to realize first of all that there are many things we dont know.

答案:H


37. according to leslie, curiosity is essential to one's success.

答案:D


38. we should feel happy when we pursue knowledge for knowledge's sake.

答案:O


39. political leaders' lack of curiosity will result in bad consequences.

答案:M



Section C

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.


Passage one

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

Aging happens to all of us ,and is generylly thought of as a natural part of life. It would seem silly to call such a thing a "disease".on the other hand,scientists are increasingly learning that aging and biological age are two different things,and that the former is a key risk factor for conditions such as heart disease,cancer and many more. in that light,aging itself might be seen as something treatable, the way you would treat high blood pressure or a vitamin deficiency.


Biophysicist alex zhavoronkov believes that aging should be considered a disease. he said that describing aging as a disease creates incentives to develop treatments.

"It unties the hands of the pharmaceutical(制药的)industry so that they can begin treating the disease and not just the side effects, "he said。


"Right now, people think of aging as natural and something you can't control "he said. "in academic circles, people take aging research as just an interest area where they can try to develop interventions. the medical community also takes aging for granted, and can do nothing about it except keep people within a certain health range."


But if aging were recognized as a disease, he said, "it would attract funding and change the way we do health care. what matters is understanding that aging is curable. "


"it was always known that the body accumulates damage, "he added. "the only way to cure aging is to find ways to repair that damage. i think of it as preventive medicine for age-related conditions.


Leonard hayflick, a professor at the university of califomia, san francisco, said the idea that aging can be cured implies the human lifespan can be increased, which some researchers suggest is possible. hayflick is not among them.


" There 're many people who recover from cancer, stroke or heart disease. but they continue to age, because aging is separate from their disease, " said."even if those causes of death were eliminated, life expectancy would still not go much beyond 92 years."


46. what do people generally believe about aging?

a) it should cause no alarm whatsoever.

b)they just cannot do anything about it.

c) it should be regarded as a kind of disease

d)they can delay it with advances in science


47. how do many scientists view aging now?

a) it might be prevented and treated

c) results from a vitamin deficiency

b)it can be as risky as heart disease

d)it is an irreversible biological proces


48. what does alex zhavoronkov think ofdescribing aging as a discase?

a) it will prompt people to take aging more seriously.

b) it will greatly help reduce the side effects of aging

c) it will free pharmacists from the conventional beliefs about aging

d)it will motivate doctors and pharmacists to find ways to treat aging


49. what do we learn about the medical community?

a) they differ from the academic circles in their view on aging.

c)they can contribute to people's health only to a limited extent.

d) they have ways to intervene in people's aging process


50. what does professor leonard hayflick believe?

a)the human lifespan cannot be prolonged.

b)aging is hardly separable from disease

c) few people live up to the age of 92

d) heart disease is the major cause of aging


Passage two

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage

Female applicants to postdoctoral positions in geosciences were nearly half as likely to receive excellent letters of recor ompared with their male counterparts. christopher intagliata report.


As in many other fields, gender bias is widespread in the sciences. men score higher starting salaries, have more mentoring (指导), and have better odds of being hired. 


studies nigher starting also perceived as more competent than women in stem(science, technology, enging,and Mathematics) fields. and new research reveals that men are more likely to receive excellent letters of recommendation, too.


"Say, you know, this is the best student I've ever had, "says kuheli dutt, a social scientist and diversity officer at columbia university's lamont campus. 


"compare those excellent letters with a merely good letter: 'the candidate was productive, or intelligent, or a solid scientist or something that's clearly.solid praise, 'but nothing that singles out the candidate as exceptional ot one of a kind."


Dutt and her colleagues studied more than 1,200 letters of recommendation for postdoctor at positions in geoscience.they were all edited for gender and other idetifying information,so dutt and her team could assign them a scoer without knowing the gender of the student. they found that and women, th udes letters of recommendation from all over the world, and written by, yes,he findings are in the ioumal nature geoscience.


Dutt says they were not able to evaluate the actual scientific qualificati

f the apsing the data in the files. but she says the results still suggest women in geoscience are at apotential disadvantage from the very beginning of their careers starting with those less than out-standing letters of recommendation.


we re not trying to assign blame or criticize anyone or call anyone conscious

Its of this study to open up meaningful dialogues on implicit gender bias.


be it at a departmental level or an institutional level or even a discipline level "which may lead to some recommendations for the letter writers themselves


51. what do we learn about applicants to postdoctoral positions in geosciences?

a) there are many more men applying than women

b)chancers for women ti get the positin are scare.

c) more males than females are likely to get outstanding letters of recommendation.

d) male applicants have more interest in these positions than their female counterparts.


52. what do studies about men and women in scientific research show?

a women engaged in postdoctoral work are quickly catching up

b) fewer women are applying for postdoctoral positions due to gender bias

c) men are believed to be better able to excel in stem disciplines.

d)women who are keenly interested in stem fields are often exceptional


53.What do the studies find about the recommendation letters for women applicants?

a)they are hardly ever supported by concrete examples.

b)they contain nothing that distinguishes the applicants

c) they provide objective information without exaggerat

d)they are often filled with praise for exceptional applicants


54.What did dutt and her colleagues do with the more than 1, 200 letters of recommendation?

a)they asked unbiased scholars to evaluate them dit them

b)they  invited women professionais to edit them.

c)them assigned them randomly to reviewers

d) they deleted all information about gender


55. what does dutt aim to do with her study?

a) raise recommendation writers' awareness of gender bias in their letters

b)open up fresh avenues for women post-doctors to join in research work

c) alert women researchers to all types of gender bias in the stem disciplines

d) start a public discussion on how to raise womens status in academic circles


Part Ⅳ Translation (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

  黄山位于安徽省南部。它风景独特,尤以其日出和云海著称。要欣赏大山的宏伟壮丽,通常得向上看。但要欣赏黄山美景,得向下看。黄山的湿润气候有利于茶树生成,是中国主要产茶地之一。这里还有许多温泉,其泉水有助于防治皮肤病。黄山是中国主要旅游目的地之一,也是摄影和传统国画最受欢迎的主题。


翻译:

Mount Huang is located in the south of Anhui province. Its landscape is unique, and it is especially famous for its sunrise and sea of clouds. In order to appreciate the magnificence of this great mountain, one has to look up, but to enjoy the beautiful scenery of Mount Huang, one has to look down. Mount Huang’s humid climate is fit for the growth of tea tree, and it is one of the major tea tree growing areas of China. There are also many warm springs in Mount Huang, whose water is helpful for the prevention and treatment of skin diseases. Mount Huang is one of the major tourist destinations in china, and is also the most popular subject of photography and traditional Chinese paintings.


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