2018年6月英语四六级考试阅读练习题

甘肃旗胜2020-06-29 15:10:27

  1. 特有的 be peculiar to

  2. 理论上 in the abstract

  3. 滤除 filter out

  4. 一切准备就绪 be geared up

  5. 一档 first gear

  6. 抚养滋养培育 nourish

  7. 因为...的缘故 for thesake of

  8. 召集 convene

  9. 收视率,估价 ratings

  10. 用绑带包扎 bandage up

  11. 有...的把握 have assurance of

  12. 基于on the basis of

  13. 绕...环行一周 make acircuit of

  14. 吸出 suck out

  15. criterioncriteria 标准准则原则

  16. 对...的愤怒 the flapabout

  17. 外部的,表面的,外用的 external

  18. 贬值 slide to/from

  19. 物质,根据,要点,重要性 substance

  20. 犯罪的 criminal

  21. 表明 testify to

  22. 教学,学费tuition

  23. 稳定,稳固性 stability

  24. 征服,控制,占领的地区 conquest

  25. 巨大的,精彩的,了不起的 tremendous

  26. 消除 eliminate

  27. 重叠 overlap

  28. 青少年 adolescent

  29. 构想想出 conceive of/as sth.

  30. 琐碎的 小气的 petty

  31. 主持(会议);担任(会议)主席 preside

  32. 成熟的,成熟 mature

  33. 追赶 chaseafter

  34. 表明 it isindicated that

  35. 对...贪心 be greedyfor

  36. 投资 invest in

  37. 团 簇 群 组 聚集 cluster

  38. 冒犯辱骂 insultto sb./sth.

  39. 剥夺 deprivesb. of sth.

  40. 矫正 rectify

  41. 超出(数量);超越(法律命令等的)限制 exceed

  42. 无知 ignorance

  43. 将...限制于 confineto

  44. 与...连接,结合 link upwith

  45. 密集 稠密 密度 density

  46. 极糟的 灾难性的 disastrous

  47. 着火 点燃 ignite

  48. 遵从 complywith sth

  49. 运送;使充满 freight

  50. 经验主义的 empirical

  51. 饥荒 famine

  52. 极好的 marvelous

  53. 将...漠视化地视为 stereotype...as...

  54. 使糊涂 bewilder

  55. 纪念 commemorate

  56. 完全的,陡峭的,垂直的 sheer

  57. 残酷的 刺眼的 harsh

  58. 围住 附上 enclose

  59. 辗转反侧 toss andturn

常考短语53个

  1. abide by(=be faithful to obey)忠于;遵守

  2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在

  3. absence of mind(=being absent-minded)

  心不在焉

  4. (be) abundant in

  (be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有

  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解

  6. by accident

  (=by chance, accidentally) 偶然地,意外

  7. in accord with 与…致.

  out of one’s accord with 同….不一致

  8. with one accord

  (=with everybody agreeing) 一致地

  9. in accordance with

  (=in agreement with) 依照,根据

  10. take…into account

  (=consider) 把...考虑进去

  11. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释

  12. on no account (=in no case, for no reason)

  绝不要,无论如何不要 (放句首时句子要倒装)

  13. be accustomed to

  (=be in the habit of, be used to) 习惯于

  14. be acquainted with

  (=to have knowledge of) 了解;

  (=to have met socially ) 熟悉

  15. act on 奉行,按照,行动;

  act as 扮演;

  act for 代理

  16. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to)

  使自己适应于

  17. adapt (for)

  (=make sth. Suitable for a new need)

  改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

  18. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又

  19. in addition to

  (=as well as, besides, other than) 除…外

  20. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

  21. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

  22. adjust..(to) (=change slightly) 调节; 适应;

  23. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for)

  …的可能,留有…的余地.

  24. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先

  25. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地

  26. have an advantage over 胜过.

  have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件

  have the advantage of sb

  知道某人所不知道的事

  27. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness) 利用

  28. agree with 赞同(某人意见)

  agree to 同意

  29. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

  30. in all (=counting everyone or everything

  altogether) 总共, 总计

  31. after all 毕竟,到底;

  (not) at all 一点也不;

  all at once(=suddenly)突然;

  once and for all 只此一次;

  32. allow for (=take into consideration, take into

  account) 考虑到, 估计到

  33. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于

  34. be anxious about 为…焦急不安;

  35. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉

  36. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁.

  appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

  37. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请;

  apply for申请; apply to 适用.

  38. apply to 与…有关;适用

  39. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成

  40. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起

  41. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth. 安排…做…

  42. arrive on 到达;

  arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出;

  arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

  43. be ashamed of (=feel shame) 以… 为羞耻

  44. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or t rust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.

  45. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结

  46. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)

  试图做…

  47. attend to

  (=give one’s attention, care and thought)

  注意,照顾;

  attend on(upon)侍候,照料

  48. attitude to toward …对…的态度.看法

  49. attribute…to… 把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果

  50. on the average

  (=on average, on an average) 平均

  51. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having know ledge or consciou sness) 意识到,知道.

  52. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面

  53. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of

  在…后部(外面)

  be on one’s back (=be ill in bed) 卧病不起 

美国商业

President Coolidge's statement, "The business of America is business," still points to an important truth today-that business institutions have more prestige (威望) in American society than any other kind of organization, including the government. Why do business institutions possess this great prestige?

  One reason is that Americans view business as being more firmly based on the ideal of competition than other institutions in society. Since competition is seen as the major source of progress and prosperity by most Americans, competitive business institutions are respected. Competition is not only good in itself,

  it is the means by which other basic American values such as individual freedom, equality of opportunity, and hard work are protected.

  Competition protects the freedom of the individual by ensuring that there is no monopoly(垄断) of power. In contrast to one, all-powerful government, many businesses compete against each other for profits. Theoretically, if one business tries to take unfair advantage of its customers, it will lose to competing business which treats its customers more fairly. Where many businesses compete for the customers' dollar, they cannot afford to treat them like inferiors or slaves.

  A contrast is often made between business, which is competitive, and government, which is a monopoly. Because business is competitive, many Americans believe that it is more supportive of freedom than government,even though government leaders are elected by the people and business leaders are not. Many Americans believe, then, that competition is as important,or even more important,than democracy in preserving freedom.

  Competition in business is also believed to strengthen the ideal of equality of opportunity. Competition is seen as an open and fair race where success goes to the swiftest person regardless of his or her social class background. Competitive success is commonly seen as the American alternative to social rank based onfamily background. Business is therefore viewed as and expression of the idea of equality of

  opportunity rather than the aristocratic(贵族的) idea of inherited privilege.

  练习题:

  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1. The statement "The business of America is business" probably means"________".

  A. The business institutions in America are concerned with commerce

  B. Business problems are of great importance to the American government

  C. Business is of primary concern to Americans

  D. America is a great power in world business

  2. Americans believe that they can realize their personal values only_____ .

  A. when given equality of opportunity

  B. through doing business

  C. by protecting their individual freedom

  D. by way of competition

  3. Who can benefit from business competition?

  A. Honest businessmen.

  B. Both businessmen and their customers.

  C. People with ideals of equality and freedom

  D. Both business institutions and government.

  4. Government is believed to differ strikingly from business in that government is characterized by ____.

  A. its absolute control of power

  B. its function in preserving personal freedom

  C. its role in protecting basic American values

  D. its democratic way of exercising leadership

  5. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes _____ .

  A. Americans are more ambitious than people in other countries

  B. in many countries success often depends on one's social status

  C. American businesses are more democratic than those in other countries

  D. businesses in other countries are not as competitive as those in America

  1.[C] 词义理解题。回答本题的关键是理解business的两个不同的含义:①商业,生意;②职责,事物,事。句中前一个business的意思应当是“事物,职责”,而后一个business的意思应当是“商业”,因此C为正确答案。

  2.[D] 事实细节题。解题关键在于对第2段最后一句定语从句的理解。该句指出竞争是对基本美国价值的保护伞,故可知,D为正确答案。

  3.[B] 推理判断题。第3段提到,商业之间为利润而互相竞争,因此商人在竞争中能获利;而对待其顾客不好的商家会被友好地对待其顾客的商家在竞争中打败,因此顾客也能从竞争中获利,所以B为正确案。

  4.[A] 事实细节题。第4段第1句提到,商业与政府的不同之处在_商业是竞争性的,而政府是垄断性的,也即有着绝对的控制权,因此A为正确答案。

  5.[B] 推理判断题。第5段第3句提到,靠竞争而来的成功通常被看作是用来替代基于家庭背景的社会地位的成功的美国式的成功。”其言下之意是在别的国家成功不是靠竞争,而是靠社会地位,因此B为正确答案。




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