【材帮学】英语四级写作&翻译技巧

西建大材料之家2020-07-02 12:53:00

英语四级写作&翻译技巧

在写作和翻译时,如果你不更新你的词汇量,那么你的作文肯定不能脱颖而出。下面就给大家介绍一些高大上的词汇

important= vital= crucial(重要的,权威的,极其重要的)

difference= distinction= gap(区别,不同,分歧)

nowadays= currently(当前,目前)

cheap= economical= inexpensive(便宜的,廉价的,节约的)

good= beneficial= advantageous(好的,优秀的,有益的)

need= require= necessitate= call for(必须,需要)

improve= promote= advance= enhance(提升,提高)

emphasize= highlight= stress= address(强调,着重,最重要的事)

develop= cultivate= nurture(发展,生长,培育)

complex= intricate(复杂的,难以理解的)

break= impair= undermine= jeopardize= devastate(打破,破坏)

satisfy= gratify (gratified her curiosity)(使满意,使高兴)

angry= enraged (be enraged at/by sb.'s conduct, be enraged with sb.)(使暴怒,激愤)

best= optimal (near optimal, time optimal)(最佳的,优秀的)

unbelievable= inconceivable (an inconceivable victory against all odds)(不可相信的,难以置信的)

famous= distinguished (distinguished guest, distinguished for diligence)(卓越的,著名的)

possible= feasible (looking for feasible ways)(可行的,可用的)

so= consequently (His long illness and consequent absence put him far behind in his work.)= accordingly (You may arrange accordingly.)(所以,因此)

appear= emerge (The truth emerged at the inquest.)(出现,浮现)

用于四六级作文开头的万能模板

1. Many people insist/hold that... 很多人(坚持)认为……

2. With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that... 随着科技的发展, 越来越多的人认为……

3. A lot of people seem to think that... 很多人似乎认为……

4. It is well-known to us that…(我们都知道……)= As far as my knowledge is concerned,…(就我所知…)

5. Recently the problem of…has been brought into focus. = Nowadays there is a growing concern over…(最近……问题引起了关注)

6. Nowadays(overpopulation)has become a problem we have to face.(现今,人口过剩已成为我们不得不面对的问题)

7. Internet has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.(互联网已在我们的生活扮演着越来越重要的角色,它给我们带来了许多好处但也产生了一些严重的问题)

8. With the rapid development of science and technology,more and more people believe that…(随着科技的迅速发展,越来越多的人认为……)

9. It is a common belief that…=It is commonly believed that…(人们一般认为……)

10. A lot of people seem to think that…(很多人似乎认为……)

翻译小技巧

翻译和作文在四六级中都占总分的15%,虽然翻译一度被认为是无规律可循,费时间正确率又不高的部分,但也不能轻易放弃。毕竟,翻译并不需要你如名著翻译本那样信达雅,四六级翻译,你只需要达到信就可以了。

准确>优美

  翻译最重要的就是准确。对于自己拿不准的词,哪怕不写,也不能写错。很多人为了显示自己水平高,同样的意思,故意挑难的写。如果能写对也就罢了,关键是自己不熟悉的词很容易写错、用错。那么与其这样,不如直接用简单的词汇,虽然不出彩,但也不至于失分。毕竟优不优美不重要,准确是王道。

通读全文

  翻译的做题技巧在于通读全文。在理解的基础上才能翻译对。这一点说起来容易,但很多人却做不到。四六级题量大,很多人到翻译这一题的时候已经没有多少时间了,所以便看一句翻译一句,甚至逐词翻译。但英语的语句句式与汉语的不同,很多汉语放在后面说的话,英语则要放在开头,这样就很容易给考生造成混乱。通读全文则可以帮助考生理清思路。

词汇替代

  这一点是让你出彩的关键。在保证准确的情况下,可以适当运用此方法提分。比如可以把“I think”换成“I hold that”;把“more and more people”换成“increasing number of people”;把“But”换成“However”。同样,有些感觉很难的词汇,实在不会写则可以替换成简单的词汇。比如说“瑰宝”这词看似挺难,但是如果写成“treasure”,是不是觉得也可以呢?所以,既要学会把简单的词复杂化,也要学会把复杂的词语简单化。

  翻译虽然所占分比不如阅读听力,但也是拉开差距的关键。其实英语素养高的人做翻译应该不难。水平没那么高的,多练练效果也挺显著。总之,一句话,你的翻译还有救,可不要轻言放弃啊!

最后附上快要到来的口语考试相关内容

考试内容及形式

大学英语四、六级考试主要考核学生的英语口头表达能力,具体为:就熟悉话题进行比较流利的会话能力;表达个人意见、情感、观点的能力;陈述事实、理由和描述事件的能力。考试采用计算机化考试。考生在计算机上进行考生与模拟考官、考生与考生之间的互动。请提前登陆全国大学英语四、六级考试网站(www.cet.edu.cn),熟悉考试流程。考试内容及时间分配如下表所示:

大学英语四级口语考试(CET-SET4)内容及流程

4级英语作文真题

Suppose a foreign friend of yours is coming to visit your China , what is the most interesting place you would like to take him/her to see and why?

假设你的一位外国朋友来参观中国,你最感兴趣的地方想带他/她去看?为什么?

 

If one of my foreign friends is coming to China, no doubt, I will take him to Beijing first. The reasons are as following:

First, Beijing is the capital of China, an energetic city with a long history. Beijing is a super large distribution center, high-quality goods across the country will appear here, so you can easily find whatever you like. Second, there are a great number of tourist attractions and historic sites in Beijing, such as Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square and Summer Palace. What is more, some of these interesting places are within walking distance, so you can visit several scenic spots by spending a relatively less time. Third, the traffic in Beijing is very convenient and inexpensive. You can take bus or subway train to anywhere you want to go.

【重点句型及短语】

no doubt 毋庸置疑

distribution center 物流中心,配送中心

a great number of 许多

What is more 而且



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