2017年12月四级考试答案

懒书社2020-02-13 16:48:42


四六级刚结束就急着对答案???

对呀,已经已经来不及了呢。

话说还记得自己在考场上写了啥吗???

必须的呀,怎么会忘记了呢

接下来小编就给大家送上热腾腾的《2017年12月大学英语四级考试真题及答案》




第一套试卷




一、听力

1.B) Her little brother.

2.C) By selling lemonade and pictures.

3.C) Providing clean energy to five million people.

4.B) They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

5.A) Endless fighting in the region.

6.D) To find evidence of the existence of the “lost lions”.

7.B) Lions’ tracks.

8.A) Her ‘lucky birthday’.

9.D) Threw her a surprise party.

10.B) The trip her husband has planned.

11.C) He is eager to learn how the couple’s holiday turns out.

12.A) They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.

13.B) They know when to stop.

14.C) They learn quickly.

15.D) Get to know the other side.

16.D) How space research benefits people on Earth.

17.B) They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.

18.A) They are extremely accurate. 

19.C) It marked the beginning of something new.

20.A) They believed in working for goals.

21.D) Doing needlework by the fire.

22.C) Sit down and try to calm yourself.

23.B) You may expose yourself to unexpected dangers.

24.D) Walk uphill.

25.A) Inform somebody of your plan.





二,阅读理解

Section A

  26. K superior

  27. D nuisance

  28. M tip

  29. O visual

  30. A associated

  31. F preventing

  32. H sensitive

  33. I slight

  34. C indicate

  35. B examine

  Section B


  36. Elderly students find it hard to keep up with the rapid changes in education.

  答案:I

  37. Some believe take-home exams may affect students' performance in other courses.

  答案:E

  38. Certain professors believe in-class exams are ultimately more helpful to students.

  答案:C

  39. In-class exams are believed to discourage cheating in exams.

  答案:D

  40. The author was happy to learn she could do some exams at home.

  答案:B

  41. Students who put off their work until the last moment often find the exams more difficult than

  they actually are.

  答案:H

  42. Different students may prefer different types of exams.

  答案:G

  43. Most professors agree whether to give an in-class or a take-home exam depends on type of

  course being taught.

  答案:F

  44. The author dropped out of college some forty years ago.

  答案:A

  45. Some students think take-home exams will eat up their free time.

  答案:J

  Section C


  Passage One

  46. What did researchers find puzzling about the first-night effect?

  答案:D) In what way it can be beneficial.

  47. What do we learn about Dr. Yuka Sasaki doing her research?

  答案:C) She got some idea from previous studies on birds and dolphins

  48. What did Dr. Sasaki do when she first did her experiment?

  A) She monitored the brain activity of participants sleeping in a new environment.

  49. What did Dr. Sasaki do when re-running her experiment?

  答案:C) She exposed her participants to two different stimuli.

  50. What did Dr. Sasaki find about the participants in her experiment?

  答案:B) They tended to perceive irregular beeps as a threat.

  Passage Two

  51. What does the author say is the problem with women?

  答案:D) They tend to push themselves beyond the limits of their ability.

  52. Why do working women of child-bearing age tend to feel drained of energy?

  答案: A) They struggle to satisfy the demands of both work and home.

  53. What may hinder the future prospects of career women?

  答案:A) Their unwillingness to say “no”.

  54. Men and woman differ in their approach to resolving workplace conflicts in that______.

  答案:C) men tend to put their personal interests first

  55. What is important to a good leader?

  答案:B) The ability to delegate.

  Part Ⅳ Translation





三、翻译

华山位于华阴市,距西安120公里。华山是秦岭的一部分,秦岭不仅分隔陕南与陕北,也分隔华南与华北。与从前人们常去朝拜的泰山不同,华山过去很少有人光临,因为上山的道路极其危险。然而,希望长寿的人却经常上山,因为山上生长着许多药草,特别是一些稀有的药草。自上世纪90年代安装缆车以来,参观人数大大增加。(145字)

Huashan(Mount Hua) is situated in Huayin City, 120 kilometers away from Xi'an. It ispart of the Qinling Mountains, which divides not only Southern and NorthernShaanxi, but also South and North China. Unlike Taishan, which became a popularplace of pilgrimage, Huashan was not well visited in the past because it is dangerousfor the climbers to reach its summit. Huashan was also an important place frequentedby immortality seekers, as many herbs grow there especially some rare ones. Sincethe installation of the cable cars in the 1990s, the number of visitors hasincreased significantly.






第二套




一、听力

1.B) Her little brother.

2.C) By selling lemonade and pictures.

3.C) Providing clean energy to five million people.

4.B) They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

5.A) Endless fighting in the region.

6.D) To find evidence of the existence of the “lost lions”.

7.B) Lions’ tracks.

8.A) Her ‘lucky birthday’.

9.D) Threw her a surprise party.

10.B) The trip her husband has planned.

11.C) He is eager to learn how the couple’s holiday turns out.

12.A) They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.

13.B) They know when to stop.

14.C) They learn quickly.

15.D) Get to know the other side.

16.D) How space research benefits people on Earth.

17.B) They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.

18.A) They are extremely accurate. 

19.C) It marked the beginning of something new.

20.A) They believed in working for goals.

21.D) Doing needlework by the fire.

22.C) Sit down and try to calm yourself.

23.B) You may expose yourself to unexpected dangers.

24.D) Walk uphill.

25.A) Inform somebody of your plan.




二、阅读理解

26. G)exposure

27. L)levels

28. F)enroll

29. O)participated

30. C)championships

31. E) developing

32. M)local

33. N)operates

34. I)feeding

35. B)career

36 H)to be curious, we need to realize first of all that there are many things we don' t know.

37. D). according to leslie, curiosity is essential to one s success.

38. O)we should feel happy when we pursue knowledge for knowledge s sake

39 M)political leaders' lack of curiosity will result in bad consequences.

40. B) there are often accusations about.politicians and the media s lack of curiosity to find out the truth

41. L)the less curious a child is , the less knowledge the child may turn out to have.

42. k) it is widely accepted that academic accomplishment lies in both intelligence and diligence.

43. J) a bookshop as curiosity eads us can be a good way to entertain ourselves.

44. G)both the rise of the internet and reduced appetite for literary fiction contribute to people' s declining curiosity.

45. F)mankind wouldn' t be so innovative without curiosity.

46-50:BADCA

51-55:CCBDD

46. what do velieve about aging ?

b)they just cannot do anything about It

47. how do many scientists view aging now?

a) might be prevented and treated

48. what does alex zhavoronkov think of describing aging as a disease ?

d)it will motivate doctors and pharmacists to find ways to treat aging.

49. what do we learn about the medical community?

c)they can contribute to people's health only to a limited extend, 

50. what does professor leonard hayflick believe

a)the human lifespan cannot be pro-longed

51. what do we learn about applicants postdoctoral positions in geosciences?

c)more males than females are likely to get outstanding letters of recommen dafion

52. what do studies about men and women in scientific research show?

C)Men are believed to be better able to excel in stem disciplines

53. what do the studies find about the recommendation letters for women appli cants?

b). they contain nothing that distin guishes the application.

54. what did dutt and her colleagues do with the more than 1, 200 letters of recommendation

d) they deleted all information about gender.

55. what does dutt aim to do with her study?

d) start a public discussion on how to raise women's status in academic circles.




三、翻译

泰山位于山东省西部。海拔1500余米,方圆约400平方公里。泰山不仅雄伟壮观,而且是一座历史文化名山,过去3000多年一直是人们前往朝拜的地方。据记载,共有72位帝王曾来此游览。许多作家到泰山获取灵感,写诗作文,艺术家也来此绘画。山上因此留下了许许多多的文物古迹。泰山如今已成为中国一处主要的旅游景点。

  Mountain Tai , 1500 m above sea level and 400 square kilometers, which is located in the western part of China. It enjoys not only the magnificent sight, but the high reputation for its historical culture. Mountain Tai is a place of worship for pilgrims for 3,000 thousand years.

  According to the record, it was visited by 72 emperors in total. Many writers obtain inspiration and compose poems and compositions by visiting Mountain Tai. Besides, artists also draw paintings here. Consequently, there are a lot of cultural relics and historic sites. Nowadays, Mountain Tai has become one of the most well-known tourist attractions in China.





第三套




一、听力

1.B) Her little brother.

2.C) By selling lemonade and pictures.

3.C) Providing clean energy to five million people.

4.B) They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

5.A) Endless fighting in the region.

6.D) To find evidence of the existence of the “lost lions”.

7.B) Lions’ tracks.

8.A) Her ‘lucky birthday’.

9.D) Threw her a surprise party.

10.B) The trip her husband has planned.

11.C) He is eager to learn how the couple’s holiday turns out.

12.A) They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.

13.B) They know when to stop.

14.C) They learn quickly.

15.D) Get to know the other side.

16.D) How space research benefits people on Earth.

17.B) They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.

18.A) They are extremely accurate. 

19.C) It marked the beginning of something new.

20.A) They believed in working for goals.

21.D) Doing needlework by the fire.

22.C) Sit down and try to calm yourself.

23.B) You may expose yourself to unexpected dangers.

24.D) Walk uphill.

25.A) Inform somebody of your plan.





翻译

黄山位于安徽省南部。它风景独特,尤以其日出和云海著称。要欣赏大山的宏伟壮丽,通常得向上看。但要欣赏黄山美景,得向下看。黄山的湿润气候有利于茶树生成,是中国主要产茶地之一。这里还有许多温泉,其泉水有助于防治皮肤病。黄山是中国主要旅游目的地之一,也是摄影和传统国画最受欢迎的主题。

  英语四级真题——翻译参考译文:

  Mount Huang is located in the south of Anhui province. Its landscape is unique, and it is especially famous for its sunrise and sea of clouds. In order to appreciate the magnificence of this great mountain, one has to look up, but to enjoy the beautiful scenery of Mount Huang, one has to look down. Mount Huang’s humid climate is fit for the growth of tea tree, and it is one of the major tea tree growing areas of China. There are also many warm springs in Mount Huang, whose water is helpful for the prevention and treatment of skin diseases. Mount Huang is one of the major tourist destinations in china, and is also the most popular subject of photography and traditional Chinese paintings.

         答案来自网络




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