如何在一个月内通过大学英语四级,大学英语六级考试

皖南医学院临床医学院团委2020-11-20 15:43:48

昨晚16级终于公布了六月能考大学英语四级的人了,年级一半人能考。不过不管怎样今年16级的鲜肉们总是要考四级的,分享一篇干货送给大家。

本文转载自知乎

作者:猛迪小亲亲


1.时间安排

现在距离四六级考试还有三个月,我们的时间比题设的更加充裕,但是准备当然越早越好啦。

现在外面买到的真题集一般包含近3年的,其中,一年的会分为6月份卷和12月份卷,而每一套的卷子会有3个难度相当的不同版本,这样,我们就拥有了【3x2x3=18套真题】。我们来好好说说这25天时间和18套真题。

第1天~第15天

每天1套真题

(根据自己的实际情况用不同的方法侧重不同的题型,在【刷真题方法】会有详细说明)

做完对答案,总结笔记(在【总结笔记的方法】中会有详细说明),每天翻看一下前几天写的笔记,那么15天后之后,你还剩3套真题。


第16天~第20天

①翻看根据前15套题目总结出的笔记(等会马上会说整理试卷笔记的方法);

②把预测题的听力部分拿来做;

③阅读30分钟左右的英语文章或者新闻,推荐21st Century大学版(每个星期都会出版,有纸质版和电子版),因为这个报纸的内容都是一些时事新闻,和四六级阅读的题材、长度、难度相当


第21天~第23天

与第1天~第15天一样,每天1套题,那么第23天结束的时候,你剩余的时间为2天,真题卷套数为0套。(都做完了呢!快夸奖一下自己真棒!)拥有的是一厚沓自己辛苦整理的笔记!

第24天~第25天

要放大招了!既然是面向考试的突击,那么记忆力是非常非常非常关键的!!!

之前整理的笔记是用来干嘛的?用来在这两天的时间背背背的啊!

背作文需要的看起来很高端的句型!背作文需要的高级替换词!

鉴于之前已经做过一遍卷子,笔记又是在近期内整理的,所以还是比较轻松容易的吧。

此外,把预测题的听力部分拿来做(就算是考前一天也建议做一套听力)。

2.刷真题方法

关于【根据自己的实际情况用不同的方法侧重不同的题型】的说明:


听力比较弱的情况:每天除了一套完整的真题外,额外完成一套听力。(比如在答案开头被抛弃的预测卷,里面的听力可以拿来做)PS:答主就是属于这种情况,所以准备的那几个星期期间,大多数时候都是每天两套听力。


阅读比较弱的情况:每天除了一套题中的阅读以外,额外阅读其他英语文章半小时。阅读不同于听力,我不推荐在一套题的额度外再刷阅读题型,做那么阅读题目脑细胞会死光的啊!看看英语文章,保持眼睛对英文的敏感度(或者说保持语感)就行了!

作文和翻译比较弱的情况:在翻看答案之前,老老实实的把每套题的作文和翻译都自己写了!然后认真总结笔记方便最后几天背背背!!!

作文和翻译比较强的情况:先看题目,可以不动笔写但要思考,然后就直接对着答案看一遍,再关上答案把翻译做一遍,作文的话就选范文中的几个自己认为比较好的句型记下来。

   学霸

我喜欢学习

   学霸

学习使我快乐

   学霸

优秀是一种习惯

   学霸

我徜徉在知识的海洋里吮吸着知识的雨露

   学霸

妈妈叫我吃饭
  我充耳不闻

   学霸

爸爸非要抱我
  我无动于衷

   学霸

奶奶喊我睡觉
  我百般推辞

   学霸

世界上只有一种稳赚不赔的投资
那就是学习

   学霸

我只想告诉你们

   学霸

烟可以抽 酒可以喝 容可以整 架可以打 炮可以约 逼可以装

   学霸

但你要是不爱学习
对不起 我们做不了朋友

再见


3.总结笔记的方法

听力:能记的只有题干中不认识的生词,也不用刻意去抄下生词的所有意思然后背,复习的时候翻看几遍熟悉一下就好。


阅读:

①选词填空——特别注意!!!因为选词填空考察的就是词汇,所以当给出的15个词中有自己不认识的词的时候就要注意了!!!请务必一个一个地弄清楚意思,把每个意思写进笔记里。(然后最后可以总结一下频率高的词汇233~~~一共18套试卷呢,应该还是可以总结出高频填词词汇的)

②匹配段落和单项阅读:这也没什么好记的,不认识的词查一查,过两遍就好。


作文:重头戏!高中老师教我们写作文就是要背看起来很高端的句型啊!要用看起来很高级的词汇啊!范文里的好句型、好词汇,通通抄进笔记里!考前背背背!!!


翻译:翻译一般都是会有一些词汇翻译点,还有一些句型点,其实在翻译参考答案中,这些词汇点和句型点是可以记到笔记中当做作文素材用的。

4.干货

期待已久的干货终于来了!

【作文笔记——单词】

作文想用高级词汇其实很简单!秘诀一个字——换!把低级词汇换成高级词汇就行!

PS:当然也不是越多高级词汇越好,物极必反的道理大家都懂的嘛。而且有时候强行替换词汇得到的句子会很奇怪。我觉得基础简单句的话,0~1个就够。简单词汇和高级词汇穿插使用,恰到好处,超自然~(至于如何达到“超自然”的境界,大家自己领悟辣!)

名词

person = individual

influence = impact

difference = disparity / discrepancy

pollution = contamination

ability = capability / capacity

形容词

important = crucial / significant

necessary = indispensable

unavoidable = inevitable

many = numerous / countless

satisfied = content

enough = sufficient / adequate

tired = exhausted

proper / suitable = appropriate

qualified = eligible

best = optimal / optimum

contrary = contradictory

helpful = conducive

harmful = detrimental

different / various = diverse

boring = tedious / monotonous

poor = impoverished

famous = prominent / notable / renowned / prestigious

careful = cautious / prudent / meticulous

popular = epidemic / widespread / conspicuous

a lot of = considerable / substantial

动词

take part in = participate in

put up with = tolerate / endure / abide

put off = postpone

find out = ascertain

carry out = implement

search for = seek

give up = abandon

improve = enhance

expect = anticipate

include = consist of / comprise

discuss = negotiate

explain = expound

leave = depart

show = demonstrate

decorate = embellish

separate = segregate

decline = aggravate / deteriorate

disappear = vanish

solve / deal with = address / cope with

tell = inform / notify

surprise = astonish / astound

buy = purchase

try = endeavor

cheat = deceive

quit = resign

decide = determine

begin / start = commence

end = terminate

put together = combine / integrate / incorporate

attract = appeal to

consider = deem

make = render

介词

except = with the exception of
near = in the vicinity of
before = prior to
by way of = via
considering = given / respecting

副词

extremely = exceedingly
finally = eventually
suddenly = abruptly
mainly = primarily
then = subsequently
always = invariably / constantly
too / also = likewise / similarly
almost / nearly = virtually / practically
because of = on the account of
so = accordingly
about = approximately


【作文笔记——句型】

英语作文嘛,其实不难的,因为考英语作文,其实并不是像考语文那样想考我们的思想有多么的深刻,我们要写的英语作文翻译成中文来看,根本就是小学生语文作文好嘛!

举个栗子,假如英语题目让你写kindness(善良美德),不是让你写出“上善若水,厚德载物”这种,而是让你写出“啊,善良人的一种美好品德。如果我们善良,那么我们会主动的去帮助别人;如果我们善良,那么我们自身的内心也是愉悦的;如果我们大家都一起善良,那么世界就会很美好。所以,既然善良这么好,那我们就要把善良这种美德传承下去。”恩。我有没有讲清楚呢?所以呀,英语作文如何拿高分?无非就是用看起来很高端的词语和句型表达出小学生的意思呢!

这个模块的内容分为五个部分,对于有的句型,我会啰嗦几句,讲一下句子的语境,或者说说我都是如何用的。

第一部分:如何机智地点题

  • As the saying / proverb goes, ...

  • ... tells us a fine philosophy of life : ...

前者可以用于在题目中已经给出了一句名人名言的情况,为了引用那句名言,这个是比较俗套的句型啦;后者是你用自己的话改写那句名人名言的引申义,即自己文章的中心论点(中心论点无非就是那句话告诉我们的人生哲理嘛,philosophy of life)。

  • It is universally acknowledged that ... / It is well established that ...

这个句型可以用在客观说明情况/现象的时候,比如说“运动有利于健康这一点是大家都公认的”。(这个是典型的英语翻译成中文的综合征,不符合中文说话习惯,但大家懂就好。)

Although ... , they still fall into the trap of ...

这个句型适用于先描述一个客观事实,然后转折说明有的人虽然明白这个客观事实但是还是不由自主blablabla了

  • When it comes to the topic of ... , everybody has his own interpretation. But an inspiring idea goes that ... , which reveals the nature / essence of ...

  • What the drawing vividly depicts is that ... / What is delineated [勾勒] in front of us is ...

这句和下一句都是针对看图说话类的作文的,该句用于不带任何感情色彩的客观描述图片内容

The picture illustrates that ... / This picture actually mirrors a common phenomenon ...

此句用于上一句之后,带感情色彩的主观意愿说明图片想告诉我们什么,是一个道理呢,还是一个等待你去批判的社会现象blablabla。


第二部分:弘扬发挥积极现象,规避解决负面现象

既然是类似小学生观点的作文,那么就只用像标题中的口诀那样去行文就可以了。

  • Therefore, it is imperative [迫切的,必须的]for us to...

比如blabla是对的,是有意义的,那么可以用这个句型来具体阐述我们要去干嘛。

  • We should always / are supposed to bear in mind that ...

还是比如blabla是对的,是有意义的,那么我们就应该把blabla牢记在心。

  • Students should take the initiative and come up with independent ideas in cooperation with their professors.

这个句子可以演示如何用一句话具体阐述分论点。

  • It is the prerequisite [先决条件] of social and individual improvement to make constant and considerable changes.

哈哈哈,It is the prerequisite of ...这个句型我在六级作文里面用了呢,虽然prerequisite这个词考完我就忘了怎么拼了,但是我觉得阅卷老师看见了你写的应该会觉得这童鞋不错呢。(我就自己yy一下,不要理我。)

  • I am strongly opposed to ...

  • It explicitly notifies [明确告诉了] us ...


第三部分:拓展论点内容

PS:以下都是从具体的范文里摘抄出来的,供大家参考一下行文的结构,也可以记一下常用的短语搭配什么的。

  • This career abounds in [大量存在,充满] opportunities.

  • Happiness will be achieved only when we show great courage to confront problems and develop the capacity to solve them.

  • But that doesn't mean we are deprived of [剥夺]happiness.

  • Undue early exploitation [过度且过早的开发] of children's mind may hinder [阻碍] children's natural development.

  • Everybody is faced with difficulties and big pressure, which can either defeat us if we are crushed by their power or render us a tremendous success if we rise above them.

  • A great many people insist that it is essential for universities to cultivate students' personalities and the ability to think independently, because knowledge is almost being updated every minute, and what really counts in this fast-changing society is a good character and the ability to learn and think.

这一段话(其实就是一句话)的结构可以给我们行文做一些参考。这个句子还是很典型的,首先客观说明有人觉得blabla,然后很详细的说明了原因并分析了。

  • Misunderstanding often arises from parents' tendency to interfere in [干涉,介入] children's daily activities.



第四部分:终于要结尾了呢,作文也得好聚好散对吧哈哈哈

不知道大家有没有发现,通常结尾的时候范文都特别喜欢用only倒装那个句型呢哈哈哈。而且呐,因为作文题目基本是跟人生有关的,所以大体上都是“所以啊,我们要坚信啊,blabla是特别棒的啊。只有做到了blabla,我们才能拥有一个玫瑰色的人生啊,前程似锦呐,社会和谐呐,世界美好呐!”或者是“啊,blabla是不对的啊,我们不能blabla啊,只有这样,我们才能拥有一个玫瑰色的人生啊,前程似锦呐,社会和谐呐,世界美好呐!”

  • I firmly believe a more prosperous and better future is awaiting us [美好繁荣的未来在等着我们,前程似锦啦] if ...

  • Hard as the struggle seems to be, a man should challenge himself so as to embrace [拥抱] the glory of future success and practise himself in a way to prove in a way to prove and distinguish himself.

  • We should not be indulged in depression after encountering setbacks.

  • ... has / have to be gained through self-improvement and prolonged devotion, which speak more of ...

  • Only when we are proficient in dealing with problems can we fully enjoy happiness and live a merry life.

  • We are supposed to master basic knowledge on our own and learn how to apply technology to our academic life.

  • Only by acquiring professional knowledge and the capability to think, learn, communicate and cooperate with others, can we be successful in the world.


第五部分:具体的栗子

PS:答主一般写作文是不会举栗子的。不过我当时有在笔记本上写过一点点还是放上来吧。都是写很俗气的栗子啦。

  • The prestigious scientist, Edison, argued that genius is 1 percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration [汗水].

  • Quite a few examples can be given to prove the importance of cooperation, and I can think of no better illustration than the following one: After the earthquake on May 12, 2008, Wenchuan was destroyed, leaving only debris [残骸] and ruins. However, with the nationwide and combined cooperation, it takes on a new view at a rapid speed.

  • Steve Jobs was abandoned by his biological parents [生身父母] and dropped out of university but still managed to change the world. In our life, no one is definitely immune to [免疫] the problems, but we may achieve happiness through striving.


【自己总结的作文词汇】(又名作文中用于装逼的词汇,觉得句子短就加个副词吧~)
常用的几个意思就是下面的几种吧,大量啊,很好啊,重要啊,还有用于连接的几个副词。

  • admittedly [诚然] 、nevertheless、

  • incredibly [难以置信地]、extremely、unbelievably

  • indubitably [无疑地]、undoubtedly

  • 不要用lots of、many了,用enormous、tremendous、numerous

  • various、diverse、assorted

  • 不要用good了,用marvelous、splendid、excellent、gorgeous

  • 不要用important了,用essential、crucial


最后,祝大家都过过过哦!



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