2017年12月四级大纲新增词汇295个(三)

吉医赵璐2020-03-25 16:16:58

81. contempt [kən'tempt]

  n.藐视,轻蔑,轻视

  示例:

  I show contempt for people who treat children so cruelly. 我鄙视如此虐待孩子的人。

  82. contend [kən'tend]

  v.①竞争,斗争 ②声称,主张

   示例:

  Several teams are contending for the prize. 有几个队在争夺锦标。

  83. converse [kən'vɜːs]

  vi.交谈

   示例:

  After a year's studying at university,I feel able to converse with anyone about anything.在大学学习一年之后,我感到可以和任何人交谈任何事情。

  84. cornerstone ['kɔːnəstəʊn]

  n.①基础 ②基石,奠基石

   示例:

  The doctrine of surplus value is the cornerstone of Marx's economic theory. 剩余价值学说是马克思经济理论的基石。

  85. cosmos ['kɒzmɒs]

  n.(sing.)宇宙

   示例:

  Our world is but a small part of the cosmos. 我们的世界仅仅是宇宙的一小部分而已。

  86. counterpart ['kaʊntəpɑːt]

  n.对应的物,职位(或作用)相当的人

   示例:

  The British Queen is the counterpart of German President.英国的女王相当于德国的总统。

  87. coupon ['kuːpɒn]

  n.配给券,优惠券

   示例:

  The coupon entitles you to ten cents off your next purchase. 这张优惠券可以让你在下次购物时节省10分钱。

  88. crab [kræb]

  n.①蟹,螃蟹 ②蟹肉

  示例:

  Thousands of crabs are washed up on the beaches during every storm. 每次暴风雨过后海滩上都会留下数不尽的螃蟹。

  89. cracker ['krækə]

  n.①爆竹 ②(AmE)一种薄脆饼干

  示例:

  It's a type of Chinese cracker, made from rice and shrimp. 这是中国式的饼干,用米与虾肉做的。

  90. crocodile ['krɒkədaɪl]

  n.①鳄鱼 ②成对纵列行进的人(尤指儿童)

  示例:

  They weep crocodile tears for the poor. 他们对穷人是假慈悲。

  91. cyberspace ['saɪbəspeɪs]

  n.网络(或赛博)空间

  示例:

  She travels in cyberspace by sending messages to friends around the world. 她利用网络空间给世界各地的朋友们发送信件。

  92. deem [diːm]

  vt.认为,视为

  示例:

  Chinese and English were deemed essential. 汉语和英语被认为是必不可少的。

  93. deficient [dɪ'fɪʃnt]

  a.①缺乏的,不足的 ②有缺陷的

  示例:

  Desert is deficient in the water.沙漠里缺水。

  94. dent [dent]

  vt.使凹陷;挫伤(信心等)n.缺口

  示例:

  The commission had barely begun to make a dent in the problem.委员会还没有在这个问题上取得任何进展。

  95. deprive [dɪ'praɪv]

  vt.剥夺,使丧失

  示例:

  Paralysis has deprived him of the use of his right arm.瘫痪使他不能使用右臂。

  96. despatch [dɪ'spætʃ]

  vt.①派遣 ②发送

  示例:

  A reporter was despatched to Naples to cover the riot. 一名记者被派往那不勒斯报道这场骚乱。

  97. deteriorate [dɪ'tɪəriəreɪt]

  vi.恶化,变坏

  示例:The weather conditions are deteriorating. 天气变得越来越糟

  98. dew [djuː]

  n.露水

   示例:

  The dew gathered on the leaves. 露水在叶子上凝结。

  99. diabetes [ˌdaɪə'biːtiːz]

  n.糖尿病

   示例:

  Blindness is a common complication of diabetes. 失明是糖尿病常见的并发症。

  100. digit ['dɪdʒɪt]

  n.①手指 ②(0至9的任何一个)数字

   示例:

  Her telephone number differs from mine by one digit. 她的电话号码和我的只差一个数字。

  101. diligent ['dɪlɪdʒənt]

  a.勤勉的,用功的

  示例:

  For the future, try to be more diligent in your study. 今后你应该更勤奋。

  102. dime [daɪm]

  n.(美国、加拿大等国的)一角硬币

  示例:

  I pressed a dime into his grubby hand. 我把一个十分硬币塞进他脏兮兮的手里。

  103. disable [dɪs'eɪbl]

  vt.①使残疾 ②使无效

  示例:

  An accident disabled him from playing football.一次事故使他成为残废而不能再踢足球。

  104. discriminate [dɪ'skrɪmɪneɪt]

  v.(between)区别,辨别 vi.(against)区别对待,歧视

  示例:

  He is incapable of discriminating between a good idea and a terrible one. 他分不清主意的好坏。

  105. disintegrate [dɪs'ɪntɪgreɪt]

  vi.①碎裂,分裂 ②崩溃

   示例:

  The plane would probably disintegrate at that high speed.飞机以那么快的速度飞行也许会四分五裂。

  106. disrupt [dɪs'rʌpt]

  vt.扰乱,打乱

  示例:

  A crowd of protesters disrupted the meeting.示威者扰乱了会议。

  107. dock [dɒk]

  n.①码头 ②被告席 v.(使船)靠码头

   示例:

  A crowd were waiting at the dock to greet them. 一群人在码头等着迎接他们。

  108. doom [duːm]

  n.厄运,劫数 vt.注定

   示例:

  That argument doomed their marriage to failure. 那次争吵使他们的婚姻注定要失败。

  109. drastic ['dræstɪk]

  a.①严厉的 ②激烈的,剧烈的

   示例:

  A drastic reformation of the present housing system has been carried out. 目前的住房制度正在彻底改革。

  110. drought [draʊt]

  n.旱灾,干旱

   示例:

  The crops died during the drought. 干旱期间庄稼都枯死了。

  111. dual ['djuːəl]

  a.双(重)的

   示例:

  He has dual role as director and actor.他有导演及演员的双重身份。

  112. elevate ['elɪveɪt]

  vt.①提拔 ②举起,抬高 ③提高(嗓子),振奋(情绪)

   示例:

  The fresh morning air elevated him.早晨清新的空气使他神清气爽。

  113. elite [eɪ'liːt]

  a.出类拔萃的 n.精英

  示例:

  He considers himself to be one of the elite. 他觉得自己是优秀分子之一。

  114. endanger [ɪn'deɪndʒə]

  vt.危及,使处于险境

   示例:

  The giant panda is an endangered species, ie is in danger of becoming extinct.大熊猫是面临绝种危险的动物。

  115. enlist [ɪn'lɪst]

  vt.①争取 ②使入伍,征募

   示例:

  The mayor tried to enlist every citizen in the cleanup campaign.市长尽力在整顿社会治安运动中得到每一个市民的支持。

  116. entrepreneur [ˌɒntrəprə'nɜː]

  n.企业家

  示例:

  An entrepreneur is not only a risk taker but also a visionary. 企业家不仅要能承担风险,还应富于远见。

  117. equate [ɪ'kweɪt]

  vt.等同

   示例:

  You can't equate the education system of China to that of America. 不能把中国的教育制度与美国的教育制度等同起来。

  118. erase [ɪ'reɪz]

  vt.①消除,删去 ②擦掉

   示例:

  You can erase pencil marks with a rubber. 你可以用橡皮擦掉铅笔记号。

  119. err [ɜː]

  vi.犯错误,做错事,出差错

   示例:

  It's always best to err on the side of caution. 过于谨慎永远比冒风险强。他们过于谨慎也许是明智的。

  120. essence ['esns]

  n.本质,实质

   示例:

  The two arguments are in essence the same. 这两个论点基本相同。


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