【2016年6月】大学英语四级解析

长春新东方国内考试部微平台2020-11-20 16:50:29




四级写作


2016年6月四级真题作文点评

     长春新东方国内考试部  康强


     2016年6月的四级考试刚刚结束,作为四级听力改革以后的第一次出题,题目难度稳中有降。对于写作部分,意料之外情理之中的出了应用文,令广大考生措手不及,但如果你看过我考前的必看句子和对201412月作文的解析,你就会非常惊讶的发现,这两次考试的作文除了书信的格式是同出一脉,甚至可以套用一个内容,所以再次强调,掌握该掌握的语料比单纯预测话题要靠谱的多,以下是这次四级考试的作文题目

1.  write a letter to express your thanks to your parents or any other family member upon making a memorable achievement.

2. write a letter to express your thanks to one of your school teachers upon entering college

3. write a letter to express your thanks to one of your friends who helped you most when you were in difficulty.

这三篇看上去是应用文,看上去议论文的模板好像无效,但如果你仔细推敲,我在课堂上就提过记叙文议论化的写法,那么应用文难道不会议论化吗?当然可以。甚至这三篇可以和1412月的三篇记叙文一样采取同一套思路

1. 写一封信表达对于家庭成员在你取得好成绩的感谢

2. 写一封信表达对于你进入大学以后的老师的感谢

3. 写一份信表达对于在你困难时候帮助你的朋友感谢

1. 感谢我的妈妈---因为她教会了我如何去读书,博览群书让我取得好成绩

2. 感谢王老师---因为他教会了我如何读书

3. 感谢朋友King---因为他在我困难时,教会我如何读书,让我度过孤独寂寞的时光

然后可以加上读书的好处

1. 套路句子1 读书会扩大我们的视野,丰富我们的经验,(这个你们都懂的,哈哈)enlarge our horizon and enrich our experience

2. 套路句子2 读书会给我们知识,Knowledge is a kind of power, which can support us no matter how dark the world around us becomes

3. 套路句子3 读书会培养我们的兴趣 Reading can cultivate our interests in diverse aspects

PS: 随后我还会附上我201412月的作文解析,你会发现,二者几乎一样。

当然书信还要有写信目的和固定格式以及表达感谢的话

课上我们曾经学过表达感谢的固定句式

Words fail me when I try to express my heartfelt gratitude to sb. 这句话依旧可用

   总之,四级作文万变不离其宗,希望大家都能在考试中取得好成绩,我在新东方等你们。

PS: 至于今天上午接到的很多同学咨询的格式写错的问题,这个无需担心,格式部分最多占1分,只要内容合理,仍然能取得好成绩



四级阅读


2016年6月四级真题阅读点评

     长春新东方国内考试部  逄群




第一篇

1本文讲的是如何在智能机器人中加入人类的道德判断,让机器人更好的为人类服务。

核心概念:AI (人工智能),自从今年三月份韩国名将李世时和Alpha Go上演人机大战AI 就更加引起人们的关注,还有更多的担忧。因为不是每一个机器人都能叫大白

 2这篇文章共十段,属于四级考试中段落偏多的类型,所以题目设计的跨度比较大。

 3 文章结构非常清晰:提出问题(机器人缺乏道德标准)----解决办法(将人类道理标准进行编码)---- 解决中存在的问题(如何定义人类道德)

4题目设计角度也很明确。4647 针对“提出问题部分”;4849 针对“解决办法”出题;50 针对“解决中存在问题”出题。

 

46. what does the author say about the threat of robotics

答案: C It can be avoided if human value are translated into their language

分析:细节题。定位词 the threat of robotics 对应原文“danger ”  原文讲到这种危险可以避免,如果我们能够解决如何将人类的价值观转化成程序语言。

47What would we think of a person who invade our personal space according to the author?

答案 D They are ill-bred

分析细节题。定位词 a person who invade our personal space 。定位到第四段“ came up close in your personal space” ,原文讲到当一个物体或者一个人走进你的私人空间,你会认为一个有着很好素养的人是不会这么做的。 “properly brought-up” 有家教的,加上前文的否定,就是没有家教的,同义转换就是选项中的“ ill-bred” 缺乏家教的。

bred 原形是“breed养育

48 How do robots learn human values?

答案:C By picking up patterns from massive data on human behavior.

分析:细节题。 定位词 robot learn human values, 定位到第六段, 原文说“ drawing patterns form sets of data on human behavior. 基于人类行为的大量数据。

 

49 What will a well-programmed robot do when facing an unusual situation?

答案:B stop to seek advice from human

定位词 “well-programmed robot”,  “ when facing an unusual situation” 定位到第九段,原文讲到 “ 遇到问题停下来,向人类询问”.

50 What is most difficult to do when turn human values into a programmable code?

答案A Determine what is moral and ethical

分析: 细节题,最高级提问。定位最后一段。第一句讲到“最困难的就是定义什么是道德?”

 

第二篇

 文章主要讲了什么样的性格有利于长寿,而且母亲的性格影响了子女的寿命。典型的研究型文章,重点考察各种研究的结论。五道题目皆和研究结论相关。

 

51 The aim of the study in Journal of the American Geriatrics Society is ---------

答案: A to see whether people’s personality affects their life span.

52 What does the author imply about outgoing and sympathetic people?

答案:D They are more likely to get over hardship

53 what finding of the study might prove somewhat out of our expectation?

答案:C Such personally characteristics as self-discipline have no effect on longevity

54 What does the recent study of Norwegian mothers show?

答案:D Mother’s negative personality characteristics may affect life spans.

55 What can we learn from the findings of the two new study

答案:B Longevity result from a combination of mental and physical health. 


四级翻译


2016年6月四级真题翻译点评

     长春新东方国内考试部  张珂豪



乌镇是浙江的一座古老水镇,坐落在京杭大运河畔。这是一处迷人的地方,有许多古桥,中式旅店和餐馆。在过去一千年里,乌镇的水系和生活方式并未经历多少化,是一座展古文明的博物乌镇所有房屋都用石木建造。数百年来,当地人沿着河建起了住宅和集市。无数敞美的庭院藏身于屋舍之,游客每到一都会有惊喜的发现
Wuzhen,sitting on the bank (riverside of Jinghang canal ), is an old town in Zhejiang. This is an attractive place which has many old bridges, Chinese style hotels and restaurants.In the past 1000 years,because the water system and lifestyle in Wuzhen changed little , it is a natural museum of ancient civilization.
All the houses there are made of stone and wood.
For hundreds of years, local people built many residences and markets along the riverside. Among those houses are countless capacious and beautiful courtyards which are full of surprises to visitors.
功夫(kungfu)是中国武martial arts)的俗称。中国武的起源可以追溯到自的需要、狩以及古代中国的训练。它是中国传统体育运的一种,年人和老年人都。它已成了中国文化的独特元素。作中国的国宝,功夫有上百种不同的格,是世界上得最多的武形式。有些格模仿了物的作,有一些受到了中国哲学思想、神传说的启

Chinese martial arts is also called Kungfu.It comes from the needs of self-defense, hunting activity and traditional Chinese military training.
It is one kind of traditional Chinese sports and is practiced by youngsters and elders.It has gradually become an unique element in Chinese culture.
Kungfu, as one treasure of China, has more than one hundred styles and is the most practiced martial art around the world.Some actions of Chinese martial arts come from(imitate) animals’ posture and action , and some come from (are inspired by)thoughts of Chinese philosophy, myths and tales.

在山东潍坊市,筝不仅仅是玩具,而且座城市文化的志。坊以风筝之都名,已有将近2400年放飞风筝的史。传说中国古代哲学家墨子用了三年时间坊制作了世界上首个筝,但放的第一天筝就落并摔坏了。也有人相信筝是中国古代木匠明的。据他的筝用木和竹子制作,了三天后才落地。
In Weifang , a city in Shandong, kites are not only a toy but also a cultural symbol of the city.Weifang is famous as the capital of kites and has a kite-flying history of nearly 2400 years.It is said that ancient Chinese philosopher Mo-tse spent 3 years making the first kite in the world, but in (on)the first day when he tried to fly the kite, it fell and was broken.
Some people also believe that kites were first made by an ancient Chinese carpenter Luban. According to the tale , he made this kite by wood and bamboo and the kite kept flying for 3 days and then fell to the ground.







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