阅读2016年6月四六级仔细阅读题预测(3)

振宇有声书2020-02-13 16:55:01



由于篇幅的原因,今天放出的预测题就只作了5道选项的仔细阅读,最主要还是希望你能通过预测题,结合振宇君今天所讲的知识点,理解并掌握仔细阅读题的出题规律考查范围,且养成良好的答题习惯。


今天这题难度不小,也还是希望你能静下心来,把它当做考试对待,认认真真做一遍。如果你还有其他疑问,或想了解更多这方面的知识,可以在留言区提出来,振宇老师会选出具有代表性的问题,详细解答

TEST 03

The use of deferential(敬重的)language is symbolic of the Confucian ideal of the woman, which dominates conservative gender norms in Japan. This ideal presents a woman who withdraws quietly to the background, subordinating her life and needs to those of her family and its male head. She is a dutiful daughter, wife, and mother,master of the domestic arts. The typical refined Japanese woman excels in modesty and delicacy; she “treads softly(谨言慎行)” elevating feminine beauty and grace to an art form in the world.


Nowadays, it is commonly observed that young women are not conforming to the feminine linguistic(语言的)ideal. They are using fewer of the very deferential “women's” forms, and even using the few strong forms that are known as “men's.” This, of course, attracts considerable attention and has led to an outcry in the Japanese media against the defeminization of women's language.Indeed, we didn't hear about “men's language” until people began to respond to girls' appropriation of forms normally reserved for boys and men. There is considerable sentiment about the “corruption” of women's language — which of course is viewed as part of the loss of feminine ideals and morality — and this sentiment is crystallized by nationwide opinion polls that are regularly carried out by the media.


Yoshiko Matsumoto has argued that young women probably never used as many of the highly deferential forms as older women. This highly polite style is no doubt something that young women have been expected to “grow into” — after all, it is a sign not simply of femininity, but of maturity and refinement, and its use could be taken to indicate a change in the nature of one's social relations as well. One might well imagine little girls using exceedingly polite forms when playing house or imitating older women — in a fashion analogous to little girls' use of a high-pitched voice to do “teacher talk” or “mother talk” in role play.


The fact that young Japanese women are using less deferential language is a sure sign of change —of social change and of linguistic change. But it is most certainly not a sign of the “masculization” of girls. In some instances, it may be a sign that girls are making the same claim to authority as boys and men, but that is very different from saying that they are trying to be “masculine”. Katsue Reynolds has argued that girls nowadays are using more assertive language strategies in order to be able to compete with boys in schools and out. Social change also brings not simply different positions for women and girls, but different relations to life stages, and adolescent girls are participating in new subcultural forms. Thus what may, to an older speaker, seem like “masculine”speech may seem to an adolescent like “liberated” or “hip” speech.


. The first paragraph describes in detail _____.

A. the standards set for contemporary Japanese women

B. the Confucian influence on gender norms in Japan

C. the stereotypedrole of women in Japanese families

D. the norms for traditional Japanese women to follow


.What change has been observed in today's young Japanese women?

A. They pay less attention to their linguistic behavior.

B. The fewer use of the deferential linguistic forms.

C. They confuse maleand female forms of language.

D.They employ very strong linguistic expressions.


.How do some peoplereact to women's appropriation of men's language forms as reported in theJapanese media?

A. They call for acampaign to stop the defeminization.

B. The see it as an expression of women's sentiment.

C. They accept it as a modern trend.

D. They express strong disapproval.


. According to Yoshiko Matsumoto, the linguistic behavior observed in today's young women _____.

A. may lead to changes in social relations

B. has been true of all past generations

C. is viewed as a sign of their maturity

D. is a result of rapid social progress


. The author believes that the use of assertive language by young Japanese women is _____.

A. a sure sign of their defeminization and maturation

B. an indication of their defiance against social change

C. one of their strategies to compete in a male-dominated society

D. an inevitable trend of linguistic development in Japan today

答题思路详解

.第一段详细描述了_______。

A. 当代日本女性的标准

B. 儒家思想对日本性别标准的影响

C. 日本女性在家庭中的传统角色

D. 传统的日本女性应该遵循的标准

【解析】B。主旨题。本题定位到第一段,首句为主旨句,即:敬语的使用是儒家理想女性的标志,它统治着日本保守的性别准则。


. 现在的日本年轻女性有什么变化?

A. 她们更不注意自己的说话方式。

B. 她们更少使用非常恭顺的语言形式。

C. 她们混淆了男性用语和女性用语。

D. 她们使用非常强硬的语言表达。

【解析】B。细节题。本题定位到在第二段。由第二句:“They are using fewer of the very deferentialwomen'sforms.可知年轻女士不遵守理想的女性语言,她们更少使用非常恭顺的女性用语,甚至使用少量强硬的男性用语


.有些人对于日本媒体报道的女性使用男性用语有什么反应?

A. 他们要求发起一场运动来阻止女性语言的非女性化。

B. 他们把这件事看作是女性伤感的表达。

C. 他们把这件事当成一种现代潮流接受。

D. 他们持强烈的反对意见。

【解析】D。推断题。本题定位到第二段,这一段第三句和最后一句均表明了人们持强烈的反对意见。


根据Yoshiko Matsumoto的观点,现在在年轻女性身上发现的语言行为_______。

A. 可能会带来社会关系的变化

B. 在过去所有的几代都是如此

C. 被看作是她们成熟的标志

D. 是社会快速进步的结果

【解析】A。推断题。本题定位到第三段,由第二句可推出现代女性使用更少的敬语会带来社会关系的变化


. 作者认为日本年轻女性使用更为肯定的语言是 _______。

A. 非女性化和成熟的标志

B. 她们对抗社会变化的一个暗示

C. 在男性为主的社会中,她们的一个竞争战略

D. 在今天的日本,语言发展的一个必然趋势

【解析】C。细节题。本题定位到最后一段,由第四句可知其目的是与男性竞争


|仔细阅读题技巧|

3大考点 | 9大设题点

|仔细阅读题预测|

预测一 | 预测二

|篇章词解题技巧|

核心词详解 | 题型分析 | 判断词性

| 篇章选词预测 |

 预测一 | 预测二

| 名词系列|

名词一 | 名词二 | 名词三

名词四名词五 | 名词六

名词七

该如何利用每天推送的内容

准备一个笔记本,把英文部分抄下来

觉得中文翻译不错的,也可以抄下来

当然必定会有人抄了10天,就嚷嚷着要放弃,对于这样的同学,我只想说您走好不送。小编向来不强人所难,只是希望你们能坚持,常言道:人们往往不是不惧黑暗,而是他们早已习惯。确实一个人不该习惯自己碌碌无为的生活


惟愿我们青春荒唐却不负韶华



方振宇:振宇英语创始人,振宇锐智掌门人,知名出版人,畅销书作者,英语测试学专家,全国多所高校英语辅导专家,权威出版社荣誉作者。新浪微博@方振宇

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